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tin

NAME
BESCHREIBUNG
DATEIEN
SIEHE AUCH

NAME

tin, rtin − zugehörige Dateien

BESCHREIBUNG

Diese Manpage beschreibt die vom Newsreader tin(1) benutzen (Konfigurations)−Dateien und deren Formate. Alle Dateien sollten Unixartige Zeilenenden (’\n’ aka LF) haben.

DATEIEN

$MAILCAPS
~/.mailcap
/etc/mailcap
/usr/etc/mailcap
/usr/local/etc/mailcap
/etc/mail/mailcap

mailcap(5) files as defined in RFC1524. The mailcap files are read by tin(1) to determine how to display non−text messages at the local site. Any line that starts with "#" is a comment. Blank lines are ignored. Otherwise, each line defines a single mailcap entry for a single content type. Long lines may be continued by ending them with a backslash character, "\".

Each individual mailcap entry consists of a content−type specification, a command to execute, and (possibly) a set of optional "flag" values.

The "type" field is simply any legal content type name. It is the string that will be matched against the ”Content−Type:” header to decide if this is the mailcap entry that matches the current message. Additionally, the type field may specify a subtype or a wildcard to match all subtypes.

The "command" field is any UNIX command and is used to specify the interpreter for the given type of message. It will be passed to the shell via the system(3) facility.

Semicolons and backslashes within the command or any flag field must be quoted with backslashes. If the field contains "%s", those two characters will be replaced by the name of a file that contains the body of the message. If it contains "%t", those two characters will be replaced by the content−type field, including the subtype, if any. If it contains "%{" followed by a parameter name and a closing "}", then all those characters will be replaced by the value of the named parameter, if any, from the ”Content−Type:” header. Finally, if the field contains "\%", those two characters will be replaced by a single "%" character.

Besides the type and command field the following "flags" are defined:
compose

The "compose" field may be used to specify a program that can be used to compose a new body or body part in the given format. Its intended use is to support mail composing agents that support the composition of multiple types of mail using external composing agents. As with the view−command, the semantics of program execution are operating system dependent. The result of the composing program may be data that is not yet suitable for mail transport − that is, a Content−Transfer−Encoding may need to be applied to the data.

composetyped

The "composetyped" field is similar to the "compose" field, but is to be used when the composing program needs to specify the ”Content−Type:” header field to be applied to the composed data. The "compose" field is simpler, and is preferred for use with existing (non−mail−oriented) programs for composing data in a given format. The "composetyped" field is necessary when the Content−Type information must include auxiliary parameters, and the composition program must then know enough about mail formats to produce output that includes the mail type information.

edit

The "edit" field may be used to specify a program that can be used to edit a body or body part in the given format. In many cases, it may be identical in content to the "compose" field, and shares the operating−system dependent semantics for program execution.

print

The "print" field may be used to specify a program that can be used to print a message or body part in the given format. As with the view−command, the semantics of program execution are operating system dependent.

test

The "test" field may be used to test some external condition (e.g., the machine architecture, or the window system in use) to determine whether or not the mailcap line applies. It specifies a program to be run to test some condition. The semantics of execution and of the value returned by the test program are operating system dependent. If the test fails, a subsequent mailcap entry should be sought. Multiple test fields are not permitted − since a test can call a program, it can already be arbitrarily complex.

needsterminal

The "needsterminal" field indicates that the view−command must be run on an interactive terminal. This is needed to inform window−oriented user agents that an interactive terminal is needed. (The decision is not left exclusively to the view−command because in some circumstances it may not be possible for such programs to tell whether or not they are on interactive terminals.) The needsterminal command should be assumed to apply to the compose and edit commands, too, if they exist. Note that this is NOT a test − it is a requirement for the environment in which the program will be executed, and should typically cause the creation of a terminal window when not executed on either a real terminal or a terminal window.

copiousoutput

The "copiousoutput" field indicates that the output from the view−command will be an extended stream of output, and is to be interpreted as advice to the UA (User Agent mail−reading program) that the output should be either paged or made scroll−able. Note that it is probably a mistake if needsterminal and copiousoutput are both specified.

description

The "description" field simply provides a textual description, optionally quoted, that describes the type of data, to be used optionally by mail readers that wish to describe the data before offering to display it.

textualnewlines

The "textualnewlines" field, if set to any non−zero value, indicates that this type of data is line−oriented and that, if encoded in base64, all newlines should be converted to canonical form (CRLF) before encoding, and will be in that form after decoding. In general, this field is needed only if there is line−oriented data of some type other than text/* or non−line− oriented data that is a subtype of text.

x11−bitmap

The "x11−bitmap" field names a file, in X11 bitmap (xbm) format, which points to an appropriate icon to be used to visually denote the presence of this kind of data.

nametemplate

The "nametemplate" field gives a filename format, in which %s will be replaced by a short unique string to give the name of the temporary file to be passed to the viewing command. This is only expected to be relevant in environments where filename extensions are meaningful, e.g., one could specify that a GIF file being passed to a gif viewer should have a name ending in ".gif" by using "nametemplate=%s.gif"

tin(1) currently only respects the "test", "description", "nametemplate" and partly the "needsterminal" flags, all other flags are internally ignored. It also can’t handle the "%F" and "%n" expansions yet.
Beispiel:

# mailcap Beispiel−Datei
image/*;\

xv −8 −geometry +0 ’%s’;\
description=%{name} %t−Image;\
test=test "$DISPLAY" != "";\
nametemplate=%s.IMAGE

message/rfc822;\

${PAGER:−"more"} ’%s’;\
edit=${EDITOR:−"vi"} ’%s’;\
compose=${EDITOR:−"vi"} ’%s’;\
print=a2ps ’%s’;\
needsterminal

/etc/nntpserver

default NNTP−server to read news from if not reading from the local spool. ’−g server’, $NNTPSERVER have higher priority (in that order), the default server given at compile time has lower priority.

${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.cancelsecret

secret to be used for cancel−locks if tin(1) is build with support for it. An empty secret file disables the cancel−lock creation in that case. This file should be readable only by the user.

${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.mime.types
/etc/mime.types
/etc/tin/mime.types

mime type / filename extension pairs

${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.newsauth

"nntpserver password [user]" pairs for NNTP servers that require authorization. If the password contains a space or a tab it must be enclosed in double quotes ("). Usernames must not be enclosed in double quotes and thus can’t contain spaces or tabs. Any line that starts with "#" is a comment. Blank lines are ignored. This file should be readable only for the user as it contains the user’s unencrypted password for reading news!
NNTPServer

Vollständiger Name (FQDN) des Newsservers.

Passwort

Unverschlüsseltes Passwort für den Newsserver.

User

Benutzername auf dem Newsserver falls er vom lokalen Benutzernamen abweicht. Dieses Feld ist optional.

Beispiel:

# Beispiel .newsauth−Datei
news.example.org geheim
news.example.net verborgen gast
news.example.com "streng geheim" james.bond@example.com

${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.newsrc

"newsgroupflag [article[,article | −article]...]" lines.
Newsgruppe

Der Name der Newsgruppe.

flag

Markierung die angibt ob die Gruppe abonniert ist ’:’ oder nicht ’!’.

Artikel

range of already read articles from that group; numbers separated by commas with sequential numbers collapsed with hyphens.

Beispiel:

# .newsrc Beispiel−Datei
news.software.b! 1−666,669
news.software.nntp: 1−13245,13247,13249
news.software.readers: 1−19567,19571−19597

${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.tin/$NNTPSERVER${NNTPPORT:+":$NNTPPORT"}/.oldnewsrc

Sicherungskopie von ${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.newsrc

${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.signature
${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.Sig

Signatur

${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.sigfixed

Fester Bestandteil einer zufällig erzeugten Signatur

${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.tin/.inputhistory

Historie der zuletzt verwendeten Zeichenfolgen

${TIN_INDEX_MAILDIR:−"${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.tin"}/.mail/

mailgroups index files

${TIN_INDEX_NEWSDIR:−"${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.tin"}/.news${NNTPSERVER:+"−$NNTPSERVER"}/

newsgroups index files

${TIN_INDEX_SAVEDIR:−"${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.tin"}/.save/

saved newsgroups index files

${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.tin/active.mail

active file ("mail_group_name maxnum minnum mailspool" quadruples) of user’s mailgroups (requires tin(1) to be build with mh−mail−handling support).
mail_group_name

must be the pathname of the mailbox relative to field #4 with / changed to .

maxnum

just put a large number here, something higher than the highest message in the mailbox

minnum

hier 0 angeben

mailspool

path of mail spool directory. This must be the full pathname to the root of the mail folder area.

