"Fossies" - the Fresh Open Source Software Archive
Member "bc-1.06.95/COPYING.LIB" (27 May 2005, 26545 Bytes) of package /linux/misc/old/bc-1.06.95.tar.gz:
As a special service "Fossies" has tried to format the requested text file into HTML format (style: standard
) with prefixed line numbers.
Alternatively you can here view
the uninterpreted source code file.
See also the last Fossies "Diffs"
side-by-side code changes report for "COPYING.LIB": 1.06.95_vs_1.07
2 GNU LESSER GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
3 Version 2.1, February 1999
5 Copyright (C) 1991, 1999 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
6 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
7 Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
8 of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.
10 [This is the first released version of the Lesser GPL. It also counts
11 as the successor of the GNU Library Public License, version 2, hence
12 the version number 2.1.]
16 The licenses for most software are designed to take away your
17 freedom to share and change it. By contrast, the GNU General Public
18 Licenses are intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change
19 free software--to make sure the software is free for all its users.
21 This license, the Lesser General Public License, applies to some
22 specially designated software packages--typically libraries--of the
23 Free Software Foundation and other authors who decide to use it. You
24 can use it too, but we suggest you first think carefully about whether
25 this license or the ordinary General Public License is the better
26 strategy to use in any particular case, based on the explanations
29 When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom of use,
30 not price. Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that
31 you have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge
32 for this service if you wish); that you receive source code or can get
33 it if you want it; that you can change the software and use pieces of
34 it in new free programs; and that you are informed that you can do
35 these things.
37 To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that forbid
38 distributors to deny you these rights or to ask you to surrender these
39 rights. These restrictions translate to certain responsibilities for
40 you if you distribute copies of the library or if you modify it.
42 For example, if you distribute copies of the library, whether gratis
43 or for a fee, you must give the recipients all the rights that we gave
44 you. You must make sure that they, too, receive or can get the source
45 code. If you link other code with the library, you must provide
46 complete object files to the recipients, so that they can relink them
47 with the library after making changes to the library and recompiling
48 it. And you must show them these terms so they know their rights.
50 We protect your rights with a two-step method: (1) we copyright the
51 library, and (2) we offer you this license, which gives you legal
52 permission to copy, distribute and/or modify the library.
54 To protect each distributor, we want to make it very clear that
55 there is no warranty for the free library. Also, if the library is
56 modified by someone else and passed on, the recipients should know
57 that what they have is not the original version, so that the original
58 author's reputation will not be affected by problems that might be
59 introduced by others.
61 Finally, software patents pose a constant threat to the existence of
62 any free program. We wish to make sure that a company cannot
63 effectively restrict the users of a free program by obtaining a
64 restrictive license from a patent holder. Therefore, we insist that
65 any patent license obtained for a version of the library must be
66 consistent with the full freedom of use specified in this license.
68 Most GNU software, including some libraries, is covered by the
69 ordinary GNU General Public License. This license, the GNU Lesser
70 General Public License, applies to certain designated libraries, and
71 is quite different from the ordinary General Public License. We use
72 this license for certain libraries in order to permit linking those
73 libraries into non-free programs.
75 When a program is linked with a library, whether statically or using
76 a shared library, the combination of the two is legally speaking a
77 combined work, a derivative of the original library. The ordinary
78 General Public License therefore permits such linking only if the
79 entire combination fits its criteria of freedom. The Lesser General
80 Public License permits more lax criteria for linking other code with
81 the library.
83 We call this license the "Lesser" General Public License because it
84 does Less to protect the user's freedom than the ordinary General
85 Public License. It also provides other free software developers Less
86 of an advantage over competing non-free programs. These disadvantages
87 are the reason we use the ordinary General Public License for many
88 libraries. However, the Lesser license provides advantages in certain
89 special circumstances.
