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Flutter Tools

This section of the Flutter repository contains the command line developer tools for building Flutter applications.

Working on Flutter Tools

Be sure to follow the instructions on CONTRIBUTING.md to set up your development environment. Further, familiarize yourself with the style guide, which we follow.

Setting up

First, ensure that the Dart SDK and other necessary artifacts are available by invoking the Flutter Tools wrapper script. In this directory run:

$ flutter --version

Running the Tool

To run Flutter Tools from source, in this directory run:

$ dart bin/flutter_tools.dart

followed by command-line arguments, as usual.

Running the analyzer

To run the analyzer on Flutter Tools, in this directory run:

$ flutter analyze

Writing tests

As with other parts of the Flutter repository, all changes in behavior must be tested. Tests live under the test/ subdirectory.

In general, the tests for the code in a file called file.dart should go in a file called file_test.dart in the subdirectory that matches the behavior of the test.

The dart_test.yaml file configures the timeout for these tests to be 15 minutes. The test.dart script that is used in CI overrides this to two seconds for the test/general.shard directory, to catch behaviour that is unexpectedly slow.

Please avoid setting any other timeouts.

Using local engine builds in integration tests

The integration tests can be configured to use a specific local engine variant by setting the FLUTTER_LOCAL_ENGINE environment variable to the name of the local engine (e.g. "android_debug_unopt"). If the local engine build requires a source path, this can be provided by setting the FLUTTER_LOCAL_ENGINE_SRC_PATH environment variable. This second variable is not necessary if the flutter and engine checkouts are in adjacent directories.

export FLUTTER_LOCAL_ENGINE=android_debug_unopt
flutter test test/integration.shard/some_test_case

Running the tests

To run all of the unit tests:

$ flutter test test/general.shard

The tests in test/integration.shard are slower to run than the tests in test/general.shard. Depending on your development computer, you might want to limit concurrency. Generally it is easier to run these on CI, or to manually verify the behavior you are changing instead of running the test.

The integration tests also require the FLUTTER_ROOT environment variable to be set. The full invocation to run everything might therefore look something like:

$ export FLUTTER_ROOT=~/path/to/flutter-sdk
$ flutter test --concurrency 1

This may take some time (on the order of an hour). The unit tests alone take much less time (on the order of a minute).

You can run the tests in a specific file, e.g.:

$ flutter test test/general.shard/utils_test.dart

Forcing snapshot regeneration

To force the Flutter Tools snapshot to be regenerated, delete the following files:

$ rm ../../bin/cache/flutter_tools.stamp ../../bin/cache/flutter_tools.snapshot