Beispiel:

Mail.inbox 12345 00000 /home/foo
Mail.outbox 23456 00000 /home/foo

This allows access to the ’inbox’ and ’outbox’ folders of user foo. They are accessed via /home/foo/Mail/inbox and /home/foo/Mail/outbox

${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.tin/active.save

active file of user’s saved newsgroups, used by tin −R.

/etc/tin/attributes
${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.tin/attributes

The group attributes files may be used to override some global settings from ${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.tin/tinrc on a per group basis. Order is important as last match counts; this allows one to refine attributes for narrowed scopes. Note that the scope=<grouplist> line has to be specified before the attributes are specified for that list and each attribute can only be set once per scope section. All attributes are set to a reasonable default so you only have to specify the attribute that you want to change. All toggle attributes are set by specifying ON/OFF. Otherwise, they function exactly as their global equivalents. The following group attributes are available:

scope

This changes the list of groups to which the attributes that follow will be applied. See the section NEWSGROUP LISTS & WILDCARDS in tin(1) for the types of pattern that can be used here.

add_posted_to_filter

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

advertising

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

alternative_handling

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

ask_for_metamail

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

auto_cc_bcc

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

auto_list_thread

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

auto_save

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

auto_select

Automatically perform the GroupMarkUnselArtRead (’X’) command after entering the group.

batch_save

Sende ungelesene Artikel an den angegebenen Benutzer um sie später lesen zu können. Für weitere Informationen siehe den Abschnitt "AUTOMATISCHES MAILEN UND SPEICHERN VON UNGELESENEN ARTIKELN" in tin(1).

date_format

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

delete_tmp_files

If this is set to ON, then saved article files that have been post−processed will be automatically deleted, otherwise the user will be asked whether to delete the post−processed files. Automatic processing of marked articles using GroupAutoSave (’S’) will suppress prompting.

editor_format

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

extquote_handling

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

fcc

Mailbox to save sent mails. The format of the mailbox is controlled via the tinrc mailbox_format variable.

followup_to

Set ”Followup−To:” header to the specified group(s).

from

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable mail_address

group_catchup_on_exit

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

group_format

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

mail_8bit_header

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

mail_mime_encoding

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

maildir

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

mailing_list

Used when a group is a mailing list. All responses to the group will be directed to this email address instead

mark_ignore_tags

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

mark_saved_read

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

mime_forward

Determines whether usenet articles are forwarded as attachment or inline. When set to OFF, the forwarded article will be included in the body of the mail, while setting this variable to ON will cause the article to be attached as a separate MIME part. Enabling mime_forward is particularly useful for articles consisting of multiple MIME parts such as PGP/MIME signed messages or being encoded in a different character set than your local one. It is also useful if the receiver should be able to operate on the entire forwarded article (i.e., view or save it without your comments). On the other hand, if you want to forward only some parts of the article or to insert ’inline’ annotations, you might want to disable this option. Currently mime_forward is forced if the article to be attached is a multipart MIME article, this may change in a future version. Please note that for this option to have effect, the tinrc variable interactive_mailer has to be set to 0 (which is the default).

mime_types_to_save

A comma separated list of MIME major/minor Content−Types that will be saved when using the view/save and save/autosave features. A single * can be used to wildcard the major and/or minor type and a ! as the first character in an entry will negate it, eg: image/*,!image/bmp,!text/html. Default is */*

news_headers_to_display

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

news_headers_to_not_display

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

news_quote_format

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

organization

This can be used to set the article header field ”Organization:”. It overrides the setting (if any) of organization in /etc/tin/tin.defaults and $ORGANIZATION (or $NEWSORG on Apollo DomainOS). Note that some news servers might still overwrite the ”Organization:” header.

pos_first_unread

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

post_8bit_header

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

post_mime_encoding

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

post_process_type

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

post_process_view

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

print_header

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

process_only_unread

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

prompt_followupto

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

quote_chars

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

savedir

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

savefile
show_author

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

show_info

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

show_only_unread_arts

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

show_signatures

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

sigdashes

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

sigfile

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

signature_repost

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

sort_article_type

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable sort_article_type

sort_threads_type

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

start_editor_offset

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

tex2iso_conv

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

thread_articles

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

thread_catchup_on_exit

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

thread_format

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

thread_perc

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

trim_article_body

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

verbatim_handling

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

wrap_on_next_unread

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

x_body

A piece of text that will be added at the start of a message body. If this string starts with a / or ~ then it is assumed to be the name of a file containing the text to insert.

x_comment_to

Insert ”X−Comment−To:” header, this is only useful in FIDO groups.

x_headers

A string including header−name and the contents of the header that will be automatically added when posting. If the string starts with a / or ~ then it is assumed to be the name of a file containing the header and its content to be inserted. If the string starts with a ! then what follows is assumed to be the path to a program to be executed to generate the header and its content.

quick_kill_scope

A comma−separated list of newsgroup patterns (wildmat−style) to which groups the filter rule added by QuickFilterKill will be applied. If unset the default from the tinrc variable default_filter_kill_global will be used.

quick_kill_expire

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable default_filter_kill_expire

quick_kill_case

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable default_filter_kill_case

quick_kill_header

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable default_filter_kill_header

quick_select_scope

A comma−separated list of newsgroup patterns (wildmat−style) to which groups the filter rule added by QuickFilterSelect will be applied. If unset the default from the tinrc variable default_filter_select_global will be used.

quick_select_expire

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable default_filter_select_expire

quick_select_case

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable default_filter_select_case

quick_select_header

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable default_filter_select_header

ispell

Path and options for ispell(1)−like spell−checker, e.g. "aspell −−mode=email −−dont−backup check"

mm_network_charset

Identisch mit der tinrc−Variable gleichen Namens

undeclared_charset

Assume (broken) articles without MIME charset declaration have this charset − default is US−ASCII. This attribute works only on systems with working iconv(3), others might have to compile tin(1) with −−disable−mime−strict−charset.

Beispiel:

# zusätzliche Header einfügen
# ISO−8859−1 als Zeichensatz annehmen falls keiner
# angegeben wurde
scope=*
x_headers=~/.tin/headers
undeclared_charset=ISO−8859−1

# in *sources* set post process type to shar only
scope=*sources*
post_process_type=1

# in *binaries* turn on full post processing,
# remove tmp files and set Followup−To: poster
scope=*binaries*
post_process_type=2
delete_tmp_files=ON
followup_to=poster

# Anderes quote_chars in fido.* Newsgruppen
# und X−Comment−To: Zeile hinzufügen
scope=fido.*
quote_chars=%s>_
x_comment_to=ON

# Keine Signatur in *.test Newsgruppen anhängen
# und Subject vorwählen
scope=*.test
sigfile=−−none
x_headers=Subject: Test − ignore − no reply

# ISO−2022−JP−2 als Zeichensatz annehmen
scope=fj.*,japan.*
undeclared_charset=ISO−2022−JP−2

${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.tin/filter

The filter file is used to assign scores to certain articles. Based on the score an article can be filtered out (hidden) or marked hot. Empty lines or lines beginning with a ’#’ are ignored.
comment

Every entry (rule) in the filter file might get a comment. Multiple lines are allowed (but only for comments yet). Every line must start with the "comment=" keyword. Comments must appear first in the rule. Comment lines placed within a rule will be moved to the begin of the next rule. This might be changed in the future. Don’t use ’#’ to mark comments as those lines are ignored and your comments will get lost on the next write of the file.

group

A comma−separated list of newsgroup patterns (wildmat−style) to which groups the filter rule will be applied. This line is mandatory!

case

0=GroÃ/Kleinschreibung beachten, 1=GroÃ/Kleinschreibung ignorieren

score

Score value of the rule; can also be one of the magic words "kill" or "hot".

subj

Vergleiche mit ”Subject:”

from

Match against ”From:”. tin(1) converts the contents of the ”From:” header to an old style e−mail address, e.g. ”some@body.example (John Doe)” instead of ”John Doe <some@body.example>”, before trying to match the patterns in the filter rule.

msgid

Vergleiche mit ”Message−ID:” & allen ”References:”

msgid_last

Vergleiche mit ”Message−ID:” & letztem ”References:” Eintrag

msgid_only

Vergleiche mit ”Message−ID:”

refs_only

Vergleiche mit ”References:”

lines

Match against ”Lines:”, <num matches less than, >num matches more than.

gnksa

Match against ”From:” address parser return codes.

xref

Match against ”Xref:” line. Before any matching is done the line is turned into the same format ”Newsgroups:” has that is it is turned into a comma separated newsgroup list with all other information (i.e. the article counter) removed.

time

time_t value when rule expires

Beispiel:

comment=mark all articles about tin, rtin,
comment=tind, ktin or cdtin as hot
group=*
case=1
score=hot
subj=\b(cd|[rk]?)?tin(d|pre)?[−.0−9]*\b

/etc/tin/keymap${${LC_ALL:−"${LC_CTYPE:−"${LC_MESSAGES:−"$LANG"}"}"}:+".${LC_ALL:−"${LC_CTYPE:−"${LC_MESSAGES:−"$LANG"}"}"}"}
${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.tin/keymap${${LC_ALL:−"${LC_CTYPE:−"${LC_MESSAGES:−"$LANG"}"}"}:+".${LC_ALL:−"${LC_CTYPE:−"${LC_MESSAGES:−"$LANG"}"}"}"}

Keymap−file, containing "keyname value [value]" pairs separated by spaces or tabs. Below is a list of all rebindable keynames and their defaults. If a keyname is bound to NULL it is unassigned.

