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NDB_DESC

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
COPYRIGHT
NOTES
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

NAME

ndb_desc − describe NDB tables

SYNOPSIS

ndb_desc options

DESCRIPTION

ndb_desc provides a detailed description of one or more NDB tables. Usage

ndb_desc −c connection_string tbl_name −d db_name [options]
ndb_desc −c connection_string index_name −d db_name −t tbl_name

Additional options that can be used with ndb_desc are listed later in this section. Sample Output

MySQL table creation and population statements:

USE test;
CREATE TABLE fish (
id INT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
name VARCHAR(20) NOT NULL,
length_mm INT NOT NULL,
weight_gm INT NOT NULL,
PRIMARY KEY pk (id),
UNIQUE KEY uk (name)
) ENGINE=NDB;
INSERT INTO fish VALUES
(NULL, 'guppy', 35, 2), (NULL, 'tuna', 2500, 150000),
(NULL, 'shark', 3000, 110000), (NULL, 'manta ray', 1500, 50000),
(NULL, 'grouper', 900, 125000), (NULL ,'puffer', 250, 2500);

Output from ndb_desc:

shell> ./ndb_desc −c localhost fish −d test −p
−− fish −−
Version: 2
Fragment type: HashMapPartition
K Value: 6
Min load factor: 78
Max load factor: 80
Temporary table: no
Number of attributes: 4
Number of primary keys: 1
Length of frm data: 337
Max Rows: 0
Row Checksum: 1
Row GCI: 1
SingleUserMode: 0
ForceVarPart: 1
PartitionCount: 2
FragmentCount: 2
PartitionBalance: FOR_RP_BY_LDM
ExtraRowGciBits: 0
ExtraRowAuthorBits: 0
TableStatus: Retrieved
Table options:
HashMap: DEFAULT−HASHMAP−3840−2
−− Attributes −−
id Int PRIMARY KEY DISTRIBUTION KEY AT=FIXED ST=MEMORY AUTO_INCR
name Varchar(20;latin1_swedish_ci) NOT NULL AT=SHORT_VAR ST=MEMORY DYNAMIC
length_mm Int NOT NULL AT=FIXED ST=MEMORY DYNAMIC
weight_gm Int NOT NULL AT=FIXED ST=MEMORY DYNAMIC
−− Indexes −−
PRIMARY KEY(id) − UniqueHashIndex
PRIMARY(id) − OrderedIndex
uk(name) − OrderedIndex
uk$unique(name) − UniqueHashIndex
−− Per partition info −−
Partition Row count Commit count Frag fixed memory Frag varsized memory Extent_space Free extent_space
0 2 2 32768 32768 0 0
1 4 4 32768 32768 0 0
NDBT_ProgramExit: 0 − OK

Information about multiple tables can be obtained in a single invocation of ndb_desc by using their names, separated by spaces. All of the tables must be in the same database.

You can obtain additional information about a specific index using the −−table (short form: −t) option and supplying the name of the index as the first argument to ndb_desc, as shown here:

shell> ./ndb_desc uk −d test −t fish
−− uk −−
Version: 2
Base table: fish
Number of attributes: 1
Logging: 0
Index type: OrderedIndex
Index status: Retrieved
−− Attributes −−
name Varchar(20;latin1_swedish_ci) NOT NULL AT=SHORT_VAR ST=MEMORY
−− IndexTable 10/uk −−
Version: 2
Fragment type: FragUndefined
K Value: 6
Min load factor: 78
Max load factor: 80
Temporary table: yes
Number of attributes: 2
Number of primary keys: 1
Length of frm data: 0
Max Rows: 0
Row Checksum: 1
Row GCI: 1
SingleUserMode: 2
ForceVarPart: 0
PartitionCount: 2
FragmentCount: 2
FragmentCountType: ONE_PER_LDM_PER_NODE
ExtraRowGciBits: 0
ExtraRowAuthorBits: 0
TableStatus: Retrieved
Table options:
−− Attributes −−
name Varchar(20;latin1_swedish_ci) NOT NULL AT=SHORT_VAR ST=MEMORY
NDB$TNODE Unsigned [64] PRIMARY KEY DISTRIBUTION KEY AT=FIXED ST=MEMORY
−− Indexes −−
PRIMARY KEY(NDB$TNODE) − UniqueHashIndex
NDBT_ProgramExit: 0 − OK

When an index is specified in this way, the −−extra−partition−info and −−extra−node−info options have no effect.

