scalac(1)
scalac(1)
USER COMMANDS

NAME

scalac – Compiler for the Scala 2 language

SYNOPSIS

scalac [ <options> ] <source files>

PARAMETERS

<options>
Command line options. See OPTIONS below.
<source files>
One or more source files to be compiled (such as MyClass.scala).

DESCRIPTION

The scalac tool reads class and object definitions, written in the Scala programming language, and compiles them into bytecode class files.

By default, the compiler puts each class file in the same directory as its source file. You can specify a separate destination directory with -d (see OPTIONS, below).

OPTIONS

The compiler has a set of standard options that are supported on the current development environment and will be supported in future releases. An additional set of non-standard options are specific to the current virtual machine implementation and are subject to change in the future. Non-standard options begin with -X.

Standard Options

–Dproperty=value
Pass –Dproperty=value directly to the runtime system.
–J<flag>
Pass <flag> directly to the runtime system.
–P:<plugin:opt>
Pass an option to a plugin
–X
Print a synopsis of advanced options.
–bootclasspath <path>
Override location of bootstrap class files (where to find the standard built-in classes, such as "scala.List").
–classpath <path>
Specify where to find user class files (on Unix-based systems a colon-separated list of paths, on Windows-based systems, a semicolon-separated list of paths). This does not override the built-in ("boot") search path.
The default class path is the current directory. Setting the CLASSPATH variable or using the -classpath command-line option overrides that default, so if you want to include the current directory in the search path, you must include "." in the new settings.
–d <directory|jar>
Specify where to place generated class files.
–deprecation
Emit warning and location for usages of deprecated APIs.
Available since Scala version 2.2.1
–encoding <encoding>
Specify character encoding used by source files.
The default value is platform-specific (Linux: "UTF8", Windows: "Cp1252"). Executing the following code in the Scala REPL will return the default value on your system:
scala> new java.io.InputStreamReader(System.in).getEncoding
–explaintypes
Explain type errors in more detail.
–extdirs <dirs>
Override location of installed extensions.
–feature
Emit warning and location for usages of features that should be imported explicitly.
–g:{none,source,line,vars,notailcalls}
"none" generates no debugging info,
"source" generates only the source file attribute,
"line" generates source and line number information,
"vars" generates source, line number and local variable information,
"notailcalls" generates all of the above and will not perform tail call optimization.
–help
Print a synopsis of standard options.
–javabootclasspath <path>
Override Java boot classpath.
–javaextdirs <path>
Override Java extdirs classpath.
–language:<feature>
Enable one or more language features.
–no-specialization
Ignore @specialize annotations.
–nobootcp
Do not use the boot classpath for the Scala jar files.
–nowarn
Generate no warnings
–optimise
Generates faster bytecode by applying optimisations to the program.
–print
Print program with all Scala-specific features removed.
–sourcepath <path>
Specify location(s) of source files.
–target:{jvm-1.8}
"jvm-1.8" target JVM 1.8 (default)
–toolcp <path>
Add to the runner classpath.
–unchecked
Enable detailed unchecked (erasure) warnings
Non variable type-arguments in type patterns are unchecked since they are eliminated by erasure
Available since Scala version 2.3.0
–uniqid
Uniquely tag all identifiers in debugging output.
–usejavacp
Utilize the java.class.path in classpath resolution.
–usemanifestcp
Utilize the manifest in classpath resolution.
–verbose
Output messages about what the compiler is doing
–version
Print product version and exit.
@<file>
A text file containing compiler arguments (options and source files)

