sshpk−conv − convert between key formats
sshpk−conv −t FORMAT [FILENAME] [OPTIONS...]
sshpk−conv −i [FILENAME] [OPTIONS...]
Reads in a public or private key and converts it between different formats, particularly formats used in the SSH protocol and the well−known PEM PKCS#1/7 formats.
In the second form, with the −i option given, identifies a key and prints to stderr information about its nature, size and fingerprint.
Assume the following SSH−format public key in id_ecdsa.pub:
ecdsa−sha2−nistp256 AAAAE2VjZHNhLXNoYTI...9M/4c4= user@host
Identify it with −i:
sshpk−conv −i id_ecdsa.pub
id_ecdsa: a 256 bit ECDSA public key
ECDSA curve: nistp256
Convert it to pkcs8 format, for use with e.g. OpenSSL:
sshpk−conv −t pkcs8 id_ecdsa
−−−−−BEGIN PUBLIC KEY−−−−−
−−−−−END PUBLIC KEY−−−−−
Retrieve the public half of a private key:
genrsa 2048 | sshpk−conv −t ssh −c foo@bar
ssh−rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAA...koK7 foo@bar
Convert a private key to PKCS#1 (OpenSSL) format from a new−style OpenSSH key format (the ssh−keygen −o format):
ssh−keygen −o −f foobar
$ sshpk−conv −p −t pkcs1 foobar
−−−−−BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY−−−−−
−−−−−END RSA PRIVATE KEY−−−−−
Instead of converting the key, output identifying information about it to stderr, including its type, size and fingerprints.
Treat the key as a private key instead of a public key (the default). If you supply sshpk−conv with a private key and do not give this option, it will extract only the public half of the key from it and work with that.
−f PATH, −−file=PATH
Input file to take the key from instead of stdin. If a filename is supplied as a positional argument, it is equivalent to using this option.
−o PATH, −−out=PATH
Output file name to use instead of stdout.
−t FORMAT, −−outformat=FORMAT
Selects the input and output formats to be used (see FORMATS, below).
−c TEXT, −−comment=TEXT
Sets the key comment for the output file, if supported.
The standard PEM format used by older OpenSSH and most TLS libraries such as OpenSSL. The classic id_rsa file is usually in this format. It is an ASN.1 encoded structure, base64−encoded and placed between PEM headers.
The SSH public key text format (the format of an id_rsa.pub file). A single line, containing 3 space separated parts: the key type, key body and optional key comment.
A newer PEM format, usually used only for public keys by TLS libraries such as OpenSSL. The ASN.1 structure is more generic than that of pkcs1.
The new ssh−keygen −o format from OpenSSH. This can be mistaken for a PEM encoding but is actually an OpenSSH internal format.
The internal binary format of keys when sent over the wire in the SSH protocol. This is also the format that the ssh−agent uses in its protocol.
Encrypted (password−protected) keys are not supported.
Report bugs at Github 〈https://github.com/arekinath/node-sshpk/issues〉