"Fossies" - the Fresh Open Source Software Archive

Member "chandler-1.0.3/external/wx/wxPython-r218/src/motif/xmcombo/combobox.doc" (13 Jun 2006, 11437 Bytes) of archive /windows/misc/Chandler_src_1.0.3.tar.gz:

Welcome to the ComboBox widget for Motif 1.1 or 1.2 (maybe even 2.0...)!
This is now version 1.32.
DOCUMENTATION (in ComboBox_eng.dvi)!!!

If you're in doubt, the primary source of this widget is
    ftp.informatik.rwth-aachen.de (
    The source is in: /pub/packages/ComboBox/ComboBox.tar.gz
This is our campus server in Aachen, Germany. From outside Europe
please also contact:
    ftp.x.org (
    There you'll find the source in:
There are many local ftp servers that mirror the /contrib directory. Thus
with a delay of one or two days you'll also find the source on many other
ftp sites.


Whats new? (changes since the last version are marked with an asterisk)
  * Some minor changes concerning the drop down list layout have been made in
    order to correct some minor quirks.
  * Updated files for VMS users (hellooooo -- where are you?!!)
  - A real man page for use with troff/groff. It's in ComboBox.groff.
  - Some applications like GUI development tools or TclMotif were unable to
    get notice of these special resources because they were implemented
    through the core's setValues method. Thus they don't appeared in the 
    resource list because there aren't any instance variables connected to 
    them. These mirror resources instead belong to child widgets. With 1.23 
    the resource list (which can be queried by XtGetResourceList()) contains 
    entries for all mirror resources although the initial value setting is 
    always zero. But this should'nt matter. You can switch off these entries
    by setting -DDONT_LOOK_IN_THE_MIRROR when compiling ComboBox.c.
  - The selection policies XmSINGLE_SELECT and XmBROWSE_SELECT are now
  - A new resource called XmNstaticList has been added, which switches the combo
    box into a new mode with the drop down list statically displayed.
  - Support of XmNautomaticSelection (like the resource known from XmList).
  - New callbacks XmNunselectionCallback, XmNdefaultActionCallback,
    XmNmodifyVerifyCallback, XmNmotionVerifyCallback and XmNvalueChangedCallback
    added (don't know whether I forgot to mention one...).
  - New convenience function XmComboBoxClearItemSelection() for deselecting
    any selection in the combo box (if XmNselectionPolicy is XmSINGLE_SELECT).
  - New demo app called FontSel. It shows how to realize a full blown
    font selection dialog (even for scalable fonts) using combo boxes.
  - Some additional casting has been added to the source, so it seems
    now really to be ANSI compliant.
  - can be compiled with Motif 1.2. (Tested on Sun & HP yet)
  - many new resources & a callback that is called whenever the drop down
    list gets dropped down or hidden.
  - corrected a few minor typos in the header files (mis-spelled function
    prototypes) and some minor quirks in the source.
    If you can't process dvi files you can download a post script variant
    from ftp.informatik.rwth-aachen.de ( as
  - The XmNitems and XmNitemCount resources can now be set at any time (not
    only when creating the ComboBox widget).
  - Corrected some minor memory leaks in the source as well as some typos and
    errors in the documentation.
  - Drag'n'Drop is now supported with Motif 1.2.
  - fvwm's handling of FocusOut events supported.

Well - if you never heard of ComboBoxes you'll have to figure out
yourself what these strange widgets really are. The following text
will only explain how to include it into your own code. (Just as a little
hint: combo boxes are well known from M$ Windoze. A combo box consists
of a text input field with an arrow button besides it. When you click
on the arrow button the combo box pops up a list just below its input
area. You can now browse in it or pop it down by pressing the arrow button

The source code is now in (wide public) use for nearly a year.
(before this time it was tested for half a year in the Institut fuer
Geometrie und Praktische Mathematik, where I'm working). So you get a well
tested piece of widget magic. Please feel free to report any trouble you
have using the ComboBox widget. But be patient - I'm just a student. In the
meantime I've received a couple of reports and hopefully the widget now can
be used on many well known systems as well as with Motif 1.1 and 1.2. I've
heard of people using the ComboBox widget with Motif 2.0, because they need
the many features... But there seems to be problems with the subclassing
mechanism, so the sanity check CheckComboBox() fails. This check is now
disabled if the source detects a Motif 2.0 release.

