"Fossies" - the Fresh Open Source Software Archive

Member "vagrant-2.2.14/website/README.md" (20 Nov 2020, 23298 Bytes) of package /linux/misc/vagrant-2.2.14.tar.gz:


As a special service "Fossies" has tried to format the requested source page into HTML format (assuming markdown format). Alternatively you can here view or download the uninterpreted source code file. A member file download can also be achieved by clicking within a package contents listing on the according byte size field. See also the last Fossies "Diffs" side-by-side code changes report for "README.md": 2.2.9_vs_2.2.10.

Vagrant Website

Netlify Status

This subdirectory contains the entire source for the Vagrant Website. This is a NextJS project, which builds a static site from these source files.

Table of Contents

Contributions Welcome!

If you find a typo or you feel like you can improve the HTML, CSS, or JavaScript, we welcome contributions. Feel free to open issues or pull requests like any normal GitHub project, and we'll merge it in 🚀

Running the Site Locally

The website can be run locally through node.js or Docker. If you choose to run through Docker, everything will be a little bit slower due to the additional overhead, so for frequent contributors it may be worth it to use node.

Note: If you are using a text editor that uses a "safe write" save style such as vim or goland, this can cause issues with the live reload in development. If you turn off safe write, this should solve the problem. In vim, this can be done by running :set backupcopy=yes. In goland, search the settings for "safe write" and turn that setting off.

With Docker

Running the site locally is simple. Provided you have Docker installed, clone this repo, run make, and then visit http://localhost:3000.

The docker image is pre-built with all the website dependencies installed, which is what makes it so quick and simple, but also means if you need to change dependencies and test the changes within Docker, you'll need a new image. If this is something you need to do, you can run make build-image to generate a local Docker image with updated dependencies, then make website-local to use that image and preview.

With Node

If your local development environment has a supported version (v10.0.0+) of node installed you can run:

...and then visit http://localhost:3000.

If you pull down new code from github, you should run npm install again. Otherwise, there's no need to re-run npm install each time the site is run, you can just run npm start to get it going.

Editing Markdown Content

Documentation content is written in Markdown and you'll find all files listed under the /pages directory.

To create a new page with Markdown, create a file ending in .mdx in the pages/ directory. The path in the pages directory will be the URL route. For example, pages/hello/world.mdx will be served from the /hello/world URL.

This file can be standard Markdown and also supports YAML frontmatter. YAML frontmatter is optional, there are defaults for all keys.

---
title: 'My Title'
description: "A thorough, yet succinct description of the page's contents"
---

The significant keys in the YAML frontmatter are:

⚠️ Since api is a reserved directory within NextJS, all /api/** pages are listed under the /pages/api-docs path.

Creating New Pages

There is currently a small bug with new page creation - if you create a new page and link it up via subnav data while the server is running, it will report an error saying the page was not found. This can be resolved by restarting the server.

Markdown Enhancements

There are several custom markdown plugins that are available by default that enhance standard markdown to fit our use cases. This set of plugins introduces a couple instances of custom syntax, and a couple specific pitfalls that are not present by default with markdown, detailed below:

Custom Components

A number of custom mdx components are available for use within any .mdx file. Each one is documented below:

Tabs

The Tabs component creates tabbed content of any type, but is often used for code examples given in different languages. Here's an example of how it looks from the Vagrant documentation website:

Tabs Component

It can be used as such within a markdown file:

Normal **markdown** content.

<Tabs>
<Tab heading="CLI command">
            <!-- Intentionally skipped line.. -->
```shell-session
$ command ...
```
            <!-- Intentionally skipped line.. -->
</Tab>
<Tab heading="API call using cURL">

```shell-session
$ curl ...
```

</Tab>
</Tabs>

Contined normal markdown content

The intentionally skipped line is a limitation of the mdx parser which is being actively worked on. All tabs mst have a heading, and there is no limit to the number of tabs, though it is recommended to go for a maximum of three or four.

Enterprise Alert

This component provides a standard way to call out functionality as being present only in the enterprise version of the software. It can be presented in two contexts, inline or standalone. Here's an example of standalone usage from the Consul docs website:

Enterprise Alert Component - Standalone

The standalone component can be used as such in markdown files:

# Page Headline

<EnterpriseAlert />

Continued markdown content...

