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Lynis Changelog

Lynis 3.0.6 (2021-07-22)



Lynis 3.0.5 (2021-07-02)



Lynis 3.0.4 (2021-05-11)



Lynis 3.0.3 (2021-01-07)



Lynis 3.0.2 (2020-12-24)



Lynis 3.0.1 (2020-10-05)



Lynis 3.0.0 (2020-06-18)

This is a major release of Lynis and includes several big changes. Some of these changes may break your current usage of the tool, so test before deployment!

Security issues

This release resolves two security issues * CVE-2020-13882 - Discovered by Sander Bos, code submission by Katarina Durechova * CVE-2019-13033 - Discovered by Sander Bos

Breaking change: Non-interactive by default

Lynis now runs non-interactive by default, to be more in line with the Unix philosophy. So the previously used ‘–quick’ option is now default, and the tool will only wait when using the ‘–wait’ option.

Breaking change: Deprecated options

Breaking change: Profile options

The format of all profile options are converted (from key:value to key=value). You may have to update the changes you made in your custom.prf.


An important focus area for this release is on security. We added several measures to further tighten any possible misuse.

New: DevOps, Forensics, and pentesting mode

This release adds initial support to allow defining a specialized type of audit. Using the relevant options, the scan will change base on the intended goal.



Lynis 2.7.5 (2019-06-24)



Lynis 2.7.4 (2019-04-21)

This is a bigger release than usual, including several new tests created by Capashenn (GitHub). It is a coincidence that it is released exactly one month after the previous version and on Easter. No easter eggs, only improvements!



Lynis 2.7.3 (2019-03-21)



Lynis 2.7.2 (2019-03-07)



Lynis 2.7.1 (2019-01-30)



Lynis 2.7.0 (2018-10-26)



Lynis 2.6.9 (2018-09-19)


Lynis 2.6.8 (2018-08-23)


Lynis 2.6.7 (2018-08-09)


Lynis 2.6.6 (2018-07-06)



Lynis 2.6.5 (2018-06-26)


Lynis 2.6.4 (2018-05-02)



Lynis 2.6.3 (2018-03-07)




Lynis 2.6.2 (2018-02-13)


Lynis 2.6.1 (2018-01-26)



Lynis 2.6.0 (2018-01-18)



Lynis 2.5.9 (2018-01-12)



Lynis 2.5.8 (2017-12-28)



Lynis 2.5.7 (2017-10-29)


Lynis 2.5.6 (2017-10-27)



Lynis 2.5.5 (2017-09-07)



Lynis 2.5.4 (2017-09-05)



Lynis 2.5.3 (2017-08-17)



Lynis 2.5.2 (2017-07-10)


Lynis Enterprise:


Lynis 2.5.1 (2017-05-31)



Lynis 2.5.0 (2017-05-03)

During the development of this release, the project got informed about a flaw that possibly could be abused by a local attacker. Even with the small risk of success, upgrading is highly recommended. See details on CVE-2017-8108

This release is a special maintenance release with focus on cleaning up the code for readability and future expansion.



Lynis 2.4.8 (2017-03-29)

Changes: * More PHP paths added * Minor changes to text * Show atomic test in report


Lynis 2.4.7 (2017-03-22)

Changes: * Minor code cleanups


Lynis 2.4.6 (2017-03-15)



Lynis 2.4.5 (2017-03-09)



Lynis 2.4.4 (2017-03-01)



Lynis 2.4.3 (2017-02-22)



Lynis 2.4.2 (2017-02-15)



Lynis 2.4.1 (2017-02-09)



Lynis 2.4.0 (2016-10-27)

Exactly one month after previous release, the Lynis project is proud to announce a new release. This release had the specific focus to improve support for macOS users. Thanks to testers and contributors to make this possible.




Plugins (community and commercial):

Lynis 2.3.4 (2016-09-27)



Lynis 2.3.3 (2016-08-23)

Upgrade note

Customized profiles that included sysctl settings need to be altered. See default.prf for the correct format of the lines.








Experimental features (in development)




Lynis Enterprise integration

Lynis 2.3.2 (2016-08-09)

Categories and Groups

Tests are now grouped by their focus area and named ‘groups’ accordingly. Besides groups, each test will belong to a category (performance, privacy, or security).

Commands: lynis show categories, lynis show groups Options: –tests-from-category, –tests-from-group

Note: You might need to change your scripts if you previously defined the group of tests to scan.


A new ‘strict’ option is available in the profiles and by default enabled for the initialization phases of Lynis. It will perform a strict code check for the tests, to detect any uninitialized variables, improving code quality.
With ‘lynis update check’ you can now check for updates. This is the preferred new method.
The command ‘lynis show changelog’ allows reviewing the changes. Optionally a release can be specified as additional argument.

Initial translation for German has been contributed by Kai Raven. The Italian translation by Stefano Marty (stefanomarty). Hungarian translation by Zoltan Paldi (paldiz)


Parsing of the profiles has been improved, which prevented some settings from overriding default settings.



Translation of Spanish (es) added Proper display of text strings when accented characters are used More text strings added




Several controls on the website are added or updated, including: * FILE-6344 * FINT-4315 * FINT-4402 * HTTP-6714 * MACF-6234 * NAME-4018 * NAME-4402 * PHP-2374 * PROC-3612 * TIME-3106

Lynis 2.3.1 (2016-07-14)

This is a minor patch to improve upon findings in version 2.3.0.

Changes: - Convert all skipped tests to uppercase - Only add license key when it is defined - Updated French translation - Exclude custom.prf from tarball (download via website)

Lynis 2.3.0 (2016-07-13)

We are excited to announce this major release of auditing tool Lynis. Several big changes have been made to core functions of Lynis. These changes are the next of simplification improvements we made. There is a risk of breaking your existing configuration. See the tips below to upgrade.

This release will soon also be available in our software repository. For more details see https://packages.cisofy.com to install and upgrade Lynis.

Upgrade tips

Default profile and custom profiles: Settings of multiple profiles can now be merged. Instead of making changes to default.prf, copy your changes to custom.prf. Use ‘lynis show profiles’ to show any detected profiles. Only include your changes in custom.prf, to keep the configuration clean and tidy. They will then overwrite the defaults. Use ‘lynis show settings’ to see if they are applied.

Check your cron jobs: When using –quiet, the output will be really quiet now. Use –show-warnings-only if you still want to see the warnings. Lynis will now exit with error 0, even when warnings have been found. Use option error-on-warnings=yes (custom.prf) to exit with code 78 when it has any warnings.



New Ansible examples for deployment: https://github.com/CISOfy/lynis-ansible


Lynis will check also for DB2 instances and report the status.

Developer Mode

With this release the developer mode is introduced. It can be activated with the –developer option, or developer-mode=yes in profile. In development mode, some details are displayed on screen, to help testing of existing or new tests.

To get easy access, a new profile has been added (developer.prf).

Examples: lynis audit system –profile developer.prf lynis audit system –developer

A new software development kit (SDK) for Lynis is available on GitHub. This will help contributors and developers to test software quality, including linting and running unit tests. The devkit also supports building DEB and RPM files for easy deployment. The repository can be found on https://github.com/CISOfy/lynis-sdk


Template files have been updated to provide better examples on how to create custom tests and plugins.

To simplify the usage of Lynis, a new helper utility has been added: show. This helper will show help, or values (e.g. version, plugin directories, etc). Some examples include: lynis show options, lynis show commands, lynis show version, etc. See lynis show for all available details.

File Systems

The XFS file system detection has been added. Mount points /dev/shm and /var/tmp are now checked for their options. Comparison of the mount options has been improved. A new test has been added to check if /var/tmp has been bound to /tmp.

Language Support

Lynis now supports language translations, with the language profile option. Initial languages: Dutch (nl), English (en), French (fr).

You can help by translating the language files in the db directory.

Mac OS X Improvements

Package manager Brew has been added


Show suggestion when weak protocol is used, like SSLv2 or SSLv3. The protocols are now also parsed and stored as details in the report file.


Systems running CentOS, Debian, openSUSE, RHEL, Ubuntu and others, may now use our own software repository: https://packages.cisofy.com


Several performance improvements have been implemented. This includes rewriting tests to invoke less commands and enhanced hardware detection at the beginning.


You can set the plugin directory now also via a profile. First match wins. Priority: 1) argument, 2) profile, 3) default

–plugindir is now an alias for –plugin-dir


Lynis now support multiple profiles. By using a file ‘custom.prf’, it allows to inherit values first from default.prf, then merge it with custom.prf.

Several tests have been altered to support multiple profiles.

New profile options: quick=yes|no (similar to –quick) developer (see Developer section) check-value

Remote scanning

Although Lynis is a aimed on running on local hosts, there is still an ongoing demand for running remote scans. With ‘lynis audit system remote’ tips are now provides to perform such a scan via SSH.


Zypper calls are now marked with a non-interactive flag to prevent it waiting for any interactive input.


