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wxPython 2.6 Migration Guide

wxPython 2.6 Migration Guide

This document will help explain some of the major changes in wxPython 2.6 since the 2.4 series and let you know what you need to do to adapt your programs to those changes. Be sure to also check in the CHANGES file like usual to see info about the not so major changes and other things that have been added to wxPython.

wxName Change

The wxWindows project and library is now known as wxWidgets. Please see here for more details.

This won't really affect wxPython all that much, other than the fact that the wxwindows.org domain name has changed to wxwidgets.org, so mail list, CVS, and etc. addresses have also changed. We're going to try and smooth the transition as much as possible, but I wanted you all to be aware of this change if you run into any issues.

Module Initialization

The import-startup-bootstrap process employed by wxPython was changed such that wxWidgets and the underlying gui toolkit are not initialized until the wx.App object is created (but before wx.App.OnInit is called.) This was required because of some changes that were made to the C++ wxApp class.

There are both benefits and potential problems with this change. The benefits are that you can import wxPython without requiring access to a GUI (for checking version numbers, etc.) and that in a multi-threaded environment the thread that creates the app object will now be the GUI thread instead of the one that imports wxPython. Some potential problems are that the C++ side of the "stock-objects" (wx.BLUE_PEN, wx.TheColourDatabase, etc.) are not initialized until the wx.App object is created, so you should not use them until after you have created your wx.App object. If you do then an exception will be raised telling you that the C++ object has not been initialized yet.

Also, you will probably not be able to do any kind of GUI or bitmap operation unless you first have created an app object, (even on Windows where most anything was possible before.)

[Changed in 2.5.2.x] All the Window and GDI (pen, bitmap, etc.) class constructors and also many toplevel functions and static methods will now check that a wx.App object has already been created and will raise a wx.PyNoAppError exception if not.

SWIG 1.3

wxPython is now using SWIG 1.3.x from CVS (with several of my own customizations added that I hope to get folded back into the main SWIG distribution.) This has some far reaching ramifications:

All classes derive from object and so all are now "new-style classes." This also allows you to use mixin classes that are new-style and to use properties, staticmethod, etc.

Public data members of the C++ classes are wrapped as Python properties using property() instead of using __getattr__/__setattr__ hacks like before. Normally you shouldn't notice any difference, but if you were previously doing something with __getattr__/__setattr__ in derived classes then you may have to adjust things.

Static C++ methods are wrapped using the staticmethod() feature of Python and so are accessible as ClassName.MethodName as expected. They are still also available as top level functions named like ClassName_MethodName as before.

The relationship between the wxFoo and wxFooPtr classes have changed for the better. Specifically, all instances that you see will be wx.Foo even if they are created internally using wx.FooPtr, because wx.FooPtr.__init__ will change the instance's __class__ as part of the initialization. If you have any code that checks class type using something like isinstance(obj, wx.FooPtr) you will need to change it to isinstance(obj, wx.Foo).

Binding Events

All of the EVT_* functions are now instances of the wx.PyEventBinder class. They have a __call__ method so they can still be used as functions like before, but making them instances adds some flexibility that I expect to take advantave of in the future.

wx.EvtHandler (the base class for wx.Window) now has a Bind method that makes binding events to windows a little easier. Here is its definition and docstring:

def Bind(self, event, handler, source=None, id=wxID_ANY, id2=wxID_ANY):
    Bind an event to an event handler.

      event     One of the EVT_* objects that specifies the
                type of event to bind.

      handler   A callable object to be invoked when the event
                is delivered to self.  Pass None to disconnect an
                event handler.

      source    Sometimes the event originates from a different window
                than self, but you still want to catch it in self.  (For
                example, a button event delivered to a frame.)  By
                passing the source of the event, the event handling
                system is able to differentiate between the same event
                type from different controls.

      id,id2    Used for menu IDs or for event types that require a
                range of IDs


Some examples of its use:

self.Bind(wx.EVT_SIZE,   self.OnSize)
self.Bind(wx.EVT_BUTTON, self.OnButtonClick, theButton)
self.Bind(wx.EVT_MENU,   self.OnExit, id=wx.ID_EXIT)