The Version column in the output contains the table's schema object version. For information about interpreting this value, see NDB Schema Object Versions [1] .

Three of the table properties that can be set using NDB_TABLE comments embedded in CREATE TABLE and ALTER TABLE statements are also visible in ndb_desc output. The table's FRAGMENT_COUNT_TYPE is always shown in the FragmentCountType column. READ_ONLY and FULLY_REPLICATED, if set to 1, are shown in the Table options column. You can see this after executing the following ALTER TABLE statement in the mysql client:

mysql> ALTER TABLE fish COMMENT='NDB_TABLE=READ_ONLY=1,FULLY_REPLICATED=1';
1 row in set, 1 warning (0.00 sec)
mysql> SHOW WARNINGS\G
+−−−−−−−−−+−−−−−−+−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−+
| Level | Code | Message |
+−−−−−−−−−+−−−−−−+−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−+
| Warning | 1296 | Got error 4503 'Table property is FRAGMENT_COUNT_TYPE=ONE_PER_LDM_PER_NODE but not in comment' from NDB |
+−−−−−−−−−+−−−−−−+−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

The warning is issued because READ_ONLY=1 requires that the table's fragment count type is (or be set to) ONE_PER_LDM_PER_NODE_GROUP; NDB sets this automatically in such cases. You can check that the ALTER TABLE statement has the desired effect using SHOW CREATE TABLE:

mysql> SHOW CREATE TABLE fish\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
Table: fish
Create Table: CREATE TABLE ‘fish‘ (
‘id‘ int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
‘name‘ varchar(20) NOT NULL,
‘length_mm‘ int(11) NOT NULL,
‘weight_gm‘ int(11) NOT NULL,
PRIMARY KEY (‘id‘),
UNIQUE KEY ‘uk‘ (‘name‘)
) ENGINE=ndbcluster DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1
COMMENT='NDB_TABLE=READ_BACKUP=1,FULLY_REPLICATED=1'
1 row in set (0.01 sec)

Because FRAGMENT_COUNT_TYPE was not set explicitly, its value is not shown in the comment text printed by SHOW CREATE TABLE. ndb_desc, however, displays the updated value for this attribute. The Table options column shows the binary properties just enabled. You can see this in the output shown here (emphasized text):

shell> ./ndb_desc −c localhost fish −d test −p
−− fish −−
Version: 4
Fragment type: HashMapPartition
K Value: 6
Min load factor: 78
Max load factor: 80
Temporary table: no
Number of attributes: 4
Number of primary keys: 1
Length of frm data: 380
Max Rows: 0
Row Checksum: 1
Row GCI: 1
SingleUserMode: 0
ForceVarPart: 1
PartitionCount: 1
FragmentCount: 1
FragmentCountType: ONE_PER_LDM_PER_NODE_GROUP

ExtraRowGciBits: 0
ExtraRowAuthorBits: 0
TableStatus: Retrieved
Table options: readbackup, fullyreplicated

HashMap: DEFAULT−HASHMAP−3840−1
−− Attributes −−
id Int PRIMARY KEY DISTRIBUTION KEY AT=FIXED ST=MEMORY AUTO_INCR
name Varchar(20;latin1_swedish_ci) NOT NULL AT=SHORT_VAR ST=MEMORY DYNAMIC
length_mm Int NOT NULL AT=FIXED ST=MEMORY DYNAMIC
weight_gm Int NOT NULL AT=FIXED ST=MEMORY DYNAMIC
−− Indexes −−
PRIMARY KEY(id) − UniqueHashIndex
PRIMARY(id) − OrderedIndex
uk(name) − OrderedIndex
uk$unique(name) − UniqueHashIndex
−− Per partition info −−
Partition Row count Commit count Frag fixed memory Frag varsized memory Extent_space Free extent_space
NDBT_ProgramExit: 0 − OK

For more information about these table properties, see Section 13.1.20.11, “Setting NDB_TABLE Options”.