ShellEscape !

SetRange

#

LastPage

$

ToggleColor

&

LastViewed

SearchRepeat

\

SearchSubjF

/

SearchSubjB

?

SearchAuthB

A

SearchBody

B

CatchupNextUnread

C

EditFilter

E

ToggleHelpDisplay

H

ToggleInverseVideo

I

LookupMessage

L

OptionMenu

M

Postponed

O

^O

QuitTin

Q

BugReport

R

DisplayPostHist

W

MarkThrUnread

Z

FirstPage

^

SearchAuthF

a

Catchup

c

Help

h

ToggleInfoLastLine

i

Down

j

^N

Up

k

^P

Print

o

Quit

q

Version

v

Post

w

MarkArtUnread

z

QuickFilterSelect

[

QuickFilterKill

]

Pipe

|

ScrollUp

<

ScrollDown

>

PageUp

b

^B

^U

PageDown

^D

^F

SPACE

RedrawScr

^L

Postponed

^O

MenuFilterSelect

^A

MenuFilterKill

^K

MarkFeedRead

^X

MarkFeedUnread

^W

AttachSelect

^J

^M

AttachPipe

p

AttachSave

s

AttachTag

t

AttachUntag

U

AttachTagPattern

=

AttachToggleTagged

@

ConfigToggleAttrib

TAB

ConfigSelect

^J

^M

ConfigLastPage

G

ConfigNoSave

Q

ConfigScopeMenu

S

ConfigFirstPage

g

ConfigResetAttrib

r

FeedTag

T

FeedArt

a

FeedHot

h

FeedPat

p

FeedRepost

r

FeedSupersede

s

FeedThd

t

FilterEdit

e

FilterSave

s

GroupNextUnreadArtOrGrp

TAB

GroupReadBasenote

^J

^M

GroupSelThd

*

GroupDoAutoSel

+

GroupToggleThdSel

.

GroupSelThdIfUnreadSelected

;

GroupSelPattern

=

GroupReverseSel

@

GroupCancel

D

GroupToggleGetartLimit

G

GroupMarkThdRead

K

GroupNextUnreadArt

N

GroupPrevUnreadArt

P

GroupAutoSave

S

GroupTagParts

T

GroupUntag

U

GroupMarkUnselArtRead

X

GroupToggleSubjDisplay

d

GroupGoto

g

GroupListThd

l

GroupMail

m

GroupNextGroup

n

GroupPrevGroup

p

GroupToggleReadUnread

r

GroupSave

s

GroupTag

t

GroupToggleThreading

u

GroupRepost

x

GroupUndoSel

~

HelpLastPage

G

HelpFirstPage

g

PageReplyQuoteHeaders

^E

PagePGPCheckArticle

^G

PageToggleRaw

^H

PageNextUnread

TAB

PageNextThd

^J

^M

PageToggleTabs

^T

PageFollowupQuoteHeaders

^W

PageToggleTex2iso

"

PageToggleAllHeaders

*

PageToggleRot

%

PageToggleUue

(

PageReveal

)

PageSkipIncludedText

:

PageTopThd

<

PageBotThd

>

PageCancel

D

PageFollowup

F

PageLastPage

G

PageKillThd

K

PageNextUnreadArt

N

PagePrevUnreadArt

P

PageReply

R

PageAutoSave

S

PageGroupSel

T

PageViewUrl

U

PageViewAttach

V

PageToggleHighlight

_

PageEditArticle

e

PageFollowupQuote

f

PageFirstPage

g

PageListThd

l

PageMail

m

PageNextArt

n

PagePrevArt

p

PageReplyQuote

r

PageSave

s

PageTag

t

PageGotoParent

u

PageRepost

x

PgpEncSign

b

PgpEncrypt

e

PgpIncludekey

i

PgpSign

s

PostAbort

a

PostContinue

c

PostCancel

d

PostEdit

e

PostPGP

g

PostIspell

i

PostIgnore

i

PostMail

m

PostPostpone

o

PostPost

p

y

PostSupersede

s

PostSend

s

y

PostponeOverride

Y

PostponeAll

A

PromptYes

y

Y

PromptNo

n

N

SaveAppendFile

a

SaveOverwriteFile

o

PProcNone

n

PProcShar

s

PProcYes

y

SelectEnterNextUnreadGrp

TAB

n

SelectReadGrp

^J

^M

SelectResetNewsrc

^R

SelectSortActive

.

SelectNextUnreadGrp

N

SelectSubscribePat

S

SelectUnsubscribePat

U

SelectQuitNoWrite

X

SelectSyncWithActive

Y

SelectToggleDescriptions

d

SelectGoto

g

SelectMoveGrp

m

SelectToggleReadDisplay

r

SelectSubscribe

s

SelectUnsubscribe

u

SelectYankActive

y

SelectMarkGrpUnread

z

Z

ScopeSelect

^J

^M

ScopeEditAttributesFile

E

ScopeAdd

a

ScopeDelete

d

ScopeMove

m

ScopeRename

r

ThreadReadNextArtOrThread

TAB

ThreadReadArt

^J

^M

ThreadSelArt

*

ThreadToggleArtSel

.

ThreadReverseSel

@

ThreadCancel

D

ThreadMarkArtRead

K

ThreadAutoSave

S

ThreadUntag

U

ThreadToggleSubjDisplay

d

ThreadMail

m

ThreadSave

s

ThreadTag

t

ThreadUndoSel

~

UrlSelect

^J

^M

${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.tin/mailgroups

This file provides short descriptions of each mailgroup. (requires tin(1) to be build with mh−mail−handling support). Each line consist of two tab−separated fields "mailgroupname one−line description".
mailgroupname

ist der Name der Newsgruppe

description

ist die zugehörige Kurzbeschreibung

${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.tin/newsrctable

"nntpserver newsrc [shortname [...]]" pairs to use with the ”−g” command−line switch.
NNTPServer

Vollständiger Name (FQDN) des Newsservers.

newsrc

zugehörige newsrc−Datei.

shortname

Kurzname(n) für den NNTP−Server.

Beispiel:

# Beispiel newsrctable−Datei
news.tin.org .newsrc−tin.org tinorg
news.example.org /tmp/nrc−ex example ex

${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.tin/posted

posting history

${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/Mail/posted

Kopie aller geposteten Artikel im mbox(5)−Format. Der Dateiname kann durch setzen von posted_articles_file geändert werden.

${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.tin/postponed.articles

Vorrat an zurückgestellten Artikeln. Diese Datei benutzt das mbox(5)−Format.

${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.tin/$NNTPSERVER${NNTPPORT:+":$NNTPPORT"}/newsgroups

This file a copy of the servers newsgroups file which provides short descriptions of each newsgroup. It is automatically updated on startup except when using the ”−X”or ”−q” command−line option and an old copy exists. Each line consist of two tab−separated fields "group.name one−line description".
group.name

ist der Name der Newsgruppe

Kurzbeschreibung

ist die zugehörige Kurzbeschreibung

${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.tin/$NNTPSERVER${NNTPPORT:+":$NNTPPORT"}/serverrc

File to store $NNTPSERVER and $NNTPPORT related data via a list of "variable=value" pairs. Currently there are only two variables, both are not meant to be changed by the user.
version

Interne Versionsnummer.

last_newnews

Internal timestamp used by tin(1) to keep track of new newsgroups on the server.