The wx.Menu methods that add items to a wx.Menu have been modified such that they return a reference to the wx.MenuItem that was created. Additionally menu items and toolbar items have been modified to automatically generate a new ID if -1 is given, similar to using -1 with window classess. This means that you can create menu or toolbar items and event bindings without having to predefine a unique menu ID, although you still can use IDs just like before if you want. For example, these are all equivallent other than their specific ID values:

  item = menu.Append(-1, "E&xit", "Terminate the App")
  self.Bind(wx.EVT_MENU, self.OnExit, item)

  item = menu.Append(wx.ID_EXIT, "E&xit", "Terminate the App")
  self.Bind(wx.EVT_MENU, self.OnExit, item)

  menu.Append(wx.ID_EXIT, "E&xit", "Terminate the App")
  self.Bind(wx.EVT_MENU, self.OnExit, id=wx.ID_EXIT)

If you create your own custom event types and EVT_* functions, and you want to be able to use them with the Bind method above then you should change your EVT_* to be an instance of wx.PyEventBinder instead of a function. For example, if you used to have something like this:

myCustomEventType = wxNewEventType()
def EVT_MY_CUSTOM_EVENT(win, id, func):
    win.Connect(id, -1, myCustomEventType, func)

Change it like so:

myCustomEventType = wx.NewEventType()
EVT_MY_CUSTOM_EVENT = wx.PyEventBinder(myCustomEventType, 1)

The second parameter is an integer in [0, 1, 2] that specifies the number of IDs that are needed to be passed to Connect.

[Changed in 2.5.2.x] There is also an Unbind method added to wx.EvtHandler that can be used to disconenct event handlers. It looks like this:

def Unbind(self, event, source=None, id=wx.ID_ANY, id2=wx.ID_ANY):
    Disconencts the event handler binding for event from self.
    Returns True if successful.

The wx Namespace

The second phase of the wx Namespace Transition has begun. That means that the real names of the classes and other symbols do not have the 'wx' prefix and the modules are located in a Python package named wx. There is still a Python package named wxPython with modules that have the names with the wx prefix for backwards compatibility. Instead of dynamically changing the names at module load time like in 2.4, the compatibility modules are generated at build time and contain assignment statements like this:

wxWindow = wx._core.Window

Don't let the "_core" in the name bother you. That and some other modules are implementation details, and everything that was in the wxPython.wx module before will still be in the wx package namespace after this change. So from your code you would use it as wx.Window or wxWindow if you import from the wxPython.wx module.

A few notes about how all of this was accomplished might be interesting... SWIG is now run twice for each module that it is generating code for. The first time it outputs an XML representaion of the parse tree, which can be up to 20MB and 300K lines in size! That XML is then run through a little Python script that creates a file full of SWIG %rename directives that take the wx off of the names, and also generates the Python compatibility file described above that puts the wx back on the names. SWIG is then run a second time to generate the C++ code to implement the extension module, and uses the %rename directives that were generated in the first step.

Not every name is handled correctly (but the bulk of them are) and so some work has to be done by hand, especially for the reverse-renamers. So expect a few flaws here and there until everything gets sorted out.

In summary, the wx package and names without the "wx" prefix are now the official form of the wxPython classes. For example:

import wx

class MyFrame(wx.Frame):
    def __init__(self, parent, title):
        wx.Frame.__init__(self, parent, -1, title)
        p = wx.Panel(self, -1)
        b = wx.Button(p, -1, "Do It", (10,10))
        self.Bind(wx.EVT_BUTTON, self.JustDoIt, b)

    def JustDoIt(self, evt):
        print "It's done!"

app = wx.PySimpleApp()
f = MyFrame(None, "What's up?")

You shouldn't need to migrate all your modules over to use the new package and names right away as there are modules in place that try to provide as much backwards compatibility of the names as possible. If you rewrote the above sample using "from wxPython.wx import * ", the old wxNames, and the old style of event binding it will still work just fine.

