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    1 \input texinfo
    2 @c %**start of header
    3 @setfilename vera.info
    4 @settitle V.E.R.A@. --- Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms
    5 @setchapternewpage on
    6 @c %**end of header
    7 
    8 @c Last edited: 4 August 2020
    9 
   10 @paragraphindent 0
   11 
   12 
   13 @c Variables that (may) change with each edition
   14 @set EDITION Edition 1.24
   15 @set NONGNUEDITION 7.10
   16 @set RELEASE August 2020
   17 @set ACTYEAR 2020
   18 @set ACRONYMCOUNT 12665
   19 @set FOLDOCURL https://foldoc.org/ (as of August 2020)
   20 @set ACTMAINTAINER Oliver Heidelbach
   21 @set MAINTAINEMAIL < ohei [at] snafu . de >
   22 @set AUTHOREMAIL < ohei [at] snafu . de >
   23 @c End of variables
   24 
   25 @ignore
   26 @ifinfo
   27 @format
   28 START-INFO-DIR-ENTRY
   29 * V.E.R.A.:  (vera).        Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms
   30 END-INFO-DIR-ENTRY
   31 @end format
   32 @end ifinfo
   33 @end ignore
   34 
   35 @ifinfo
   36 This is a special GNU edition of V.E.R.A.,
   37 a list dealing with computational acronyms.@*
   38 Copyright @copyright{} 1993/@value{ACTYEAR} Oliver Heidelbach@*
   39 @value{AUTHOREMAIL} @*
   40 < ohei [at] snafu de >
   41 
   42 Please send corrections to @value{ACTMAINTAINER} @value{MAINTAINEMAIL}.
   43 
   44 Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document
   45 under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1
   46 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation;
   47 with no Invariant Sections, with no Front-Cover Texts, and with 
   48 no Back-Cover Texts.
   49 A copy of the license is included in the section entitled ``GNU FDL''.
   50 
   51 Within the above restrictions the distribution of this
   52 document is explicitly encouraged and I hope you'll find
   53 it of some value.
   54 
   55 This dictionary has nothing to do with Systems Science Inc. 
   56 or its products.
   57 
   58 @end ifinfo
   59 
   60 
   61 @titlepage
   62 @sp 10
   63 @c The title is printed in a large font.
   64 @title V.E.R.A.
   65 @subtitle @b{Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms}
   66 @sp 1
   67 @subtitle An overview of
   68 @subtitle common and not so common acronyms
   69 @subtitle in the field of computing
   70 @sp 1
   71 @subtitle @value{EDITION} (Texinfo)
   72 @subtitle Released @value{RELEASE}
   73 
   74 
   75 @c The following two commands start the copyright page.
   76 @page
   77 @vskip 0pt plus 1filll
   78 Special GNU edition of V.E.R.A. @*
   79 Released @value{RELEASE} @*
   80 Currently maintained by @value{ACTMAINTAINER} @value{MAINTAINEMAIL}
   81 @sp 2
   82    
   83 Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document
   84 under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.3
   85 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation;
   86 with no Invariant Sections, with no Front-Cover Texts, and with 
   87 no Back-Cover Texts.
   88 A copy of the license is included in the section entitled ``GNU FDL''.
   89 
   90 This dictionary has nothing to do with Systems Science Inc. 
   91 or its products.
   92 
   93 Copyright @copyright{} 1993/@value{ACTYEAR} Oliver Heidelbach
   94 @end titlepage
   95 
   96 
   97 @iftex
   98 @headings off
   99 @everyheading @thistitle @| @| page @thispage
  100 @everyfooting @value{EDITION} @| @| @today{}
  101 @end iftex
  102 
  103 
  104 @node Top, 0, (dir), (dir)
  105 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  106 @iftex
  107 @chapter Foreword to the printed edition
  108 @cindex Foreword to the printed edition
  109 @cindex Printed edition, Foreword to the
  110 @cindex Structure of this document (printed version)
  111 @noindent
  112 @strong{V.E.R.A. --- Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms}
  113 
  114 @noindent
  115 If you had decided to print this document with @TeX{}, you
  116 are probably missing the introduction normally found at this place. 
  117 Because this document is mainly designed to be used online, the
  118 important information, i.e. the acronym list, comes first.
  119 
  120 @noindent
  121 Please see @ref{About}, for some kind of introduction to this document.
  122 You will find more information in the following chapters:
  123 
  124 @table @asis
  125 @item @ref{Format}.
  126 The systematic approach of the acronym list.
  127 @item @ref{Acronym}.
  128 A definition of the word "acronym".
  129 @item @ref{History}
  130 News, changes, requests and other release related information
  131 @item @ref{Acknowledgments}.
  132 A list of contributors and other credits.
  133 @item @ref{Disclaimer}.
  134 Please read before printing, copying or distributing.
  135 @item @ref{GNU FDL}.
  136 The GNU Free Documentation License.
  137 @end table
  138 
  139 @noindent
  140 The @ref{Index}, will of course be an invaluable help if you
  141 ever should be looking for something else than an acronym.
  142 
  143 @end iftex
  144 
  145 @ifinfo
  146 @cindex Online overview
  147 @cindex Overview, Online
  148 @strong{V.E.R.A. --- Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms}
  149 @sp 2
  150    @ref{0}.   @ref{A}.   @ref{B}.   @ref{C}.   @ref{D}.
  151 @sp 1
  152    @ref{E}.   @ref{F}.   @ref{G}.   @ref{H}.   @ref{I}.  
  153 @sp 1
  154    @ref{J}.   @ref{K}.   @ref{L}.   @ref{M}.   @ref{N}.
  155 @sp 1
  156    @ref{O}.   @ref{P}.   @ref{Q}.   @ref{R}.   @ref{S}.
  157 @sp 1
  158    @ref{T}.   @ref{U}.   @ref{V}.   @ref{W}.   @ref{X}.
  159 @sp 1
  160    @ref{Y}.   @ref{Z}.
  161 @sp 1
  162 
  163 @c Note: all acronyms nodes go in the first place, so that
  164 @c Info searches do not stop at the examples nodes.
  165 @c This may not be book-like, but is definitely more convenient.
  166 To search for an acronym type @kbd{s ^@emph{ACRONYM}}.
  167 
  168 @menu
  169 * About::               What is V.E.R.A.?