/etc/tin/tinrc
${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.tin/tinrc

At startup, tin(1) reads in the configuration file. This contains a list of "variable=value" pairs that can be used to configure the way tin(1) works. If it exists, the global configuration file, ${TIN_LIBDIR:−NEWSLIBDIR}/tinrc is read first. After that, the user’s own configuration file ${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.tin/tinrc is read. The global file is useful for distributing system−wide defaults to new users who have no private tinrc yet (see also /etc/tin/tin.defaults).
abbreviate_groupname

Falls On werden, sofern nötig, lange Newsgruppennamen in der Auswahl− und Artikelebene wie folgt abgekürzt: news.software.readers −> n.software.readers −> n.s.readers −> n.s.r. Voreinstellung ist OFF.

add_posted_to_filter

Falls ON füge gepostete Artikel die einen neuen Thread einleiten zum Filter hinzu um eventuelle Antworten hervorzuheben. Voreinstellung ist ON.

advertising

Falls ON füge ’User−Agent:’−Header ein. Voreinstellung ist ON.

alternative_handling

Falls ON entsorge multipart/alternative Teile des Artikels automatisch. Voreinstellung ist ON.

art_marked_deleted

Zeichen das anzeigt, dass ein Artikel gelöscht wurde. Voreinstellung ist ’D’.

art_marked_inrange

The character used to show that an article is in a range. Default is ’#’.

art_marked_return

The character used to show that an article will return as an unread article when the group is next entered. Default is ’−’.

art_marked_selected

The character used to show that an article/thread is auto−selected (hot). Default is ’*’.

art_marked_recent

The character used to show that an article/thread is recent (not older than X days). See also recent_time. Default is ’o’.

art_marked_unread

Zeichen das anzeigt, dass ein Artikel noch nicht gelesen wurde. Voreinstellung ist ’+’.

art_marked_read

Zeichen das anzeigt, dass ein Artikel schon gelesen wurde. Voreinstellung ist ’ ’.

art_marked_killed

Zeichen das anzeigt, dass ein Artikel gekillt wurde. Voreinstellung ist ’K’). kill_level muss passend gesetzt sein.

art_marked_read_selected

The character used to show that an article was hot before it was read. Default is ’:’. kill_level must be set accordingly.

Start des MIME−Viewers bestätigen (ask_for_metamail)

If ON tin(1) will ask before using a MIME viewer (metamail_prog) to display MIME messages. This only occurs if a MIME viewer is set. Default is OFF.

auto_cc_bcc

Automatically put your name in the ”Cc:” and/or ”Bcc:” field when mailing an article. Default is No.

auto_list_thread

Falls ON: Thread beim Betreten mit der rechten Cursortaste automatisch anzeigen? Voreinstellung ist ON.

auto_reconnect

Reconnect to server automatically. Default is OFF.

auto_save

If ON articles/threads with ”Archive−name:” in header will be automatically saved with the Archive−name & part/patch no and post processed if post_process_type is set to something other than ’No’. Default is OFF.

batch_save

Falls ON werden Artikel/Threads im Batchmode gespeichert wenn ”−S oder gemailt, wenn ”−M” bzw. ”−N” in der Kommandozeile angegeben wurde. Voreinstellung ist ON.

beginner_level

If set ON a mini menu of the most useful commands will be displayed at the bottom of the screen for each level. Also a short posting etiquette will be displayed after composing an article. Default is ON.

cache_overview_files

If ON, create local copies of NNTP overview files. This can be used to considerably speed up accessing large groups when using a slow connection. Default is OFF.

catchup_read_groups

If set ON the user is asked when quitting if all groups read during the current session should be marked read. Default is OFF.

col_back

Standard Hintergrundfarbe

col_extquote

Farbe des Fremdzitat−Textes

col_from

Farbe des Autors (From:)

col_head

Farbe der Artikelheaderzeilen

col_help

Farbe des Hilfstext

col_invers_bg

Hintergrundfarbe für inversen Text

col_invers_fg

Vordergrundfarbe für inversen Text

col_markdash

Color of words emphasized like _this_. See also word_h_display_marks and word_highlight.

col_markslash

Color of words emphasized like /this/. See also word_h_display_marks and word_highlight.

col_markstar

Color of words emphasized like *this*. See also word_h_display_marks and word_highlight.

col_markstroke

Color of words emphasized like −this−. See also word_h_display_marks and word_highlight.

col_minihelp

Farbe des Minihilfemenü

col_newsheaders

Farbe des angezeigten Headers

col_normal

Standard Vordergrundfarbe

col_quote

Farbe der zitierten Zeilen

col_quote2

Farbe von zweifach zitierten Zeilen

col_quote3

Farbe von =>3−fach zitierten Zeilen

col_response

Color of response counter. This is the text that says "Response x of y" in the article viewer.

col_signature

Farbe von Signaturen

col_urls

Farbe der hervorgehobenen URLs

col_verbatim

Farbe des wortgetreu darzustellenden Textes

col_subject

Farbe der Subjectzeile

col_text

Farbe der Textzeilen

col_title

Farbe des Hilfe/Mail−Zeichens

confirm_choice

tin(1) can ask for manual confirmation to protect the user. Available choices:

commands: Ask for confirmation before executing certain dangerous commands (e.g., Catchup (’c’)). Commands that this affects are marked in this manual with ’[after confirmation]’.

quit: You’ll be asked to confirm that you wish to exit tin(1) when you use the Quit (’q’) command.

select: Ask for confirmation before marking all not selected (with GroupMarkUnselArtRead (’X’) command) articles as read.

Voreinstellung ist Kommandos & Ende.

date_format

Format string used for date representation. A description of the different format options can be found at strftime(3). tin(1) uses strftime(3) when available and supports most format options in his fallback code. Default is "%a, %d %b %Y %H:%M:%S".

default_art_search
default_author_search
default_config_search

The last article/author/config option that was searched for.

default_filter_days

Voreinstellung ist 28.

default_filter_kill_case

Default for quick (1 key) kill filter case. ON = filter case sensitive, OFF = ignore case. Default is OFF.

default_filter_kill_expire

Default for quick (1 key) kill filter expire. ON = limit to default_filter_days, OFF = don’t ever expire. Default is OFF.

default_filter_kill_global

Default for quick (1 key) kill filter global. ON=apply to all groups, OFF=apply to current group. Default is ON.

default_filter_kill_header

Voreinstellung für Schnell (1 Tasten) Killfilter Header.

0 ”Subject:” (GroÃ/Kleinschreibung beachten)

1

”Subject:” (GroÃ/Kleinschreibung ignorieren)

2

”From:” (GroÃ/Kleinschreibung beachten)

3

”From:” (GroÃ/Kleinschreibung ignorieren)

4

”Message−ID:” & alle ”References:” Einträge

5

”Message−ID:” & letzter ”References:” Eintrag

6

”Message−ID:” allein

7

”Lines:”

default_filter_select_case

Default for quick (1 key) auto−selection filter case. ON=filter case sensitive, OFF=ignore case. Default is OFF.

default_filter_select_expire

Default for quick (1 key) auto−selection filter expire. ON = limit to default_filter_days, OFF = don’t ever expire. Default is OFF.

default_filter_select_global

Default for quick (1 key) auto−selection filter global. ON=apply to all groups, OFF=apply to current group. Default is ON.

default_filter_select_header

Default for quick (1 key) auto−selection filter header.

0

”Subject:” (GroÃ/Kleinschreibung beachten)

1

”Subject:” (GroÃ/Kleinschreibung ignorieren)

2

”From:” (GroÃ/Kleinschreibung beachten)

3

”From:” (GroÃ/Kleinschreibung ignorieren)

4

”Message−ID:” & alle ”References:” Einträge

5

”Message−ID:” & letzter ”References:” Eintrag

6

”Message−ID:” allein

7

”Lines:”

default_goto_group
default_group_search
default_mail_address
default_move_group
default_pattern
default_pipe_command
default_post_newsgroups
default_post_subject
default_range_group
default_range_select
default_range_thread
default_repost_group
default_save_file
default_save_mode
default_select_pattern
default_shell_command
default_subject_search
draw_arrow

Allows groups/articles to be selected by an arrow ’−>’ if set ON or by an highlighted bar if set OFF. Default is OFF.

editor_format

The format string used to create the editor start command with parameters. Default is ’%E +%N %F’ with %E=Editor, %N=Linenumber and %F=Filename (e.g., /bin/vi +7 .article).

extquote_handling

Falls ON werden Fremdzitate in Artikeln erkannt. Voreinstellung ist ON.

extquote_regex

A regular expression that will be applied when reading articles. All matching lines are shown in col_extquote. If extquote_regex is blank, then tin uses a built−in default.

force_screen_redraw

Specifies whether a screen redraw should always be done after certain external commands. Default is OFF.

getart_limit

If getart_limit is > 0 not more than the last getart_limit articles/group are fetched from the server. If getart_limit is < 0 tin(1) will start fetching articles from your first unread minus absolute value of getart_limit. Default is 0, which means no limit.

goto_next_unread

Which keys tin should accept to jump to the next unread article. Possible is any combination of PageDown and PageNextUnread. When PageDown is set tin jumps to the next article at the end of the current one. When PageNextUnread is set tin jumps immediately to the next article when PageNextUnread (’<TAB>’) is pressed. Default is PageNextUnread.