Advanced Options

–Xcheckinit
Wrap field accessors to throw an exception on uninitialized access.
–Xdev
Enable warnings for developers working on the Scala compiler
–Xdisable-assertions
Generate no assertions and assumptions
–Xelide-below <n>
Calls to @elidable methods are omitted if method priority is lower than argument.
–Xfatal-warnings
Fail the compilation if there are any warnings.
–Xfull-lubs
Retain pre 2.10 behavior of less aggressive truncation of least upper bounds.
–Xgenerate-phase-graph <file>
Generate the phase graphs (outputs .dot files) to fileX.dot.
–Xlint
Enable recommended additional warnings.
–Xlog-free-terms
Print a message when reification creates a free term.
–Xlog-free-types
Print a message when reification resorts to generating a free type.
–Xlog-implicit-conversions
Print a message whenever an implicit conversion is inserted.
–Xlog-reflective-calls
Print a message when a reflective method call is generated.
–Xmacro-settings:<option>
Custom settings for macros.
–Xmain-class <path>
Class for manifest's Main-Class entry (only useful with -d <jar>).
–Xmigration:<version>
Warn about constructs whose behavior may have changed since<version>.
–Xno-forwarders
Do not generate static forwarders in mirror classes.
–Xno-patmat-analysis
Don't perform exhaustivity/unreachability analysis. Also, ignore @switch annotation.
–Xjline
The JLine keybindings to use: emacs/vi/off.
–Xplugin:<paths>
Load a plugin from each classpath.
–Xplugin-disable:<plugin>
Disable plugins by name.
–Xplugin-list
Print a synopsis of loaded plugins.
–Xplugin-require:<plugin>
Abort if a named plugin is not loaded.
–Xpluginsdir <path>
Path to search for plugin archives.
–Vprint:<phases>
Print out program after <phases> (see below).
–Vprint-pos
Print tree positions, as offsets.
–Vprint-types
Print tree types (debugging option).
–Xprompt
Display a prompt after each error (debugging option).
–Xresident
Compiler stays resident, files to compile are read from standard input.
–Xscript <object>
Treat the source file as a script and wrap it in a main method.
–Xshow-class <class>
Show internal representation of class.
–Xshow-object <object>
Show internal representation of object.
–Xshow-phases
Print a synopsis of compiler phases.
–Xsource:<version>
Treat compiler input as Scala source for the specified version, see scala/bug#8126.
–Xsource-reader <classname>
Specify a custom method for reading source files.
–Xstrict-inference
Don't infer known-unsound types.
–Xverify
Verify generic signatures in generated bytecode (asm backend only).
–Xxml:{coalescing}
Configure XML parsing.
"coalescing" convert PCData to Text and coalesce sibling nodes (default in 2.11).
–Y
Print a synopsis of private options.

Compilation Phases

parser
parse source into ASTs, perform simple desugaring
namer
resolve names, attach symbols to named trees
packageobjects
load package objects
typer
the meat and potatoes: type the trees
patmat
translate match expressions
superaccessors
add super accessors in traits and nested classes
extmethods
add extension methods for inline classes
pickler
serialize symbol tables
refchecks
reference/override checking, translate nested objects
selectiveanf
ANF pre-transform for @cps (CPS plugin)
selectivecps
@cps-driven transform of selectiveanf assignments (CPS plugin)
uncurry
uncurry, translate function values to anonymous classes
tailcalls
replace tail calls by jumps
specialize
@specialized-driven class and method specialization
explicitouter
this refs to outer pointers, translate patterns
erasure
erase types, add interfaces for traits
posterasure
clean up erased inline classes
fields
synthesize accessors and fields, including bitmaps for lazy vals
lambdalift
move nested functions to top level
constructors
move field definitions into constructors
flatten
eliminate inner classes
mixin
mixin composition
cleanup
platform-specific cleanups, generate reflective calls
delambdafy
remove lambdas
inliner
optimization: do inlining
inlineHandlers
optimization: inline exception handlers
closelim
optimization: eliminate uncalled closures
constopt
optimization: optimize null and other constants
dce
optimization: eliminate dead code
jvm
generate JVM bytecode
terminal
the last phase in the compiler chain
all
matches all phases

ENVIRONMENT

JAVACMD
Specify the java command to be used for running the Scala code. Arguments may be specified as part of the environment variable; spaces, quotation marks, etc., will be passed directly to the shell for expansion.
JAVA_HOME
Specify JDK/JRE home directory. This directory is used to locate the java command unless JAVACMD variable set.
JAVA_OPTS
Specify the options to be passed to the java command defined by JAVACMD.
One might for example configure the memory usage of the JVM with: JAVA_OPTS="-Xmx2G -Xss16M"

EXAMPLES

Compile a Scala program to the current directory
scalac HelloWorld
Compile a Scala program to the destination directory classes
scalac –d classes HelloWorld.scala
Compile a Scala program using a user-defined java command
env JAVACMD=/usr/local/bin/cacao scalac –d classes HelloWorld.scala
Compile all Scala files found in the source directory src to the destination directory classes
scalac –d classes src/*.scala

EXIT STATUS

scalac returns a zero exit status if it succeeds to compile the specified input files. Non zero is returned in case of failure.

AUTHOR

Written by Martin Odersky and other members of the Scala team.

REPORTING BUGS

Report bugs to https://github.com/scala/bug/issues.

This is open-source software, available to you under the Apache License 2.0. See accompanying "copyright" or "LICENSE" file for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

SEE ALSO

fsc(1), scala(1), scaladoc(1), scalap(1)

version 1.0
scalac(1)
March 2012