  170 * Format::              Systematic approach of the acronym list (if any)
  171 * Acronym::             Definition of the word @emph{acronym}
  172 * History::             News, changes, requests, @dots{}
  173 * Acknowledgments::     List of contributors and other credits
  174 * Disclaimer::          Please read before printing, copying or the like
  175 * GNU FDL::             The full legalese for copying and distributing
  176 * Help on: (info).      Getting used to the Info browsing system
  177 * Index::
  178 @end menu
  179 
  180 @flushright
  181 @value{EDITION} (Texinfo)
  182 Released @value{RELEASE}
  183 @end flushright
  184 @end ifinfo
  185 
  186 
  187 @node 0, A, Top, Top
  188 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  189 @unnumbered --- 0 ---
  190 @cindex 0, Acronyms beginning with
  191 @cindex Numbers, Acronyms beginning with
  192 
  193 @include vera.0
  194 
  195 
  196 @node A, B, 0, Top
  197 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  198 @unnumbered --- A ---
  199 @cindex A, Acronyms beginning with
  200 
  201 @include vera.a
  202 
  203 
  204 @node B, C, A, Top
  205 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  206 @unnumbered --- B ---
  207 @cindex B, Acronyms beginning with
  208 
  209 @include vera.b
  210 
  211 
  212 @node C, D, B, Top
  213 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  214 @unnumbered --- C ---
  215 @cindex C, Acronyms beginning with
  216 
  217 @include vera.c
  218 
  219 
  220 @node D, E, C, Top
  221 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  222 @unnumbered --- D ---
  223 @cindex D, Acronyms beginning with
  224 
  225 @include vera.d
  226 
  227 
  228 @node E, F, D, Top
  229 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  230 @unnumbered --- E ---
  231 @cindex E, Acronyms beginning with
  232 
  233 @include vera.e
  234 
  235 
  236 @node F, G, E, Top
  237 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  238 @unnumbered --- F ---
  239 @cindex F, Acronyms beginning with
  240 
  241 @include vera.f
  242 
  243 
  244 @node G, H, F, Top
  245 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  246 @unnumbered --- G ---
  247 @cindex G, Acronyms beginning with
  248 
  249 @include vera.g
  250 
  251 
  252 @node H, I, G, Top
  253 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  254 @unnumbered --- H ---
  255 @cindex H, Acronyms beginning with
  256 
  257 @include vera.h
  258 
  259 
  260 @node I, J, H, Top
  261 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  262 @unnumbered --- I ---
  263 @cindex I, Acronyms beginning with
  264 
  265 @include vera.i
  266 
  267 
  268 @node J, K, I, Top
  269 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  270 @unnumbered --- J ---
  271 @cindex J, Acronyms beginning with
  272 
  273 @include vera.j
  274 
  275 
  276 @node K, L, J, Top
  277 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  278 @unnumbered --- K ---
  279 @cindex K, Acronyms beginning with
  280 
  281 @include vera.k
  282 
  283 
  284 @node L, M, K, Top
  285 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  286 @unnumbered --- L ---
  287 @cindex L, Acronyms beginning with
  288 
  289 @include vera.l
  290 
  291 
  292 @node M, N, L, Top
  293 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  294 @unnumbered --- M ---
  295 @cindex M, Acronyms beginning with
  296 
  297 @include vera.m
  298 
  299 
  300 @node N, O, M, Top
  301 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  302 @unnumbered --- N ---
  303 @cindex N, Acronyms beginning with
  304 
  305 @include vera.n
  306 
  307 
  308 @node O, P, N, Top
  309 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  310 @unnumbered --- O ---
  311 @cindex O, Acronyms beginning with
  312 
  313 @include vera.o
  314 
  315 
  316 @node P, Q, O, Top
  317 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  318 @unnumbered --- P ---
  319 @cindex P, Acronyms beginning with
  320 
  321 @include vera.p
  322 
  323 
  324 @node Q, R, P, Top
  325 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  326 @unnumbered --- Q ---
  327 @cindex Q, Acronyms beginning with
  328 
  329 @include vera.q
  330 
  331 
  332 @node R, S, Q, Top
  333 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  334 @unnumbered --- R ---
  335 @cindex R, Acronyms beginning with
  336 
  337 @include vera.r
  338 
  339 
  340 @node S, T, R, Top
  341 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  342 @unnumbered --- S ---
  343 @cindex S, Acronyms beginning with
  344 
  345 @include vera.s
  346 
  347 
  348 @node T, U, S, Top
  349 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  350 @unnumbered --- T ---
  351 @cindex T, Acronyms beginning with
  352 
  353 @include vera.t
  354 
  355 
  356 @node U, V, T, Top
  357 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  358 @unnumbered --- U ---
  359 @cindex U, Acronyms beginning with
  360 
  361 @include vera.u
  362 
  363 
  364 @node V, W, U, Top
  365 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  366 @unnumbered --- V ---
  367 @cindex V, Acronyms beginning with
  368 
  369 @include vera.v
  370 
  371 
  372 @node W, X, V, Top
  373 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  374 @unnumbered --- W ---
  375 @cindex W, Acronyms beginning with
  376 
  377 @include vera.w
  378 
  379 
  380 @node X, Y, W, Top
  381 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  382 @unnumbered --- X ---
  383 @cindex X, Acronyms beginning with
  384 
  385 @include vera.x
  386 
  387 
  388 @node Y, Z, X, Top
  389 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  390 @unnumbered --- Y ---
  391 @cindex Y, Acronyms beginning with
  392 
  393 @include vera.y
  394 
  395 
  396 @node Z, About , Y, Top
  397 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  398 @unnumbered --- Z ---
  399 @cindex Z, Acronyms beginning with
  400 
  401 @include vera.z
  402 
  403 
  404 @node About, Format, Z, Top
  405 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  406 @chapter About@dots{}
  407 @cindex What is V.E.R.A.?
  408 @cindex V.E.R.A., What is it?
  409 @cindex About V.E.R.A.
  410 
  411 @ifinfo
  412 @strong{V.E.R.A. --- Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms}
  413 
  414 @end ifinfo
  415 @noindent
  416 V.E.R.A. is a free list of acronyms all of which are used in the field
  417 of computing.
  418 
  419 @noindent
  420 V.E.R.A. is primarily meant to be used as an online reference,
  421 although some efforts have been taken to make its @TeX{} output
  422 looking acceptable.  However I doubt that somebody would like to print
  423 it.  The original release from 1997 compiled to 250 pages.
  424 
  425 @noindent
  426 This edition is a special contribution to the GNU project
  427 similar to the version @value{NONGNUEDITION} of V.E.R.A.  It contains approximately
  428 @value{ACRONYMCOUNT} acronyms.
  429 
  430 @noindent
  431 The idea to make V.E.R.A. available in Texinfo format came after reading
  432 two other Info files both of which are available on the Internet, the
  433 @emph{Standards} and the @emph{Languages} file, both dealing with
  434 antique DEC mainframe environments and both distributed stand-alone;
  435 that is, both are not serving as a software manual like most of Texinfo
  436 files.  I thought it would be very handy to have a list of acronyms
  437 available while using Emacs.
  438 
  439 @noindent
  440 It may be considered only a very little contribution.  However
  441 I make it to express my appreciation for the GNU project and its
  442 philosophy.  This project does not only make software available free to
  443 everyone, it also seems that it sets the only standard `everyone'
  444 supports nowadays.
  445 
  446 @noindent
  447 
  448 I started V.E.R.A. around easter 1993. The ASCII version was posted to
  449 the German=speaking newsgroups @emph{z-netz.alt.listen} and
  450 @emph{de.etc.lists} every three months until those faded to exist in
  451 2004 and 2007 respectively.  Nowadays the list is not posted to Usenet at
  452 all.  It was never posted to an international newsgroup, because the
  453 introduction as well as many internal references are only available in
  454 German.
  455 
  456 @noindent
  457 Please note that the original version of V.E.R.A. is not related to the
  458 to the Free Software Foundation or the GNU project at all.
  459 
  460 @noindent
  461 The list is far from being complete as dozens of new acronyms evolve
  462 every month.  Also I am not an every day Unix user, so I am pretty sure
  463 that a lot of acronyms from the Unix world are missing.  The same is true
  464 for the Apple world.  Please don't be angry if your field of computing
  465 seems little or not represented at all. Instead please consider
  466 contributing the missing acronyms to let other people share what you
  467 know.
  468 
  469 @noindent
  470 The shift from the original format of V.E.R.A. to Texinfo format took a
  471 whole week.  Please forgive any errors which still remain.  For hints
  472 how to submit corrections or to report bugs, please see @ref{History}.
