"Fossies" - the Fresh Open Source Software Archive

Member "rustc-1.61.0-src/compiler/rustc_codegen_gcc/Readme.md" (18 May 2022, 6157 Bytes) of package /linux/misc/rustc-1.61.0-src.tar.xz:


As a special service "Fossies" has tried to format the requested source page into HTML format (assuming markdown format). Alternatively you can here view or download the uninterpreted source code file. A member file download can also be achieved by clicking within a package contents listing on the according byte size field. See also the latest Fossies "Diffs" side-by-side code changes report for "Readme.md": 1.60.0_vs_1.61.0.

A hint: This file contains one or more very long lines, so maybe it is better readable using the pure text view mode that shows the contents as wrapped lines within the browser window.


WIP libgccjit codegen backend for rust

This is a GCC codegen for rustc, which means it can be loaded by the existing rustc frontend, but benefits from GCC: more architectures are supported and GCC’s optimizations are used.

Despite its name, libgccjit can be used for ahead-of-time compilation, as is used here.

Motivation

The primary goal of this project is to be able to compile Rust code on platforms unsupported by LLVM. A secondary goal is to check if using the gcc backend will provide any run-time speed improvement for the programs compiled using rustc.

Building

This requires a patched libgccjit in order to work. The patches in this repository need to be applied. (Those patches should work when applied on master, but in case it doesn’t work, they are known to work when applied on 079c23cfe079f203d5df83fea8e92a60c7d7e878.) You can also use my fork of gcc which already includes these patches.

Put the path to your custom build of libgccjit in the file gcc_path.

$ git clone https://github.com/rust-lang/rustc_codegen_gcc.git
$ cd rustc_codegen_gcc
$ git clone https://github.com/llvm/llvm-project llvm --depth 1 --single-branch
$ export RUST_COMPILER_RT_ROOT="$PWD/llvm/compiler-rt"
$ ./prepare_build.sh # download and patch sysroot src
$ ./build.sh --release

To run the tests:

$ ./prepare.sh # download and patch sysroot src and install hyperfine for benchmarking
$ ./test.sh --release

Usage

$cg_gccjit_dir is the directory you cloned this repo into in the following instructions.

Cargo

$ CHANNEL="release" $cg_gccjit_dir/cargo.sh run

If you compiled cg_gccjit in debug mode (aka you didn’t pass --release to ./test.sh) you should use CHANNEL="debug" instead or omit CHANNEL="release" completely.

Rustc

You should prefer using the Cargo method.

$ rustc +$(cat $cg_gccjit_dir/rust-toolchain) -Cpanic=abort -Zcodegen-backend=$cg_gccjit_dir/target/release/librustc_codegen_gcc.so --sysroot $cg_gccjit_dir/build_sysroot/sysroot my_crate.rs

Env vars

CG_GCCJIT_INCR_CACHE_DISABLED
Don’t cache object files in the incremental cache. Useful during development of cg_gccjit to make it possible to use incremental mode for all analyses performed by rustc without caching object files when their content should have been changed by a change to cg_gccjit.
CG_GCCJIT_DISPLAY_CG_TIME
Display the time it took to perform codegen for a crate

Debugging

Sometimes, libgccjit will crash and output an error like this:

during RTL pass: expand
libgccjit.so: error: in expmed_mode_index, at expmed.h:249
0x7f0da2e61a35 expmed_mode_index
    ../../../gcc/gcc/expmed.h:249
0x7f0da2e61aa4 expmed_op_cost_ptr
    ../../../gcc/gcc/expmed.h:271
0x7f0da2e620dc sdiv_cost_ptr
    ../../../gcc/gcc/expmed.h:540
0x7f0da2e62129 sdiv_cost
    ../../../gcc/gcc/expmed.h:558
0x7f0da2e73c12 expand_divmod(int, tree_code, machine_mode, rtx_def*, rtx_def*, rtx_def*, int)
    ../../../gcc/gcc/expmed.c:4335
0x7f0da2ea1423 expand_expr_real_2(separate_ops*, rtx_def*, machine_mode, expand_modifier)
    ../../../gcc/gcc/expr.c:9240
0x7f0da2cd1a1e expand_gimple_stmt_1
    ../../../gcc/gcc/cfgexpand.c:3796
0x7f0da2cd1c30 expand_gimple_stmt
    ../../../gcc/gcc/cfgexpand.c:3857
0x7f0da2cd90a9 expand_gimple_basic_block
    ../../../gcc/gcc/cfgexpand.c:5898
0x7f0da2cdade8 execute
    ../../../gcc/gcc/cfgexpand.c:6582

To see the code which causes this error, call the following function:

gcc_jit_context_dump_to_file(ctxt, "/tmp/output.c", 1 /* update_locations */)

This will create a C-like file and add the locations into the IR pointing to this C file. Then, rerun the program and it will output the location in the second line:

libgccjit.so: /tmp/something.c:61322:0: error: in expmed_mode_index, at expmed.h:249

Or add a breakpoint to add_error in gdb and print the line number using:

p loc->m_line
p loc->m_filename->m_buffer

To print a debug representation of a tree:

debug_tree(expr);

To get the rustc command to run in gdb, add the --verbose flag to cargo build.

How to use a custom-build rustc

How to build a cross-compiling libgccjit

Building libgccjit

Configuring rustc_codegen_gcc