Improve execution for Solaris systems.


The configuration of SSH is now parsed from the SSH daemon directly. This enables handling with new defaults more easily, as OpenSSH sometimes introduces new keys, or change their default value between versions.


Added support for detecting systemd and reporting it as a service manager. The systemd plugin has been released as a community plugin.


Solved a bug which added the proxy configuration twice.

Profile options: upload-tool and upload-tool-arguments

General Improvements

The screen output has been improved, to show more meaningful things when some parameters are missing. Several old variables and lines have been cleaned up.

The Display function now allows the –debug flag. This helps in showing some lines on screen, which would normally be hidden (e.g. items not found or matched).

Logging has been improved in different areas, like cleaning up and add more relevant messages where needed.

The interface colors have been changed, to make it more obvious how the software can be used. Also the wait line between categories have been altered, to properly display on systems with a white background.

When no auditor name has been specified, it will say that instead of unknown.

Functions file has been cleaned up, including adding developer debug information when old functions are still be used. Later on these functions will be deleted, and therefore placed at the bottom.

Program Options




Lynis 2.2.0 (2016-03-18)

We are proud to present this new release of Lynis. It is a major upgrade, and the result of many months of work. This version includes new features and tests, and many small enhancements. We encourage all to test and upgrade to this latest release.

This release also enables tests to be shorter, by adding new functions. Some functions were renamed or slightly changed, to provide more value to the tooling. Another big change in this release is a wide set of optimizations and quality testing. Outdated pieces were removed, or rewritten, to support features seen in newer distributions.

In the area of compliance, adjustments have been made to start supporting more in-depth testing for this. Ideal for companies who have a particular compliance need, or want to test and enforce the system hardening levels of their systems.

Last but not least, many small changes make this software easier to use. On our website we added new guides to provide help and support.

We like to thank our contributors, in particular Kamil Boratyński, Steve Bosek, and Eric Light. Their contributions helped us greatly shaping this release.

Below are the changes per category:

New plugin is introduced to analyze PAM settings. It including items like:

Report option: auth_failed_logins_logged

Right now these standards can be selected: - CIS benchmarks - HIPAA - ISO27001/ISO27002 - PCI DSS

Note that additional tests will be implemented in future releases and then tagged to these particular standards.

Record if a name caching utility is being used like nscd or Unbound. Also logging to report as field name_cache_used

New test FIRE-4532 introduced for detection of the Mac OS X application firewall. Also, the status of application firewalls is audited now.

FIRE-4508 is another new test, which tests chains of iptables and their default policy (ACCEPT or DROP). This release also supports the upcoming nftables technology with new test FIRE-4536. It is expected that it will replace iptables later on, so this test will perform a status check. Additional FIRE-4548 will perform a version detection of the userland utility nft and determine if there are any rules configured.

Renamed FIRE-4511 to FIRE-4502.

Several paths have been added to allow better detection on systems running FreeBSD and others.

Lynis 2.1.1 (2015-07-22)

This release adds a lot of improvements, with focus on performance, and additional support for common Linux distributions and external utilities. We recommend to use this latest version.

Support for Chef has been added.

Added tests for CSF’s lfd utility for integrity monitoring on directories and files. Related tests are FINT-4334 and FINT-4336.

Added support for Chrony time daemon and timesync daemon. Additionally NTP synchronization status is checked when it is enabled.

Improved single user mode protection on the rescue.service file.

Lynis 2.1.0 (2015-04-16)

New configuration plugins: * PLGN-4802 (SSH settings) * PLGN-4804 (login.defs)

Download link: https://cisofy.com/download/lynis/

Lynis 2.0.0 (2015-02-25)

The first release within the 2.x branch! It includes several new features, to simplify or improve auditing on Unix based systems, including BSD, Linux, Mac OS and more traditional systems like AIX, HPUX and Solaris.

New features and many improvements are the reason for the bump to a major release, also a beginning of a new era. Many tools to audit or harden systems have being released, yet none have been maintained over a long period of time.

Lynis Support and Feedback

This software is supported and under development by CISOfy. By providing a dual license, this software is kept up-to-date and enhanced. Both customers and the community, benefit from this licensing. This release is available thanks to your input and feedback.

Lynis Helpers

New in this release is the support for helpers. Small utilities which enhance Lynis by providing a single goal. The first helper available is to audit Docker build files.

Lynis Improved OS support

Many changes have been implemented to better support Linux, FreeBSD, NetBSD DragonBSD and OpenBSD in particular. Upcoming releases will include smaller “improvement rounds” for other systems as well.

Lynis New technologies

More utilities and technologies are supported now. Technologies and tools like systemd, Docker, nftables.

Lynis Lynis Enterprise

As this code is shared, customers have an additional option to define to what server they want to upload the audit results. Also, commercial plugins have been bundled.

Lynis New parameters

Several new options have been added: * –dump-options (see all options) * –report-file (define a different location for the report file)

Lynis General

Documentation on the website has been extended: https://cisofy.com/support/ The man page, Lynis binary and several tests have improved texts.

This release is exceptional in that it includes many changes. We have done a lot of testing on different platforms. You could expect this software to be stable. Still, an assumption is no guarantee and especially no substitution for testing in your own environment. If you encounter issues, please report them via one of the links above in this changelog.

Enjoy this new release!


Lynis 1.6.4 (2014-11-04)

New: - Boot loader detection for AIX [BOOT-5102] - Detection of getcap and lsvg binary - Added filesystem_ext to report - Detect rootsh

Changes: - Hide errors when RPM database is faulty and show suggestion instead [PKGS-7308] - Allow OpenBSD to gather information on listening network ports [NETW-3012] - Don’t trigger warning for Shellshock when doing segfault test [SHLL-6290] - Do not run Apache test on OpenBSD and strip control chars [HTTP-6624] - Extended AIDE test with configuration validation test [FIND-4314] - Improved Shellshock test regarding non-Linux support [SHLL-6290] - Added support for gathering volume groups on AIX [FILE-6311] - Properly parse PAM lines and add them to report [AUTH-9264] - Support for boot loader detection on OpenBSD [BOOT-5159] - Added uptime detection for OpenBSD systems [BOOT-5202] - Support for volume groups on AIX [FILE-6312] - Redirect errors when searching for readlink binary

Lynis 1.6.3 (2014-10-14)

New: - Added tests for Shellshock bash vulnerability [SHLL-6290] - Added test to determine if Snoopy is used [ACCT-9636] - New test for qdaemon configuration file [PRNT-2416] - Test for GRUB boot loader password [BOOT-5122] - New test for qdaemon printer jobs [PRNT-2420] - Added ClamXav test for Mac OS X [MALW-3288] - Gentoo vulnerable packages test [PKGS-7393] - New test for qdaemon status [PRNT-2418] - Gentoo package listing [PKGS-7304] - Running Lynis without root permissions will start non-privileged scan - Systemd service and timer example file added - Added grub2-install to binaries

Changes: - Adjustments so insecure SSL protocols are detected in nginx config [HTTP-6710] - Directories will be skipped when searching for nginx log files [HTTP-6720] - Only gather unique name servers from /etc/resolv.conf [NAME-2704] - Properly detect mod_evasive on Gentoo and others [HTTP-6640] - Improved swap partition detection in /etc/fstab [FILE-6336] - Improvements to kernel detection (e.g. Gentoo) [KRNL-5830] - Test for built-in security options in YUM [PKGS-7386] - Improved boot loader detection for GRUB2 [BOOT-5121] - Split GRUB test into two tests [BOOT-5122] - Added Mac OS uptime check [BOOT-5202] - Improved GetHostID function for systems having only ip binary - Improved testing for symlinked binary directories - Minor adjustments to log output - Renamed dev directory to extras

Lynis 1.6.2 (2014-09-22)

New: - IsVirtualMachine function to check if system is running in VM

VM types: Bochs CPU emulation, IBM z/VM, KVM, Linux Containers, libvirt LXC driver (Linux Containers), Microsoft Virtual PC, OpenVZ, Oracle VM VirtualBox, QEMU, Systemd Namespace container, User-Mode Linux (UML), VMware products, XEN

Changes: - Extended system reboot check, to enable it for most Linux versions[KRNL-5830] - Improved inetd test to avoid false positive with xinetd process [INSE-8002] - Permissions check has been adjusted to allow packaging and pentest mode - Added detection for compressed Linux config file [KRNL-5728] - Added support for compressed Linux config file [KRNL-5730] - Store PID file in home directory of the user, if needed - Added usage of ss to gather listening ports [NETW-3012] - Additional permission added to CUPS check [PRNT-2307] - Extended telnet in inetd test [INSE-8016] - Fix for reading at.deny file [SCHD-7720] - Removed individual warnings [BOOT-5184] - Several improvements for Arch Linux

Lynis 1.6.1 (2014-09-09)

New: - Added –pentest parameter to run a non-privileged scans (e.g. for pentesting) - Show skipped tests in report if they require root and scan is non-privileged