New wx.DC Methods

[Changed in 2.5.2.x] In wxPython there was a new implementation of the wx.DC Draw and other methods that broke backwards compatibility in the name of consistency. That change has been reverted and the wx.DC Draw methods with 2.4 compatible signatures have been restored. In addition a new set of methods have been added that take wx.Point and/or wx.Size parameters instead of separate integer parameters. The Draw and etc. methods now available in the wx.DC class are:

FloodFill(self, x, y, colour, style = wx.FLOOD_SURFACE)
FoodFillPoint(self, pt, colour, style = wx.FLOOD_SURFACE)

GetPixel(self, x,y)
GetPixelPoint(self, pt)

DrawLine(self, x1, y1, x2, y2)
DrawLinePoint(self, pt1, pt2)

CrossHair(self, x, y)
CrossHairPoint(self, pt)

DrawArc(self, x1, y1, x2, y2, xc, yc)
DrawArcPoint(self, pt1, pt2, centre)

DrawCheckMark(self, x, y, width, height)
DrawCheckMarkRect(self, rect)

DrawEllipticArc(self, x, y, w, h, sa, ea)
DrawEllipticArcPointSize(self, pt, sz, sa, ea)

DrawPoint(self, x, y)
DrawPointPoint(self, pt)

DrawRectangle(self, x, y, width, height)
DrawRectangleRect(self, rect)
DrawRectanglePointSize(self, pt, sz)

DrawRoundedRectangle(self, x, y, width, height, radius)
DrawRoundedRectangleRect(self, r, radius)
DrawRoundedRectanglePointSize(self, pt, sz, radius)

DrawCircle(self, x, y, radius)
DrawCirclePoint(self, pt, radius)

DrawEllipse(self, x, y, width, height)
DrawEllipseRect(self, rect)
DrawEllipsePointSize(self, pt, sz)

DrawIcon(self, icon, x, y)
DrawIconPoint(self, icon, pt)

DrawBitmap(self, bmp, x, y, useMask = False)
DrawBitmapPoint(self, bmp, pt, useMask = False)

DrawText(self, text, x, y)
DrawTextPoint(self, text, pt)

DrawRotatedText(self, text, x, y, angle)
DrawRotatedTextPoint(self, text, pt, angle)

bool Blit(self, xdest, ydest, width, height, sourceDC, xsrc, ysrc,
          rop = wx.COPY, useMask = False, xsrcMask = -1, ysrcMask = -1)
BlitPointSize(self, destPt, sz, sourceDC, srcPt, rop = wx.COPY,
              useMask = False, srcPtMask = wxDefaultPosition)

SetClippingRegion(self, x, y, width, height)
SetClippingRegionPointSize(self, pt, sz)
SetClippingRegionAsRegion(self, region)
SetClippingRect(self, rect)

Building, Extending and Embedding wxPython

wxPython's setup.py script now expects to use existing libraries for the contribs (gizmos, stc, xrc, etc.) rather than building local copies of them. If you build your own copies of wxPython please be aware that you now need to also build the stc, xrc, animate and gizmos libraries in addition to the main wx lib.

The wxPython.h and other header files are now in .../wxPython/include/wx/wxPython instead of in wxPython/src. You should include it via the "wx/wxPython/wxPython.h" path and add .../wxPython/include to your list of include paths. On OSX and unix-like systems the wxPython headers are installed to the same place that the wxWidgets headers are installed, so if you are building wxPython compatible extensions on those platforms then your include path should already be set properly.

If you are also using SWIG for your extension then you'll need to adapt how the wxPython .i files are imported into your .i files. See the wxPython sources for examples. Your modules will need to at least %import core.i, and possibly others if you need the definition of other classes. Since you will need them to build your modules using SWIG, the main wxPython .i files are also installed with the wxPython headers in an i_files sibdirectory. It should be enough to pass a -I/pathname on the command line for SWIG to find the files.

The bulk of wxPython's setup.py has been moved to another module, wx/build/config.py. This module will be installed as part of wxPython so 3rd party modules that wish to use the same setup/configuration code can do so simply by importing this module from their own setup.py scripts using import wx.build.config.

You no longer need to call wxClassInfo::CleanUpClasses() and wxClassInfo::InitializeClasses() in your extensions or when embedding wxPython.