The Extent_space and Free extent_space columns are applicable only to NDB tables having columns on disk; for tables having only in−memory columns, these columns always contain the value 0.

To illustrate their use, we modify the previous example. First, we must create the necessary Disk Data objects, as shown here:

CREATE LOGFILE GROUP lg_1
ADD UNDOFILE 'undo_1.log'
INITIAL_SIZE 16M
UNDO_BUFFER_SIZE 2M
ENGINE NDB;
ALTER LOGFILE GROUP lg_1
ADD UNDOFILE 'undo_2.log'
INITIAL_SIZE 12M
ENGINE NDB;
CREATE TABLESPACE ts_1
ADD DATAFILE 'data_1.dat'
USE LOGFILE GROUP lg_1
INITIAL_SIZE 32M
ENGINE NDB;
ALTER TABLESPACE ts_1
ADD DATAFILE 'data_2.dat'
INITIAL_SIZE 48M
ENGINE NDB;

(For more information on the statements just shown and the objects created by them, see Section 23.6.10.1, “NDB Cluster Disk Data Objects”, as well as Section 13.1.16, “CREATE LOGFILE GROUP Statement”, and Section 13.1.21, “CREATE TABLESPACE Statement”.)

Now we can create and populate a version of the fish table that stores 2 of its columns on disk (deleting the previous version of the table first, if it already exists):

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS fish;
CREATE TABLE fish (
id INT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
name VARCHAR(20) NOT NULL,
length_mm INT NOT NULL,
weight_gm INT NOT NULL,
PRIMARY KEY pk (id),
UNIQUE KEY uk (name)
) TABLESPACE ts_1 STORAGE DISK
ENGINE=NDB;
INSERT INTO fish VALUES
(NULL, 'guppy', 35, 2), (NULL, 'tuna', 2500, 150000),
(NULL, 'shark', 3000, 110000), (NULL, 'manta ray', 1500, 50000),
(NULL, 'grouper', 900, 125000), (NULL ,'puffer', 250, 2500);

When run against this version of the table, ndb_desc displays the following output:

shell> ./ndb_desc −c localhost fish −d test −p
−− fish −−
Version: 1
Fragment type: HashMapPartition
K Value: 6
Min load factor: 78
Max load factor: 80
Temporary table: no
Number of attributes: 4
Number of primary keys: 1
Length of frm data: 1001
Max Rows: 0
Row Checksum: 1
Row GCI: 1
SingleUserMode: 0
ForceVarPart: 1
PartitionCount: 2
FragmentCount: 2
PartitionBalance: FOR_RP_BY_LDM
ExtraRowGciBits: 0
ExtraRowAuthorBits: 0
TableStatus: Retrieved
Table options: readbackup
HashMap: DEFAULT−HASHMAP−3840−2
Tablespace id: 16
Tablespace: ts_1
−− Attributes −−
id Int PRIMARY KEY DISTRIBUTION KEY AT=FIXED ST=MEMORY AUTO_INCR
name Varchar(80;utf8mb4_0900_ai_ci) NOT NULL AT=SHORT_VAR ST=MEMORY
length_mm Int NOT NULL AT=FIXED ST=DISK
weight_gm Int NOT NULL AT=FIXED ST=DISK
−− Indexes −−
PRIMARY KEY(id) − UniqueHashIndex
PRIMARY(id) − OrderedIndex
uk(name) − OrderedIndex
uk$unique(name) − UniqueHashIndex
−− Per partition info −−
Partition Row count Commit count Frag fixed memory Frag varsized memory Extent_space Free extent_space
0 2 2 32768 32768 1048576 1044440
1 4 4 32768 32768 1048576 1044400
NDBT_ProgramExit: 0 − OK

