Find a Message Passing Interface (MPI) implementation

The Message Passing Interface (MPI) is a library used to write high-performance distributed-memory parallel applications, and is typically deployed on a cluster. MPI is a standard interface (defined by the MPI forum) for which many implementations are available. All of them have somewhat different include paths, libraries to link against, etc., and this module tries to smooth out those differences.


This module will set the following variables per language in your project, where <lang> is one of C, CXX, or Fortran:

MPI_<lang>_FOUND           TRUE if FindMPI found MPI flags for <lang>
MPI_<lang>_COMPILER        MPI Compiler wrapper for <lang>
MPI_<lang>_COMPILE_FLAGS   Compilation flags for MPI programs
MPI_<lang>_INCLUDE_PATH    Include path(s) for MPI header
MPI_<lang>_LINK_FLAGS      Linking flags for MPI programs
MPI_<lang>_LIBRARIES       All libraries to link MPI programs against

Additionally, FindMPI sets the following variables for running MPI programs from the command line:

MPIEXEC                    Executable for running MPI programs
MPIEXEC_NUMPROC_FLAG       Flag to pass to MPIEXEC before giving
                           it the number of processors to run on
MPIEXEC_PREFLAGS           Flags to pass to MPIEXEC directly
                           before the executable to run.
MPIEXEC_POSTFLAGS          Flags to pass to MPIEXEC after other flags


To use this module, simply call FindMPI from a CMakeLists.txt file, or run find_package(MPI), then run CMake. If you are happy with the auto-detected configuration for your language, then you’re done. If not, you have two options:

1. Set MPI_<lang>_COMPILER to the MPI wrapper (mpicc, etc.) of your
   choice and reconfigure.  FindMPI will attempt to determine all the
   necessary variables using THAT compiler's compile and link flags.
2. If this fails, or if your MPI implementation does not come with
   a compiler wrapper, then set both MPI_<lang>_LIBRARIES and
   MPI_<lang>_INCLUDE_PATH.  You may also set any other variables
   listed above, but these two are required.  This will circumvent
   autodetection entirely.

When configuration is successful, MPI_<lang>_COMPILER will be set to the compiler wrapper for <lang>, if it was found. MPI_<lang>_FOUND and other variables above will be set if any MPI implementation was found for <lang>, regardless of whether a compiler was found.

When using MPIEXEC to execute MPI applications, you should typically use all of the MPIEXEC flags as follows:


where PROCS is the number of processors on which to execute the program, EXECUTABLE is the MPI program, and ARGS are the arguments to pass to the MPI program.

Backward Compatibility

For backward compatibility with older versions of FindMPI, these variables are set, but deprecated:


In new projects, please use the MPI_<lang>_XXX equivalents.