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Member "ffmpeg-4.0.1/doc/fftools-common-opts.texi" (20 Apr 2018, 12869 Bytes) of package /linux/misc/ffmpeg-4.0.1.tar.xz:

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    1 All the numerical options, if not specified otherwise, accept a string
    2 representing a number as input, which may be followed by one of the SI
    3 unit prefixes, for example: 'K', 'M', or 'G'.
    5 If 'i' is appended to the SI unit prefix, the complete prefix will be
    6 interpreted as a unit prefix for binary multiples, which are based on
    7 powers of 1024 instead of powers of 1000. Appending 'B' to the SI unit
    8 prefix multiplies the value by 8. This allows using, for example:
    9 'KB', 'MiB', 'G' and 'B' as number suffixes.
   11 Options which do not take arguments are boolean options, and set the
   12 corresponding value to true. They can be set to false by prefixing
   13 the option name with "no". For example using "-nofoo"
   14 will set the boolean option with name "foo" to false.
   16 @anchor{Stream specifiers}
   17 @section Stream specifiers
   18 Some options are applied per-stream, e.g. bitrate or codec. Stream specifiers
   19 are used to precisely specify which stream(s) a given option belongs to.
   21 A stream specifier is a string generally appended to the option name and
   22 separated from it by a colon. E.g. @code{-codec:a:1 ac3} contains the
   23 @code{a:1} stream specifier, which matches the second audio stream. Therefore, it
   24 would select the ac3 codec for the second audio stream.
   26 A stream specifier can match several streams, so that the option is applied to all
   27 of them. E.g. the stream specifier in @code{-b:a 128k} matches all audio
   28 streams.
   30 An empty stream specifier matches all streams. For example, @code{-codec copy}
   31 or @code{-codec: copy} would copy all the streams without reencoding.
   33 Possible forms of stream specifiers are:
   34 @table @option
   35 @item @var{stream_index}
   36 Matches the stream with this index. E.g. @code{-threads:1 4} would set the
   37 thread count for the second stream to 4.
   38 @item @var{stream_type}[:@var{stream_index}]
   39 @var{stream_type} is one of following: 'v' or 'V' for video, 'a' for audio, 's'
   40 for subtitle, 'd' for data, and 't' for attachments. 'v' matches all video
   41 streams, 'V' only matches video streams which are not attached pictures, video
   42 thumbnails or cover arts.  If @var{stream_index} is given, then it matches
   43 stream number @var{stream_index} of this type. Otherwise, it matches all
   44 streams of this type.
   45 @item p:@var{program_id}[:@var{stream_index}] or p:@var{program_id}[:@var{stream_type}[:@var{stream_index}]] or
   46 p:@var{program_id}:m:@var{key}[:@var{value}]
   47 In first version, if @var{stream_index} is given, then it matches the stream with number @var{stream_index}
   48 in the program with the id @var{program_id}. Otherwise, it matches all streams in the
   49 program. In the second version, @var{stream_type} is one of following: 'v' for video, 'a' for audio, 's'
   50 for subtitle, 'd' for data. If @var{stream_index} is also given, then it matches
   51 stream number @var{stream_index} of this type in the program with the id @var{program_id}.
   52 Otherwise, if only @var{stream_type} is given, it matches all
   53 streams of this type in the program with the id @var{program_id}.
   54 In the third version matches streams in the program with the id @var{program_id} with the metadata
   55 tag @var{key} having the specified value. If
   56 @var{value} is not given, matches streams that contain the given tag with any
   57 value.
   59 @item #@var{stream_id} or i:@var{stream_id}
   60 Match the stream by stream id (e.g. PID in MPEG-TS container).
   61 @item m:@var{key}[:@var{value}]
   62 Matches streams with the metadata tag @var{key} having the specified value. If
   63 @var{value} is not given, matches streams that contain the given tag with any
   64 value.
   65 @item u
   66 Matches streams with usable configuration, the codec must be defined and the
   67 essential information such as video dimension or audio sample rate must be present.
   69 Note that in @command{ffmpeg}, matching by metadata will only work properly for
   70 input files.
   71 @end table
   73 @section Generic options
   75 These options are shared amongst the ff* tools.
   77 @table @option
   79 @item -L
   80 Show license.
   82 @item -h, -?, -help, --help [@var{arg}]
   83 Show help. An optional parameter may be specified to print help about a specific
   84 item. If no argument is specified, only basic (non advanced) tool
   85 options are shown.
   87 Possible values of @var{arg} are:
   88 @table @option
   89 @item long
   90 Print advanced tool options in addition to the basic tool options.
   92 @item full
   93 Print complete list of options, including shared and private options
   94 for encoders, decoders, demuxers, muxers, filters, etc.
   96 @item decoder=@var{decoder_name}
   97 Print detailed information about the decoder named @var{decoder_name}. Use the
   98 @option{-decoders} option to get a list of all decoders.
