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hoek Logo

hoek Logo

Utility methods for the hapi ecosystem. This module is not intended to solve every problem for everyone, but rather as a central place to store hapi-specific methods. If you're looking for a general purpose utility module, check out lodash or underscore.

Build Status

Lead Maintainer: Nathan LaFreniere

Table of Contents

Introduction

The Hoek library contains some common functions used within the hapi ecosystem. It comes with useful methods for Arrays (clone, merge, applyToDefaults), Objects (removeKeys, copy), Asserting and more.

For example, to use Hoek to set configuration with default options:

var Hoek = require('hoek');

var default = {url : "www.github.com", port : "8000", debug : true};

var config = Hoek.applyToDefaults(default, {port : "3000", admin : true});

// In this case, config would be { url: 'www.github.com', port: '3000', debug: true, admin: true }

Under each of the sections (such as Array), there are subsections which correspond to Hoek methods. Each subsection will explain how to use the corresponding method. In each js excerpt below, the var Hoek = require('hoek'); is omitted for brevity.

Object

Hoek provides several helpful methods for objects and arrays.

clone(obj)

This method is used to clone an object or an array. A deep copy is made (duplicates everything, including values that are objects, as well as non-enumerable properties).


var nestedObj = {
        w: /^something$/ig,
        x: {
            a: [1, 2, 3],
            b: 123456,
            c: new Date()
        },
        y: 'y',
        z: new Date()
    };

var copy = Hoek.clone(nestedObj);

copy.x.b = 100;

console.log(copy.y);        // results in 'y'
console.log(nestedObj.x.b); // results in 123456
console.log(copy.x.b);      // results in 100

cloneWithShallow(obj, keys)

keys is an array of key names to shallow copy

This method is also used to clone an object or array, however any keys listed in the keys array are shallow copied while those not listed are deep copied.


var nestedObj = {
        w: /^something$/ig,
        x: {
            a: [1, 2, 3],
            b: 123456,
            c: new Date()
        },
        y: 'y',
        z: new Date()
    };

var copy = Hoek.cloneWithShallow(nestedObj, ['x']);

copy.x.b = 100;

console.log(copy.y);        // results in 'y'
console.log(nestedObj.x.b); // results in 100
console.log(copy.x.b);      // results in 100

merge(target, source, isNullOverride, isMergeArrays)

isNullOverride, isMergeArrays default to true

Merge all the properties of source into target, source wins in conflict, and by default null and undefined from source are applied. Merge is destructive where the target is modified. For non destructive merge, use applyToDefaults.


var target = {a: 1, b : 2};
var source = {a: 0, c: 5};
var source2 = {a: null, c: 5};

Hoek.merge(target, source);         // results in {a: 0, b: 2, c: 5}
Hoek.merge(target, source2);        // results in {a: null, b: 2, c: 5}
Hoek.merge(target, source2, false); // results in {a: 1, b: 2, c: 5}

var targetArray = [1, 2, 3];
var sourceArray = [4, 5];

Hoek.merge(targetArray, sourceArray);              // results in [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
Hoek.merge(targetArray, sourceArray, true, false); // results in [4, 5]

applyToDefaults(defaults, options, isNullOverride)

isNullOverride defaults to false

Apply options to a copy of the defaults


var defaults = { host: "localhost", port: 8000 };
var options = { port: 8080 };

var config = Hoek.applyToDefaults(defaults, options); // results in { host: "localhost", port: 8080 }

Apply options with a null value to a copy of the defaults


var defaults = { host: "localhost", port: 8000 };
var options = { host: null, port: 8080 };

var config = Hoek.applyToDefaults(defaults, options, true); // results in { host: null, port: 8080 }

applyToDefaultsWithShallow(defaults, options, keys)

keys is an array of key names to shallow copy

Apply options to a copy of the defaults. Keys specified in the last parameter are shallow copied from options instead of merged.


var defaults = {
        server: {
            host: "localhost",
            port: 8000
        },
        name: 'example'
    };

var options = { server: { port: 8080 } };

var config = Hoek.applyToDefaultsWithShallow(defaults, options, ['server']); // results in { server: { port: 8080 }, name: 'example' }

deepEqual(b, a, [options])

Performs a deep comparison of the two values including support for circular dependencies, prototype, and properties. To skip prototype comparisons, use options.prototype = false