The usage of wxPyBeginAllowThreads and wxPyEndAllowThreads has changed slightly. wxPyBeginAllowThreads now returns a boolean value that must be passed to the coresponding wxPyEndAllowThreads function call. This is to help do the RightThing when calls to these two functions are nested, or if calls to external code in other extension modules that are wrapped in the standard Py_(BEGIN|END)_ALLOW_THERADS may result in wx event handlers being called (such as during the call to os.startfile.)

Two (or Three!) Phase Create

If you use the Precreate/Create method of instantiating a window, (for example, to set an extended style flag, or for XRC handlers) then there is now a new method named PostCreate to help with transplanting the brain of the prewindow instance into the derived window instance. For example:

class MyDialog(wx.Dialog):
    def __init__(self, parent, ID, title, pos, size, style):
        pre = wx.PreDialog()
        pre.Create(parent, ID, title, pos, size, style)


The hack allowing the old "option" keyword parameter has been removed. If you use keyword args with wx.Sizer Add, Insert, or Prepend methods then you will need to use the proportion name instead of option. (The proportion keyword was also allowed in

When adding a spacer to a sizer you now need to use a wx.Size or a 2-integer sequence instead of separate width and height parameters. This was optionally allowed in 2.4, but now it is required. This allows for more consistency in how you add the various types of items to a sizer. The first parameter defines the item (instead of the possibily first two, depending on if you are doing a spacer or not,) and that item can either be a window, a sizer or a spacer (which can be a sequence or a wx.Size.) Removing the option for separate width and height parameters greatly simplified the wrapper code.

The wx.GridBagSizer class (very similar to the RowColSizer in the library) has been added to C++ and wrapped for wxPython. It can also be used from XRC.

You should not use AddWindow, AddSizer, AddSpacer (and similar for Insert, Prepend, and etc.) methods any longer. Just use Add and the wrappers will figure out what to do. [Changed in 2.5.2.x] AddWindow, AddSizer, AddSpacer and etc. will now issue a DeprecationWarning. [Changed in 2.5.4.x] These methods have now been undeprecated at the request of Riaan Booysen, the Boa Constructor team lead. They are now just simple compatibility aliases for Add, and etc.

[Changed in 2.5.2.x] The Sizers have had some fundamental internal changes in the 2.5.2.x release intended to make them do more of the "Right Thing" but also be as backwards compatible as possible. First a bit about how things used to work:

  • The size that a window had when Add()ed to the sizer was assumed to be its minimal size, and that size would always be used by default when calculating layout size and positions, and the sizer itself would keep track of that minimal size.
  • If the window item was added with the wx.ADJUST_MINSIZE flag then when layout was calculated the item's GetBestSize would be used to reset the minimal size that the sizer used.

The main thrust of the new Sizer changes was to make behavior like wx.ADJUST_MINSIZE be the default, and also to push the tracking of the minimal size to the window itself (since it knows its own needs) instead of having the sizer take care of it. Consequently these changes were made:

  • The wx.FIXED_MINSIZE flag was added to allow for the old behavior. When this flag is used the size a window has when added to the sizer will be treated as its minimal size and it will not be readjusted on each layout.
  • The min size stored in wx.Window and settable with SetSizeHints or SetMinSize will by default be used by the sizer (if it was set) as the minimal size of the sizer item. If the min size was not set (or was only partially set) then the window's best size is fetched and it is used instead of (or blended with) the min size. wx.Window.GetBestFittingSize was added to facilitate getting the size to be used by the sizers.
  • The best size of a window is cached so it doesn't need to recaculated on every layout. wx.Window.InvalidateBestSize was added and should be called (usually just internally in control methods) whenever something is done that would make the best size change.
  • All wxControls were changed to set the minsize to what is passed to the constructor or Create method, and also to set the real size of the control to the blending of the min size and best size. wx.Window.SetBestFittingSize was added to help with this, although most controls don't need to call it directly because it is called indirectly via the SetInitialSize called in the base classes.

