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BIND Source Access and Contributor Guidelines

Feb 22, 2018

Contents

  1. Access to source code
  2. Reporting bugs
  3. Contributing code

Introduction

Thank you for using BIND!

BIND is open source software that implements the Domain Name System (DNS) protocols for the Internet. It is a reference implementation of those protocols, but it is also production-grade software, suitable for use in high-volume and high-reliability applications. It is by far the most widely used DNS software, providing a robust and stable platform on top of which organizations can build distributed computing systems with the knowledge that those systems are fully compliant with published DNS standards.

BIND is and will always remain free and openly available. It can be used and modified in any way by anyone.

BIND is maintained by the Internet Systems Consortium, a public-benefit 501(c)(3) nonprofit, using a “managed open source” approach: anyone can see the source, but only ISC employees have commit access. Until recently, the source could only be seen once ISC had published a release: read access to the source repository was restricted just as commit access was. That’s now changing, with the opening of a public git mirror to the BIND source tree (see below).

Access to source code

Public BIND releases are always available from the ISC FTP site.

A public-access GIT repository is also available at https://gitlab.isc.org. This repository is a mirror, updated several times per day, of the source repository maintained by ISC. It contains all the public release branches; upcoming releases can be viewed in their current state at any time. It does not contain development branches or unreviewed work in progress. Commits which address security vulnerablilities are withheld until after public disclosure.

You can browse the source online via https://gitlab.isc.org/isc-projects/bind9

To clone the repository, use:

  $ git clone https://gitlab.isc.org/isc-projects/bind9.git

Release branch names are of the form v9_X, where X represents the second number in the BIND 9 version number. So, to check out the BIND 9.12 branch, use:

  $ git checkout v9_12

Whenever a branch is ready for publication, a tag will be placed of the form v9_X_Y. The 9.12.0 release, for instance, is tagged as v9_12_0.

The branch in which the next major release is being developed is called main.

Reporting bugs

Reports of flaws in the BIND package, including software bugs, errors in the documentation, missing files in the tarball, suggested changes or requests for new features, etc, can be filed using https://gitlab.isc.org/isc-projects/bind9/issues.

Due to a large ticket backlog, we are sometimes slow to respond, especially if a bug is cosmetic or if a feature request is vague or low in priority, but we will try at least to acknowledge legitimate bug reports within a week.

ISC’s ticketing system is publicly readable; however, you must have an account to file a new issue. You can either register locally or use credentials from an existing account at GitHub, GitLab, Google, Twitter, or Facebook.

Reporting possible security issues

If you think you may be seeing a potential security vulnerability in BIND (for example, a crash with REQUIRE, INSIST, or ASSERT failure), please report it immediately by emailing to security-officer@isc.org. Plain-text e-mail is not a secure choice for communications concerning undisclosed security issues so please encrypt your communications to us if possible, using the ISC Security Officer public key.

Do not discuss undisclosed security vulnerabilities on any public mailing list. ISC has a long history of handling reported vulnerabilities promptly and effectively and we respect and acknowledge responsible reporters.

ISC’s Security Vulnerability Disclosure Policy is documented at https://kb.isc.org/docs/aa-00861.

If you have a crash, you may want to consult ‘What to do if your BIND or DHCP server has crashed.’

Contributing code

BIND is licensed under the Mozilla Public License 2.0. Earlier versions (BIND 9.10 and earlier) were licensed under the ISC License

ISC does not require an explicit copyright assignment for patch contributions. However, by submitting a patch to ISC, you implicitly certify that you are the author of the code, that you intend to reliquish exclusive copyright, and that you grant permission to publish your work under the open source license used for the BIND version(s) to which your patch will be applied.

BIND code

Patches for BIND may be submitted directly via merge requests in ISC’s Gitlab source repository for BIND.

Patches can also be submitted as diffs against a specific version of BIND – preferably the current top of the main branch. Diffs may be generated using either git format-patch or git diff.

Those wanting to write code for BIND may be interested in the developer information page, which includes information about BIND design and coding practices, including discussion of internal APIs and overall system architecture. (This is a work in progress, and still quite preliminary.)

Every patch submitted will be reviewed by ISC engineers following our code review process before it is merged.

It may take considerable time to review patch submissions, especially if they don’t meet ISC style and quality guidelines. If a patch is a good idea, we can and will do additional work to bring it up to par, but if we’re busy with other work, it may take us a long time to get to it.

To ensure your patch is acted on as promptly as possible, please:

Changes to configure

If you need to make changes to configure, you should not edit it directly; instead, edit configure.in, then run autoconf. Similarly, instead of editing config.h.in directly, edit configure.in and run autoheader.

When submitting a patch as a diff, it’s fine to omit the configure diffs to save space. Just send the configure.in diffs and we’ll generate the new configure during the review process.

Documentation

All functional changes should be documented. There are three types of documentation in the BIND source tree:

It is not necessary to edit any documentation files other than these; all PDF, HTML, and nroff-format man page files will be updated automatically from the docbook and XML files after merging.

Patches to improve existing documentation are also very welcome!

Tests

BIND is a large and complex project. We rely heavily on continuous automated testing and cannot merge new code without adequate test coverage. Please see the ‘Testing’ section of doc/dev/dev.md for more information.

Thanks

Thank you for your interest in contributing to the ongoing development of BIND.