BTW - I'm collecting picture postcards...if you have one with a nice picture of 
the place you're living in, don't hesitate... 8-)

1. To compile you will need at least Motif :-)
   (or :-( depending on your point of view...)
   and an *ANSI* c compiler (the code is completely ANSI -
   no more mess with the old K&R style)!
   To compile, try something like
   $ cc -DFUNCPROTO -c ComboBox.c
   this should do it's work. -DFUNCPROTO is needed because the function
   prototypes would be K&R style without it. In addition you often need
   to specify to the compiler that the source is ANSI. (-ansi with gcc)

2. Place a
   #include "ComboBox.h"
   at the top of your source file and create the widget just like any
   other ordinary widget. The class is xmComboBoxWidgetClass. There is
   no convenience function since it's hardly ever needed with this

   To compile the short demo:
   $ cc -DFUNCPROTO ComboBoxDemo.c -o ComboBoxDemo ComboBox.o \
     -lXm -lXt -lX11
   On some machines you'll need to link additional libs (like network
   and socket libs).
   Or use the makefile (first edit it accordingly to your needs):
   $ make demo
   Run the demo with:
   $ ./ComboBoxDemo

   I don't provide a makefile for every system/compiler combination
   because this widget is intended to be placed seamless into the
   existing Motif widget set. Thus, compile it and if all is ok, then
   copy the includes to the Xm directory and the object file to a
   suitable place in your file system -- but don't even think of
   /dev/null as a good destination ;-)
   To compile the FontSel demo:
   Edit the makefile (if you haven't already done so), then do a:
   $ make FontSel
   And run the Font Selector demo:
   $ ./FontSel
   If you also have the ButtonFace Library you may want to do a
   $ make FontSelX
   instead. This will use my pictural push buttons for okay, cancel and help.

3. The ComboBox consists primarily of a XmManager descendant - the
   widget you'll get from XtCreateWidget(). This widget contains several
   more widgets as its childs: a XmTextField and some other widgets.
   You *must* not modify any resources of the TextField directly - this
   leads sooner or later to trouble. Instead all the necessary instance
   variables of the TextField are accessible through the main widget
   (the one XtCreateWidget() returned).
   There are many (convenience) functions like the ones for XmTextFields
   and XmLists to set the TextField's text, add items to the drop down
   list and and and... please see ComboBox.h for details (you know:
   the documentation is under work...)

4. There is one special resource called "persistentDropDown". It
   defaults to "False". Its purpose it not easy to explain since that
   has to do with the way your window manager is set up. If you're
   using the explicit focus methode (that is: you move the keyboard
   focus from application to application by clicking on the top level
   window) you're lucky - don't ever think of this resource. For all
   those other people (like me): if the window manager is set up to
   give the keyboard focus to the top level window the mouse cursor
   is over you'll notice one annoying "feature". (It's really *not*
   a bug ;-) ) If you drop down the ComboBox's list (by clicking on
   the arrow right beside the text field) and move the mouse cursor
   out of the window the ComboBox resides in the list immediatly
   disappears. That happens because the ComboBox looses the keyboard
   focus. You can try to bypass that behavior by setting 
   "persistentDropDown" to "True" if you like. In the application's
   resource file a line like
   *YourApp*ComboBox.persistentDropDown: True
   should do the job. But remember: whether this will work depends
   on the window manager you're using. I have testet this with
   Silicon Graphics' 4dwm (a mwm clone).

5. On some window managers the drop down list gets hidden as soon as
   the user moves the mouse cursor into the list. If this happens try
   to set the resource "twmHandlingOn" to "True". You can do this
   on the command line:
   ComboBoxDemo -xrm "*.twmHandlingOn: True"
   This should do it's job with twm as well as fvwm. With olwm you shouldn't
   need to set one of the special resources.

6. The combo box has been reported to run sucessfully on:
   Silicon Graphics, Sun, HP, IBM RS6000, PC, even VMS!
   Linux, of course...!
   Attention VMS folks! You'll find two files called "motif11.opt" or 
   "motif12.opt" and "vmsmake.com" in this packages. They are provided by
   Vincent Li. You'll hopefully know what to do with these two
   files. They are provided "as is" with no warranty. Please read the file

42. Known bugs: you will need a german dictionary to understand all the
    jokes in the source and in the german documentation.

That's it! Enjoy using this ComboBox widget.
(More than 160 downloads yet within the first 3 weeks -- seems that I've 
filled in a real gap in Motif. Thanks to all who encouraged me to do
further work on the ComboBox widget -- especially Chris Marotz!)

You may also want to visit my "Motif Programming Cornor" at
with tips & tricks about Motif.

I really don't understand why the folks at OSF didn't implemented
something like the M$ Windoze ComboBox in Motif. Maybe they have
had their moti"f"es... (Rumor has spread it that the mysterious
Motif 2.0 will have one - whow! after many years, the OSF folk got it!)

P.S.: This software is Free Software. Please refer to the file
      COPYING, which you should have received together this
      file and the source code of the combo box widget.
      However if you find this widget to be usefull, you are encouraged
      to donate a reasonable amount to a charitable institution --
      there are enough people out there who need help! Sometimes I got
      the strong impression that programmers tend to get lost in their
      own "virtual reality" - sitting in front of their screen, hacking
      new algorithms and forget about everything around them. So please
      don't forget about people who need help.

(c) 1993, 1994 Harald Albrecht
Institut fuer Geometrie und Praktische Mathematik
Rheinisch-Westfaelische Technische Universitaet Aachen,
D-52056 Aachen, Germany

Bad Aachen -- Die Stadt der Printe. Warum Aachen ein Kurbad ist?
-- Wieso Kurbad? "Bad" heisst doch nur, dass es hier staendig regnet (wenn
es eben 'mal nicht schneit...)