At this time, the only situation known not to work the same as before is the following:

win = SomeWidget(parent)

In this case the old code would have used the new size as the minimum, but now the sizer will use the default size as the minimum rather than the size set later. It is an easy fix though, just move the specification of the size to the constructor (assuming that SomeWidget will set its minsize there like the rest of the controls do) or call SetMinSize instead of SetSize.

In order to fit well with this new scheme of things, all wxControls or custom controls should do the following things. (Depending on how they are used you may also want to do the same thing for non-control custom windows.)

  • Either override or inherit a meaningful DoGetBestSize method that calculates whatever size is "best" for the control. Once that size is calculated then there should normally be a call to CacheBestSize to save it for later use, unless for some reason you want the best size to be recalculated on every layout.

    Note: In order to successfully override DoGetBestSize in Python the class needs to be derived from wx.PyWindow, wx.PyControl, or etc. If your class instead derives from one of the standard wx classes then just be sure that the min size gets explicitly set to what would have been the best size and things should work properly in almost all situations.

  • Any method that changes the attributes of the control such that the best size will change should call InvalidateBestSize so it will be recalculated the next time it is needed.

  • The control's constructor and/or Create method should ensure that the minsize is set to the size passed in, and that the control is sized to a blending of the min size and best size. This can be done by calling SetBestFittingSize.


Added wx.PlatformInfo which is a tuple containing strings that describe the platform and build options of wxPython. This lets you know more about the build than just the __WXPORT__ value that wx.Platform contains, such as if it is a GTK2 build. For example, instead of:

if wx.Platform == "__WXGTK__":

you should do this:

if "__WXGTK__" in wx.PlatformInfo:

and you can specifically check for a wxGTK2 build by looking for "gtk2" in wx.PlatformInfo. Unicode builds are also detectable this way. If there are any other platform/toolkit/build flags that make sense to add to this tuple please let me know.

BTW, wx.Platform will probably be deprecated in the future.


Lindsay Mathieson's newest wxActiveX class has been wrapped into a new extension module called wx.activex. It is very generic and dynamic and should allow hosting of arbitray ActiveX controls within your wxPython apps. So far I've tested it with IE, PDF, and Flash controls, (and there are new samples in the demo and also library modules supporting these.)

The new wx.activex module contains a bunch of code, but the most important things to look at are ActiveXWindow and ActiveXEvent. ActiveXWindow derives from wxWindow and the constructor accepts a CLSID for the ActiveX Control that should be created. (There is also a CLSID class that can convert from a progID or a CLSID String.) The ActiveXWindow class simply adds methods that allow you to query some of the TypeInfo exposed by the ActiveX object, and also to get/set properties or call methods by name. The Python implementation automatically handles converting parameters and return values to/from the types expected by the ActiveX code as specified by the TypeInfo, (just bool, integers, floating point, strings and None/Empty so far, but more can be handled later.)

That's pretty much all there is to the class, as I mentioned before it is very generic and dynamic. Very little is hard-coded and everything that is done with the actual ActiveX control is done at runtime and referenced by property or method name. Since Python is such a dynamic language this is a very good match. I thought for a while about doing some Python black-magic and making the specific methods/properties of the actual ActiveX control "appear" at runtime, but then decided that it would be better and more understandable to do it via subclassing. So there is a utility class in wx.activex that given an existing ActiveXWindow instance can generate a .py module containing a derived class with real methods and properties that do the Right Thing to reflect those calls to the real ActiveX control. There is also a script/tool module named genaxmodule that given a CLSID or progID and a class name, will generate the module for you. There are a few examples of the output of this tool in the wx.lib package, see iewin.py, pdfwin.py and flashwin.py.

Currently the genaxmodule tool will tweak some of the names it generates, but this can be controled if you would like to do it differently by deriving your own class from GernerateAXModule, overriding some methods and then using this class from a tool like genaxmodule. [TODO: make specifying a new class on genaxmodule's command-line possible.] The current default behavior is that any event names that start with "On" will have the "On" dropped, property names are converted to all lower case, and if any name is a Python keyword it will have an underscore appended to it. GernerateAXModule does it's best when generating the code in the new module, but it can only be as good as the TypeInfo data available from the ActiveX control so sometimes some tweaking will be needed. For example, the IE web browser control defines the Flags parameter of the Navigate2 method as required, but MSDN says it is optional.

