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Member "sitecopy-0.16.6/intl/xsize.h" (20 May 2005, 3542 Bytes) of archive /linux/www/sitecopy-0.16.6.tar.gz:


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    1 /* xsize.h -- Checked size_t computations.
    2 
    3    Copyright (C) 2003 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
    4 
    5    This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
    6    under the terms of the GNU Library General Public License as published
    7    by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
    8    any later version.
    9 
   10    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   11    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   12    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
   13    Library General Public License for more details.
   14 
   15    You should have received a copy of the GNU Library General Public
   16    License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
   17    Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301,
   18    USA.  */
   19 
   20 #ifndef _XSIZE_H
   21 #define _XSIZE_H
   22 
   23 /* Get size_t.  */
   24 #include <stddef.h>
   25 
   26 /* Get SIZE_MAX.  */
   27 #include <limits.h>
   28 #if HAVE_STDINT_H
   29 # include <stdint.h>
   30 #endif
   31 
   32 /* The size of memory objects is often computed through expressions of
   33    type size_t. Example:
   34       void* p = malloc (header_size + n * element_size).
   35    These computations can lead to overflow.  When this happens, malloc()
   36    returns a piece of memory that is way too small, and the program then
   37    crashes while attempting to fill the memory.
   38    To avoid this, the functions and macros in this file check for overflow.
   39    The convention is that SIZE_MAX represents overflow.
   40    malloc (SIZE_MAX) is not guaranteed to fail -- think of a malloc
   41    implementation that uses mmap --, it's recommended to use size_overflow_p()
   42    or size_in_bounds_p() before invoking malloc().
   43    The example thus becomes:
   44       size_t size = xsum (header_size, xtimes (n, element_size));
   45       void *p = (size_in_bounds_p (size) ? malloc (size) : NULL);
   46 */
   47 
   48 /* Convert an arbitrary value >= 0 to type size_t.  */
   49 #define xcast_size_t(N) \
   50   ((N) <= SIZE_MAX ? (size_t) (N) : SIZE_MAX)
   51 
   52 /* Sum of two sizes, with overflow check.  */
   53 static inline size_t
   54 #if __GNUC__ >= 3
   55 __attribute__ ((__pure__))
   56 #endif
   57 xsum (size_t size1, size_t size2)
   58 {
   59   size_t sum = size1 + size2;
   60   return (sum >= size1 ? sum : SIZE_MAX);
   61 }
   62 
   63 /* Sum of three sizes, with overflow check.  */
   64 static inline size_t
   65 #if __GNUC__ >= 3
   66 __attribute__ ((__pure__))
   67 #endif
   68 xsum3 (size_t size1, size_t size2, size_t size3)
   69 {
   70   return xsum (xsum (size1, size2), size3);
   71 }
   72 
   73 /* Sum of four sizes, with overflow check.  */
   74 static inline size_t
   75 #if __GNUC__ >= 3
   76 __attribute__ ((__pure__))
   77 #endif
   78 xsum4 (size_t size1, size_t size2, size_t size3, size_t size4)
   79 {
   80   return xsum (xsum (xsum (size1, size2), size3), size4);
   81 }
   82 
   83 /* Maximum of two sizes, with overflow check.  */
   84 static inline size_t
   85 #if __GNUC__ >= 3
   86 __attribute__ ((__pure__))
   87 #endif
   88 xmax (size_t size1, size_t size2)
   89 {
   90   /* No explicit check is needed here, because for any n:
   91      max (SIZE_MAX, n) == SIZE_MAX and max (n, SIZE_MAX) == SIZE_MAX.  */
   92   return (size1 >= size2 ? size1 : size2);
   93 }
   94 
   95 /* Multiplication of a count with an element size, with overflow check.
   96    The count must be >= 0 and the element size must be > 0.
   97    This is a macro, not an inline function, so that it works correctly even
   98    when N is of a wider tupe and N > SIZE_MAX.  */
   99 #define xtimes(N, ELSIZE) \
  100   ((N) <= SIZE_MAX / (ELSIZE) ? (size_t) (N) * (ELSIZE) : SIZE_MAX)
  101 
  102 /* Check for overflow.  */
  103 #define size_overflow_p(SIZE) \
  104   ((SIZE) == SIZE_MAX)
  105 /* Check against overflow.  */
  106 #define size_in_bounds_p(SIZE) \
  107   ((SIZE) != SIZE_MAX)
  108 
  109 #endif /* _XSIZE_H */