This means that 1048576 bytes are allocated from the tablespace for this table on each partition, of which 1044440 bytes remain free for additional storage. In other words, 1048576 − 1044440 = 4136 bytes per partition is currently being used to store the data from this table's disk−based columns. The number of bytes shown as Free extent_space is available for storing on−disk column data from the fish table only; for this reason, it is not visible when selecting from the INFORMATION_SCHEMA.FILES table.

Tablespace id and Tablespace are displayed for Disk Data tables beginning with NDB 8.0.21.

For fully replicated tables, ndb_desc shows only the nodes holding primary partition fragment replicas; nodes with copy fragment replicas (only) are ignored. You can obtain such information, using the mysql client, from the table_distribution_status, table_fragments, table_info, and table_replicas tables in the ndbinfo database.

All options that can be used with ndb_desc are shown in the following table. Additional descriptions follow the table.

Table 23.31. Command−line options used with the program ndb_desc

−−auto−inc, −a Show the next value for a table's AUTO_INCREMENT column, if it has one.

−−blob−info, −b Include information about subordinate BLOB and TEXT columns.

Use of this option also requires the use of the −−extra−partition−info (−p) option.

−−character−sets−dir

Directory containing character sets.

−−connect−retries

Number of times to retry connection before giving up.

−−connect−retry−delay

Number of seconds to wait between attempts to contact management server.

−−connect−string

Same as −−ndb−connectstring.

−−context, −x Show additional contextual information for the table such as schema, database name, table name, and the table's internal ID.

−−core−file

Write core file on error; used in debugging.

−−database=db_name, −d Specify the database in which the table should be found.

−−defaults−extra−file

Read given file after global files are read.

−−defaults−file

Read default options from given file only.

−−defaults−group−suffix

Also read groups with concat(group, suffix).

−−extra−node−info, −n Include information about the mappings between table partitions and the data nodes upon which they reside. This information can be useful for verifying distribution awareness mechanisms and supporting more efficient application access to the data stored in NDB Cluster.

Use of this option also requires the use of the −−extra−partition−info (−p) option.

−−extra−partition−info, −p Print additional information about the table's partitions.

−−help

Display help text and exit.

−−login−path

Read given path from login file.

−−ndb−connectstring

Set connect string for connecting to ndb_mgmd. Syntax: "[nodeid=id;][host=]hostname[:port]". Overrides entries in NDB_CONNECTSTRING and my.cnf.

−−ndb−mgmd−host

Same as −−ndb−connectstring.

−−ndb−nodeid

Set node ID for this node, overriding any ID set by −−ndb−connectstring.

−−ndb−optimized−node−selection

Enable optimizations for selection of nodes for transactions. Enabled by default; use −−skip−ndb−optimized−node−selection to disable.

−−no−defaults

Do not read default options from any option file other than login file.

−−print−defaults

Print program argument list and exit.

−−retries=#, −r Try to connect this many times before giving up. One connect attempt is made per second.

−−table=tbl_name, −t Specify the table in which to look for an index.

−−unqualified, −u Use unqualified table names.

−−usage

Display help text and exit; same as −−help.

−−version

Display version information and exit.

Table indexes listed in the output are ordered by ID.

COPYRIGHT

Copyright © 1997, 2021, Oracle and/or its affiliates.

This documentation is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it only under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.

This documentation is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with the program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA or see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.

NOTES

1.

NDB Schema Object Versions

https://dev.mysql.com/doc/ndb-internals/en/ndb-internals-schema-object-versions.html

SEE ALSO

For more information, please refer to the MySQL Reference Manual, which may already be installed locally and which is also available online at http://dev.mysql.com/doc/.

AUTHOR

Oracle Corporation (http://dev.mysql.com/).