  473 
  474 @noindent
  475 For a more in-depth discussion of some of the more common acronyms
  476 contained in this document you may want to consider visiting the
  477 @emph{Free Online Dictionary of Computing (FOLDOC)}, at least if you
  478 have access to the World Wide Web.  It can be found at
  479 @value{FOLDOCURL}.
  480 
  481 
  482 @node Format, Acronym, About, Top
  483 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  484 @chapter List format
  485 @cindex Acronyms, Common style of
  486 @cindex Approach, Systematic
  487 @cindex Common style of acronyms
  488 @cindex Format used
  489 @cindex German umlauts
  490 @cindex List format
  491 @cindex Systematic approach
  492 @cindex Umlauts, German
  493 @cindex Used format
  494 @ifinfo
  495 @cindex Searching for acronyms (online)
  496 @cindex Acronyms , Searching for (online)
  497 
  498 @strong{V.E.R.A. --- Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms}
  499 
  500 @end ifinfo
  501 @noindent
  502 Some notes on the systematic approach of the acronym list:
  503 
  504 @noindent
  505 Because often acronyms are being referenced not very unique in style,
  506 the acronyms in V.E.R.A. do not contain any special characters; only
  507 characters and numbers are used.  Please remember this, when you are
  508 searching for acronyms.
  509 
  510 @noindent
  511 German umlauts are expressed with AE, ae, OE, oe, UE, ue and ss.
  512 
  513 @noindent
  514 Examples:
  515 
  516 @noindent
  517 ASN.1 = ASN1 @*
  518 @noindent
  519 OS/2 = OS2 @*
  520 @noindent
  521 DFUE, Foerderung, Grossforschungseinrichtung, @dots{}
  522 
  523 @noindent
  524 What is thought to be the common style can be found at the end of
  525 the line(s) in quotation marks.
  526 
  527 @noindent
  528 Examples:
  529 
  530 @table @asis
  531 @item ASN1
  532 Abstract Syntax Notation One (OSI), "ASN.1"
  533 
  534 @item ATT
  535 American Telephone and Telegraph, "AT&T"
  536 
  537 @end table
  538 @sp 2
  539 @menu
  540 * Style::            Style of the acronym expansions.
  541 * Alternatives::     Alternative expansions.
  542 * Explanations::     Additional explanations.
  543 * References::       Reference tags for acronyms.
  544 * Concatenation::    Concatenated acronyms.
  545 * Versions::         Acronyms pointing to versions.
  546 * File extensions::  A note on file extensions.
  547 * Gaps::             Huh --- what is that?
  548 @end menu
  549 
  550 
  551 @node Style, Alternatives, Format, Format
  552 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  553 @section  Style of the acronym expansions
  554 @cindex Expansions, Style of
  555 @cindex Style of expansions
  556 
  557 @noindent
  558 The acronym expansions basically follow their acronyms in style.
  559 Exceptions are made if expansions are containing acronyms themselves.
  560 This often leads to an kind of odd or even wrong orthographical style.
  561 
  562 @noindent
  563 Examples:
  564 
  565 @table @asis
  566 @item AUX
  567 Apple UniX, "A/UX"
  568 
  569 @item XT
  570 eXtended Technology
  571 
  572 @item ACL
  573 Advanced CMOS Logic
  574 
  575 @end table
  576 
  577 @node Alternatives, Explanations, Style, Format
  578 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  579 @section Alternative expansions
  580 @cindex Alternative expansions
  581 @cindex Expansions, Alternative
  582 
  583 @noindent
  584 If alternative expansions for the same acronym are known these are
  585 separated by a slash.  However that is not true for acronyms of
  586 basically different meanings.
  587 
  588 @noindent
  589 Examples:
  590 
  591 @table @asis
  592 @item AE
  593 Apple Events
  594 
  595 @item AE
  596 Application Entity / Environment / Engineering (APE)
  597 
  598 @end table
  599 
  600 
  601 @node Explanations, References, Alternatives, Format
  602 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  603 @section Additional explanations
  604 @cindex Additional explanations
  605 @cindex Explanations, Additional
  606 
  607 @noindent
  608 Terms in square brackets show additional explanations, of which do not
  609 directly belong to the acronym's expansion, but rather to the acronym's
  610 meaning.
  611 
  612 @noindent
  613 Examples:
  614 
  615 @table @asis
  616 @item ARM
  617 Annotated [c++] Reference Manual
  618 
  619 @item RLL
  620 Run Length Limited [encoding]
  621 
  622 @end table
  623 
  624 
  625 @node References, Concatenation, Explanations, Format
  626 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  627 @section Reference tags for acronyms
  628 @cindex Acronyms, References for
  629 @cindex References for acronyms
  630 
  631 @noindent
  632 The terms in parenthesis which often appear behind the expansions are
  633 reference links to certain topics or firms and should help you to get an
  634 idea of in which context an acronym is being used.
  635 
  636 @noindent
  637 Examples:
  638 
  639 @table @asis
  640 @item WB
  641 WorkBench (Amiga)
  642 
  643 @item WYSIWYG
  644 What You See Is What You Get (DTP)
  645 
  646 @end table
  647 
  648 @noindent
  649 Please note that the original version of V.E.R.A. is meant to be
  650 formatted in a hypertext environment.  Thus some references may seem
  651 redundant in an environment which does not support such links.
  652 
  653 @noindent
  654 Examples:
  655 
  656 @table @asis
  657 @item API
  658 Application Program Interface (API)
  659 
  660 @end table
  661 
  662 
  663 @node Concatenation, Versions, References, Format
  664 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  665 @section Concatenated acronyms
  666 
  667 @noindent
  668 Often-used concatenated acronyms appear without the space or any special
  669 characters between them.
  670 
  671 @noindent
  672 Examples:
  673 
  674 @table @asis
  675 @item AMTPE
  676 Apple Media Tool Programming Environment (Apple), "AMT PE"
  677 
  678 @item RISCOS
  679 RISC Operating System (Acorn), "RISC OS"
  680 
  681 @end table
  682 
  683 
  684 @node Versions, File extensions, Concatenation, Format
  685 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  686 @section Acronyms pointing to versions
  687 @cindex Acronyms pointing to versions
  688 @cindex Versions, Acronyms pointing to 
  689 
  690 @noindent
  691 When there is a series of related acronyms differing by a number at the
  692 end, V.E.R.A. usually has just one entry, which omits the number.  For
  693 example, there are many versions of MNP (Microcom Networking Protocol),
  694 distinguished by numbers; but we do not list MNP4, MNP5 or MNP10, only
  695 MNP.
  696 
  697 @noindent
  698 So if you look for an acronym that ends in a number, and you don't find
  699 it, try leaving out the number(s).
  700 
  701 
  702 @node File extensions, Gaps, Versions, Format
  703 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  704 @section File extensions
  705 @cindex File extensions
  706 @cindex Extensions (files)
  707 
  708 @noindent
  709 Please note that file extensions are not covered by V.E.R.A. at the
  710 moment, although some exceptions were made. You will not find things 
  711 like EPS (Encapsulated PostScript) or GIF (Graphics Interchange Format).
  712 
  713 @noindent
  714 There are many such lists on the Internet if you should be looking
  715 for file extensions.
  716 
  717 
  718 @node Gaps, , File extensions, Format
  719 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  720 @section Gaps
  721 @cindex Gaps
  722 @cindex Expansions, Missing
  723 @cindex References, Missing
  724 @cindex Missing expansions or references
  725 
  726 @noindent
  727 You will probably notice that some acronym expansions or references are
  728 tagged with three question marks (@samp{???}).  This indicates that an
  729 expansion or reference is still missing or uncertain.