group_catchup_on_exit

Falls ON: Catchup (als gelesen markieren) der Gruppe beim Verlassen mit der linken Cursortaste. Voreinstellung ist ON.

group_format

Diese Formatanweisung wird von tin zur Darstellung der Gruppenebene benutzt. Voreingestellt ist "%n %m %R %L  %s  %F". Folgende Ersetzungen werden unterstützt:

%D

Datum

%F

Absender, Name und/oder E−Mail Adresse

%I

Initialen des Absenders

%L

Anzahl der Zeilen

%M

Message−ID

%R

Anzahl der Antworten im Thread

%S

Score

%m

Artikelkennzeichnungen

%n

aktuelle Threadnummer

%s

Subject

%

hide_uue

If set to ’No’ then raw uuencoded data is displayed. If set to ’Yes’ then sections of uuencoded data will be shown with a single tag line showing the size and filename (much the same as a MIME attachment). If set to ’Hide all’ then any line that looks like uuencoded data will be folded into a tag line. This is useful when uuencoded data is split across more than one article but can also lead to false positives. This setting can also be toggled in the article viewer. Default is ’No’.

inews_prog

Path, name and options of external inews(1). If you are reading via NNTP the default value is "−−internal" (use built−in NNTP inews), else it is "inews −h". The article is passed to inews_prog on STDIN via ’< article’.

info_in_last_line

If ON, show current group description or article subject in the last line (not in the pager and global menu) − ToggleInfoLastLine (’i’) toggles setting. This facility is useful as the full width of the screen is available to display long subjects. Default is OFF.

interactive_mailer

If greater than 0 your mailreader will be invoked earlier for reply so you can use more of its features (e.g. MIME, pgp, ...). 1 means include headers, 2 means don’t include headers (old use_mailreader_i=ON option). 0 turns off usage. This option has to suit mailer_format. Default is 0.

inverse_okay

If ON use inverse video for page headers and URL highlighting. Default is ON.

keep_dead_articles

If ON keep all failed postings in ${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/dead.articles besides keeping the last failed posting in ${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/dead.article. Default is ON.

kill_level

This option controls the processing and display of articles that are killed. There are 3 options, default is 0 (Kill only unread arts).

0

Kill only unread arts is the ’traditional’ behavior of tin(1). Only unread articles are killed once only by marking them read. As filtering only happens on unread articles with kill_level set to 0, art_marked_killed and art_marked_read_selected are only shown once. When you reenter the group the mark will be gone.

1

Kill all arts & show with K will process all articles in the group and therefore there is a processing overhead when using this option. Killed articles are threaded as normal but they will be marked with art_marked_killed.

2

Kill all arts and never show will process all articles in the group and therefore there is a processing overhead when using this option. Killed articles simply does not get displayed at all.

mail_8bit_header

Allows 8bit characters unencoded in the header of mail message. Default is OFF. Turning it ON is effective only if mail_mime_encoding is also set to 8bit. Leaving it OFF is safe for most users and compliant to Internet Mail Standard (RFC5322 and RFC2047). Default is OFF.

mail_address

User’s mail address (and full name), if not username@host. This is used when creating articles, sending mail and when pgp(1) signing.

mail_mime_encoding

MIME encoding of the body in mail message, if necessary (8bit, base64, quoted−printable, 7bit). Default is quoted−printable.

mail_quote_format

Format der Einleitungszeile für Mailantworten (%A=Mailadresse, %D=Datum, %F=Name und Adresse, %G=Name der Gruppe, %M=Message−ID, %N=Name des Autors, %C=Vorname des Autors, %I=Initialen des Autor). Voreinstellung ist "In article %M you wrote:".

mailbox_format

Select one of the following mailbox−formats: MBOXO (default, except on SCO), MBOXRD or MMDF (default on SCO). See mbox(5) and RFC4155 for more details on MBOXO and MBOXRD and mmdf(5) for more details about MMDF.

maildir

The directory where articles/threads are to be saved in mbox(5) format. This feature is mainly for use with the elm(1) mail program. It allows the user to save articles/threads/groups simply by giving ’=’ as the filename to save to. Default is ${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/Mail.

mailer_format

The format string used to create the mailer command with parameters that is used for mailing articles to other people. Default is ’%M "%T" < %F’ (e.g., /bin/mail "iain" < .article). The flexible format allows other mailers with different command line parameters to be used such as

sendmail −oem −t < %F
elm −s "%S" "%T" < "%F"
claws−mail −−compose "mailto:%T?subject=%S&insert=%F"

interactive_mailer muss passend dazu gesetzt sein. Folgende Ersetzungen werden unterstützt:

%F

Dateiname

%M

default_mailer

%S

Subject−Feld

%T

To−Feld

%U

Benutzername

%

mark_saved_read

If ON mark articles that are saved as read. Default is ON.

mark_ignore_tags

When this is ON, the GroupMarkThdRead (’K’), ThreadMarkArtRead (’K’), MarkThdUnread (’Z’) at Group level and MarkArtUnread (’z’) at Thread level functions mark just the current article or thread, ignoring other tagged, (un)read articles. When OFF, the same function presents a menu with choices of the current thread or article, all tagged, unread articles, or nothing.

metamail_prog

Path, name and options of external metamail(1) program used to view non−textual parts of articles. To use the built−in viewer, set to −−internal. This is the default value when metamail(1) is not installed. Leave it blank if you don’t want any automatic viewing of non−textual attachments. The ’V’ command can always be used to manually view any attachments. See also ask_for_metamail.

mm_charset

Charset supported locally, which is also used for MIME header (charset parameter and charset name in header encoding) in mail and news postings. If MIME_STRICT_CHARSET is defined at compile time, text in charset other than the value of this parameter is considered not displayable and represented as ’?’. Otherwise, all character sets are regarded as compatible with the display. If it’s not set, the value of the environment variable $MM_CHARSET is used. US−ASCII or compile−time default is used in case neither of them is defined. If your system supports iconv(3), this option is disabled and you should use mm_network_charset instead.

mm_network_charset

Charset used for posting and MIME headers; replaces mm_charset. Conversion between mm_network_charset and local charset (determined via nl_langinfo(3)) is done via iconv(3), if this function is not available on your system this option is disabled and you have to use mm_charset instead. mm_network_charset is limited to one of the following charsets:

US−ASCII, ISO−8859−{1,2,3,4,5,7,9,10,13,14,15,16}, KOI8−{R,U,RU} EUC−{CN,JP,KR,TW}, ISO−2022−{CN,CN−EXT,JP,JP−1,JP−2}, Big5, UTF−8

Not all values might work on your system, see iconv_open(3) for more details. If it’s not set, the value of the environment variable $MM_CHARSET is used. US−ASCII or compile−time default is used in case neither of them is defined.

mono_markdash

Character attribute of words emphasized like _this_. It depends on your terminal which attributes are usable. See also word_h_display_marks and word_highlight.

mono_markslash

Character attribute of words emphasized like /this/. It depends on your terminal which attributes are usable. See also word_h_display_marks and word_highlight.

mono_markstar

Character attribute of words emphasized like *this*. It depends on your terminal which attributes are usable. See also word_h_display_marks and word_highlight.

mono_markstroke

Character attribute of words emphasized like −this−. It depends on your terminal which attributes are usable. See also word_h_display_marks and word_highlight.

newnews

These are internal timers used by tin(1) to keep track of new newsgroups. Do not change them unless you understand what they are for.

news_headers_to_display

Welche Header wollen Sie sehen. Wenn Sie _alle_ sehen wollen, setzen Sie ein ’*’ als Wert ein. Dies ist die einzige Möglichkeit, um Platzhalter (Wildcards) zu nutzen. Wenn Sie als Wert ’X−’ angeben, sehen Sie alle Header die mit ’X−’ beginnen (wie X−Alan oder X−Pape). Sie können mehrere durch Leerzeichen getrennte Werte angeben. Wenn Sie hier nichts definieren wird diese Option deaktiviert.

news_headers_to_not_display

Genau das gleiche wie ’news_headers_to_display’, mit der Ausnahme, das es das Gegenteil bewirkt. Wenn Sie dachten, das die X− Header eine tolle Sachen waren, nun aber festgestellt haben, das dort einiges überflüssiges steht, dann könnten Sie wie folgt vorgehen: news_headers_to_display=X− news_headers_to_not_display=X−Alan X−Pape Wenn Sie hier nichts angeben, wird diese Option deaktiviert.