91 For example, on rare occasions, there may be a special need to
92 encourage the widest possible use of a certain library, so that it
94 a de-facto standard. To achieve this, non-free programs must be
95 allowed to use the library. A more frequent case is that a free
96 library does the same job as widely used non-free libraries. In this
97 case, there is little to gain by limiting the free library to free
98 software only, so we use the Lesser General Public License.
100 In other cases, permission to use a particular library in non-free
101 programs enables a greater number of people to use a large body of
102 free software. For example, permission to use the GNU C Library in
103 non-free programs enables many more people to use the whole GNU
104 operating system, as well as its variant, the GNU/Linux operating
107 Although the Lesser General Public License is Less protective of the
108 users' freedom, it does ensure that the user of a program that is
109 linked with the Library has the freedom and the wherewithal to run
110 that program using a modified version of the Library.
112 The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and
113 modification follow. Pay close attention to the difference between a
114 "work based on the library" and a "work that uses the library". The
115 former contains code derived from the library, whereas the latter must
116 be combined with the library in order to run.
118 GNU LESSER GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
119 TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION
121 0. This License Agreement applies to any software library or other
122 program which contains a notice placed by the copyright holder or
123 other authorized party saying it may be distributed under the terms of
124 this Lesser General Public License (also called "this License").
125 Each licensee is addressed as "you".
127 A "library" means a collection of software functions and/or data
128 prepared so as to be conveniently linked with application programs
129 (which use some of those functions and data) to form executables.
131 The "Library", below, refers to any such software library or work
132 which has been distributed under these terms. A "work based on the
133 Library" means either the Library or any derivative work under
134 copyright law: that is to say, a work containing the Library or a
135 portion of it, either verbatim or with modifications and/or translated
136 straightforwardly into another language. (Hereinafter, translation is
137 included without limitation in the term "modification".)
139 "Source code" for a work means the preferred form of the work for
140 making modifications to it. For a library, complete source code means
141 all the source code for all modules it contains, plus any associated
142 interface definition files, plus the scripts used to control
144 and installation of the library.
146 Activities other than copying, distribution and modification are not
147 covered by this License; they are outside its scope. The act of
148 running a program using the Library is not restricted, and output from
149 such a program is covered only if its contents constitute a work based
150 on the Library (independent of the use of the Library in a tool for
151 writing it). Whether that is true depends on what the Library does
152 and what the program that uses the Library does.
154 1. You may copy and distribute verbatim copies of the Library's
155 complete source code as you receive it, in any medium, provided that
156 you conspicuously and appropriately publish on each copy an
157 appropriate copyright notice and disclaimer of warranty; keep intact
158 all the notices that refer to this License and to the absence of any
159 warranty; and distribute a copy of this License along with the
162 You may charge a fee for the physical act of transferring a copy,
163 and you may at your option offer warranty protection in exchange for a
166 2. You may modify your copy or copies of the Library or any portion
167 of it, thus forming a work based on the Library, and copy and
168 distribute such modifications or work under the terms of Section 1
169 above, provided that you also meet all of these conditions:
171 a) The modified work must itself be a software library.
173 b) You must cause the files modified to carry prominent notices
174 stating that you changed the files and the date of any change.
176 c) You must cause the whole of the work to be licensed at no
177 charge to all third parties under the terms of this License.
179 d) If a facility in the modified Library refers to a function or a
180 table of data to be supplied by an application program that uses
181 the facility, other than as an argument passed when the facility
182 is invoked, then you must make a good faith effort to ensure that,
183 in the event an application does not supply such function or
184 table, the facility still operates, and performs whatever part of
185 its purpose remains meaningful.
187 (For example, a function in a library to compute square roots has
188 a purpose that is entirely well-defined independent of the
189 application. Therefore, Subsection 2d requires that any
190 application-supplied function or table used by this function must
191 be optional: if the application does not supply it, the square
192 root function must still compute square roots.)