  730 
  731 @node Acronym, History, Format, Top
  732 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  733 @chapter Acronym
  734 @cindex Acronym, Definition of the term
  735 @cindex Acronyms, Pronunciation of
  736 @cindex Definition of the term acronym
  737 @cindex Pronunciation of acronyms
  738 
  739 @noindent
  740 An acronym is a word derived from the initial letters or
  741 groups of letters of several other words.
  742 
  743 @noindent
  744 Popular examples are: @*
  745 @ifinfo
  746 @noindent
  747 @emph{Laser}, from "(l)ight (a)mplification by
  748 (s)timulated (e)mission of (r)adiation",
  749 @emph{Radar}, from "(ra)dio (d)etecting (a)nd
  750 (r)anging" or @emph{snafu}, which should politely be rendered
  751 as "(s)ituation (n)ormal, (a)ll (f)ouled
  752 (u)p".
  753 @end ifinfo
  754 @iftex
  755 @noindent
  756 @emph{Laser}, from "@strong{l}ight @strong{a}mplification by
  757 @strong{s}timulated @strong{e}mission of @strong{r}adiation",
  758 @emph{Radar}, from "@strong{ra}dio @strong{d}etecting @strong{a}nd
  759 @strong{r}anging" or @emph{snafu}, which should politely be rendered
  760 as "@strong{s}ituation @strong{n}ormal, @strong{a}ll @strong{f}ouled
  761 @strong{u}p".
  762 @end iftex
  763 
  764 @noindent
  765 The word acronym itself derives from the Greek words
  766 @emph{akros} "the highest, the most outer" and @emph{onoma} "name".
  767 
  768 @noindent
  769 Please note that acronyms are always pronounced as the
  770 spelling indicates.
  771 
  772 
  773 @node History, Acknowledgments, Acronym, Top
  774 @c node-name, next, previous, up
  775 @chapter History and other useful information
  776 @cindex Acronyms, How to submit new
  777 @cindex Bugs, How to report
  778 @cindex Call for submissions
  779 @cindex Changes
  780 @cindex Current maintainer
  781 @cindex History
  782 @cindex How to install in the Info environment
  783 @cindex How to report bugs
  784 @cindex How to submit new acronyms
  785 @cindex Info environment, Installation in the
  786 @cindex Installation in the Info environment
  787 @cindex Maintainer, Current
  788 @cindex News
  789 @cindex Release notes
  790 @cindex Reporting bugs
  791 @cindex Requests
  792 @cindex Submissions, Call for
  793 
  794 @ifinfo
  795 @noindent
  796 @strong{V.E.R.A. --- Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms}
  797 
  798 @end ifinfo
  799 @noindent
  800 
  801 @noindent
  802 @strong{Version 7.10} (August 2020)
  803 
  804 Version 7.10 (Texinfo release 1.24) contains about 450 acronyms 
  805 more than the last release. Now V.E.R.A. knows about 12665 acronyms.
  806 
  807 Please use
  808 
  809 @code{makeinfo --force vera.texi}
  810 
  811 to compile the info file(s). They will work as expected.
  812 
  813 @noindent
  814 @strong{Version 7.9} (February 2016)
  815 
  816 Version 7.9 (Texinfo release 1.23) contains about 200 acronyms 
  817 more than the last release. Now V.E.R.A. knows about 12214 acronyms.
  818 
  819 Please use
  820 
  821 @code{makeinfo --force vera.texi}
  822 
  823 to compile the info file(s). They will work as expected.
  824 
  825 @noindent
  826 @strong{Version 7.8} (September 2014)
  827 
  828 Version 7.8 (Texinfo release 1.22) contains about 130 acronyms 
  829 more than the last release. Now V.E.R.A. knows about 12013 acronyms.
  830 
  831 Please use
  832 
  833 @code{makeinfo --force vera.texi}
  834 
  835 to compile the info file(s). They will work as expected.
  836 
  837 @noindent
  838 @strong{Version 7.7} (January 2014)
  839 
  840 Version 7.7 (Texinfo release 1.21a) is a bug fix release.
  841 V.E.R.A. would not compile correctly with recent versions
  842 of @file{makeinfo}.
  843 
  844 This is still partly true to the nested structure of the
  845 Top node: The convenient multicolumn letter listing is not 
  846 a menu section, which newer versions of @file{makeinfo} bleat
  847 about. It is perfectly safe to ignore those errors for now.
  848 
  849 Please use
  850 
  851 @code{makeinfo --force vera.texi}
  852 
  853 to compile the info file(s). They will work as expected.
  854 
  855 In the process of cleaning up the Texinfo formatting I have
  856 also replaced the GNU Free Documentation License (FDL) 1.2
  857 with version 1.3.
  858 
  859 Thanks to Dmitry Sivachenko < trtrmitya # gmail . com > for
  860 pointing out the problems.
  861 
  862 Sorry for the inconvenience.
  863 May be V.E.R.A. needs beta testers ;-)
  864 
  865 @noindent
  866 @strong{Version 7.7} (January 2014)
  867 
  868 Version 7.7 (Texinfo release 1.21) contains about 70 acronyms 
  869 more than the last release. Now V.E.R.A. knows about 11880 acronyms.
  870 
  871 Please note that Ryan Kavanagh < rak [at] debian . org > 
  872 now maintains the Debian vera package.
  873 
  874 @noindent
  875 @strong{Version 7.6} (September 2013)
  876 
  877 @noindent
  878 Version 7.6 (Texinfo release 1.20) contains about 440 acronyms 
  879 more than the last release. Now V.E.R.A. knows about 11812 acronyms.
  880 
  881 There has been a request to release a new GNU version of V.E.R.A.,
  882 which took a while to accomodate, but still I am happy to follow.
  883 
  884 @noindent
  885 @strong{Version 7.4} (September 2008)
  886 
  887 @noindent
  888 Version 7.4 (Texinfo release 1.19) contains about 170 acronyms 
  889 more than the last release. Now V.E.R.A. knows about 11373 acronyms.
  890 
  891 @noindent
  892 @strong{Version 7.3} (March 2007)
  893 
  894 @noindent
  895 Version 7.3 (Texinfo release 1.18) contains about 177 acronyms 
  896 more than the last release. Now V.E.R.A. knows about 11202 acronyms.
  897 
  898 @noindent
  899 @strong{Version 7.2} (June 2006)
  900 
  901 @noindent
  902 Version 7.2 (Texinfo release 1.17) contains about 405 acronyms 
  903 more than the last release. Now V.E.R.A. knows about 11025 acronyms.
  904 
  905 @noindent
  906 @strong{Version 7.0} (June 2005)
  907 
  908 @noindent
  909 Version 7.0 (Texinfo release 1.16) contains about 106 acronyms 
  910 more than the last release. Now V.E.R.A. knows about 10620 acronyms.
  911 
  912 @noindent
  913 @strong{Version 6.9} (March 2005)
  914 
  915 @noindent
  916 Version 6.9 (Texinfo release 1.15) contains about 262 acronyms 
  917 more than the last release. Now V.E.R.A. knows about 10514 acronyms.
  918 
  919 @noindent
  920 @strong{Version 6.7} (September 2004)
  921 
  922 @noindent
  923 Version 6.7 (Texinfo release 1.14) contains about 92 acronyms 
  924 more than the last release. Now V.E.R.A. knows about 10252 acronyms.
  925 
  926 Until I find out how to put V.E.R.A. back into the GNU system, I
  927 will provide it on my home page at http://home.snafu.de/ohei.
  928 I have repeatedly written to addresses given in postings,
  929 asking for information on how to access the GNU server to
  930 no availability. Those guys must be busy, very busy.