It is intended that this new wx.activex module will replace both the older version of Lindsay's code available in iewin.IEHtmlWindow, and also the wx.lib.activexwraper module. Probably the biggest differences you'll ecounter in migrating activexwrapper-based code (besides events working better without causing deadlocks) is that events are no longer caught by overriding methods in your derived class. Instead ActiveXWindow uses the wx event system and you bind handlers for the ActiveX events exactly the same way you do for any wx event. There is just one extra step needed and that is creating an event ID from the ActiveX event name, and if you use the genaxmodule tool then this extra step will be handled for you there. For example, for the StatusTextChange event in the IE web browser control, this code is generated for you:

wxEVT_StatusTextChange = wx.activex.RegisterActiveXEvent('StatusTextChange')
EVT_StatusTextChange = wx.PyEventBinder(wxEVT_StatusTextChange, 1)

and you would use it in your code like this:

self.Bind(iewin.EVT_StatusTextChange, self.UpdateStatusText, self.ie)

When the event happens and your event handler function is called the event properties from the ActiveX control (if any) are converted to attributes of the event object passed to the handler. (Can you say 'event' any more times in a single sentence? ;-) ) For example the StatusTextChange event will also send the text that should be put into the status line as an event parameter named "Text" and you can access it your handlers as an attribute of the event object like this:

def UpdateStatusText(self, evt):

Usually these event object attributes should be considered read-only, but some will be defined by the TypeInfo as output parameters. In those cases if you modify the event object's attribute then that value will be returned to the ActiveX control. For example, to prevent a new window from being opened by the IE web browser control you can do this in the handler for the iewin.EVT_NewWindow2 event:

def OnNewWindow2(self, evt):
    evt.Cancel = True

So how do you know what methods, events and properties that an ActiveX control supports? There is a funciton in wx.activex named GetAXInfo that returns a printable summary of the TypeInfo from the ActiveX instance passed in. You can use this as an example of how to browse the TypeInfo provided, and there is also a copy of this function's output appended as a comment to the modules produced by the genaxmodule tool. Beyond that you'll need to consult the docs provided by the makers of the ActiveX control that you are using.

PNG Images

Prior to 2.5 the PNG image handler would convert all alpha channel information to a mask when the image was loaded. Pixels that were more than halfway transparent would be made fully transparent by the mask and the rest would be made fully opaque.

In 2.5 the image handler has been updated to preserve the alpha channel and will now only create a mask when all the pixels in the image are either fully transparent or fully opaque. In addition, the wx.DC.DrawBitmap and wx.DC.Blit methods are able to correctly blend the pixels in the image with partially transparent alpha values.

If you are using a PNG with an alpha channel but you need to have a wx.Mask like you automatically got in 2.4 then you can do one of the following:

  • Edit the image and make all the partially transparent pixels be fully transparent.
  • Use a different image type.
  • Set a mask based on colour after you load the image.


[Changed in 2.5.2.x]

The wx.ogl module was deprecated in version 2.5.2 in favor of the new Python port of the OGL library located at wx.lib.ogl contributed by Pierre Hjälm. Starting in version 2.5.5 the old ogl is no longer being built in the distributed binaries, however the source code is still in the source tree so people can built it themselves if desired.

The reason this changes was done was to greatly extend the life of OGL within wxPython by making it more easily maintainable and less prone to getting rusty as there seems to be less and less interest in maintaining the C++ version.

There are only a few known compatibility issues at this time. First is the location of OGL. The old version was located in the wx.ogl module, and the new version is in the wx.lib.ogl package. So this just means that to start using the new version you need to adjust your imports. So if your code currently has something like this:

import wx
import wx.ogl as ogl

Then just change it to this:

import wx
import wx.lib.ogl as ogl

The other compatibility issue deals with removing a wart in the original API that was necessary in order to allow overloaded methods in derived classes to call the same method in the base class when using the old SWIG. Instead dedaling with the wart you can now just call the base class method like you woudl for any other Python class. For example, if you had to do something like this previously:

class MyDividedShape(ogl.DividedShape):
    def OnSizingEndDragLeft(self, pt, x, y, keys, attch):
        self.base_OnSizingEndDragLeft(pt, x, y, keys, attch)

You will need to change it to be like this:

class MyDividedShape(ogl.DividedShape):
    def OnSizingEndDragLeft(self, pt, x, y, keys, attch):
        ogl.DividedShape.OnSizingEndDragLeft(self, pt, x, y, keys, attch)

Obsolete Modules

Instead of over a dozen separate extension modules linked together into a single extension module, the "core" module is now just a few extensions that are linked independently, and then merged together later into the main namespace via Python code.