194 These requirements apply to the modified work as a whole. If
195 identifiable sections of that work are not derived from the Library,
196 and can be reasonably considered independent and separate works in
197 themselves, then this License, and its terms, do not apply to those
198 sections when you distribute them as separate works. But when you
199 distribute the same sections as part of a whole which is a work based
200 on the Library, the distribution of the whole must be on the terms of
201 this License, whose permissions for other licensees extend to the
202 entire whole, and thus to each and every part regardless of who wrote
205 Thus, it is not the intent of this section to claim rights or contest
206 your rights to work written entirely by you; rather, the intent is to
207 exercise the right to control the distribution of derivative or
208 collective works based on the Library.
210 In addition, mere aggregation of another work not based on the Library
211 with the Library (or with a work based on the Library) on a volume of
212 a storage or distribution medium does not bring the other work under
213 the scope of this License.
215 3. You may opt to apply the terms of the ordinary GNU General Public
216 License instead of this License to a given copy of the Library. To do
217 this, you must alter all the notices that refer to this License, so
218 that they refer to the ordinary GNU General Public License, version 2,
219 instead of to this License. (If a newer version than version 2 of the
220 ordinary GNU General Public License has appeared, then you can specify
221 that version instead if you wish.) Do not make any other change in
222 these notices.
224 Once this change is made in a given copy, it is irreversible for
225 that copy, so the ordinary GNU General Public License applies to all
226 subsequent copies and derivative works made from that copy.
228 This option is useful when you wish to copy part of the code of
229 the Library into a program that is not a library.
231 4. You may copy and distribute the Library (or a portion or
232 derivative of it, under Section 2) in object code or executable form
233 under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above provided that you accompany
234 it with the complete corresponding machine-readable source code, which
235 must be distributed under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above on a
236 medium customarily used for software interchange.
238 If distribution of object code is made by offering access to copy
239 from a designated place, then offering equivalent access to copy the
240 source code from the same place satisfies the requirement to
241 distribute the source code, even though third parties are not
242 compelled to copy the source along with the object code.
244 5. A program that contains no derivative of any portion of the
245 Library, but is designed to work with the Library by being compiled or
246 linked with it, is called a "work that uses the Library". Such a
247 work, in isolation, is not a derivative work of the Library, and
248 therefore falls outside the scope of this License.
250 However, linking a "work that uses the Library" with the Library
251 creates an executable that is a derivative of the Library (because it
252 contains portions of the Library), rather than a "work that uses the
253 library". The executable is therefore covered by this License.
254 Section 6 states terms for distribution of such executables.
256 When a "work that uses the Library" uses material from a header file
257 that is part of the Library, the object code for the work may be a
258 derivative work of the Library even though the source code is not.
259 Whether this is true is especially significant if the work can be
260 linked without the Library, or if the work is itself a library. The
261 threshold for this to be true is not precisely defined by law.
263 If such an object file uses only numerical parameters, data
264 structure layouts and accessors, and small macros and small inline
265 functions (ten lines or less in length), then the use of the object
266 file is unrestricted, regardless of whether it is legally a derivative
267 work. (Executables containing this object code plus portions of the
268 Library will still fall under Section 6.)
270 Otherwise, if the work is a derivative of the Library, you may
271 distribute the object code for the work under the terms of Section 6.
272 Any executables containing that work also fall under Section 6,
273 whether or not they are linked directly with the Library itself.
275 6. As an exception to the Sections above, you may also combine or
276 link a "work that uses the Library" with the Library to produce a
277 work containing portions of the Library, and distribute that work
278 under terms of your choice, provided that the terms permit
279 modification of the work for the customer's own use and reverse
280 engineering for debugging such modifications.