  931 
  932 @noindent
  933 @strong{Version 6.6} (June 2004)
  934 
  935 @noindent
  936 Version 6.6 (Texinfo release 1.13) contains about 290 acronyms 
  937 more than the last release. Now V.E.R.A. knows about 10160 acronyms.
  938 
  939 Until I find out how to put V.E.R.A. back into the GNU system, I
  940 will provide it on my home page at http://home.snafu.de/ohei.
  941 
  942 @noindent
  943 @strong{Version 6.5} (December 2003)
  944 
  945 @noindent
  946 Version 6.5 (Texinfo release 1.12) contains about 210 acronyms 
  947 more than the last release. Now V.E.R.A. knows about 9870 acronyms.
  948 
  949 Until I find out how to put V.E.R.A. back into the GNU system, I
  950 will provide it on my home page at http://home.snafu.de/ohei.
  951 
  952 @noindent
  953 @strong{Version 6.3} (June 2003)
  954 
  955 @noindent
  956 Version 6.3 (Texinfo release 1.11) contains about 150 acronyms 
  957 more than the last release. Now V.E.R.A. knows about 9660 acronyms.
  958 
  959 I had problems finding an proper way to upload the last release
  960 (Texinfo release 1.10) to the GNU server. All seem to have changed,
  961 the old FTP Server is down, my e-mail contact is gone etc.
  962 
  963 Until I find out how to put V.E.R.A. back into the system, I
  964 will provide it on my home page at http://home.snafu.de/ohei.
  965 
  966 @noindent
  967 @strong{Version 6.2} (March 2003)
  968 
  969 @noindent
  970 Version 6.2 (Texinfo release 1.10) contains about 300 acronyms 
  971 more than the last release. Now V.E.R.A. knows about 9510 acronyms.
  972 
  973 For the log: There neither had been a GNU nor a Non-GNU edition
  974 of V.E.R.A. in September 2002.
  975 
  976 @noindent
  977 @strong{Version 6.0} (June 2002)
  978 
  979 @noindent
  980 Version 6.0 (Texinfo release 1.9) contains about 289 acronyms 
  981 more than the last release. Now V.E.R.A. knows about 9203 acronyms.
  982 
  983 Fixed some formatting bugs which had accumulated. Thanks for
  984 reporting those.
  985 
  986 There has been a request to add a 'README' file to the
  987 distribution. I added one.
  988 
  989 Also added a Perl search routine for V.E.R.A. from 
  990 Andres Soolo < soolo [at] math . ut . ee >. You will find 
  991 it in  the @code{./contrib} directory of the distribution.
  992 For bug reports please contact Andres.
  993 
  994 @noindent
  995 @strong{Version 5.8} (December 2001)
  996 
  997 @noindent
  998 Version 5.8 (Texinfo release 1.8) contains about 426 acronyms 
  999 more than the last release. Now V.E.R.A. knows about 8914 acronyms.
 1000 
 1001 @noindent
 1002 @strong{Version 5.5} (March 2001)
 1003 
 1004 @noindent
 1005 Version 5.5 (Texinfo release 1.7) contains about 320 acronyms 
 1006 more than the last release. Now V.E.R.A. knows about 8440 acronyms.
 1007 
 1008 There had been no update of the GNU version for nearly a year,
 1009 which was mostly due to the lack of significant increase of
 1010 acronyms.
 1011 
 1012 Please note that this is the first GNU edition of V.E.R.A.
 1013 to be released under the GNU Free Documentation License.
 1014 
 1015 Please also note that Bob Hilliard < hilliard [at] debian . org >
 1016 now maintains the Debian vera package as well as the dict-* packages 
 1017 for the Debian GNU/LINUX distribution.
 1018 
 1019 @noindent
 1020 @strong{Version 5.2} (June 2000)
 1021 
 1022 @noindent
 1023 Welcome to the first GNU edition of V.E.R.A. in the year 100,
 1024 eh, I mean 1900+100 :)
 1025 
 1026 Version 5.2 (Texinfo release 1.6) contains about 500 acronyms 
 1027 more than the last release. Now V.E.R.A. knows about
 1028 than 8119 acronyms.
 1029 
 1030 There had been no update of the GNU version for over a year,
 1031 which was mostly due to the lack of significant increase of
 1032 acronyms.
 1033 
 1034 Thanks to all the supporters, some of which did send huge
 1035 lists with new acronyms.
 1036 
 1037 @noindent
 1038 @strong{Version 4.7} (March 1999)
 1039 
 1040 @noindent
 1041 Version 4.7 (Texinfo release 1.5) contains about 100 acronyms 
 1042 more than the last release. Now V.E.R.A. knows about
 1043 than 7592 acronyms.
 1044 
 1045 Corrected a bug in my script to replace german comments
 1046 with the according english terms which led to the comment
 1047 brackets being deleted in every line touched by it.
 1048 
 1049 @noindent
 1050 @strong{Version 4.6} (December 1998)
 1051 
 1052 @noindent
 1053 Version 4.6 had not been released as Texinfo version,
 1054 because there was no significant increase in the count
 1055 of acronyms.
 1056 
 1057 @noindent
 1058 @strong{Version 4.5} (September 1998) 
 1059 
 1060 @noindent
 1061 Version 4.5 (Texinfo release 1.4) contains about 90 acronyms 
 1062 more than the last release. Now V.E.R.A. knows about
 1063 than 7490 acronyms.
 1064 
 1065 @noindent
 1066 I also received a lot of spelling corrections for the
 1067 acronym expansions as well as for the text of this
 1068 Texinfo release. Thanks to the submitters.
 1069 
 1070 @noindent
 1071 @strong{Version 4.4} (June 1998)
 1072 
 1073 @noindent
 1074 Version 4.4 (Texinfo release 1.3) contains about 250 acronyms 
 1075 more than the last release. Now V.E.R.A. knows about more 
 1076 than 7400 acronyms.
 1077 
 1078 @noindent
 1079 Version 4.2 had accidently been released containing 
 1080 ISO 8859-1 characters. I received no complaints, but I
 1081 believe not everyone can display these characters as
 1082 meant to be, so I switched back to 7 bit with this version.
 1083 
 1084 @noindent
 1085 Recently V.E.R.A. ran into copyright/trademark problems. It's
 1086 unbelievable how small the name space in the computer field
 1087 went over the years. To give you an example there are acronyms
 1088 in this list which have five or more different meanings.
 1089 However Systems Science Inc. agreed to solve the problem
 1090 by including the following sentence into the distribution:
 1091 "This dictionary has nothing to do with Systems Science Inc.
 1092 or its products."
 1093 Please don't wonder if you surprisingly run into this sentence.
 1094 
 1095 @noindent
 1096 @strong{Version 4.3} (March 1998)
 1097 
 1098 @noindent
 1099 I found no time to release V.E.R.A. 4.3 as Texinfo version
 1100 in March 1998 as I was busy with other things. As compiling 
 1101 the Texinfo version is always additional work to do, I thought 
 1102 of to spare the March version and release the next Texinfo version 
 1103 on the next release date (June, 1st).
 1104 
 1105 @noindent
 1106 @strong{Version 4.2}
 1107 
 1108 @noindent
 1109 Version 4.2 contains about 180 acronyms more than the last release.
 1110 I also received a mail from the folks who maintain the GNU catalogue.
 1111 This may mean that V.E.R.A. will be included on the GNU CD-ROM
 1112 distribution, but I'm not sure.