  100 @item encoder=@var{encoder_name}
  101 Print detailed information about the encoder named @var{encoder_name}. Use the
  102 @option{-encoders} option to get a list of all encoders.
  104 @item demuxer=@var{demuxer_name}
  105 Print detailed information about the demuxer named @var{demuxer_name}. Use the
  106 @option{-formats} option to get a list of all demuxers and muxers.
  108 @item muxer=@var{muxer_name}
  109 Print detailed information about the muxer named @var{muxer_name}. Use the
  110 @option{-formats} option to get a list of all muxers and demuxers.
  112 @item filter=@var{filter_name}
  113 Print detailed information about the filter name @var{filter_name}. Use the
  114 @option{-filters} option to get a list of all filters.
  115 @end table
  117 @item -version
  118 Show version.
  120 @item -formats
  121 Show available formats (including devices).
  123 @item -demuxers
  124 Show available demuxers.
  126 @item -muxers
  127 Show available muxers.
  129 @item -devices
  130 Show available devices.
  132 @item -codecs
  133 Show all codecs known to libavcodec.
  135 Note that the term 'codec' is used throughout this documentation as a shortcut
  136 for what is more correctly called a media bitstream format.
  138 @item -decoders
  139 Show available decoders.
  141 @item -encoders
  142 Show all available encoders.
  144 @item -bsfs
  145 Show available bitstream filters.
  147 @item -protocols
  148 Show available protocols.
  150 @item -filters
  151 Show available libavfilter filters.
  153 @item -pix_fmts
  154 Show available pixel formats.
  156 @item -sample_fmts
  157 Show available sample formats.
  159 @item -layouts
  160 Show channel names and standard channel layouts.
  162 @item -colors
  163 Show recognized color names.
  165 @item -sources @var{device}[,@var{opt1}=@var{val1}[,@var{opt2}=@var{val2}]...]
  166 Show autodetected sources of the input device.
  167 Some devices may provide system-dependent source names that cannot be autodetected.
  168 The returned list cannot be assumed to be always complete.
  169 @example
  170 ffmpeg -sources pulse,server=
  171 @end example
  173 @item -sinks @var{device}[,@var{opt1}=@var{val1}[,@var{opt2}=@var{val2}]...]
  174 Show autodetected sinks of the output device.
  175 Some devices may provide system-dependent sink names that cannot be autodetected.
  176 The returned list cannot be assumed to be always complete.
  177 @example
  178 ffmpeg -sinks pulse,server=
  179 @end example
  181 @item -loglevel [@var{flags}+]@var{loglevel} | -v [@var{flags}+]@var{loglevel}
  182 Set logging level and flags used by the library.
  184 The optional @var{flags} prefix can consist of the following values:
  185 @table @samp
  186 @item repeat
  187 Indicates that repeated log output should not be compressed to the first line
  188 and the "Last message repeated n times" line will be omitted.
  189 @item level
  190 Indicates that log output should add a @code{[level]} prefix to each message
  191 line. This can be used as an alternative to log coloring, e.g. when dumping the
  192 log to file.
  193 @end table
  194 Flags can also be used alone by adding a '+'/'-' prefix to set/reset a single
  195 flag without affecting other @var{flags} or changing @var{loglevel}. When
  196 setting both @var{flags} and @var{loglevel}, a '+' separator is expected
  197 between the last @var{flags} value and before @var{loglevel}.
  199 @var{loglevel} is a string or a number containing one of the following values:
  200 @table @samp
  201 @item quiet, -8
  202 Show nothing at all; be silent.
  203 @item panic, 0
  204 Only show fatal errors which could lead the process to crash, such as
  205 an assertion failure. This is not currently used for anything.
  206 @item fatal, 8
  207 Only show fatal errors. These are errors after which the process absolutely
  208 cannot continue.
  209 @item error, 16
  210 Show all errors, including ones which can be recovered from.
  211 @item warning, 24
  212 Show all warnings and errors. Any message related to possibly
  213 incorrect or unexpected events will be shown.
  214 @item info, 32
  215 Show informative messages during processing. This is in addition to
  216 warnings and errors. This is the default value.
  217 @item verbose, 40
  218 Same as @code{info}, except more verbose.
  219 @item debug, 48
  220 Show everything, including debugging information.
  221 @item trace, 56
  222 @end table
  224 For example to enable repeated log output, add the @code{level} prefix, and set
  225 @var{loglevel} to @code{verbose}:
  226 @example
  227 ffmpeg -loglevel repeat+level+verbose -i input output
  228 @end example
  229 Another example that enables repeated log output without affecting current
  230 state of @code{level} prefix flag or @var{loglevel}:
  231 @example
  232 ffmpeg [...] -loglevel +repeat
  233 @end example
  235 By default the program logs to stderr. If coloring is supported by the
  236 terminal, colors are used to mark errors and warnings. Log coloring
  237 can be disabled setting the environment variable
  238 @env{AV_LOG_FORCE_NOCOLOR} or @env{NO_COLOR}, or can be forced setting
  239 the environment variable @env{AV_LOG_FORCE_COLOR}.