It can also receive custom text contents if you need to change the messaging but wish to retain the style. This will replace the text This feature is available in all versions of Consul Enterprise. with whatever you add. For example:

# Page Headline

<EnterpriseAlert>
  My custom text here, and <a href="#">a link</a>!
</EnterpriseAlert>

Continued markdown content...

It's important to note that once you are adding custom content, it must be html and can not be markdown, as demonstrated above with the link.

Now let's look at inline usage, here's an example:

Enterprise Alert Component - Inline

And here's how it could be used in your markdown document:

### Some Enterprise Feature <EnterpriseAlert inline />

Continued markdown content...

It's also worth noting that this component will automatically adjust to the correct product colors depending on the context.

Other Components

Other custom components can be made available on a per-site basis, the above are the standards. If you have questions about custom components that are not documented here, or have a request for a new custom component, please reach out to @hashicorp/digital-marketing.

Syntax Highlighting

When using fenced code blocks, the recommendation is to tag the code block with a language so that it can be syntax highlighted. For example:

```
// BAD: Code block with no language tag
```

```javascript
// GOOD: Code block with a language tag
```

Check out the supported languages list for the syntax highlighter we use if you want to double check the language name.

It is also worth noting specifically that if you are using a code block that is an example of a terminal command, the correct language tag is shell-session. For example:

🚫BAD: Using shell, sh, bash, or plaintext to represent a terminal command

```shell
$ terraform apply
```

GOOD: Using shell-session to represent a terminal command

```shell-session
$ terraform apply
```

Editing Navigation Sidebars

The structure of the sidebars are controlled by files in the /data directory. For example, this file controls the docs sidebar. Within the data folder, any file with -navigation after it controls the navigation for the given section.

The sidebar uses a simple recursive data structure to represent files and directories. A file is represented by a string, and a directory is represented by an object. The sidebar is meant to reflect the structure of the docs within the filesystem while also allowing custom ordering. Let's look at an example. First, here's our example folder structure:

.
├── docs
│   └── directory
│       ├── index.mdx
│       ├── file.mdx
│       ├── another-file.mdx
│       └── nested-directory
│           ├── index.mdx
│           └── nested-file.mdx

Here's how this folder structure could be represented as a sidebar navigation, in this example it would be the file website/data/docs-navigation.js:

export default {
  category: 'directory',
  content: [
    'file',
    'another-file',
    {
      category: 'nested-directory',
      content: ['nested-file'],
    },
  ],
}

A couple more important notes:

Below we will discuss a couple of more unusual but still helpful patterns.

Index-less Categories

Sometimes you may want to include a category but not have a need for an index page for the category. This can be accomplished, but a human-readable category name needs to be set manually, since the category name is normally pulled from the sidebar_title property of the index page. Here's an example of how an index-less category might look:

.
├── docs
│   └── indexless-category
│       └── file.mdx
// website/data/docs-navigation.js
export default {
  category: 'indexless-category',
  name: 'Indexless Category',
  content: ['file'],
}

The addition of the name property to a category object is all it takes to be able to skip the index file.

Sometimes you may have a need to include a link that is not directly to a file within the docs hierarchy. This can also be supported using a different pattern. For example:

export default {
  category: 'directory',
  content: [
    'file',
    'another-file',
    { title: 'Tao of HashiCorp', href: 'https://www.hashicorp.com/tao-of-hashicorp' }
    }
  ]
}

If the link provided in the href property is external, it will display a small icon indicating this. If it's internal, it will appear the same way as any other direct file link.

Changing the Release Version

To change the version displayed for download on the website, head over to data/version.js and change the number there. It's important to note that the version number must match a version that has been released and is live on releases.hashicorp.com -- if it does not, the website will be unable to fetch links to the binaries and will not compile. So this version number should be changed only after a release.