282 You must give prominent notice with each copy of the work that the
283 Library is used in it and that the Library and its use are covered by
284 this License. You must supply a copy of this License. If the work
285 during execution displays copyright notices, you must include the
286 copyright notice for the Library among them, as well as a reference
287 directing the user to the copy of this License. Also, you must do one
288 of these things:
290 a) Accompany the work with the complete corresponding
291 machine-readable source code for the Library including whatever
292 changes were used in the work (which must be distributed under
293 Sections 1 and 2 above); and, if the work is an executable linked
294 with the Library, with the complete machine-readable "work that
295 uses the Library", as object code and/or source code, so that the
296 user can modify the Library and then relink to produce a modified
297 executable containing the modified Library. (It is understood
298 that the user who changes the contents of definitions files in the
299 Library will not necessarily be able to recompile the application
300 to use the modified definitions.)
302 b) Use a suitable shared library mechanism for linking with the
303 Library. A suitable mechanism is one that (1) uses at run time a
304 copy of the library already present on the user's computer system,
305 rather than copying library functions into the executable, and (2)
306 will operate properly with a modified version of the library, if
307 the user installs one, as long as the modified version is
308 interface-compatible with the version that the work was made with.
310 c) Accompany the work with a written offer, valid for at
311 least three years, to give the same user the materials
312 specified in Subsection 6a, above, for a charge no more
313 than the cost of performing this distribution.
315 d) If distribution of the work is made by offering access to copy
316 from a designated place, offer equivalent access to copy the above
317 specified materials from the same place.
319 e) Verify that the user has already received a copy of these
320 materials or that you have already sent this user a copy.
322 For an executable, the required form of the "work that uses the
323 Library" must include any data and utility programs needed for
324 reproducing the executable from it. However, as a special exception,
325 the materials to be distributed need not include anything that is
326 normally distributed (in either source or binary form) with the major
327 components (compiler, kernel, and so on) of the operating system on
328 which the executable runs, unless that component itself accompanies
329 the executable.
331 It may happen that this requirement contradicts the license
332 restrictions of other proprietary libraries that do not normally
333 accompany the operating system. Such a contradiction means you cannot
334 use both them and the Library together in an executable that you
337 7. You may place library facilities that are a work based on the
338 Library side-by-side in a single library together with other library
339 facilities not covered by this License, and distribute such a combined
340 library, provided that the separate distribution of the work based on
341 the Library and of the other library facilities is otherwise
342 permitted, and provided that you do these two things:
344 a) Accompany the combined library with a copy of the same work
345 based on the Library, uncombined with any other library
346 facilities. This must be distributed under the terms of the
347 Sections above.
349 b) Give prominent notice with the combined library of the fact
350 that part of it is a work based on the Library, and explaining
351 where to find the accompanying uncombined form of the same work.
353 8. You may not copy, modify, sublicense, link with, or distribute
354 the Library except as expressly provided under this License. Any
355 attempt otherwise to copy, modify, sublicense, link with, or
356 distribute the Library is void, and will automatically terminate your
357 rights under this License. However, parties who have received copies,
358 or rights, from you under this License will not have their licenses
359 terminated so long as such parties remain in full compliance.
361 9. You are not required to accept this License, since you have not
362 signed it. However, nothing else grants you permission to modify or
363 distribute the Library or its derivative works. These actions are
364 prohibited by law if you do not accept this License. Therefore, by
365 modifying or distributing the Library (or any work based on the
366 Library), you indicate your acceptance of this License to do so, and
367 all its terms and conditions for copying, distributing or modifying
368 the Library or works based on it.
370 10. Each time you redistribute the Library (or any work based on the
371 Library), the recipient automatically receives a license from the
372 original licensor to copy, distribute, link with or modify the Library
373 subject to these terms and conditions. You may not impose any further
374 restrictions on the recipients' exercise of the rights granted herein.
375 You are not responsible for enforcing compliance by third parties with
376 this License.
378 11. If, as a consequence of a court judgment or allegation of patent
379 infringement or for any other reason (not limited to patent issues),
380 conditions are imposed on you (whether by court order, agreement or
381 otherwise) that contradict the conditions of this License, they do not
382 excuse you from the conditions of this License. If you cannot
383 distribute so as to satisfy simultaneously your obligations under this
384 License and any other pertinent obligations, then as a consequence you
385 may not distribute the Library at all. For example, if a patent
386 license would not permit royalty-free redistribution of the Library by
387 all those who receive copies directly or indirectly through you, then
388 the only way you could satisfy both it and this License would be to
389 refrain entirely from distribution of the Library.