  240 The use of the environment variable @env{NO_COLOR} is deprecated and
  241 will be dropped in a future FFmpeg version.
  243 @item -report
  244 Dump full command line and console output to a file named
  245 @code{@var{program}-@var{YYYYMMDD}-@var{HHMMSS}.log} in the current
  246 directory.
  247 This file can be useful for bug reports.
  248 It also implies @code{-loglevel verbose}.
  250 Setting the environment variable @env{FFREPORT} to any value has the
  251 same effect. If the value is a ':'-separated key=value sequence, these
  252 options will affect the report; option values must be escaped if they
  253 contain special characters or the options delimiter ':' (see the
  254 ``Quoting and escaping'' section in the ffmpeg-utils manual).
  256 The following options are recognized:
  257 @table @option
  258 @item file
  259 set the file name to use for the report; @code{%p} is expanded to the name
  260 of the program, @code{%t} is expanded to a timestamp, @code{%%} is expanded
  261 to a plain @code{%}
  262 @item level
  263 set the log verbosity level using a numerical value (see @code{-loglevel}).
  264 @end table
  266 For example, to output a report to a file named @file{ffreport.log}
  267 using a log level of @code{32} (alias for log level @code{info}):
  269 @example
  270 FFREPORT=file=ffreport.log:level=32 ffmpeg -i input output
  271 @end example
  273 Errors in parsing the environment variable are not fatal, and will not
  274 appear in the report.
  276 @item -hide_banner
  277 Suppress printing banner.
  279 All FFmpeg tools will normally show a copyright notice, build options
  280 and library versions. This option can be used to suppress printing
  281 this information.
  283 @item -cpuflags flags (@emph{global})
  284 Allows setting and clearing cpu flags. This option is intended
  285 for testing. Do not use it unless you know what you're doing.
  286 @example
  287 ffmpeg -cpuflags -sse+mmx ...
  288 ffmpeg -cpuflags mmx ...
  289 ffmpeg -cpuflags 0 ...
  290 @end example
  291 Possible flags for this option are:
  292 @table @samp
  293 @item x86
  294 @table @samp
  295 @item mmx
  296 @item mmxext
  297 @item sse
  298 @item sse2
  299 @item sse2slow
  300 @item sse3
  301 @item sse3slow
  302 @item ssse3
  303 @item atom
  304 @item sse4.1
  305 @item sse4.2
  306 @item avx
  307 @item avx2
  308 @item xop
  309 @item fma3
  310 @item fma4
  311 @item 3dnow
  312 @item 3dnowext
  313 @item bmi1
  314 @item bmi2
  315 @item cmov
  316 @end table
  317 @item ARM
  318 @table @samp
  319 @item armv5te
  320 @item armv6
  321 @item armv6t2
  322 @item vfp
  323 @item vfpv3
  324 @item neon
  325 @item setend
  326 @end table
  327 @item AArch64
  328 @table @samp
  329 @item armv8
  330 @item vfp
  331 @item neon
  332 @end table
  333 @item PowerPC
  334 @table @samp
  335 @item altivec
  336 @end table
  337 @item Specific Processors
  338 @table @samp
  339 @item pentium2
  340 @item pentium3
  341 @item pentium4
  342 @item k6
  343 @item k62
  344 @item athlon
  345 @item athlonxp
  346 @item k8
  347 @end table
  348 @end table
  349 @end table
  351 @section AVOptions
  353 These options are provided directly by the libavformat, libavdevice and
  354 libavcodec libraries. To see the list of available AVOptions, use the
  355 @option{-help} option. They are separated into two categories:
  356 @table @option
  357 @item generic
  358 These options can be set for any container, codec or device. Generic options
  359 are listed under AVFormatContext options for containers/devices and under
  360 AVCodecContext options for codecs.
  361 @item private
  362 These options are specific to the given container, device or codec. Private
  363 options are listed under their corresponding containers/devices/codecs.
  364 @end table
  366 For example to write an ID3v2.3 header instead of a default ID3v2.4 to
  367 an MP3 file, use the @option{id3v2_version} private option of the MP3
  368 muxer:
  369 @example
  370 ffmpeg -i input.flac -id3v2_version 3 out.mp3
  371 @end example
  373 All codec AVOptions are per-stream, and thus a stream specifier
  374 should be attached to them.
  376 Note: the @option{-nooption} syntax cannot be used for boolean
  377 AVOptions, use @option{-option 0}/@option{-option 1}.
  379 Note: the old undocumented way of specifying per-stream AVOptions by
  380 prepending v/a/s to the options name is now obsolete and will be
  381 removed soon.