Changes: - Improved vulnerable packages test on Debian based systems (apt-check) [PKGS-7392] - Don’t show warnings for ‘swap’ in 4th column fstab file [FILE-6336] - Remove warning for old files in /tmp [FILE-6354] - CheckUpdates function will have better output when no connection is available - Changes to parameters and functions, to allow penetration tests with Lynis - Test for actual files in /etc/modprobe.d before grepping in it - Improved chown command when file permissions are incorrect - Changed output of update test, show when status is unknown - No scanning of symlinked directories (binaries test) - Extended SafePerms function to also check for UID - Several tests will have root-only bit set now - Improved netstat tests on Arch Linux

Lynis 1.6.0 (2014-08-27)

New: - Added several new plugins to default profile - HostID detection for AIX

Changes: - Improvements for log file - GetHostID function improved - Improved detection of security repository for Debian based systems [PKGS-7388] - Set default values for update check, to avoid error message on screen - Cleanup for mail section, adding IMAP and POP3 protocols

Lynis 1.5.9 (2014-07-31)

New: - New NetBSD test for vulnerable software packages [PKGS-7380] - Test if Debian based systems need a reboot [KRNL-5830] - Test for running Sendmail daemon [MAIL-8880] - Test for availability of mtree [FINT-4330] - Check for lp daemon (printing) [PRNT-2314] - Added Qmail status detection [MAIL-8860] - New NetBSD boot loader test [BOOT-5126] - Added test for automation tools like Cfengine and Puppet [TOOL-5002] - Added KRNL-5830 control to website - Added detection for Puppet - Added tooling category

Changes: - Security repository test extended with /etc/apt/sources.list.d [PKGS-7388] - Added exception case for CUPS configuration (listen statement) [PRNT-2308] - Improved detection of TMOUT setting in shell profile file [SHLL-6220] - Perform promiscuous interfaces test for NetBSD as well [NETW-3014] - Perform swap partition parameters test on all systems [FILE-6336] - Also check password file on DragonFlyBSD and NetBSD [AUTH-9208] - Show message regarding toor user for all systems [AUTH-9204] - Check for available interfaces on NetBSD as well [NETW-3004] - Extended UFS file system test with FFS support [FILE-6329] - Improvements for step-tickers file test [TIME-3160] - Perform sockstat test for NetBSD [NETW-3012] - Gather IP addresses for NetBSD [NETW-3008] - Test MAC addresses on NetBSD [NETW-3006] - Added /usr/X11R7/bin directory to search for binaries - Improved full qualified domain name (FQDN) check for Linux - Don’t show follow-up hints when there are no warnings or suggestions - Improved IsRunning function to better target processes - Several smaller adjustments in text and descriptions - Extended ReportException function with logging text - Improved GetHostID function for NetBSD and Solaris - Added printing_daemon and mail_daemon to report - Binaries extended with tools like kstat, puppet

Lynis 1.5.8 (2014-07-24)

New: - Testing for commercial anti-virus solutions like McAfee and Sophos [MALW-3280] - New control text for MALW-3280 - http://cisofy.com/controls/MALW-3280/

Changes: - Extended GRUB test with encrypted password (SHA1) [BOOT-5121] - Check /etc/profile for multiple umask values [AUTH-9328] - Extended PHP disabled functions test [PHP-2320] - Add gpgcheck parameter to YUM test [PKGS-7387] - Squid configuration file permissions test adjusted and control added to website [SQD-3613] - Logging has been extended and exceptional event text adjusted

Lynis 1.5.7 (2014-07-09)

New: - Implementation of SafePerms function - Added notification when exceptions are found

Changes: - Fix for error_log handling in nginx

Lynis 1.5.6 (2014-06-12)

New: - Test for PHP binary and PHP version - Don’t perform register_global test for systems running PHP 5.4.0 and later [PHP-2368] - Debug function (can be activated via –debug or profile)

Changes: - Extended IsRunning function - Removed suggestion from secure shell test [SHLL-6202] - Check for idle session handlers [SHLL-6220] - Also check for apache2 binary (file instead of directory) - New report values: session_timeout_enabled and session_timeout_method - New report value for plugins: plugins_enabled - Fixed test to determine active TCP sessions on Linux [NETW-3012]

Lynis 1.5.5 (2014-06-08)

New: - Check for nginx access logging [HTTP-6712] - Check for missing error logs in nginx [HTTP-6714] - Check for debug mode in nginx [HTTP-6716]

Changes: - Extended SSL test for nginx when using listen statements - Allow debugging via profile (config:debug:yes) - Check if discovered httpd file is actually a file - Improved temporary file creation related to security notice - Adjustments to screen output

Security Note: This releases solves two issues regarding the usage of temporary files (predictability of the file names). You are advised to upgrade to this version as soon as possible. For more information see the our blog post: http://linux-audit.com/lynis-security-notice-154-and-older/

Lynis 1.5.4 (2014-06-04)

New: - Check additional configuration files for nginx [HTTP-6706] - Analysis of nginx settings [HTTP-6708] - New test for SSL configuration of nginx [HTTP-6710]

Changes: - Altered SMBD version check for Mac OS - Small adjustments to report for readability

Lynis 1.5.3 (2014-05-19)

New: - Support for zypper package manager - Gather installed packages with Zypper on SuSE systems [PKGS-728] - Check for vulnerable packages with Zypper package manager [PKGS-7330]

Changes: - Check for aide.conf also in /etc [FINT-4315] - Adjusted screen output for unreliable NTP peers [TIME-3120] - Adjusted check kernel test for non-Linux systems [KRNL-5730] - Improved screen output on AIX systems with echo command

Lynis 1.5.2 (2014-05-05)

New: - Support for runlevel in binaries test

Changes: - Added suggestion for kernel availability check [KRNL-5788] - Added suggestion for services at startup and proper binary call [BOOT-5180] - Added suggestion to configure accounting on FreeBSD [ACCT-2754] - Added suggestion to configure Linux process accounting [ACCT-9622] - Several new controls listed on website - Adjusted hardening index if total score was zero - Added suggestion for auditd.conf file [ACCT-9632] - Removed suggestion for audit log file [ACCT-9634] - Removed warning from NTP falsetickers test, added data to report [TIME-3132] - Removed warning from NTP selected time source test [TIME-3124]

Lynis 1.5.1 (2014-04-22)

Changes: - Extended reporting with running databases and frameworks - Adjusted Oracle status in test [DBS-1840] - Extended grsecurity test [RBAC-6272] - Redirect rpcinfo errors to /dev/null - Adjusted color scheme

Lynis 1.5.0 (2014-04-10)

New: - Support for Amazon Linux - NTP check for step-tickers file (Red Hat and clones) [TIME-3160]

Changes: - Minor textual changes in description of several controls - Removed several warnings (usage of suggestions instead) - Website has now more information for several controls - Extended detection for Oracle Linux - Updated the FAQ and README files

Lynis 1.4.9 (2014-04-03)

New: - Added links in report to related control documentation on website - Detect Linux I/O kernel scheduler [KRNL-5730]

Changes: - Check for non-unique accounts on several platforms [AUTH-9208] - Set initial discover value for PAM modules to zero [AUTH-9268]

Lynis 1.4.8 (2014-03-27)

Changes: - Adjusted resolv.conf domain setting in report [NAME-4016] - Extend account test with /var/log/pacct [ACCT-9620] - Added suggestion to DNS domain name test [NAME-4028] - Changed text strings of ZFS test [FILE-6330] - Extend LILO password test [BOOT-5139] - Set default value for pf firewall

Lynis 1.4.7 (2014-03-21)

New: - New configuration item to set group name - Search for AIDE configuration file (aide.conf) [FINT-4315] - Check for usage of SHA256/SHA512 in AIDE configuration [FINT-4316] - Added grep to list of binaries

Changes: - Added suggestion when using NIS or NIS+ [NAME-4302] - Clean-up of unneeded plugin section - Small typo fix

Lynis 1.4.6 (2014-03-14)

New: - Check for GPG signing in yum.conf [PKGS-7387] - Check CUPS configuration file permissions [PRNT-2307]

Changes: - Screen cleanup

Lynis 1.4.5 (2014-03-08)

New: - Support for Chakra Linux - Support for pacman binary (package manager) - Query installed packages on systems with pacman [PKGS-7310]

Changes: - Avoid logging to screen when falsetickets are found [TIME-3132] - Skipping FIFO file on Solaris systems when checking for cron jobs [TIME-3104] - Extended uptime test for Solaris systems [BOOT-5202] - Added /usr/lib/security to PAM locations to scan - Report cronjobs to report [SCHD-7704] - HostID support for Solaris - Improved color scheme - Extended logging

Lynis 1.4.4 (2014-03-03)

New: - Detect tune2fs binary - Added ExitFatal() function - Added egrep binary to binaries - Initial plugin support (phase 1) - Added InsertPluginSection() function