Displaying a Prerelease

If there is a prerelease of any type that should be displayed on the downloads page, this can be done by editing pages/downloads/index.jsx. By default, the download component might look something like this:

<ProductDownloader
  product="<Product>"
  version={VERSION}
  downloads={downloadData}
  community="/resources"
/>

To add a prerelease, an extra prerelease property can be added to the component as such:

<ProductDownloader
  product="<Product>"
  version={VERSION}
  downloads={downloadData}
  community="/resources"
  prerelease={{
    type: 'release candidate', // the type of prerelease: beta, release candidate, etc.
    name: 'v1.0.0', // the name displayed in text on the website
    version: '1.0.0-rc1', // the actual version tag that was pushed to releases.hashicorp.com
  }}
/>

This configuration would display something like the following text on the website, emphasis added to the configurable parameters:

A {{ release candidate }} for <Product> {{ v1.0.0 }} is available! The release can be <a href='https://releases.hashicorp.com/<product>/{{ 1.0.0-rc1 }}'>downloaded here</a>.

You may customize the parameters in any way you'd like. To remove a prerelease from the website, simply delete the prerelease paremeter from the above component.

Redirects

This website structures URLs based on the filesystem layout. This means that if a file is moved, removed, or a folder is re-organized, links will break. If a path change is necessary, it can be mitigated using redirects.

To add a redirect, head over to the _redirects file - the format is fairly simple. On the left is the current path, and on the right is the path that should be redirected to. It's important to note that if there are links to a .html version of a page, that must also be explicitly redirected. For example:

/foo       /bar   301!
/foo.html  /bar   301!

This redirect rule will send all incoming links to /foo and /foo.html to /bar. For more details on the redirects file format, check out the docs on netlify. Note that it is critical that 301! is added to every one-to-one redirect - if it is left off the redirect may not work.

There are a couple important caveats with redirects. First, redirects are applied at the hosting layer, and therefore will not work by default in local dev mode. To test in local dev mode, you can use netlify dev, or just push a commit and check using the deploy preview.

Second, redirects do not apply to client-side navigation. By default, all links in the navigation and docs sidebar will navigate purely on the client side, which makes navigation through the docs significantly faster, especially for those with low-end devices and/or weak internet connections. In the future, we plan to convert all internal links within docs pages to behave this way as well. This means that if there is a link on this website to a given piece of content that has changed locations in some way, we need to also directly change existing links to the content. This way, if a user clicks a link that navigates on the client side, or if they hit the url directly and the page renders from the server side, either one will work perfectly.

Let's look at an example. Say you have a page called /docs/foo which needs to be moved to /docs/nested/foo. Additionally, this is a page that has been around for a while and we know there are links into /docs/foo.html left over from our previous website structure. First, we move the page, then adjust the docs sidenav, in data/docs-navigation.js. Find the category the page is in, and move it into the appropriate subcategory. Next, we add to _redirects as such:

/foo       /nested/foo  301!
/foo.html  /nested/foo  301!

Finally, we run a global search for internal links to /foo, and make sure to adjust them to be /nested/foo - this is to ensure that client-side navigation still works correctly. Adding a redirect alone is not enough.

One more example - let's say that content is being moved to an external website. A common example is guides moving to learn.hashicorp.com. In this case, we take all the same steps, except that we need to make a different type of change to the docs-navigation file. If previously the structure looked like:

{
  category: 'docs',
  content: [
    'foo'
  ]
}

If we no longer want the link to be in the side nav, we can simply remove it. If we do still want the link in the side nav, but pointing to an external destnation, we need to slightly change the structure as such:

{
  category: 'docs',
  content: [
    { title: 'Foo Title', href: 'https://learn.hashicorp.com/<product>/foo' }
  ]
}

As the majority of items in the side nav are internal links, the structure makes it as easy as possible to represent these links. This alternate syntax is the most concise manner than an external link can be represented. External links can be used anywhere within the docs sidenav.

It's also worth noting that it is possible to do glob-based redirects, for example matching /docs/*, and you may see this pattern in the _redirects file. This type of redirect is much higher risk and the behavior is a bit more nuanced, so if you need to add a glob redirect, please reach out to the website maintainers and ask about it first.

Browser Support

We support the following browsers targeting roughly the versions specified.

Chrome Firefox Opera Safari Internet Explorer
Latest Latest Latest Latest 11+

Deployment

This website is hosted on Netlify and configured to automatically deploy anytime you push code to the stable-website branch. Any time a pull request is submitted that changes files within the website folder, a deployment preview will appear in the github checks which can be used to validate the way docs changes will look live. Deployments from stable-website will look and behave the same way as deployment previews.