391 If any portion of this section is held invalid or unenforceable under
392 any particular circumstance, the balance of the section is intended to
393 apply, and the section as a whole is intended to apply in other
396 It is not the purpose of this section to induce you to infringe any
397 patents or other property right claims or to contest validity of any
398 such claims; this section has the sole purpose of protecting the
399 integrity of the free software distribution system which is
400 implemented by public license practices. Many people have made
401 generous contributions to the wide range of software distributed
402 through that system in reliance on consistent application of that
403 system; it is up to the author/donor to decide if he or she is willing
404 to distribute software through any other system and a licensee cannot
405 impose that choice.
407 This section is intended to make thoroughly clear what is believed to
408 be a consequence of the rest of this License.
410 12. If the distribution and/or use of the Library is restricted in
411 certain countries either by patents or by copyrighted interfaces, the
412 original copyright holder who places the Library under this License
413 may add an explicit geographical distribution limitation excluding those
414 countries, so that distribution is permitted only in or among
415 countries not thus excluded. In such case, this License incorporates
416 the limitation as if written in the body of this License.
418 13. The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new
419 versions of the Lesser General Public License from time to time.
420 Such new versions will be similar in spirit to the present version,
421 but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.
423 Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Library
424 specifies a version number of this License which applies to it and
425 "any later version", you have the option of following the terms and
426 conditions either of that version or of any later version published by
427 the Free Software Foundation. If the Library does not specify a
428 license version number, you may choose any version ever published by
429 the Free Software Foundation.
431 14. If you wish to incorporate parts of the Library into other free
432 programs whose distribution conditions are incompatible with these,
433 write to the author to ask for permission. For software which is
434 copyrighted by the Free Software Foundation, write to the Free
435 Software Foundation; we sometimes make exceptions for this. Our
436 decision will be guided by the two goals of preserving the free status
437 of all derivatives of our free software and of promoting the sharing
438 and reuse of software generally.
440 NO WARRANTY
442 15. BECAUSE THE LIBRARY IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO
443 WARRANTY FOR THE LIBRARY, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW.
444 EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR
445 OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE LIBRARY "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
446 KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
447 IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
448 PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE
449 LIBRARY IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE LIBRARY PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME
450 THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION.
452 16. IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN
453 WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY
454 AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE LIBRARY AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO YOU
455 FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR
456 CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE
457 LIBRARY (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING
458 RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A
459 FAILURE OF THE LIBRARY TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER SOFTWARE), EVEN IF
460 SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH
463 END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS
465 How to Apply These Terms to Your New Libraries
467 If you develop a new library, and you want it to be of the greatest
468 possible use to the public, we recommend making it free software that
469 everyone can redistribute and change. You can do so by permitting
470 redistribution under these terms (or, alternatively, under the terms
471 of the ordinary General Public License).
473 To apply these terms, attach the following notices to the library.
474 It is safest to attach them to the start of each source file to most
475 effectively convey the exclusion of warranty; and each file should
476 have at least the "copyright" line and a pointer to where the full
477 notice is found.
480 <one line to give the library's name and a brief idea of what it
482 Copyright (C) <year> <name of author>
484 This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
485 modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
486 License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
487 version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
489 This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
490 but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
491 MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
492 Lesser General Public License for more details.
494 You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
495 License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
496 Foundation, Inc. 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
497 Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
499 Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper
502 You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or
504 school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the library, if
505 necessary. Here is a sample; alter the names:
507 Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the
508 library `Frob' (a library for tweaking knobs) written by James
509 Random Hacker.
511 <signature of Ty Coon>, 1 April 1990
512 Ty Coon, President of Vice
514 That's all there is to it!