Changes: - Adjusted disabled functions tests to properly find functions [PHP-2320] - Extended time test with egrep binary replace for Solaris [TIME-3104] - Adjusted color for SNMP test when warning is found [SNMP-3306] - Adjusted text for PHP risky functions [PHP-2320] - Refer to discovered binaries for ifconfig, lsmod, tune2fs - Test plugin directory when provided by –plugin-dir - Scan report extended with plugin information - Extended help for Enterprise options - Improved IsRunning() function - Extended color scheme

Lynis 1.4.3 (2014-02-23)

New: - Support for ClearOS - Data upload for Lynis Enterprise users (–upload) - Added debug variable for troubleshooting purposes - Scan profile option license_key

Changes: - Skip password check for Red Hat or clones [AUTH-9282] - Extended single user login protection [AUTH-9308] - Adjusted repolist check for yum based systems [PKGS-7383] - Inserted sleep time when update is found - Extended report output

Lynis 1.4.2 (2014-02-19)

Changes: - Ignore interfaces aliases for HostID - Extended umask tests with pam_umask entries [AUTH-9328] - Check for suppressed version on Squid [SQD-3680]

Lynis 1.4.1 (2014-02-15)

New: –plugin-dir parameter

Changes: - Added 64 bits locations for Apache modules - Add start of new category to logfile - Extended sysstat test with /etc/cron.d/sysstat [ACCT-9626] - Extended cron job tests with entries start with asterisk (*) [SCHD-7704] - Additional check for multiple umask entries (like RHEL 6.x) [AUTH-9328] - Adjusted PHP test for register_globals (explicit test) [PHP-2368] - Small adjustments for upcoming plugin support - Extended man page

Lynis 1.4.0 (2014-01-29)

Changes: - Removed some warnings, to prevent double messages - Extended accounting check for Linux [ACCT-9622] - Added consistency check to time test [TIME-3124] - Added support for anacron jobs [SCHD-7704] - Rewrite of YUM repository test [PKGS-7383] - Use binary variables for hostid creation - AIX version detection changed - Added rpcinfo to binaries check - Ignore LANG global setting - Improved logging

Lynis 1.3.9 (2014-01-09)

Changes: - Additional support for Mac OS - Support for shasum binary - Performance adjustment for lsof tests - Extended interface check for hostid creation - Improved NSCD detection [NAME-4032] - Bug fix for passwdqc [AUTH-9262] - Extended vulnerable packages test [PKGS-7392] - Hide possible sysctl errors [KRNL-5820]

Lynis 1.3.8 (2013-12-25)

New: - New parameter –view-categories to display available test categories - Added /etc/hosts check (duplicates) [NAME-4402] - Added /etc/hosts check (hostname) [NAME-4404] - Added /etc/hosts check (localhost mapping) [NAME-4406] - Portmaster test for possible port upgrades [PKGS-7378] - Check for SPARC improve boot loader (SILO) [BOOT-5142] - NFS client access test [STRG-1930] - Check system uptime [BOOT-5202] - YUM repolist check [PKGS-7383] - Contributors file added

Changes: - Improved locate database check and reporting [FILE-6410] - Improved PAE/No eXecute test for Linux kernel [KRNL-5677] - Disabled NIS domain name from test [NAME-4028] - Extended NIS domain test to check BSD sysctl value [NAME-4306] - Extended PAM tools check with PAM paths [AUTH-9262] - Adjusted Apache check to avoid skipping it [HTTP-6622] - Extended USB state testing [STRG-1840] - Extended Firewire state testing [STRG-1846] - Extended core dump test [KRNL-5820] - Added /lib/i386-linux-gnu/security to PAM directories - Added /usr/X11R6/bin directory to binary paths - Improved readability of screen output - Improved logging for several tests - Improved Debian version detection - Added warning to BIND test [NAME-4206] - Extended binaries with showmount and yum - Updated man page

Lynis 1.3.7 (2013-12-10)

New: - Function FileExists() and SearchItem()

Changes: - Adjusted yum-security check [PKGS-7386] - Improved check for iptables binary check - Extended report with the tests executed and skipped

Lynis 1.3.6 (2013-12-03)

New: - Support for the dntpd time daemon - New Apache test for modules [HTTP-6632] - Apache test for mod_evasive [HTTP-6640] - Apache test for mod_qos [HTTP-6641] - Apache test for mod_spamhaus [HTTP-6642] - Apache test for ModSecurity [HTTP-6643] - Check for installed package audit tool [PKGS-7398] - Added initial support for new pkgng and related tools [PKGS-7381] - Check for ssh-keyscan binary - ZFS support for FreeBSD [FILE-6330] - Test for passwordless accounts [AUTH-9283] - Initial OS support for DragonFly BSD - Initial OS support for TrueOS (FreeBSD based) - Initial OS support for elementary OS (Luna) - GetHostID for DragonFly, FreeBSD, NetBSD and OpenBSD - Check for DHCP client [NETW-3030] - Initial support for OSSEC (system integrity) [FINT-4328] - New parameter –log-file to adjust log file location - New function IsRunning() to check status of processes - New function RealFilename() to determine file name - New function CheckItem() for parsing files - New function ReportManual() and ReportException() to simplify code - New function DirectoryExists() to check existence of a directory - Support for dntpd [TIME-3104]

Changes: - Extended pf checks for FreeBSD/OpenBSD and others [FIRE-4518] - Extended test to gather listening network ports for Linux [NETW-3012] - Adjusted lsof statement to ignore warnings (e.g. fuse) [LOGG-2180] [LOGG-2190] - Added suggestion for discovered shells on FreeBSD [AUTH-9218] - Extended core dump test with additional details [KRNL-5820] - Properly display suggestion if portaudit is not installed [PKGS-7382] - Ignore message if no packages are installed (pkg_info) [PKGS-7320] - Also try using apt-check on Debian systems [PKGS-7392] - Adjusted logging for RPM binary on systems not using it [PKGS-7308] - Extended search in cron directories for rdate/ntpdate [TIME-3104] - Adjusted PHP check to find ini files [PHP-2211] - Skip Apache test for NetBSD [HTTP-6622] - Skip test http version check for NetBSD [HTTP-6624] - Additional check to suppress sort error [HTTP-6626] - Improved the way binaries are checked (less disk reads) - Adjusted ReportWarning() function to skip impact rating - Improved report on screen by leaving out date/time and type - Redirect errors while checking for OpenSSL version - Extended reporting with firewall status and software - Adjusted naming of some operating systems to make them more consistent - Extended update check by using host binary if dig is not installed - Count number of installed binaries/packages and report them - Report about log rotation tool and status - Updated man page

Lynis 1.3.5 (2013-11-19)

New: - OS detection for Mageia Linux, PCLinuxOS, Sabayon Linux and Scientific Linux - Added some initial systemd support (e.g. boot services) - Test to display if any known MAC framework is implemented [MACF-6290]

Changes: - Improved support for Slackware Linux (OS and version detection) - Added systemd support (boot and running services) for Linux systems [BOOT-5177] - Added systemd support (default runlevel) for Linux systems [KRNL-5622] - Extended USB storage check in modprobe.d directory [STRG-1840] - Improved output, reporting and check for kernel update [KRNL-5788] - Optimized code and output of test to check writable scripts [BOOT-5184] - Fixed detection for writable scripts [BOOT-5184] - Improved detection IPv6 addresses for Slackware and others [NETW-3008] - Minor addition to SSH PermitRootLogin check [SSH-7412] - Extended cronjob tests, reporting and logging [SCHD-7704] - Extended umask check in /etc/profile [AUTH-9328] - Added suggestion about BIND version [NAME-4210] - Merged test NTP daemon test TIME-3108 into TIME-3104 - Improved support for Arch Linux (output, detection) - Extended common list of directories with SSL certificates in profile - New function GetHostID() to determine an unique identifier of the machine - Added a tests_custom file template - Perform file permissions test on tests_custom file - Improved OS detection and extended logging on several tests - Several layout improvements - Extended update check functions and output - Cleaned up reporting and extended it with exceptions

Lynis 1.3.4 (2013-11-08)

New: - OS detection support for Arch Linux - Support for systemd journal

Changes: - Test for files in /etc/modprobe.d directory [STRG-1840] - Extended log daemon detection with systemd journal [LOGG-2130] - Adjusted hardening value for compiler GCC [HRDN-7222] - Extended IsWorldWritable and IsWorldExecutable functions to support symlinks - Adjusted PHP test for disabled functions [PHP-2320] - Extended testing for PHP files in other directories [PHP-2211] - Improved screen output for several tests and extended logging

Lynis 1.3.3 (2013-10-24)

New: - Added NTP configuration type to report [TIME-3104]

Changes: - Do not warn on empty shells for FreeBSD systems [AUTH-9218] - Extended checks for presence NTP client or daemon [TIME-3104] - Extended logging

Lynis 1.3.2 (2013-10-09)

New: - Test for PowerDNS authoritative servers (master/slave status) [NAME-4238]