Hoek.deepEqual({ a: [1, 2], b: 'string', c: { d: true } }, { a: [1, 2], b: 'string', c: { d: true } }); //results in true
Hoek.deepEqual(Object.create(null), {}, { prototype: false }); //results in true
Hoek.deepEqual(Object.create(null), {}); //results in false

unique(array, key)

Remove duplicate items from Array


var array = [1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 5, 6];

var newArray = Hoek.unique(array);    // results in [1,2,3,4,5,6]

array = [{id: 1}, {id: 1}, {id: 2}];

newArray = Hoek.unique(array, "id");  // results in [{id: 1}, {id: 2}]

mapToObject(array, key)

Convert an Array into an Object


var array = [1,2,3];
var newObject = Hoek.mapToObject(array);   // results in [{"1": true}, {"2": true}, {"3": true}]

array = [{id: 1}, {id: 2}];
newObject = Hoek.mapToObject(array, "id"); // results in [{"id": 1}, {"id": 2}]

intersect(array1, array2)

Find the common unique items in two arrays


var array1 = [1, 2, 3];
var array2 = [1, 4, 5];

var newArray = Hoek.intersect(array1, array2); // results in [1]

contain(ref, values, [options])

Tests if the reference value contains the provided values where: - ref - the reference string, array, or object. - values - a single or array of values to find within the ref value. If ref is an object, values can be a key name, an array of key names, or an object with key-value pairs to compare. - options - an optional object with the following optional settings: - deep - if true, performed a deep comparison of the values. - once - if true, allows only one occurrence of each value. - only - if true, does not allow values not explicitly listed. - part - if true, allows partial match of the values (at least one must always match).

Note: comparing a string to overlapping values will result in failed comparison (e.g. contain('abc', ['ab', 'bc'])). Also, if an object key's value does not match the provided value, false is returned even when part is specified.

Hoek.contain('aaa', 'a', { only: true });                           // true
Hoek.contain([{ a: 1 }], [{ a: 1 }], { deep: true });               // true
Hoek.contain([1, 2, 2], [1, 2], { once: true });                    // false
Hoek.contain({ a: 1, b: 2, c: 3 }, { a: 1, d: 4 }, { part: true }); // true

flatten(array, [target])

Flatten an array


var array = [1, [2, 3]];

var flattenedArray = Hoek.flatten(array); // results in [1, 2, 3]

array = [1, [2, 3]];
target = [4, [5]];

flattenedArray = Hoek.flatten(array, target); // results in [4, [5], 1, 2, 3]

reach(obj, chain, [options])

Converts an object key chain string to reference

A chain including negative numbers will work like negative indices on an array.

If chain is null, undefined or false, the object itself will be returned.


var chain = 'a.b.c';
var obj = {a : {b : { c : 1}}};

Hoek.reach(obj, chain); // returns 1

var chain = 'a.b.-1';
var obj = {a : {b : [2,3,6]}};

Hoek.reach(obj, chain); // returns 6

reachTemplate(obj, template, [options])

Replaces string parameters ({name}) with their corresponding object key values by applying the (reach())[#reachobj-chain-options] method where:


var chain = 'a.b.c';
var obj = {a : {b : { c : 1}}};

Hoek.reachTemplate(obj, '1+{a.b.c}=2'); // returns '1+1=2'

transform(obj, transform, [options])

Transforms an existing object into a new one based on the supplied obj and transform map. options are the same as the reach options. The first argument can also be an array of objects. In that case the method will return an array of transformed objects.

var source = {
    address: {
        one: '123 main street',
        two: 'PO Box 1234'
    },
    title: 'Warehouse',
    state: 'CA'
};

var result = Hoek.transform(source, {
    'person.address.lineOne': 'address.one',
    'person.address.lineTwo': 'address.two',
    'title': 'title',
    'person.address.region': 'state'
});
// Results in
// {
//     person: {
//         address: {
//             lineOne: '123 main street',
//             lineTwo: 'PO Box 1234',
//             region: 'CA'
//         }
//     },
//     title: 'Warehouse'
// }

shallow(obj)

Performs a shallow copy by copying the references of all the top level children where: - obj - the object to be copied.

var shallow = Hoek.shallow({ a: { b: 1 } });

stringify(obj)

Converts an object to string using the built-in JSON.stringify() method with the difference that any errors are caught and reported back in the form of the returned string. Used as a shortcut for displaying information to the console (e.g. in error message) without the need to worry about invalid conversion.

var a = {};
a.b = a;
Hoek.stringify(a);      // Returns '[Cannot display object: Converting circular structure to JSON]'

Timer

A Timer object. Initializing a new timer object sets the ts to the number of milliseconds elapsed since 1 January 1970 00:00:00 UTC.


var timerObj = new Hoek.Timer();
console.log("Time is now: " + timerObj.ts);
console.log("Elapsed time from initialization: " + timerObj.elapsed() + 'milliseconds');

Bench

Same as Timer with the exception that ts stores the internal node clock which is not related to Date.now() and cannot be used to display human-readable timestamps. More accurate for benchmarking or internal timers.