 1113 
 1114 @noindent
 1115 @strong{Version 4.1} (December 1997)
 1116 
 1117 @noindent
 1118 Version 4.1 contains about 500 acronyms more than the initial release.
 1119 Now V.E.R.A. knows about more than 7000 acronyms.
 1120 
 1121 @noindent
 1122 Besides I wrote a script which automagically translates the German
 1123 references sometimes to be found behind the acronym expansions in the
 1124 original version of V.E.R.A. into the appropriate English terms. 
 1125 It also adds `Germany' to German locations. However I still may have 
 1126 missed some German terms or locations. 
 1127 It is kind of awful to proof-read 7000 acronym expansions.
 1128 If you still spot German terms in the references, please let me know
 1129 about.
 1130 
 1131 @noindent
 1132 @strong{Installation as Info file}
 1133 
 1134 @noindent
 1135 If you like to install V.E.R.A. in your Info environment, there are three
 1136 steps to do so:
 1137 
 1138 @enumerate
 1139 @item
 1140 Make an Info file from the Texinfo source, type:
 1141 
 1142 @kbd{makeinfo vera.texi}
 1143 
 1144 @noindent
 1145 (The file extension may differ in your environment.)
 1146 
 1147 @item
 1148 Copy the files generated by the previous step to the directory
 1149 where the Info files reside on your site.
 1150 
 1151 @item
 1152 Go to your Info directory and edit the @code{dir} file. Insert a line
 1153 like the following where appropriate.
 1154 
 1155 @kbd{* V.E.R.A.:  (vera).        Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms}
 1156 @end enumerate
 1157 
 1158 @noindent
 1159 @strong{Bugs}
 1160 
 1161 @noindent
 1162 This edition of V.E.R.A. has been translated from German and has not
 1163 been intensively proofread.  Please report bugs concerning the use of
 1164 broken or unsound English used in this document to the current
 1165 maintainer of this document.
 1166 
 1167 @noindent
 1168 If you spot any faults in the acronym chapters, these will be considered
 1169 a bug too.  Please report those bugs to the current maintainer of this
 1170 document.
 1171 
 1172 @noindent
 1173 @strong{Call for submissions}
 1174 
 1175 @noindent
 1176 This acronym list is not and will never be complete.  However if you
 1177 feel that something particular is missing, please submit it to the
 1178 current maintainer.  Your submission will be included in the next
 1179 edition of V.E.R.A.
 1180 
 1181 @noindent
 1182 @strong{Current maintainer}
 1183 
 1184 @noindent
 1185 The current maintainer of this document is @*
 1186 @value{ACTMAINTAINER} @value{MAINTAINEMAIL}
 1187 
 1188 
 1189 @node Acknowledgments, Disclaimer, History, Top
 1190 @c node-name, next, previous, up
 1191 @chapter Acknowledgments
 1192 @cindex Acknowledgments
 1193 @cindex Contributors
 1194 @cindex Credits
 1195 @cindex People who contributed
 1196 @ifinfo
 1197 @noindent
 1198 @strong{V.E.R.A. --- Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms}
 1199 
 1200 @end ifinfo
 1201 @noindent
 1202 The following people contributed to this document: @*
 1203 (In order to block spam-robots all @@ have been replaced with #.)
 1204 
 1205 @format
 1206 peterk#cbmger.de.so.commodore.com
 1207 Wolfgang Houben < castor#newswire.de >
 1208 Hans Fischer < profi#romeo.berlinet.de >
 1209 Harald Welte < h.welte#silver.nbg.sub.org >
 1210 a.lessmann#link-k.zer
 1211 Rainer Frohnhoff < r.frohnhoff#aworld.zer >
 1212 Marcus Cai Degler < m.c.degler#ithh.sh.sub.de >
 1213 Sven van der Meer < vdmeer#cs.tu-berlin.de >
 1214 elmar#peggy.e-technik.uni-dortmund.de
 1215 Patrick Hess < patrick.hess#metazoa.de >
 1216 Hans-Georg Forster < h.g.forster#parabol.cl.sub.de >
 1217 thahn#berg93.in-berlin.de
 1218 jochen#wip.mhs.compuserve.com
 1219 Stefan Rinne < s_rinne#trashcan.mcnet.de >
 1220 Wolfgang Kopp < kopp#naranek.camelot.de >
 1221 ismias#wi.uni-muenster.de
 1222 smendoza#yeti.dit.upm.es
 1223 tms#dame.shnet.org
 1224 Alexander Senne < akki#terra-i.rhein-ruhr.de >
 1225 Frank Schlueter < frs#frs.in-berlin.de >
 1226 Frank-Th. Bonnemeyer < Frank-Thomas.Bonnemeyer#eds.com >
 1227 Olaf Naumann < amandus#esrf.fr >
 1228 Keith Edgerley < edgerley#ebu.ch >
 1229 Kristian Koehntopp < kk#netuse.de >
 1230 Andreas Kempf < Andreas_Kempf#sidoun.go.germany-online.de >
 1231 Thomas Rexroth < 100414.42#compuserve.com >
 1232 Christoph Lechner < Lechner#edvz.uni-linz.ac.at >
 1233 Timothy Slater < t.slater#link-m.de >
 1234 J.P. Lodge < jpl1#doc.ic.ac.uk >
 1235 Andre Torrez < andre#frontside.com >
 1236 Jeff Jewell < jcjewell#concentric.net >
 1237 Peter H. Wendt < phw#compunet.de >
 1238 Rene Caspersen < rene#sondagsavisen.dk >
 1239 Carsten Schymik < cschy#zedat.fu-berlin.de >
 1240 Noah Friedman < friedman#splode.com >
 1241 Robert Bihlmeyer < robbe#orcus.priv.at >
 1242 Matt Hillman < dhillman#netgate.net >
 1243 Claude Gingras < CGingras#telebec.qc.ca >
 1244 David Frewen < a-davfre#microsoft.com >
 1245 Thorsten 'thh' Hempel < thh#valis.netestate.de >
 1246 Bruno Haible < haible#ilog.fr >
 1247 Andreas Waibel < Andreas.Waibel#studbox.uni-stuttgart.de >
 1248 Martin Zierke < Martin.Zierke#gaia.de >
 1249 Leonard < acmeman#myriad.net >
 1250 Otto Stolz < Otto.Stolz#uni-konstanz.de >
 1251 Wolfgang Borgert
 1252 Stefan Hackebeil < stefan#hackebeil.l.uunet.de >
 1253 Wolf Ivo Lademann < wil#kiel.netsurf.de >
 1254 Werner Henze < beinhart#cs.tu-berlin.de >
 1255 Kai Reese < reese#tecs.de >
 1256 John L. Sokol < sokol#livecam.com >
 1257 Guy Dumais < dumais#rgl.polymtl.ca >
 1258 Gerhard Moeller < Gerhard.Moeller#offis.uni-oldenburg.de >
 1259 Mike Moxcey < mmoxcey#email.aphis.usda.gov >
 1260 Marco Koering < Marco.Koering#swisscom.com >
 1261 Olaf Columbus < Olaf.Columbus#nortel-dasa.de >
 1262 Craig Menefee < cmenefee#cwia.com >
 1263 Kevin L. Burns < kburns#cogswell.edu >
 1264 Timm Cordes < tc#Informatik.TU-Cottbus.DE >
 1265 Thomas Ludwig < thomas_ludwig#hotmail.com >
 1266 Torsten Halter < halter#prokom1.gg.uunet.de >
 1267 Dr. Stephan Buehne < SBUEHNE#DE.oracle.com >
 1268 H. Kronenberg < kronenberg#imst.de >
 1269 Darren Baker < dbaker#tcon.net >
 1270 Heiko Degenhardt < Heiko.Degenhardt#rz.tu-ilmenau.de >