Changes: - CUPS test extended with hardening rules [PRNT-2308] - Added hardening points to sticky bit on /tmp [FILE-6362] - Extended Ubuntu security packages check [PKGS-7392] - Improved update check, show when no check is performed - Added additional check for binaries, so checks on CentOS work correctly - Added word ‘restricted’ to banner strings - Adjusted wording for Debian packages purge [PKGS-7346] - Corrected listing of purgable packages [PKGS-7346] - Adjusted yum-plugin-security check due to package changes [PKGS-7386]

Lynis 1.3.1 (2013-10-02)

Changes: - Updated generic references in files - Fixed detection of several binaries (AFICK/awk) - Performance tweaks when checking for binaries - Fixed core dump check and dumpable sysctl [KRNL-5820] - Force test to always to check for binaries [FILE-7502] - Changed detection to egrep [DBS-1840] - Adjusted variable checking for Solaris [HOME-9310] - Adjusted search in modprobe directory [STRG-1840] [STRG-1846]

Lynis 1.3.0 (2011-12-25)

New: - Profile option: ignore_home_dir - TCP wrappers category added - Tooling category added - Initial extensions to support plugins in the future - Test for unpurged Debian packages [PKGS-7346] - Test for compiler permissions [HRDN-7222]

Changes: - Converted all dates to ISO format and updated copyright lines - Correct suggestion for file integrity tool [FINT-4350] - Added hint when RPM list is empty on DPKG based systems [PKGS-7308] - Changed logging for /etc/security/limits.conf file [KRNL-5820] - Fixed incorrect warning for single user mode [AUTH-9308] - Improved output for stratum 16 time servers [TIME-3116] - Added suggestion and screen output for kernel hardening [KRNL-6000] - Screen layout optimizations and log file improvements - Improved list/layout of scan options - Improved binary check for compilers - Added configuration option in scan profile (show_tool_tips, default true)

Lynis 1.2.9 (2009-12-15)

New: - Support for Squid3 - Added Squid unsafe ports check [SQD-3624] - Added Squid configuration file permission check [SQD-3613] - Added Squid test: reply_body_max_size option [SQD-3630] - Added /etc/init.d/rc and /etc/init.d/rcS to umask test [AUTH-9328] - Check PHP option allow_url_include [PHP-2378]

Changes: - Extended possible Squid configuration file locations - Added additional sysctl keys to default profile - Fixed typo in squid.conf checks - Improved descriptions, logging and reporting for several tests - Corrected /etc/security/limits.conf path in test [KRNL-5820] - Updated man page, limited lines to 80 chars

Lynis 1.2.8 (2009-12-08)

New: - Squid support added - Squid daemon detection [SQD-3602] - Squid configuration file search [SQD-3604] - Squid version detection [SQD-3606] - Check /etc/motd banner [BANN-7122] - Check /etc/issue.net file [BANN-7128] - Check contents in /etc/issue.net [BANN-7130] - Solaris single user mode login check (/etc/default/sulogin) [AUTH-9304] - HP-UX boot authentication check [AUTH-9306] - Linux single user mode authentication check [AUTH-9308] - Solaris account locking policy check [AUTH-9340]

Changes: - Added prerequisite to SSH test, so the test is skipped properly [SSH-7440] - Check for /etc/issue symlink [BANN-7124] - Added file check for possible harmful shells found [AUTH-9218] - Add user home directories to report [HOME-9302] - Extended Linux run level test with support for Debian/Ubuntu [KRNL-5622] - Added /lib64/security to PAM test [AUTH-9262] - Extended security repository check [PKGS-7388] - Iptables check should not check for a module in a Linux config [FIRE-4511] - Ignore APC ups daemon when scanning for CUPS [PRNT-2304] - Improved kernel logger daemon check [LOGG-2138] - Added auditctl to binary check [ACCT-9630] - Log used auditd ruleset [ACCT-9630] - Corrected logging of Solaris c2audit module [ACCT-9656] - Fixed warning function for Solaris passwordless accounts [AUTH-9254] - Commented kern.randompid in default profile - For sysctl the parameter -n will be used on Linux systems - Changed syslog daemon detection and state - Extended report file

Lynis 1.2.7 (2009-11-01)

New: - Added Kernel Hardening section - Sysctl audit support in scan profile and related test [KRNL-6000] - SSH option StrictModes test [SSH-7416] - Password aging limit check [AUTH-9286] - Ubuntu packages check (apt-show-versions) [PKGS-7394] - Check for metalog daemon [LOGG-2210] - USB storage driver state check [STRG-1840] - Firewire storage driver state check [STRG-1846] - PostgreSQL process check [DBS-1826] - Oracle process check [DBS-1840] - Default umask check [AUTH-9328] - Check for rsyslog daemon [LOGG-2230] - RFC 3195 compliant daemon check [LOGG-2240] - Qmail SMTP daemon check [MAIL-8940] - Test for separation of /tmp and /home from root file system [FILE-6310] - SSH AllowUsers and AllowGroups usage check [SSH-7440] - AIX support, thanks to Michael Smerdka

Changes: - Fixed crontabs path [SCHD-7704] - Extended locate database paths for Linux and FreeBSD [FILE-6410] - pflog detection fix [FIRE-4518] - Skip /proc/meminfo for non Linux systems [PROC-3602] - Extended text with rsyslogd [LOGG-2130] - Ignore comment and empty lines for group tests [AUTH-9222/9226] - Show firewall as active when iptables is available in config file [FIRE-4511] - Variable fix for SNMP daemon configuration file [SNMP-3304] - Freshclam check fix [MALW-3286] - Fixed waiting search for NIS domain [NAME-4306] - Check for a maximum of 1 search statement in /etc/resolv.conf [NAME-4018] - Apache test improved [HTTP-6622] - Skip klogd test if rsyslogd is available [LOGG-2138] - Added additional CUPS location to search paths - Only execute PAM test for systems with PAM [AUTH-9268] - Fixed logging of sudoers file location [AUTH-9250] - Improved FreeBSD support for NTP client check [TIME-3104] - Redirect warning “Unknown host” when DNS domain name is empty [NAME-4028] - Redirect warning when host name is empty - Fixed warning color [AUTH-9226] - Fixed FreeBSD COPYRIGHT file test [BANN-7113] - Changed text for sudoers text [AUTH-9250] - Improved text for DNS search domain [NAME-4016] - Skip nginx configuration test if nginx is not available [HTTP-6704] - Removed portsclean suggestion [PKGS-7348] - Fixed non unique IDs - Fixed cosmetic issue when using Debian with default dash shell - Improved hostname detection for HP-UX - Added additional php.ini file locations - Moved Linux default shell check to OS detection functions - Fixed CUPS daemon test [PRNT-2304] - Also check for uppercase chars in issue file [BANN-7126]

Lynis 1.2.6 (2009-04-05)

New: - Sudoers file permissions check [AUTH-9252] - Core dumps configuration check for Linux [KRNL-5820] - PHP disabled functions check [PHP-2320] - PHP enable_dl function check [PHP-2374] - PHP allow_url_fopen function check [PHP-2376] - OpenBSD smtpd status check [MAIL-8920] - /etc/issue check [BANN-7124] - /etc/issue legal keywords check [BANN-7126] - Show suggestions in report

Changes: - Extended support for Red Hat, CentOS and Fedora - Extended ACL test to test for default mount options as well [FILE-6368] - Exim status test fixed [MAIL-8812] - Corrected yum security check [PKGS-7386] - Replaced LDAP test AUTH-9238 with [AUTH-9402] - Removed backquotes when locate database is not available [FILE-6410] - Added /etc/openldap to search path for OpenLDAP - Fixed typo in crontab path [SCHD-7704] - Don’t show message “No volume groups found” if LVM isn’t used [FILE-6310] - Corrected Syslog-NG status [LOGG-2132] - Moved TODO to dev directory

Lynis 1.2.5 (2009-03-27)

New: - slapd.conf check [LDAP-2224] - atd status test [SCHD-7718] - Check LDAP module in PAM [AUTH-9278] - Check Dovecot status check [MAIL-8838] - Check log directories from newsyslog.conf [LOGG-2162] - Check log directories from static list [LOGG-2170] - Check log directories from logrotate configuration [LOGG-2150] - syslog check for remote logging [LOGG-2154] - Open log files check [LOGG-2180] - Deleted file check [LOGG-2190] - Solaris active kernel modules check [KRNL-5770] - Solaris audit daemon status check [ACCT-9650] - Solaris audit daemon service status [ACCT-9652] - Solaris audit daemon BSM check [ACCT-9654] - Solaris audit logging location check [ACCT-9662] - Solaris audit statistics check [ACCT-9672] - Check for installed compiler [HRDN-7202] - BIND process check [NAME-4202] - BIND configuration file check [NAME-4204] - BIND configuration consistency check [NAME-4206] - BIND version check via DNS [NAME-4210] - Default domain check (/etc/resolv.conf) [NAME-4016] - Search domains in /etc/resolv.conf check [NAME-4018] - Parse /etc/resolv.conf options [NAME-4020] - Solaris /etc/nodename check [NAME-4026] - DNS domain checks [NAME-4028] - NSCD status check [NAME-4032] - PowerDNS presence check [NAME-4230] - PowerDNS configuration file check [NAME-4232] - PowerDNS backend check [NAME-4236] - ypbind status check [NAME-4302] - Log specific defined SSH daemon options [SSH-7408] - SSH protocol version check [SSH-7414] - NIS domain checks [NAME-4304] - Check pending at jobs [SCHD-7724] - LVM volume group scan [FILE-6310] - LVM volumes check [FILE-6312] - Locate database check [FILE-6410] - nginx configuration file check [HTTP-6704] - Exim status check [MAIL-8802] - Postfix status check [MAIL-8814]