Because of the above and also because of the way the new SWIG works, the "internal" module names have changed, but you shouldn't have been using them anyway so it shouldn't bother you. ;-) In case you were erroneously using them in 2.4, here are the internal extension modules that no longer exist:

  • clip_dnd
  • cmndlgs
  • controls
  • controls2
  • events
  • filesys
  • fonts
  • frames
  • gdi
  • image
  • mdi
  • misc
  • misc2
  • printfw
  • sizers
  • stattool
  • streams
  • utils
  • windows
  • windows2
  • windows3

They have been replaced by the following, but please remember that these are just "implementation details" and you should really be using the objects in these modules only via the wx or wxPython.wx packages:

  • _core
  • _gdi
  • _windows
  • _controls
  • _misc

The help module no longer exists and the classes therein are now part of the core module imported with wxPython.wx or the wx package.


[Changed in 2.5.3.x]

wx.TaskbarIcon now works on all three platforms, although for wxGTK it depends on support from the Window Manager. On OS X the icon replaces the application's icon on the dock and when you right click on it the app's default popup menu is merged with the wx.TaskBarIcon's menu. Because of how it is implemented on the Mac using the Dock most of the TaskBarIcon events will _not_ be emitted on that platform, but since 98% of the time you simply want to display an icon and have a popup menu it shouldn't be much of a problem. You can still use the other events on the other platforms, you'll just want to be sure that you can do everything you want via the menu too.

Since popping up a menu is the most common thing to do with a TaskBarIcon the class has some new built in functionality to facilitate that. To use the TaskBarIcon in this new way, simply derive a new class from TaskBarIcon and implement a CreatePopupMenu method that creates and returns the menu. That's all there is to it, besides binding event handlers for the menu items of course. Take a look at the DemoTaskBarIcon class in the demo/Main.py module for an example.

NOTE: Unfortunately due to being able to support virtualizing CreatePopupMenu the C++ TaskBarIcon instance now holds a reference to the Python instance, and so you will need to explicitly Destroy() your TaskBarIcon instance when you are done with it. (Like you do with wx.Dialogs.) If you don't destroy it then wxWidgets will assume that you want the app to keep running with just the icon in the task bar and the MainLoop will not exit.

Version Number Change

[Changed in 2.5.3.x]

Starting with the Unicode versions of wxPython will no longer have a 'u' appended to the fourth component of the version number. Please check for the presence of "unicode" in the wx.PlatformInfo tuple instead. (This tuple of strings has been available since the first 2.5 version.) For example:

if "unicode" in wx.PlatformInfo:
    # do whatever

Multi-Version Installs

[Changed in 2.5.3.x]

Starting with the wx and wxPython package directories will be installed in a subdirectory of the site-packages directory, instead of directly in site-packages. This is done to help facilitate having multiple versions of wxPython installed side-by-side. Why would you want to do this? One possible scenario is you have an app that requires wxPython 2.4 but you want to use the newest 2.5 to do your own development with. Or perhaps you want to be able to test your app with several different versions of wxPython to ensure compatibility. Before everyone panics, rest asured that if you only install one version of wxPython then you should notice no difference in how things work.

In addition to installing wxPython into a "versioned" subdirectory of site-packages, a file named wx.pth is optionally installed that will contain the name of the versioned subdirectory. This will cause that subdirectory to be automatically added to the sys.path and so doing an "import wx" will find the package in the subdirectory like it would have if it was still located directly in site-packages. I say "optionally" above because that is how you can control which install of wxPython is the default one. Which ever version installs the wx.pth file will be the one that is imported with a plain "import wx" statement. Of course you can always manipulate that by editing the wx.pth file, or by setting PYTHONPATH in the environment, or by the method described in the next paragraph.

