--- title: Prometheus description: Adapter that exposes Istio metrics for ingestion by a Prometheus harvester. location: https://istio.io/docs/reference/config/policy-and-telemetry/adapters/prometheus.html layout: protoc-gen-docs generator: protoc-gen-docs supported_templates: metric aliases: - /docs/reference/config/adapters/prometheus.html number_of_entries: 8 ---

The prometheus adapter collects Istio metrics and makes them available to Prometheus.

This adapter supports the metric template.

Params

Configuration format for the prometheus adapter.

Field Type Description Required
metrics MetricInfo[]

The set of metrics to represent in Prometheus. If a metric is defined in Istio but doesn’t have a corresponding shape here, it will not be populated at runtime.

No
metricsExpirationPolicy MetricsExpirationPolicy

Optional. The rate at which to expire metrics from the adapter. This option controls the amount of metric data that the adapter will maintain over its lifetime.

EXPERIMENTAL: This feature should only be used in advanced cases.

Example config stanza:

metricsExpirationPolicy:
  metricsExpiryDuration: "5s"
  expiryCheckIntervalDuration: "1s"
No

Params.MetricInfo

Describes how a metric should be represented in Prometheus.

Field Type Description Required
namespace string

Optional. The namespace is used as a prefix on the metric names. An example: for a metric named requests_total with a namespace of istio, the full metric name becomes istio_requests_total. NOTE: The specified namespace should be a prometheus-safe name. If not, the adapter will attempt to convert the namespace to a prometheus-safe name. NOTE: Changing the value for this will potentially impact downstream integrations and should be used with caution. Default value: istio.

No
name string

Recommended. The name is used to register the prometheus metric. It must be unique across all prometheus metrics as prometheus does not allow duplicate names. If name is not specified a sanitized version of instance_name is used.

No
instanceName string

Required. The name is the fully qualified name of the Istio metric instance that this MetricInfo processes.

No
description string

Optional. A human readable description of this metric.

No
kind Kind No
buckets BucketsDefinition

For metrics with a metric kind of DISTRIBUTION, this provides a mechanism for configuring the buckets that will be used to store the aggregated values. This field must be provided for metrics declared to be of type DISTRIBUTION. This field will be ignored for non-distribution metric kinds.

No
labelNames string[]

The names of labels to use: these need to match the dimensions of the Istio metric. TODO: see if we can remove this and rely on only the dimensions in the future.

No

Params.MetricsExpirationPolicy

Describes the expiration policy for metrics generated by a prometheus handler.

Example: A Metrics Expiration Policy of { metrics_expiry_duration: "10m", expiry_check_interval_duration: "1m" } would configure the handler to delete all metrics that have received no updtaes for 10 minutes. Metrics would be checked every minute to determine whether or not they should be expired.

Field Type Description Required
metricsExpiryDuration Duration

Required. Describes the desired lifetime of a metric. If the metric is not updated at any point during this duration, it will be removed from the set of metrics exported by the handler.

No
expiryCheckIntervalDuration Duration

Optional. Describes the interval in which metrics will be checked to see if they have been stale for longer that the configured metrics_expiry_duration. This should be generally be set to a duration much shorter than the configured metrics_expiry_duration. This bounds the total amount of additional time (beyond the desired lifetime) that a metric may be exported. If a value is not explicitly provided, this value will default to half of the configured metrics_expiry_duration.

No

Params.MetricInfo.BucketsDefinition

Describes buckets for DISTRIBUTION kind metrics.

Field Type Description Required
linearBuckets Linear (oneof)

The linear buckets.

No
exponentialBuckets Exponential (oneof)

The exponential buckets.

No
explicitBuckets Explicit (oneof)

The explicit buckets.

No

Params.MetricInfo.BucketsDefinition.Linear

Specifies a linear sequence of buckets that all have the same width (except overflow and underflow). Each bucket represents a constant absolute uncertainty on the specific value in the bucket.

There are num_finite_buckets + 2 (= N) buckets. The two additional buckets are the underflow and overflow buckets.

Bucket i has the following boundaries:

Field Type Description Required
numFiniteBuckets int32

Must be greater than 0.

No
width double

Must be greater than 0.

No
offset double

Lower bound of the first bucket.

No

Params.MetricInfo.BucketsDefinition.Exponential

Specifies an exponential sequence of buckets that have a width that is proportional to the value of the lower bound. Each bucket represents a constant relative uncertainty on a specific value in the bucket.

There are num_finite_buckets + 2 (= N) buckets. The two additional buckets are the underflow and overflow buckets.

Bucket i has the following boundaries:

Field Type Description Required
numFiniteBuckets int32

Must be greater than 0.

No
growthFactor double

Must be greater than 1.

No
scale double

Must be greater than 0.

No

Params.MetricInfo.BucketsDefinition.Explicit

Specifies a set of buckets with arbitrary widths.

There are size(bounds) + 1 (= N) buckets. Bucket i has the following boundaries:

The bounds field must contain at least one element. If bounds has only one element, then there are no finite buckets, and that single element is the common boundary of the overflow and underflow buckets.

Field Type Description Required
bounds double[]

The values must be monotonically increasing.

No

Params.MetricInfo.Kind

Describes what kind of metric this is.

Name Description
UNSPECIFIED
GAUGE
COUNTER
DISTRIBUTION