Changes: - atd needs to run before testing at files [SCHD-7720] - Removed Solaris OS requirement from logrotate test [LOGG-2148] - Sanitized output from logrotate test [LOGG-2148] - Skip comment fields in loghost check [LOGG-2152] - Changed auditd tests to Linux only - Binary scan optimized and partially combined with other check - Only perform iptables tests if kernel module is active - Don’t show message when /etc/shells can’t be found [SHLL-6211] - Check /var/spool/cron/crontabs first, if it exists [SCHD-7704] - Renumbered FreeBSD test SHLL-7225 [SHLL-6202] - Renumbered malware test MALW-3292 [HRDN-7230] - Improved grep on process status [PRNT-2304] - Ignore comment lines for nginx log file check [HTTP-6720] - Added file check for nginx log files [HTTP-6720] - Display IP addresses only of NTP tests [TIME-3124] - Fixed Postfix configuration directory path [MAIL-8816] - Redirected output of yum package duplicate check [PKGS-7384] - Ignore comment lines for lilo test [BOOT-5139] - Fixed incorrect iptables status and correct logging [FIRE-4511] - Check SNMP configuration only if SNMP daemon runs [SNMP-3304] - Don’t scan PAM directories which are symlinks [AUTH-9268] - Changed hardening category to hardening_tools - Adjusted hardening points of several tests - Log and display improvements for several tests

Lynis 1.2.4 (2009-03-17)

New: - NTP daemon process test [TIME-3108] - NTP association ID’s check from peer list [TIME-3112] - NTP time source candidates test [TIME-3128] - NTP falseticker check [TIME-3132] - NTP protocol version check [TIME-3136] - Stratum 16 ntp peers check [TIME-3116] - Unreliable ntp peers check [TIME-3120] - Preferred NTP time source test [TIME-3124] - auditd presence check [ACCT-9628] - auditd rules check [ACCT-9630] - auditd configuration file check [ACCT-9632] - auditd log file location check [ACCT-9634] - cupsd status check [PRNT-2304] - cupsd configuration file check [PRNT-2306] - cupsd address configuration test [PRNT-2308] - pam.conf configuration check [AUTH-9264] - pam.d configuration file scan [AUTH-9266] - PAM modules check [AUTH-9268] - rpcinfo query [STRG-1902] - NFS version number check [STRG-1904] - NFS protocol and port number check [STRG-1906] - NFS status check [STRG-1920] - NFS exports check [STRG-1926] - NFS empty /etc/exports [STRG-1928] - SSH PermitRootLogin option check [SSH-7412] - at.allow and at.deny check [SCHD-7720] - File integrity tool check [FINT-4350] - nginx process check [HTTP-6702] - nginx log file test [HTTP-6720] - ClamAV clamscan presence test [MALW-3282] - ClamAV daemon check [MALW-3284] - ClamAV freshclam check [MALW-3286] - Check for presence malware scanner [MALW-3292] - clamscan, ntpq binary check - NTP daemon role and profile option - Parameter –tests-category, to scan one or more categories - Category added (Storage: NFS) - Added hardening points to tests - Display hardening index to report

Changes: - Extended logrotate test [LOGG-2148] - Added check for inetd.conf before performing test [INSE-8016] - Added /var/spool/crontabs to search path [TIME-3104] - Added log line to sysstat test [ACCT-9626] - Improved screen output on Solaris - Checking for both rdate and ntpdate in cron files [TIME-3104] - Changed yum-security package check [PKGS-7386] - Change output if dig isn’t available [NETW-2705] - Added IPv6 support and output adjustment [NETW-2704] - Cosmetic change for host based firewall check [FIRE-4590] - Corrected output in log file [PKGS-7388] - Corrected passwd options for Red Hat [AUTH-9282] - Changed text if everything is ok (no warnings) - Log improvements

Lynis 1.2.3 (2009-03-02)

New: - Added syslog-NG daemon check [LOGG-2132] - Added klogd status test [LOGG-2138] - Added check to determine minilogd presence [LOGG-2142] - Added logrotate configuration test [LOGG-2146] - Added check for loghost entry on Solaris machines [LOGG-2152] - Added ipf test for Solaris [FIRE-4526] - Added uname -n test (Solaris) [NAME-4024] - Added ssh daemon configuration file check [SSH-7404] - Added BSD newsyslog.conf file check [LOGG-2160] - Added inetd status check [INSE-8002] - Added inetd.conf configuration check [INSE-8004] - Added check for inetd.conf when inetd is not active [INSE-8006] - Added telnet check via inetd [INSE-8016] - Added ACL check on root file system [FILE-6368] - Added check for firewall/packet filter on system [FIRE-4590] - Added lograte file check [LOGG-2148] - Added snmp daemon status test [SNMP-3302] - Added snmp configuration file test [SNMP-3304] - Added default snmp community strings test [SNMP-3306] - Added categories: Insecure services and SNMP - Added binary searches for awk, ipf

Changes: - Changed profile name in default profile - Added path /usr/ucb to binary paths - Changed color to white if slapd is not running [LDAP-2219] - Changed test PKG-7345 into PKGS-7345 - Changed logging for several tests [PKGS-7302] [NETW-3004] - Extended FAQ - Changed default profile header

Fixes: - Hostname detection under Solaris - Disabled tests PROC-3612 PROC3614 for Solaris machines - Disabled NTP check in cron.d directory on Solaris [TIME-3104] - Added result at line when querying system users [AUTH-9234] - Counters (N+1) fixed for some shells, like Solaris - Removed unneeded line for Solaris test [PROC-3604] - Disabled grsecurity test for Solaris [RBAC-6272] - Correct display of files with spaces [FILE-6354] - Changed several tests so they work correctly with Solaris

Lynis 1.2.2 (2009-02-15)

New: - Support for MySQL client - New test: Test for empty MySQL root password [DBS-1816] - New test: SSH daemon status test [SSH-7402] - New test: sysstat account information [ACCT-9626] - New test: connections in WAIT state [NETW-3028] - Lynis displays a warning now, if current version is really outdated - New parameter option (log_tests_incorrect_os) to minimize logging

Changes: - Several adjustments to default profile - Fixed option ‘skip_test_always’ to let it function properly - Fixed passwd check for SuSE systems [AUTH-9282] - Added error redirect for dpkg test [PKG-7345] - Improved NTP test and messages, excluded check when using xen [TIME-3104] - Extended DNS nameserver check with local resolver [NETW-2704] - Skip double nameserver check when a local resolver is found [NETW-2705] - Renamed tests_nameserver to tests_nameservices - Improved log output [AUTH-9218]

Notes: - Custom profiles should be compared to the default profile, due small changes in the structure.

Lynis 1.2.1 (2008-09-05)

New: - Added support for Samba - Added support for SELinux framework - New test: SELinux presence test [MACF-6232] - New test: SELinux status checks [MACF-6234] - New test: password PAM availability check [AUTH-9262] - New test: expire date check for accounts [AUTH-9282] - Added new option –tests, to run a small set of tests only

Changes: - Report and logging messages improved - Output reduced when using –tests - Added suggestion to PHP expose_php option [PHP-2372] - Improved log message for PHP register_globals option [PHP-2368] - Added virtual host count to log file [HTTP-6626] - Improved Red Hat and clones detection and display - Fix: Improved promiscuous detection for Linux [NETW-3015] - Fix: AUTH-9204 test triggered on group ids as well - Fix: Only display unique MAC addresses [NETW-3006] - Extended Postfix test [MAIL-8818] - Don’t show /proc/meminfo if not present [PROC-3602] - Don’t show YABOOT information if not present [BOOT-5155] - Improved portaudit test (FreeBSD) [PKGS-7382] - Improved portsclean test (FreeBSD) [PKGS-7348] - Added –quiet and –tests options to help and man page

Lynis 1.2.0 (2008-08-26)

