There are two versions of the file format used by the FILE keytab type. The first byte of the file always has the value 5, and the value of the second byte contains the version number (1 or 2). Version 1 of the file format uses native byte order for integer representations. Version 2 always uses big-endian byte order.
After the two-byte version indicator, the file contains a sequence of signed 32-bit record lengths followed by key records or holes. A positive record length indicates a valid key entry whose size is equal to or less than the record length. A negative length indicates a zero-filled hole whose size is the inverse of the length. A length of 0 indicates the end of the file.
A key entry may be smaller in size than the record length which precedes it, because it may have replaced a hole which is larger than the key entry. Key entries use the following informal grammar:
entry ::= principal timestamp (32 bits) key version (8 bits) enctype (16 bits) key length (16 bits) key contents key version (32 bits) [in release 1.14 and later] principal ::= count of components (16 bits) [includes realm in version 1] realm (data) component1 (data) component2 (data) ... name type (32 bits) [omitted in version 1] data ::= length (16 bits) value (length bytes)
The 32-bit key version overrides the 8-bit key version. To determine if it is present, the implementation must check that at least 4 bytes remain in the record after the other fields are read, and that the value of the 32-bit integer contained in those bytes is non-zero.