Binary Encoding/Decoding

base64urlEncode(value)

Encodes value in Base64 or URL encoding

base64urlDecode(value)

Decodes data in Base64 or URL encoding. # Escaping Characters

Hoek provides convenient methods for escaping html characters. The escaped characters are as followed:


internals.htmlEscaped = {
    '&': '&',
    '<': '&lt;',
    '>': '&gt;',
    '"': '&quot;',
    "'": '&#x27;',
    '`': '&#x60;'
};

escapeHtml(string)


var string = '<html> hey </html>';
var escapedString = Hoek.escapeHtml(string); // returns &lt;html&gt; hey &lt;/html&gt;

escapeHeaderAttribute(attribute)

Escape attribute value for use in HTTP header


var a = Hoek.escapeHeaderAttribute('I said "go w\\o me"');  //returns I said \"go w\\o me\"

escapeRegex(string)

Escape string for Regex construction


var a = Hoek.escapeRegex('4^f$s.4*5+-_?%=#!:@|~\\/`"(>)[<]d{}s,');  // returns 4\^f\$s\.4\*5\+\-_\?%\=#\!\:@\|~\\\/`"\(>\)\[<\]d\{\}s\,

Errors

assert(condition, message)


var a = 1, b = 2;

Hoek.assert(a === b, 'a should equal b');  // Throws 'a should equal b'

Note that you may also pass an already created Error object as the second parameter, and assert will throw that object.


var a = 1, b = 2;

Hoek.assert(a === b, new Error('a should equal b')); // Throws the given error object

abort(message)

First checks if process.env.NODE_ENV === 'test', and if so, throws error message. Otherwise, displays most recent stack and then exits process.

displayStack(slice)

Displays the trace stack


var stack = Hoek.displayStack();
console.log(stack); // returns something like:

[ 'null (/Users/user/Desktop/hoek/test.js:4:18)',
  'Module._compile (module.js:449:26)',
  'Module._extensions..js (module.js:467:10)',
  'Module.load (module.js:356:32)',
  'Module._load (module.js:312:12)',
  'Module.runMain (module.js:492:10)',
  'startup.processNextTick.process._tickCallback (node.js:244:9)' ]

callStack(slice)

Returns a trace stack array.


var stack = Hoek.callStack();
console.log(stack);  // returns something like:

[ [ '/Users/user/Desktop/hoek/test.js', 4, 18, null, false ],
  [ 'module.js', 449, 26, 'Module._compile', false ],
  [ 'module.js', 467, 10, 'Module._extensions..js', false ],
  [ 'module.js', 356, 32, 'Module.load', false ],
  [ 'module.js', 312, 12, 'Module._load', false ],
  [ 'module.js', 492, 10, 'Module.runMain', false ],
  [ 'node.js',
    244,
    9,
    'startup.processNextTick.process._tickCallback',
    false ] ]

Function

nextTick(fn)

Returns a new function that wraps fn in process.nextTick.


var myFn = function () {
    console.log('Do this later');
};

var nextFn = Hoek.nextTick(myFn);

nextFn();
console.log('Do this first');

// Results in:
//
// Do this first
// Do this later

once(fn)

Returns a new function that can be run multiple times, but makes sure fn is only run once.


var myFn = function () {
    console.log('Ran myFn');
};

var onceFn = Hoek.once(myFn);
onceFn(); // results in "Ran myFn"
onceFn(); // results in undefined

ignore

A simple no-op function. It does nothing at all.

Miscellaneous

uniqueFilename(path, extension)

path to prepend with the randomly generated file name. extension is the optional file extension, defaults to ''.

Returns a randomly generated file name at the specified path. The result is a fully resolved path to a file.

var result = Hoek.uniqueFilename('./test/modules', 'txt'); // results in "full/path/test/modules/{random}.txt"

isAbsolutePath(path, [platform])

Determines whether path is an absolute path. Returns true or false.

isInteger(value)

Check value to see if it is an integer. Returns true/false.

var result = Hoek.isInteger('23')