New: - New test: Passwordless Solaris accounts test [AUTH-9254] - New test: AFICK file integrity [FINT-4310] - New test: AIDE file integrity [FINT-4314] - New test: Osiris file integrity [FINT-4318] - New test: Samhain file integrity [FINT-4322] - New test: Tripwire file integrity [FINT-4326] - New tests: NIS and NIS+ authentication test [AUTH-9240/42] - Initial support added for AFICK, AIDE, Osiris, Samhain, Tripwire

Changes: - Changed text of grsecurity test [RBAC-6272] - Optimized FreeBSD boot services test [BOOT-5165] - Optimized UID 0 test [AUTH-9204] - Extended login shells test [AUTH-9218] - PID file message extended and small output improvement - A log entry will be written when PID files are removed - Added operating system name to log file when a test is skipped - Added file available check when using –view-manpage - Most program variables are initialized now for future additions

Lynis 1.1.9 (2008-08-09)

New: - New test: AppArmor framework check [MACF-6204] - New test: FreeBSD boot loader test [BOOT-5124] - New test: PHP option register_globals [PHP-2368] - New test: Promiscuous network interfaces (Linux) [NETW-3015] - Report option ‘bootloader’ added to several tests - Added readlink binary check

Changes: - Extended file check (IsWorldWritable) for symlinks - Show result if no default gateway is found [NETW-3001] - Added /usr/local/etc to sudoers test [AUTH-9250] - Improved FreeBSD banner output [BANN-7113] - Removed incorrect line at promiscuous interface test [NETW-3014] - Fix: Show only once the GRUB test output [BOOT-5121] - Fix: Typo in NTP test [TIME-3104] - Fix: Skip NTP test in /etc/cron.d if empty [TIME-3104] - Fix: Initialize values when performing an update check without connection - Fix: Solaris id function has been fixed - Disabled FreeBSD double packages tests, due minor issues [PKGS-7303] - Changed LDAP/MySQL running states [LDAP-2219] [DBS-1804] - Replaced ifconfig calls with IFCONFIGBINARY - Renamed tests_auditing to tests_mac_frameworks - Several tests improved with extended logging

Lynis 1.1.8 (2008-07-16)

New: - Mac OS X support extended and new options added

Changes: - Extended default profile - Improved several screen output lines - User ID check improved, so it works better with older Solaris versions - Hostname in output and reports will contain only host now, not FQDN - Added extra php.ini locations to tests_php - Replaced ‘ps’ in tests with PSBINARY value for better support - Added output to zones test [VIRT-1902] - Updated description [AUTH-9218] - Extended ntp daemon/ntpdate check [TIME-3104] - Added suggestion to bootable scripts check [BOOT_5184] - Bugfix and improvement for FreeBSD portsclean test [PKGS-7348] - Added Mac OS support to MAC address gathering test [NETW-3006] - Added MAC OS support to inet and inet6 addresses test [NETW-3008] - Extended PHP expose_php test to support additional options [PHP-2372] - Improved LDAP test so it skips correctly on Mac OS AUTH-9238] - Bugfix: MySQL status check gave incorrect output [DBS-1804]

Lynis 1.1.7 (2008-06-28)

New: - New test: check for unused iptables rules [FIRE-4513] - New test: checking for dead and zombie processes [PROC-3612] - New test: checking for heavy IO waiting processes [PROC-3614] - Initial HP-UX support (untested) - Initial AIX support (untested) - Added iptables binary check - Added dig check, for DNS related tests - Added option –no-colors to remove all colors from screen output - Added option –reverse-colors for optimizing output at light backgrounds (Konsole, MacOS terminal etc)

Changes: - Improved grpck test for SuSE [AUTH-9216] - Added dig availability check to DNS test [NETW-2704] - Bugfix: Fixed iptables test if the binary is not located in /sbin [FIRE-4512] - Bugfix: Improved yum-utils check to display suggestions correctly [PKGS-7384] - Bugfix: Fixed prerequisites for grpck test [AUTH-9216] - Improved MySQL check [DBS-1804] - Changed color at chkconfig boot services test [BOOT-5177] - Added missing prerequisites output to portaudit test [PKGS-7382] - Test output for FreeBSD mounts (UFS) improved [FILE-6329] - Extended OpenLDAP test to avoid finding itself in ps output [LDAP-2219] - Several tests have their warning reporting improved - Improved SuSE Linux detection - Improved syslog-ng detection - Adjusted README with link to online (extended) documentation

Lynis 1.1.6 (2008-06-19)

New: - New test: Check writable startup scripts [BOOT-5184] - New test: Syslog-NG consistency check [LOGG-2134] - New test: Check yum-utils package and scanning package database [PKGS-7384] - New test: Test for empty ruleset when iptables is loaded [FIRE-4512] - New test: Check for expired SSL certificates [CRYP-7902] - New test: Check for LDAP authentication support [AUTH-9238] - New test: Read available crontab/cron files [SCHD-7704] - New test: Query Solaris running zones [VIRT-1902] - New test: Check availability sudoers file for future tests [AUTH-9250] - New test: Query all home directories from passwd file [HOME-9302] - Syslog-NG support added (binary and version check) - Added new sections: Scheduling, Time and Synchronization, Virtualization

Changes: - Extended several tests with suggestions and warnings - Extended GRUB test with GRUB2 check [BOOT-5121] - Extended iptables firewall test [FIRE-4511] - Fixed incorrect variable at Linux kernel config display [KRNL-5728] - Fixed display for file system test [FILE-6023] - Reassigned some ID’s to match others in category - Improvement of several logging sections and profile options - Assigned ID to Ubuntu security update check - Assigned ID to pwck test for Solaris [AUTH-9230] - Assigned ID to FreeBSD unused distfiles check [PKGS-7348] - Assigned ID to RPM package query test [PKGS-7308] - Assigned ID to /tmp sticky bit test [FILE-6362] - Assigned ID to old temporary files check [FILE-6354] - Assigned ID to passwd ID 0 test [AUTH-9204] - Assigned ID to FreeBSD swap partitions [FILE-6332] - Assigned ID to FreeBSD swap mount options [FILE-6336] - Assigned ID to nameserver tests [NETW-2704 and NETW-2705] - Assigned ID to pf consistency check [FIRE-4520] - Assigned ID to Postfix configuration check [MAIL-8816] - Assigned ID to Postfix banner check [MAIL-8818] - Assigned ID to FreeBSD promiscuous port test [NETW-3014] - Assigned ID to file permissions check [FILE-7524]

Lynis 1.1.5 (2008-06-10)

New: - Assigned ID to Apache configuration file test [HTTP-6624] - Added pause_between_tests to profile file, to regulate the speed of a scan - Assigned ID to dpkg test and solved issue with colon in package names [PKG-7345] - Assigned ID to Solaris package test [PKG-7306] - New test: which gathers virtual hosts from Apache configuration files [HTTP-6626] - New test: read all loaded kernel modules (Linux) [KRNL-5726] - New test: query available FreeBSD network interfaces [NETW-3004] - New test: query available IPv4 and IPv6 network addresses [NETW-3008] - New test: for MAC addresses [NETW-3006] - New test: check if a Linux kernel configuration file is available [KRNL-5728] - New test: check boot services for Debian/Ubuntu [BOOT-5180] - Added Lynx, Nmap, Wget version to log file - Added support for Oracle enterprise Linux (Unbreakable Linux) - Added new function ReportWarning for better logging to report file

Changes: - Improved FreeBSD pkg_info output, logging output and report data [PKG-7302] - Changed shell history file test, searching files with maxdepth 1 [HOME-9310] - Extended iptables test, to check Linux kernel configuration file [FIRE-4511] - Added report warning to promiscuous test [NETW-3014] - Fixed yellow color when being used at text display - Several logging improvements and cleanups

Lynis 1.1.4 (2008-05-31)

New: - Added option to disable Lynis upgrade availability test (profile option) - Added new option –check-update, to display (update) information - Added stub for malware and file permissions database - New section ‘LDAP Services’ - Support for OpenLDAP added - Place holders for new tests are added - Default profile extended - [FILE-6023] Added test for Linux ext2, ext3, ext4 file systems - [BOOT-5155] Added check for YABOOT boot loader

Changes: - [BANN-7119] Improved MOTD banner check - Improved Apache tests for SuSE and Debian systems - Debian/Ubuntu file tests improved - Extended man page

Lynis 1.1.3 (2008-05-21)

New: - Added security updates check for Fedora, RHEL 5.x, CentOS 5.x - Added Linux kernel version check - Most stable tests have an unique ID now - Skipped tests have their reason to skip logged - Added /etc/lynis/plugins to searchable plugin directory targets - Added Register() function, to handle tests, prerequisites and counter - Added new crypto tests - Added profile option “test_skip_always” to blacklist a specific test

Changes: - Extended default profile location for FreeBSD - Extended accounting test to include pacct as well - Improved tests from categories: shells - Disabled skel tests - Several tests log their warnings into the report file now - Changed Linux default runlevel test - Extended man page

Fixes: - Auditor name didn’t get logged properly to report file. - Changed Debian/Ubuntu kernel update test, so it won’t be tested on others - Exim test failed, due to using an incorrect variable name