news_quote_format

Format der Einleitungszeile für Newsartikel (%A=Mailadresse, %D=Datum, %F=Name und Adresse, %G=Name der Gruppe, %M=Message−ID, %N=Name des Autors, %C=Vorname des Autors, %I=Initialen des Autor). Voreinstellung ist "%F wrote:".

nntp_read_timeout_secs

Maximal n Sekunden auf eine Antwort vom Server warten (0 = kein Zeitlimit). Voreinstellung ist 120.

normalization_form

The normalization form which should be used to normalize unicode input. The possible values are:

0

None: keine Normalisierung

1

NFKC: Compatibility Decomposition, followed by Canonical Composition

2

NFKD: Compatibility Decomposition

3

NFC: Canonical Decomposition, followed by Canonical Composition

4

NFD: Canonical Decomposition

Some normalization modes are only available if they are supported by the library tin(1) uses to do the normalization. NFC should be used if possible.
pos_first_unread

If ON put cursor at first unread article in group otherwise at last article. Default is ON.

post_8bit_header

Allows 8bit characters unencoded in the header of a news article, if set this also disables the generation of MIME−headers when they are usually required. Default is OFF. Only enacted if post_mime_encoding is also set to 8bit. In a number of local hierarchies where 8bit characters are used, using unencoded (raw) 8bit characters in header is acceptable and sometimes even recommended so that you need to check the convention adopted in the local hierarchy of your interest to determine what to do with this and post_mime_encoding.

post_mime_encoding

MIME encoding of the body in news message, if necessary. (8bit, base64, quoted−printable, 7bit). Default is 8bit, which leads to no encoding. base64 and quoted−printable are usually undesired on usenet.

post_process_view

If ON, then tin(1) will start an appropriate viewer program to display any files that were post processed and uudecoded. The program is determined using the mailcap(5) file. Default is ON.

post_process_type

This specifies whether to perform post processing on saved articles. Because the shell archive may contain commands you may not want to be executed, be careful when extracting shell archives. The following values are allowed:

0

No (default), no post processing is done.

1

Shell archives, unpacking of multi−part shar(1) files only. Because the shell archive may contain commands you may not want to be executed, be careful with this option.

2

Yes, binary attachments and data will be decoded and saved.

posted_articles_file

Keep posted articles in ${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/Mail/posted_articles_file. If no filename is set then postings will not be saved. Default is ’posted’.

print_header

If ON, then the full article header is sent to the printer. Otherwise only the ”Subject:” and ”From:” fields are output. Default is OFF.

printer

The printer program with options that is to be used to print articles. The default is lpr(1) for BSD machines and lp(1) for SysV machines. Printing from tin(1) may have been disabled by the System Administrator.

process_only_unread

Falls ON speichere/drucke/pipe/maile nur ungelesene Artikel (markierte Artikel ausgenommen). Voreinstellung ist OFF.

prompt_followupto

Falls ON zeige leeren ”Followup−To:”−Header im Editor. Voreinstellung ist OFF.

quote_chars

The character used in quoting included text to article followups and mail replies. The ’_’ character represents a blank character and is replaced with ’ ’ when read. Default is ’>_’.

quote_style

This bit coded integer value controls how articles are to be quoted when following up or replying to them. Any of the following options can be combined by adding all relevant values. Default is 5, which means that quote characters are compressed and empty lines are quoted.

1

Compress quotes Compress quote characters together when quoting multiple times (for example, ’> > >’ will be turned into ’>>>’). This option is on by default.

2

Quote Signatures This option is off by default. Signatures are always quoted regardless of this option when you are viewing an article in raw mode PageToggleRaw (’^H’) and followup or reply to it. Signatures are never quoted regardless of this option when show_signatures is off.

4

Leerzeilen zitieren Diese Option ist standardmäÃig aktiviert.

quote_regex

A regular expression that will be applied when reading articles. All matching lines are shown in col_quote. If quote_regex is blank, then tin(1) uses a built−in default.

quote_regex2

A regular expression that will be applied when reading articles. All matching lines are shown in col_quote2. If quote_regex2 is blank, then tin(1) uses a built−in default.

quote_regex3

A regular expression that will be applied when reading articles. All matching lines are shown in col_quote3. If quote_regex3 is blank, then tin(1) uses a built−in default.

recent_time

If set to 0, this feature is deactivated, otherwise it means the number of days. Default is 2.

render_bidi

If ON tin does the rendering of bi−directional text. If OFF tin leaves the rendering of bi−directional text to the terminal. Default is OFF.

reread_active_file_secs

The news ${TIN_LIBDIR:−NEWSLIBDIR}"/"${TIN_ACTIVEFILE:−active} file is reread at regular intervals to show if any new news has arrived. Default is 1200. Setting this to 0 will disable this feature.

savedir

Directory where articles/threads are saved. Default is ${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/News.

score_limit_kill

If the score of an article is below or equal this value the article gets marked as killed.

score_limit_select

If the score of an article is above or equal this value the article gets marked as hot.

score_kill

Score of an article which should be killed, this must be <= score_limit_kill.

score_select

Score of an article which should be marked hot, this must be >= score_limit_select.

scroll_lines

The number of lines that will be scrolled up/down in the article pager when using cursor−up/down. The default is 1 (line−by−line). Set to 0 to get traditional tin page−by−page scrolling. Set to −1 to get page−by−page scrolling where the top/bottom line is carried over onto the next page. This setting supersedes show_last_line_prev_page=ON. Set to −2 to get half−page scrolling. This setting supersedes full_page_scroll=OFF.

select_format

Diese Formatanweisung wird von tin zur Darstellung der Auswahlebene benutzt. Voreingestellt ist "%f %n %U  %G  %d". Folgende Ersetzungen werden unterstützt:

%G Name der Gruppe

%U

Anzahl ungelesener Artikel

%d

Gruppenbeschreibung

%f

Gruppenkennzeichnung

%n

aktuelle Gruppennummer

%

sort_function

Sortierfunktion für Artikel. Voreinstellung ist 0.

0

Mit qsort(3) sortieren.

1

Mit heapsort(3) sortieren. Kann in groÃen Gruppen mit langen Threads schneller sein.

show_author

Which information about the author should be shown. Default is 2, authors full name.

0

Nichts, nur die ”Subject:” Zeile wird angezeigt.

1

Address, ”Subject:” line & the address part of the ”From:” line are displayed.

2

Full Name, ”Subject:” line & the authors full name part of the ”From:” line are displayed (default).

3

Address and Name, ”Subject:” line & all of the ”From:” line are displayed.

show_description

If ON show a short group description text after newsgroup name at the group selection level. The ”−d” command−line flag will override the setting and turn descriptions off. The text used is taken from the ${TIN_LIBDIR:−NEWSLIBDIR}/newsgroups file and if supported (requires tin(1) to be build with mh−mail−handling support) from ${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.tin/mailgroups for mailgroups. Default is ON.

show_info

Which information about the thread or article should be shown. Default is 1, show only the line count.

0

Nichts. Keine weiteren Informationen werden angezeigt.

1

Lines, in article listing the line count of an article will be displayed and in thread listing the line count of first (unread) article will be displayed.

2

Score, in article listing the score of an article will be displayed and in thread listing the score of the thread will be displayed − see also thread_score.

3

Zeilen und Bewertung, Zeilenzahl und Bewertung zusätzlich anzeigen.

show_only_unread_arts

If ON show only new/unread articles otherwise show all articles. Default is ON.

show_only_unread_groups

Falls ON zeige nur abonnierte Gruppen mit ungelesen Artikeln. Voreinstellung ist OFF.

show_signatures

Falls OFF zeige keine Signaturen an. Voreinstellung ist ON.

sigdashes

If ON prepend the signature with sigdashes. Default is ON.

sigfile

The path that specifies the signature file to use when posting, following up to or replying to an article. If the path is a directory then the signature will be randomly generated from files that are in the specified directory. If the path starts with a ! the program the path points to will be executed to generate a signature. tin(1) will pass the name of the current newsgroup as argument to the program. −−none will suppress any signature. Default is ${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.Sig.

signature_repost

Falls ON wird die Signatur auch an repostete Artikel angehängt. Voreinstellung ist ON.

slashes_regex

A regular expression that will be applied when reading articles. All matching words are shown in col_markslash or mono_markslash. If slashes_regex is blank, then tin(1) uses a built−in default.

sort_article_type

This specifies how articles should be sorted. Sort by ascending Date (6) is the default. The following sort types are allowed:

0

Nichts, keine Sortierung.

1

Subject: (absteigend), Artikel absteigend nach ”Subject:” sortieren.

2

Subject: (aufsteigend), Artikel aufsteigend nach ”Subject:” sortieren.

3

From: (absteigend), Artikel absteigend nach ”From:” sortieren.