Finally, a new module named wxversion.py is installed to the site-packages directory. It can be used to manipulate the sys.path at runtime so your applications can select which version of wxPython they would like to to have imported. You use it like this:

import wxversion
import wx

Then even though a 2.5 version of wxPython may be the default the application that does the above the first time that wx is imported will actually get a 2.4 version. NOTE: There isn't actually a 2.4 version of wxPython that supports this, but there will be.

Please see this wiki page for more details, HowTo's and FAQ's: http://wiki.wxpython.org/index.cgi/MultiVersionInstalls

Miscellaneous Stuff

wxPyDefaultPosition and wxPyDefaultSize are gone. Use the wxDefaultPosition and wxDefaultSize objects instead.

Similarly, the wxSystemSettings backwards compatibiility aliases for GetSystemColour, GetSystemFont and GetSystemMetric have also gone into the bit-bucket. Use GetColour, GetFont and GetMetric instead.

Use the Python True/False constants instead of the true, TRUE, false, FALSE that used to be provided with wxPython.

Use None instead of the ancient and should have been removed a long time ago wx.NULL alias.

wx.TreeCtrl.GetFirstChild no longer needs to be passed the cookie variable as the 2nd parameter. It still returns it though, for use with GetNextChild.

The wx.NO_FULL_REPAINT_ON_RESIZE style is now the default style for all windows. The name still exists for compatibility, but it is set to zero. If you want to disable the setting (so it matches the old default) then you need to use the new wx.FULL_REPAINT_ON_RESIZE style flag otherwise only the freshly exposed areas of the window will be refreshed.

wxPyTypeCast has been removed. Since we've had the OOR (Original Object Return) for a couple years now there should be no need to use wxPyTypeCast at all.

If you use the old wxPython package and wxPython.wx namespace then there are compatibility aliases for much of the above items.

The wxWave class has been renamed to wxSound, and now has a slightly different API.

Before Python 2.3 it was possible to pass a floating point object as a parameter to a function that expected an integer, and the PyArg_ParseTuple family of functions would automatically convert to integer by truncating the fractional portion of the number. With Python 2.3 that behavior was deprecated and a deprecation warning is raised when you pass a floating point value, (for example, calling wx.DC.DrawLine with floats for the position and size,) and lots of developers using wxPython had to scramble to change their code to call int() before calling wxPython methods. Recent changes in SWIG have moved the conversion out of PyArg_ParseTuple to custom code that SWIG generates. Since the default conversion fragment was a little too strict and didn't generate a very meaningful exception when it failed, I decided to use a custom fragment instead, and it turned out that it's very easy to allow floats to be converted again just like they used to be. So, in a nutshell, any numeric type that can be converted to an integer is now legal to be passed to SWIG wrapped functions in wxPython for parameters that are expecting an integer. If the object is not already an integer then it will be asked to convert itself to one. A similar conversion fragment is in place for parameters that expect floating point values.

[Changed in 2.5.2.x] The MaskedEditCtrl modules have been moved to their own sub-package, wx.lib.masked. See the docstrings and demo for changes in capabilities, usage, etc.

[Changed in 2.5.2.x] wx.MaskColour constructor has been deprecated and will raise a DeprecationWarning if used. The main wx.Mask constructor has been modified to be compatible with wx.MaskColour so you should use it instead.

[Changed in 2.5.2.x] In wx.TextCtrls that have the wx.TE_PROCESS_TAB style the TAB key will be treated like an ordinary character and will not cause any tab traversal navigation at all. If you use this style but would still like to have the normal tab traversal take place then you should send your own wx.NavigationKeyEvent from the wx.EVT_KEY_DOWN handler. There is a new Navigate method in the wx.Window class to help send the event and it is used something like this:

flags = wx.NavigationKeyEvent.IsForward
if event.ShiftDown():
    flags = wx.NavigationKeyEvent.IsBackward
if event.ControlDown():
    flags |= wx.NavigationKeyEvent.WinChange