 1271 Simon Conti < sconti#dircon.co.uk >
 1272 Mac Schwarz < mac#phil.uni-erlangen.de >
 1273 Sven Heidelbach < Sven.Heidelbach#RegTP.de >
 1274 Nicholas Stallard < Snowy#nsstalla.dialup.informatik.uni-stuttgart.de >
 1275 Patrick Wibbeler pwibbele#Adobe.COM >
 1276 Bastian Schick < elw5basc#gp.fht-esslingen.de >
 1277 davint < davint#gensw.com >
 1278 'The Lonegunmen' < tlgm#hamburg.crosswinds.net >
 1279 Tim < directorSPAMMENOT#sympatico.ca >
 1280 Daniel Lynde < Daniel.Lynde#Gateway.com >
 1281 Jens Abromeit < jens.abromeit#tcpip-gmbh.de >
 1282 Albrecht Schmiedel < atms#alibi.in-berlin.de >
 1283 Joachim Nerz < nerz#rz.uni-mannheim.de >
 1284 Prognos M. Voedisch < Michael.Voedisch#prognos.com >
 1285 Peter A.Henning < P.Henning#FH-Karlsruhe.de >
 1286 Ricardo Linden < rlinden#gotec.com.br >
 1287 Robert Klemme < klemme#unity.de >
 1288 Axel Kielhorn < A.Kielhorn#tu-bs.de >
 1289 Mark Heitbrink < m.heitbrink#kamas.de >
 1290 Philipp Steinau < Philipp.Steinau#gmx.de >
 1291 Pressman AS/400 < STEVE.GIBSON#PRESSMAN-TOY.COM >
 1292 Uwe Borchert < borchert#informatik.unibw-muenchen.de >
 1293 Georg Oehl < oehlg#yahoo.com >
 1294 Thomas Rohde < thomas.rohde#ecrc.de >
 1295 Will < broly#online1.magnus1.com >
 1296 Knut Kuelsen < Knut_K#kuelsen.de >
 1297 Rene Ermler < rene.ermler#informatik.stud.uni-erlangen.de >
 1298 Brian Hines < bhines#ppl.plesman.com >
 1299 Tomasz Wegrzanowski < maniek#beer.com >
 1300 Martin Mueller < martin.mueller#iuct.fhg.de >
 1301 Florian Laws < florian#void.s.bawue.de >
 1302 Adam Goode < adam#myrealbox.com >
 1303 Henning Jonat < henningjonat#home.com >
 1304 Norbert Zuber < zbx#topmail.de >
 1305 Eckard Wolff Postler < Eckard.Wolff-Postler#Gtsgroup.com >
 1306 Tomasz Wegrzanowski < maniek#beer.com >
 1307 Jennifer < jenluk#chickmail.com >
 1308 Nils < otott.buerotechnik#t-online.de >
 1309 Ernst-Guenter Giessmann < ErnstG.Giessmann#telekom.de >
 1310 Andreas Krause < andreas.krause#uni-dortmund.de >
 1311 j l < jenluk#chickmail.com >
 1312 Carsten Leonhardt < leo#debian.org >
 1313 Robert D. Hilliard < hilliard#debian.org >
 1314 Nils Rennebarth < nils#ipe.uni-stuttgart.de >
 1315 Michael Schmitz < michael.schmitz#e-trend.de >
 1316 Kerstin Assmus < praktika#bechtle.de >
 1317 Michael Vielhaber < michael.vielhaber#fh-hof.de >
 1318 Martin Biallas < martin#mbiallas.de >
 1319 Joachim Ayasse < Joachim_Ayasse#genua.de >
 1320 Arvind Mollin < amollin#cisco.com >
 1321 Michael Ruehr < Michael.Ruehr#blb.de >
 1322 Stefan Westerkamp < Stefan.Westerkamp#ger.sas.com >
 1323 Nils Herzog < Nils.Herzog#DERTOUR.DE >
 1324 Thomas Lack < lack#nexgo.de >
 1325 Andreas Mock < A.Mock#tuvit.de >
 1326 Volker Brune-Flueh < bruneflue#solutionline.com >
 1327 Thimo Koenig < thimo.konig#evidian.com >
 1328 Jim Scarborough < jims#iname.com >
 1329 Falk Hauke < falk.hauke#gmx.de >
 1330 Patrick Cowan < patrick#fifthera.com >
 1331 Tomasz Wegrzanowski < taw#users.sourceforge.net >
 1332 Christoph Probst < chris#cprobst.de >
 1333 Tim Bannister < isoma#compsoc.man.ac.uk >
 1334 Lutz Hohaus < lutz.hohaus#ruhr-uni-bochum.de >
 1335 Ingo Maurer < ingo#maurer.net >
 1336 Gerhard Brosig < Gerhard_Brosig#genua.de >
 1337 Alois Reisinger < reisi#reisi.com >
 1338 Brian Wolf/Dayacorp < brian.wolf.613#mindspring.com >
 1339 Steven Duhon < SDuhon#mpea.com >
 1340 < Philphillips28#aol.com >
 1341 Axel Veil < Axel.Veil#mediaways.net >
 1342 Tobias Ueberwasser < tobias.ueberwasser#cerberus.ch >
 1343 Karsten Huppert < ed.treppuh-netsrak#karsten-huppert.de >
 1344 Felix Schindele < zhamara#atheist.com >
 1345 Klaus Juettermann < Klaus.Juttermann#sitel.de >
 1346 Cecilie Rise < cecilie.rise#sbb.at >
 1347 Jeff Orrok < jeff#rt.com >
 1348 Ingo Russmann < ingo#linus.net-market.de >
 1349 John E. Hein < jhein#timing.com >
 1350 Christian Brandau < christian#cbra.de >
 1351 Ben Armstrong < synrg#sanctuary.nslug.ns.ca >
 1352 Matthias Kring < automatthias#web.de >
 1353 Matthias Hinnah < mhinnah#deloitte.de >
 1354 Axel Hornung < A.Hornung#ASC.DE >
 1355 Jakob Hirsch < jh#plonk.de >
 1356 Matt Zimmerman < mdz#csh.rit.edu >
 1357 Stephan Boldt < Stephan.Boldt#epost.de >
 1358 Pekka Lampila < medar#kapina.org >
 1359 Maurice Leone < Leone.Maurice#swm.de >
 1360 Michel Messerschmidt < 9messers#informatik.uni-hamburg.de >
 1361 Chong Yidong < yidong#stanford.edu >
 1362 Jan Neumann < jan.neumann#bln1.siemens.de >
 1363 Heiko Reddingius < heiko-stg#reddingius.de >
 1364 Christian Griebel < Christian.Griebel#merck.de >
 1365 Pedro Izecksohn < izecksohn#yahoo.com >
 1366 Boris Masinovsky < boma#cs.tu-berlin.de >
 1367 Reinhard Scholz < Reinhard.Scholz#wimi.landsh.de >
 1368 Leslie Polzer < leslie.polzer#gmx.net >
 1369 Tobias Toedter < t.toedter#web.de >
 1370 Dan Avramescu < Dan.Avramescu#t-systems.com >
 1371 Martin Meyerspeer < e9325116#stud4.tuwien.ac.at >
 1372 Arnaud Giersch < giersch#icps.u-strasbg.fr >
 1373 Pierre-Paul Lavoie < ppl#nbnet.nb.ca >
 1374 Jutta Wrage < jw#witch.westfalen.de >
 1375 Pauli Manninen < pajuma#iki.fi >
 1376 Matthew Harris < mharris#litech.org >
 1377 David Mohn < david.mohn1#web.de >
 1378 Steffen Beyer < sbeyer#reactor.de >
 1379 Dr. David Linke < linke#aca-berlin.de >
 1380 Alexander Kemp < Alexander.Kemp#gmx.de >
 1381 Hans Thielen < hans.thielen#ipt.fraunhofer.de >
 1382 Michael Wegner < michael-wegner#gmx.de >
 1383 Vitaly Lipatov < lav#altlinux.ru >
 1384 Ralph Bauer < rkhb#gmx.net >
 1385 Markus Greil < m.greil#gcd-printlayout.de >
 1386 Francesco Potorti < Potorti#isti.cnr.it >
 1387 Ward Allen < Ward#sdfi.com >
 1388 Andreas Pickart < vera#lehm.ath.cx >
 1389 Thomas Duerholt < thomas.duerholt#gfd.de >
 1390 Wouter Cloetens < wouter#mind.be >
 1391 Bruno Bonfils < asyd#asyd.net >
 1392 Justin Pryzby < jpryzby#quoininc.com >
 1393 Christoph 'Mehdorn' Weber < christoph.weber#das-mehdorn.de >
 1394 Heinz-J├╝rgen Oertel < oe#port.de >
 1395 Caspar Wahl-vom Bruch < cwvb#wtal.de >
 1396 Sasha Boyd < sasha.boyd#gov.adatsa.org >
 1397 
 1398 @end format
 1399 
 1400 @format
 1401 @group
 1402 About 200 acronyms dealing with the ATM subject were taken
 1403 from the online collection of the ATM forum.