4

From: (aufsteigend), Artikel aufsteigend nach ”From:” sortieren.

5

Date: (absteigend), Artikel absteigend nach ”Date:” sortieren.

6

Date: (aufsteigend), Artikel aufsteigend nach ”Date:” sortieren.

7

Score (absteigend), Artikel absteigend nach Score sortieren.

8

Score (aufsteigend), Artikel aufsteigend nach Score sortieren.

9

Lines: (absteigend), Artikel absteigend nach ”Lines:” sortieren.

10

Lines: (aufsteigend), Artikel aufsteigend nach ”Lines:” sortieren.

sort_threads_type

This specifies how threads will be sorted. Sort by descending Score (1) is the default. The following sort types are allowed:

0

Nichts, keine Sortierung der Threads.

1

Score (absteigend), Threads absteigend nach Score sortieren.

2

Score (aufsteigend), Threads aufsteigend nach Score sortieren.

3

Last posting date (descending), sort threads by date of last posting descending.

4

Last posting date (ascending), sort threads by date of last posting ascending.

spamtrap_warning_addresses

Set this option to a list of comma−separated strings to be warned if you are replying to an article by mail where the e−mail address contains one of these strings. The matching is case−insensitive. Example:

spam,delete,remove

stars_regex

A regular expression that will be applied when reading articles. All matching words are shown in col_markstar or mono_markstar. If stars_regex is blank, then tin(1) uses a built−in default.

start_editor_offset

Set ON if the editor used for posting, follow−ups and bug reports has the capability of starting and positioning the cursor at a specified line within a file. Default is ON.

strip_blanks

Strips the blanks from the end of each line therefore speeding up the display when reading on a slow terminal or via modem. Default is ON.

strip_bogus

Bogus groups are groups that are present in your ${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.newsrc file that no longer exist on the news server. There are 3 options. 0 means do nothing & always keep bogus groups. 1 means bogus groups will be permanently removed. 2 means that bogus groups will appear on the Group Selection Menu, prefixed with a ’D’. This allows you to unsubscribe from them as and when you wish. Default is 0 (Always Keep).

strip_newsrc

If ON, then unsubscribed groups will be permanently removed from your ${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.newsrc file. Default is OFF.

strokes_regex

A regular expression that will be applied when reading articles. All matching words are shown in col_markstroke or mono_markstroke. If strokes_regex is blank, then tin(1) uses a built−in default.

tex2iso_conv

Decode German style TeX umlaut codes to ISO If ON, show "a as Umlaut−a, etc. Default is OFF. This behavior can also be toggled in the article viewer via PageToggleTex2iso (’"’).

thread_articles

Defines which threading method to use. The choices are: 0) Don’t thread, 1) Thread on Subject only 2) Thread on References only, 3) Thread on References then Subject (default) 4) Thread multipart articles on Subject. 5) Thread on Percentage Match of the Subjects It’s also possible to set the threading type on a per group basis by setting the group attribute variable thread_articles to 0 − 5 in the file ${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.tin/attributes.

thread_format

Diese Formatanweisung wird von tin zur Darstellung der Threadebene benutzt. Voreingestellt ist "%n %m  [%L]  %T  %F". Folgende Ersetzungen werden unterstützt:

%D Datum

%F

Absender, Name und/oder E−Mail Adresse

%I

Initialen des Absenders

%L

Anzahl der Zeilen

%M

Message−ID

%S

Score

%T

Subject und/oder Baumdarstellung des Thread

%m

Artikelkennzeichnungen

%n

aktuelle Artikelnummer

%

thread_perc

Defines how close the subjects must match while threading by Percentage Match for threads to be considered part of a single thread. This value is in the range 0 to 100. The default is 75.

thread_catchup_on_exit

Falls ON: Catchup (als gelesen markieren) der Gruppe/des Threads beim Verlassen mit der linken Cursortaste. Voreinstellung ist ON.

thread_score

How the total score of a thread is computed. Default is 0, the maximum score in this thread.

0

Max, Maximalwert im Diskussionsfaden.

1

Sum, Summer aller Bewertungen im Diskussionsfaden.

2

Average, Durchschnitt aller Bewertungen im Diskussionsfaden.

translit

If ON append //TRANSLIT to the first argument of iconv_open(3) to enable transliteration. This means that when a character cannot be represented in the target character set, it can be approximated through one or several similarly looking characters. On systems where this extension doesn’t exist, this option is disabled. Default is OFF.

trim_article_body

Allows you to select how tin treats blank lines in article bodies. Default is 0. This option does not affect lines within verbatim blocks.

0

Artikelrumpf nicht anpassen

1

Führende Leerzeilen überspringen.

2

AbschlieÃende Leerzeilen überspr..

3

Führ. & abschlies. Leerz. überspr., Führende und abschlieÃende Leerzeilen überspringen.

4

Mehrere zwischen Textblöcken zusammenfassen, Leerzeilen zwischen Textblöcken zusammenfassen.

5

Mehrere zwischen Textbl. zusammenfassen + führende Leerzeilen überspringen, 4 + 1; Leerzeilen zwischen Textblöcken zusammenfassen und führende Leerzeilen überspringen.

6

Mehrere zwischen Textbl. zusammenfassen + abschlieÃende Leerz. überspringen, 4 + 2; Leerzeilen zwischen Textblöcken zusammenfassen und abschlieÃende Leerzeilen überspringen.

7

Mehrere zwischen Textbl. zusammenf. + führende/abschlieÃende Leerz. überspr., 4 + 3; Leerzeilen zwischen Textblöcken zusammenfassen und führende sowie abschlieÃende Leerzeilen überspringen

underscores_regex

A regular expression that will be applied when reading articles. All matching words are shown in col_markdash or mono_markdash. If underscores_regex is blank, then tin(1) uses a built−in default.

unlink_article

Falls ON entferne ${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.article nach dem posten. Voreinstellung ist ON.

url_handler

The program that will be run when launching URLs in the article viewer using PageViewUrl (’U’). The actual URL will be appended to this. Default is url_handler.pl %s.

url_highlight

Enable highlighting URLs in message body. Default is ON.

use_color

If enabled tin(1) uses ANSI−colors. Default is OFF.

use_keypad

Use scroll keys on keypad. Default is OFF.

use_mouse

Allows the mouse button support in a xterm(1x) to be enabled/disabled. Default is OFF.

use_slrnface

If enabled slrnface(1) will be used to interpret the ”X−Face:” header. For this option to have any effect, tin(1) must be running in a xterm(1x) and slrnface(1) must be in your $PATH. Default is OFF.

utf8_graphics

If ON use UTF−8 characters for indicator (’−>’), thread/attachment tree and ellipsis (’...’). Default is OFF.

verbatim_begin_regex

Ein regulärer Ausdruck, der den Beginn eines wortgetreu wiederzugebenden Absatzes findet. Voreinstellung ist #v+

verbatim_end_regex

Ein regulärer Ausdruck, der das Ende eines wortgetreu wiederzugebenden Absatzes findet. Voreinstellung ist #v−

verbatim_handling

Falls ON werden wortgetreue Textblöcke in Artikeln erkannt. Voreinstellung ist ON.

Platzhalter

Allows you to select how tin(1) matches strings. The default is 0 and uses the wildmat notation, which is how this has traditionally been handled. Setting this to 1 allows you to use perl(1) compatible regular expressions pcre(3). (see also perlre(1) and pcrepattern(3)). You will probably want to update your filter file if you use this regularly. NB: Newsgroup names will always be matched using the wildmat notation.

word_h_display_marks

Should the leading and ending stars, slashes, strokes and dashes also be displayed, even when they are highlighting marks?

0

nein

1

ja, Markierung anzeigen

2

ein Leerzeichen ausgeben

word_highlight

Enable word highlighting. See word_h_display_marks for the options available. If use_color is enabled the colors specified in col_markdash, col_markslash, col_markstar and col_markstroke are used for word highlighting else the character attributes specified in mono_markdash, mono_markslash, mono_markstar and mono_markstroke are used. Default is ON.

wrap_column

Sets the column at which a displayed article body should be wrapped. If this value is equal to 0, it defaults to the current screen width. If this value is greater than your current screen width the part off−screen is not displayed. Thus setting this option to a large value can be used to disable wrapping. If this value is negative the wrap margin is the current screen width plus the given value (as long as the result is still positive, otherwise it will fall back to the current screen width). Default is 0, wrapping at the current screen width.

wrap_on_next_unread

If enabled a search for the next unread article will wrap around all articles to find also previous unread articles. If disabled the search stops at the end of the thread list. Default is ON.

xpost_quote_format

Format is the same as for news_quote_format, this is used when answering to a crossposting to several groups with no ”Followup−To:” set.