Lynis 1.1.2 (2008-05-11)

New: - Added memory test for Solaris (tested on OpenSolaris) - Password file consistency check for Solaris - 32/64 bits OS mode check for Solaris - Added Slackware detection - Plugin support (see documentation) - Added monolithic/modular test for Linux kernels

Changes: - Improved LILO test and removed double message - Fixed incorrect message when using –help parameter - Improved portaudit test (FreeBSD) to show unique packages only - Updated man page, FAQ, extended documentation with plugin information - Added several php.ini file locations (MacOS X, OpenBSD, OpenSuSE)

** Special release notes [package/ports]: ** - Added several default paths to check for usable INCLUDE directory. This should make packaging Lynis easier for downstream package providers. - When no profile is set, Lynis will check first /etc/lynis/default.prf, before setting default.prf (in current work directory) as profile to use. - New directory added to be installed for future versions: plugins

Lynis 1.1.1 (2008-04-13)

New: - Added Solaris package manager (pkginfo) to obtain installed packages - Added new option to profile to whitelist promiscuous interfaces (if_promisc) - Added vulnerable packages check for Debian/Ubuntu - Added package database consistency check for Debian/Ubuntu

Changes: - Only perform boot.conf check for OpenBSD when running on i386 - Changed RemovePIDFile to prevent incorrect file presence check (ie on OpenBSD) - Better OS detection and display output for Ubuntu systems - Improved text alignment (display) and logging - Commented out some of the default profile options - Updated FAQ, readme, man page

Bug fixes: - Added missing space at OS detection function - Fixed /etc/group tests to ignore commented lines - Fixed sticky bit checking on /tmp, so it won’t give incorrect results on SuSE/Debian systems

Lynis 1.1.0 (2008-04-09)

New: - Added test: default gateway (Linux/BSD) - Added boot tasks to report file (boottask) - Added vulnerable packages to report file (vulnerable_package)

Changes: - Fixed some typos - Several improvements in log output - Changed display of operating system version (Linux) - Fixed PHP check

Lynis 1.0.9 (2008-03-24)

New: - Added –quiet option (currently not 100% quiet yet) - Added a spec file to the project page (see web site) - Added small INSTALL document

Changes: - Changed check for PHP (php.ini location) - Added available shells from /etc/shells to report file - Updated man page - Fixed option in main help window for –man option - Code improvement, splitting up sections to separated files

Lynis 1.0.8 (2008-02-10)

New: - Added pf filter rule test - Added our PID to PID file - Added warnings, real users, mount points, total tests to report file

Changes: - Changed Apache configuration file test - Changed old temporary files check - Changed test to include ubuntu security repository - Moved UID check to avoid PID creation as non root user - Moved most functions to separated files and several code cleanups - Improved logging output - Extended FreeBSD (Copyright file) test - Changed indentation for many tests - Changed some typos in notice/warning messages

Lynis 1.0.7 (2008-01-28)

New: - Test: UFS mount point check (FreeBSD) - Test: Check swap partitions (FreeBSD) - Test: find old files in /tmp - Test: check presence iptables - Test: check CPU PAE/NX support (Linux) - Added profile options check - Added option to skip Debian security repository check (profile option) - Support for Red Hat and CentOS

Changes: - Changed report log location to /var/log instead of current work directory - Changed –help (and -h) to display general help, instead of man page - Renamed -man option to –man - Extended profile file (see default.prf) - Cleaned up code (rewritten several parts of static code to dynamic functions) - Added more comments to the program, for curious auditors, developers and users. Also regrouped parts of text and cleaned useless white spaces. - General program output improved (spaces, indentation) - Logging extended - Updated lynis.spec file (contrib) - FAQ and README files extended and updated

Bugfixes: - Changed postfix banner check (thanks to Henk Bokhoven for reporting) - Extended skel directory test, with -A (ls) option to check hidden files (used with most Linux variants)

Development: - Added new mirror - Updated year number in program and support files - Added new function Display, to use indentation within lines - Added function RemovePIDFile before some exit routines, to clean up PID file - Extracted profile support, parameter support to separated files - Created file tests_ports_packages for Ports and Packages - Deleted lynis.spec file, since it was not working and will be rewritten later

Lynis 1.0.6 (2007-12-26)

New: - Added Solaris real users test - Added hostname check

Changes: - Added chkconfig binary test and changed related services test - Added ‘xargs’ to version checks, to replace unwanted chars - Added more breaks to log file. - Added sorting to rpm/dpkg listings - FAQ extended

Lynis 1.0.5 (2007-12-02)

New: - Test: unique group names - Test: unique group IDs - Added check for rpm, chkrootkit and rkhunter binary - Added function to cleanup at manual interrupt (INT) - Support added to run Lynis as cronjob (–cronjob) - Fedora support added - Added umask 027, to tighten up file permissions

Changes: - Changed FreeBSD ttys test - Changed grpck test, to operate in read-only mode - Changed Postfix test, to check for mail_name value as well - Changed GPL line in script which said GPL v2 - Extended README - Show latest update version, if available, at the end of the screen output - Lots of code cleanup (see Development) - Some log improvements - Changed date notation in changelog to preferred European format (with dots instead of slashes)

Development: - New function (ShowResult) to avoid repeating the same result line within the script for standard status values - Moved program consts to file (include/consts) - Moved functions to file (include/functions) - Moved OS detection to file (include/osdetection) - Added NEVERBREAK to avoid user input (cronjob support)

Lynis 1.0.4 (2007-11-27)

New: - Test: query real system users (FreeBSD/Linux) - Added PID file usage, to warn for unclean program states. - Added SSHd version test

Changes: - Updated documentation - Changed sticky bit test (/tmp), to skip symlinks - Changed /etc/motd test, to skip symlinks - More code cleanup - Logging extended and improved - Screen output slightly changed

Lynis 1.0.3 (2007-11-19)

New: - Added check for sockstat - Test: added test for GRUB and password option - Test: query listening ports (sockstat)

Changes: - Fixed NTPd check (bug) - Extended help for ‘double installed package’ check (BSD systems, pkg_info) - Extended Debian kernel update check - Improved OpenBSD support - Improved Linux specific detection support (Cobalt, CPU Builders, Debian, E-Smith, Slackware, SuSE/OpenSuSE, Turbo Linux, Yellowdog and others) - Improved screen output - Extended logging, with status/impact flags - [Bugfix] chkconfig test improved - [Bugfix] Fixed sticky bit test at Debian - Extended documentation and changelog file

Lynis 1.0.2 (2007-11-15)

New: - Test: Added check for NTP daemon or client - Test: file permissions (profile option) - Added -Q (–quick) parameter, to run the program without needing user input after every few sections.

Changes: - Extended documentation (README file) and performed spell check - Improved screen output (colors, parameter handling and display) - Cleaned up source code and fixed some bad typos - Added much more delimiter lines to logfile - Added version numbers to logfile for used binaries/tools - Updated list of parameters within Lynis help

Lynis 1.0.1 (2007-11-12)

New: - Test: check Exim configuration file location - Test: added memory check (/proc/meminfo) - Test: run grpck to check group files (if available) - Test: boot option check for OpenBSD boot loader - Test: check if pf (Software: firewall) is active - Test: check LILO password - Test: check presence of old distfiles (FreeBSD) - Added check for binaries: httpd, kldstat, openssl, (s)locate - Added version check for: exim, openssl - Added -V (–version) parameter, to show version number - Added breaks between tests

Changes: - [bug] Changed skel directory check - Fixed display Apache configuration file

Lynis 1.0.0 (2007-11-08)

New: - Support for CentOS (Tested: 5 Final) - Support for Debian (Tested: 4.0) - Support for FreeBSD (Tested: 6.2) - Support for Mac OS X (Tested: 10.4) - Test: Apache (ServerTokens option) - Test: PHP (expose_php option) - Test: Postfix (smtpd_banner option) - Test: check valid shells - Test: query pkg_info/RPM based systems - Test: query pkg_info for double installed packages - Test: query chkprintcap (FreeBSD) - Test: scan binary directories - Test: check administrator accounts - Test: check permissions /etc/motd - Test: read nameservers from /etc/resolv.conf - Test: query nameservers and test connectivity - Test: check promiscuous interfaces (FreeBSD) - Test: check sticky bit on /tmp directory - Test: check debian.org security branch in /etc/apt/sources.list - Test: check kernel update on Debian - Test: query default Linux run level - Test: query chkconfig to see which services start at boot - Test /etc/COPYRIGHT banner check for FreeBSD - Support for program parameters - Builtin integrity checks - Color enhanced output for readability - Support for profiles/templates - Report file creation (for reporting/monitoring) - Extended logfile creation (with system suggestions) - Added lynis.spec file for RPM creation - Created project page at website - Added documentation (README), ToDo list (TODO) - Man page lynis(8)

Changes: - No changes

Bugfixes: - No bugfixes

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