 1404 By courtesy of ATM forum.
 1405 @end group
 1406 
 1407 @group
 1408 Another batch of acronyms was taken from the freely available
 1409 acronym collection "Internet Perls 22" (@emph{iperls22.zip}).
 1410 By courtesy of William Hogg < wmhogg#execpc.com >.
 1411 @end group
 1412 
 1413 @group
 1414 A lot of military related acronyms as well as several others
 1415 were taken from the online collection of the DISA Center for
 1416 Standards.
 1417 By courtesy of DISA Center for Standards.
 1418 @end group
 1419 @end format
 1420 
 1421 @noindent
 1422 Thanks to all of them and everybody who should be missing
 1423 accidently.
 1424 
 1425 @noindent
 1426 Also thanks to the following people:
 1427 
 1428 @noindent
 1429 Richard M. Stallman @*
 1430 For his encouraging words to get this edition done and some comments 
 1431 on how a Texinfo file should be formatted.
 1432 Also for the efforts taken to deal with the Systems Science Inc.
 1433 copyright/trademark incident in April 1998.
 1434 
 1435 @noindent
 1436 Horst von Brand < vonbrand#sleipnir.valparaiso.cl > @*
 1437 For pointing to the inconsistency between the file name in
 1438 @code{@@setfilename} (upper case) and the suggested info entry
 1439 (lower case).
 1440 
 1441 @noindent
 1442 Ricard Torres < root#tamino.udg.es > @*
 1443 For pointing to some Un*x install problems in release 1.3.
 1444 
 1445 @noindent
 1446 Carsten Leonhardt < leo#arioch.oche.de > @*
 1447 For sending in a lot of spelling corrections for the
 1448 text of release 1.3. It were 17 if I counted right. 
 1449 What a shame.
 1450 
 1451 @noindent
 1452 H. Kronenberg < kronenberg#imst.de > @*
 1453 For submitting numerous spelling corrections 
 1454 for acronym expansions.
 1455 
 1456 @noindent
 1457 Henning Jonat < henningjonat#home.com > @*
 1458 For sending a long list with acronym expansions which 
 1459 were still missing.
 1460 
 1461 @noindent
 1462 Alexander Mai < st002279#hrzpub.tu-darmstadt.de > @*
 1463 For pointing out a left over ISO character my 
 1464 replacing routine had ignored and for suggesting
 1465 to add a 'README' file to the distributon.
 1466 
 1467 @noindent
 1468 Andres Soolo < soolo#math.ut.ee > @*
 1469 For contributing a Perl search routine for V.E.R.A.
 1470 
 1471 @noindent
 1472 Leslie Polzer < leslie.polzer#gmx.net > @*
 1473 For pointing out that the definition of the word acronym
 1474 contained "@emph{onyma}" which is aeolian while it should be
 1475 "@emph{onoma}" which is the more common attic form.
 1476 
 1477 @noindent
 1478 Vitaly Lipatov < lav#altlinux.ru > @*
 1479 For taking the effort to proof-read V.E.R.A. and sending
 1480 in 46 spelling corrections.
 1481 
 1482 @noindent
 1483 < lolilolicon#gmail.com > @*
 1484 For eliminating all the wrong double spaces and pointing
 1485 out a formatting glitch.
 1486 
 1487 @node Disclaimer, GNU FDL, Acknowledgments, Top
 1488 @c node-name, next, previous, up
 1489 @chapter Disclaimer
 1490 @cindex Copying policy
 1491 @cindex Disclaimer
 1492 @cindex Distribution policy
 1493 @cindex Legal stuff
 1494 @cindex Modifications policy
 1495 @cindex Printing policy
 1496 @cindex Translations policy
 1497 
 1498 @ifinfo
 1499 @strong{V.E.R.A. --- Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms}
 1500 
 1501 @end ifinfo
 1502 @noindent
 1503 This is a special GNU edition of V.E.R.A.,
 1504 a list dealing with computational acronyms. It is currently 
 1505 maintained by @value{ACTMAINTAINER} @value{MAINTAINEMAIL}.
 1506 
 1507 @noindent
 1508 Although V.E.R.A. has been corrected and worked over for
 1509 quite a long time, no guarantee can be given for the
 1510 correctness of any part of its contents.  Please don't
 1511 get it wrong and help to correct any faults you may find.
 1512 
 1513 @noindent
 1514 Please send corrections to the current maintainer.
 1515 
 1516 @noindent
 1517 The author suggests not to redistribute corrected versions
 1518 of this document, but instead to inform the actual maintainer
 1519 about corrections you might have.  This would help not to
 1520 confuse users because of different versions.
 1521 
 1522 @noindent
 1523 For a complete legal disclaimer please read 
 1524 @ref{GNU FDL}.
 1525 
 1526 @noindent
 1527 Within the above restrictions the distribution of this
 1528 document is explicitly encouraged and I hope you'll find
 1529 it of some value.
 1530 
 1531 @noindent
 1532 Please note that another version of V.E.R.A. exists, which
 1533 is not related to the GNU project.
 1534 
 1535 @noindent
 1536 This dictionary has nothing to do with Systems Science Inc. 
 1537 or its products.
 1538 
 1539 @noindent
 1540 Oliver Heidelbach (original author) @*
 1541 @noindent
 1542 @value{AUTHOREMAIL}
 1543 
 1544 @noindent
 1545 Copyright @copyright{} 1993/@value{ACTYEAR}
 1546 
 1547 @node GNU FDL, Index, Disclaimer, Top
 1548 @include fdl-1.3.texi
 1549 
 1550 @node Index, , GNU FDL, Top
 1551 @comment  node-name,  next,  previous,  up
 1552 @unnumbered Index
 1553 @printindex cp
 1554 
 1555 @c I don't think a full TOC is needed.
 1556 @summarycontents
 1557 
 1558 @bye