/etc/tin/tin.defaults

Yet another global configuration file with "variable=value" pairs. This one is for the more general options which usually can’t be controlled via ${TIN_LIBDIR:−NEWSLIBDIR}/tinrc and/or ${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.tin/tinrc like resetting (to override the built−in default) the newslibdir.
domainname

Sets a global domain name used in From lines

organization

Defines the name of your organization. $ORGANIZATION overrides any specified value.

newslibdir

Defines the default place for some configuration files, common values are /usr/lib/news, /var/lib/news, /usr/local/lib/news or /news/db. $TIN_LIBDIR overrides any specified value.

bugaddress

Defines the email address to which users can send bug reports using a built−in function. The default points to a developers mailing list located at tin.org. You might want to change this address to one of your local administration if you want to deal with your lusers problems on your own.

inewsdir

Defines the directory containing of the inews(1) executable

mm_charset

Default charset to be used in MIME’s ”Content−Type:” header. $MM_CHARSET overrides any specified value.

post_mime_encoding

Voreingestellte Zeichenkodierung in MIME−Artikeln. 8bit ist wahrscheinlich die beste Wahl.

mail_mime_encoding

Voreingestellte Zeichenkodierung in MIME−Mails. Quoted−Printable ist hier eine gute Wahl.

disable_gnksa_domain_check

Unregistrierte Top−Level−Domains zulassen. Da die Liste der gültigen TLDs nicht mehr aktiv gepflegt wird wurde ab tin(1) Version 2.1.5 die Voreinstellung auf ON geändert.

disable_sender

Keinen ”Sender:” Header erzeugen. Falls inews_prog nicht auf −−internal steht wird die Einstellung ignoriert.

spooldir

Base of your newsspool (Bnews, Cnews and INN traditional spool style), common values are /var/spool/news, /usr/spool/news, /news/spool. $TIN_SPOOLDIR overrides any specified value.

overviewdir

Base of your NOV database newsoverview(5) (tradspool style; might be the same dir as spooldir), common values are /var/spool/overview, /usr/spool/overview, /news/overview. $TIN_NOVROOTDIR overrides any specified value.

overviewfile

Name einer Overview−Datei, übliche Namen sind .overview oder over.view. $TIN_NOVFILENAME übersteuert den angegebenen Wert.

overviewfmtfile

Full pathname of your newssystem’s overview.fmt file; usually the overview.fmt file is in newslibdir, so you only have to change this setting if your configuration differs.

activefile

Full pathname of your newssystem’s active file; usually the active file resides in newslibdir and is named active, so you only have to change this setting if your configuration differs. $TIN_ACTIVEFILE overrides any specified value.

activetimesfile

Full pathname of your newssystem’s active.times file; usually the active.times file is newslibdir, so you only have to change this setting if your configuration differs.

newsgroupsfile

Full pathname of your newssystem’s newsgroups file; usually the newsgroups file is in newslibdir, so you only have to change this setting if your configuration differs.

subscriptionsfile

Vollständigen Pfad zur Abonnements−Datei Ihres Newssystems. In der Regel liegt die Datei in newslibdir, so dass Sie dies nur ändern müssen wenn sich Ihre Konfiguration unterscheidet.

/usr/local/share/locale/$LC_MESSAGES/LC_MESSAGES/tin.mo

Ãbersetzung in die in $LC_ALL, $LC_MESSAGES oder $LANG angegebene Sprache

${TIN_LIBDIR:−NEWSLIBDIR}"/"${TIN_ACTIVEFILE:−active}

Diese Datei enthält eine Liste der Newsgruppen, die der lokale Sever vorhält. Jede Newsgruppe sollte nur einmal aufgeführt werden. Jede Zeile beschreibt eine Gruppe; in jeder Newsgruppe haben die Artikel eindeutige Namen: monoton steigende Nummern.

Wenn ein Artikel in Newsgrupen gepostet wird die nicht in dieser Datei erwähnt sind, werden diese Newsgrupen ignoriert. Wenn keine gültigen Newsgruppen angegeben werden, wird der Artikel zurückgewiesen.

Jede Zeile besteht aus vier durch Leerzeichen getrennte Felder "name highmark lowmark flags".

Name

ist der Name der Newsgruppe

highmark

die höchste Artikelnummer die je in der Gruppe benutzt wurde

lowmark

ist die niedrigste Artikelnummer in der Gruppe; es ist nicht gewährleistet, dass diese Zahl genau ist und sie sollte nur als Hinweis angesehen werden. Beachten Sie, dass es aufgrund von Artikel Stornierungen, zu Lücken in der Nummerierung Sequenz kommen kann. Falls die niedrigste Artikelnummer gröÃer als die höchste Artikelnummer ist, dann gibt es keine Artikel in der Newsgroup.

flags

kann eines der folgenden sein

y

lokale Postings sind erlaubt

n

lokale Postings sind nicht erlaubt, Artikel kommen nur über andere Server

m

die Gruppe ist moderiert und alle Postings müssen approved werden

j

Artikel in dieser Gruppe werden nicht gespeichert sondern nur durchgereicht

x

in diese Gruppe darf nicht gepostet werden

=foo.bar

Artikel werden auf dem Server in der Gruppe ”foo.bar” abgelegt

tin(1)

versucht die Datei nur zu lesen, falls Sie aus dem lokalen Spool lesen. Wenn News per NNTP gelesen wird verwendet tin(1) stattdessen die Befehle LIST (RFC3977) oder LIST COUNTS (RFC6048).

${TIN_LIBDIR:−NEWSLIBDIR}/active.times

This file provides a chronological record of when newsgroups are created. It is normally updated by the local news server (e.g. innd(8)) whenever a new group is created. Each line consist of three space−separated fields "name time creator".

Name

ist der Name der Newsgruppe

time

Zeit wann die Gruppe erzeugt wurde, ausgedrückt als Anzahl von Sekunden seit Beginn der Epoche.

Ersteller

die Mailadresse der Person die die Gruppe angelegt hat.

tin(1)

versucht die Datei nur zu lesen, falls Sie aus dem lokalen Spool lesen. Wenn News per NNTP gelesen wird verwendet tin(1) stattdessen den NEWGROUPS (RFC3977) Befehl.

${TIN_LIBDIR:−NEWSLIBDIR}/newsgroups

Diese Datei enthält kurze Beschreibungen der einzelnen Newsgroupen. Es wird normalerweise durch die lokalen Newsserver aktualisiert (zB. innd(8)) sobald eine neue Gruppe wird erstellt. Jede Zeile besteht aus zwei durch Tabulator getrennten Feldern "group.name Kurzbeschreibung".
group.name

ist der Name der Newsgruppe

Kurzbeschreibung

ist die zugehörige Kurzbeschreibung

tin(1)

versucht die Datei nur zu lesen, falls Sie aus dem lokalen Spool lesen. Wenn News per NNTP gelesen wird verwendet tin(1) stattdessen den LIST NEWSGROUPS (RFC- 3977) Befehl.

${TIN_LIBDIR:−NEWSLIBDIR}/organization

This file might hold a default organization to be used in the ”Organization:” header. $ORGANIZATION has a higher priority if set.

${TIN_LIBDIR:−NEWSLIBDIR}/overview.fmt

This file specifies the organization of the news overview database (see also newsoverview(5)). The order of lines in this file is important; it determines the order in which the fields will appear in the database. See also overview.fmt(5). tin(1) only tries to read the file if you read directly from the local spool, if you read news via NNTP, tin(1) uses the LIST OVERVIEW.FMT (RFC3977) command instead.

${TIN_LIBDIR:−NEWSLIBDIR}/subscriptions

This file contains a list of newsgroups − one per line − which the client should subscribe to when the user has no ${TIN_HOMEDIR:−"$HOME"}/.newsrc for the news server. tin(1) only tries to read the file if you read directly from the local spool, if you read news via NNTP, tin(1) uses the LIST SUBSCRIPTIONS (RFC6048) command instead.

SIEHE AUCH

elm(1), inews(1), ispell(1), lp(1), lpr(1), metamail(1), perl(1), perlre(1), pgp(1), rn(1), shar(1), slrnface(1), tin(1), xterm(1x), heapsort(3), iconv(3), iconv_open(3), nl_langinfo(3), pcre(3), pcrepattern(3), qsort(3), strftime(3), system(3), active(5), mailcap(5), mbox(5), mmdf(5), newsoverview(5), overview.fmt(5), innd(8), RFC1524, RFC2045, RFC2046, RFC2047, RFC2048, RFC2231, RFC2980, RFC3977, RFC4155, RFC4643, RFC5322, RFC5536, RFC5537, RFC6048