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2.4.2 (February 8th, 2010)
2.4.1 (December 19th, 2009)
2.4.0 (October 24th, 2009)
2.3.0 (October 24th, 2009) (loosely equivalent to 2.4.0)
2.2.2 (September 10th, 2009)
2.2.1 (June 1st, 2009)
2.2.0 (May 17th, 2009)
2.1.2 (May 5, 2009)
2.1.1 (April 16, 2009) (March 27, 2009)
2.1.0 (March 16, 2009)
2.0.1 (Nov 16, 2007)
2.0 (Oct 12, 2007)


See the release notes from 2.0b1-5 and 2.0rc1-8 for other changes since Cheetah 1.0.

2.0rc8 (April 11, 2007)


  • added a '#unicode <encoding>' directive to indicate that the output of the template should be a unicode string even if the template source is a normal byte string.

    • #unicode and #encoding are mutually exclusive. Use one or the other.

    • #unicode must be on a line by itself.

    • Strings in embedded code must be explictly marked as unicode if they contain non-ascii chars:

      #unicode latin-1
      \$f(u"<some non-ascii char>") ## right
      \$f("<some non-ascii char>") ## wrong

      However, this works fine:

      #unicode latin-1
      blah blah <some non-ascii char> blah blah
  • fixed several unicode bugs in the compiler.

  • fixed some unicode issues in the standard filters.

  • fixed a few minor bugs in code that never gets called. Thanks to Alejandro Dubrovsky for pointing them out.

  • make RawOrEncodedUnicode the baseclass of all filters and remove some unused/redudant filters

  • added new compiler setting 'addTimestampsToCompilerOutput'. See Brian Bird's post about it. He stores his cheetah generated .py files in subversion and needed to disable the timestamp code so svn wouldn't care when he recompiles those .py modules.

  • added the #super directive, which calls the method from the parent class which has the same as the current #def or #block method:

    #def foo
        ... child output
        #super  ## includes output of super(<CurrentClass>, self).foo()
        ... child output
    #end def
    #def bar(arg)
        ... child output
        #super(arg)  ## includes output of super(<CurrentClass>, self).bar(arg)
         ... child output
    #end def
  • added some unit tests for the new directives

2.0rc7 (July 4, 2006)


  • extended the #implements directive so an arguments list can be declared in the same fashion as #def and #block.

  • made the parser raise ParseError when $*placeholder, $*5*placeholder, $(placeholder), etc. are found within expressions. They are only valid in top-level text.

  • tweaked the parser so it's possible to place a comment on the same line as a directive without needing to explicitly close the directive first. This works regardless of whether or not you added a colon:

    self.verify("#if 1:\\n\$aStr\\n#end if\\n",
    self.verify("#if 1:   \\n\$aStr\\n#end if\\n",
    self.verify("#if 1: ##comment \\n\$aStr\\n#end if\\n",
    self.verify("#if 1 ##comment \\n\$aStr\\n#end if\\n",

    Previously, that last test would have required an extra # to close the #if directive before the comment directive started:

    self.verify("#if 1 ###comment \\n\$aStr\\n#end if\\n",

    Code that makes use of explicit directive close tokens immediately followed by another directive will still work as expected: #if test##for i in range(10)# foo $i#end for##end if

  • safer handling of the baseclass arg to Template.compile(). It now does the right thing if the user passes in an instance rather than a class.

ImportHooks: [TR]

  • made it possible to specify a list of template filename extentions that are looped through while searching for template modules. E.g.:

    import Cheetah.ImportHooks

Core changes by MO:

  • Filters are now new-style classes.
  • WebSafe and the other optional filters in Filters.py now use RawOrEncodedUnicode instead of Filter as a base class. This allows them to work with Unicode values containing non-ASCII characters.
  • User-written custom filters should inherit from RawOrEncodedUnicode and call the superclass .filter() instead of str(). str() as of Python 2.4.2 still converts Unicode to string using ASCII codec, which raises UnicodeEncodeError if it contains non-ASCII characters.
2.0rc6 (Feb 4, 2006)


  • added a Cheetah version dependency check that raises an assertion if a template was compiled with a previous version of Cheetah whose templates must be recompiled.

  • made the Cheetah compilation metadata accessible via class attributes in addition to module globals

  • major improvement to exception reporting in cases where bad Python syntax slips past the Cheetah parser:

    File "/usr/lib/python2.4/site-packages/Cheetah/Template.py", line 792, in compile
         raise parseError
     Error in the Python code which Cheetah generated for this template:
     invalid syntax (DynamicallyCompiledCheetahTemplate.py, line 86)
     Line|Python Code
     84  |
     85  |        write('\\n\\n')
     86  |        for i an range(10): # generated from line 4, col 1
     87  |            _v = i # '\$i' on line 5, col 3
     88  |            if _v is not None: write(_filter(_v, rawExpr='\$i')) # from line 5, col 3.
     89  |            write('\\n')
     Here is the corresponding Cheetah code:
     Line 4, column 1
     Line|Cheetah Code
     2   |#compiler useNameMapper=False
     3   |
     4   |#for i an range(10)
     5   |  \$i
     6   |#end for
     7   |
2.0rc5 (Feb 3, 2006)


  • fixed a memory leak in Template.compile(), reported by Andrea Arcangeli
  • simplified concurrency locking and compile caching in Template.compile()

The command line tool (CheetahWrapper.py):

  • added new option --settings for supplying compiler settings
  • added new option --templateAPIClass to replace the environment var CHEETAH_TEMPLATE_CLASS lookup I added in 2.0b1
2.0rc4 (Jan 31, 2006)


  • fixed a typo-bug in the compile hashing code in Template.compile()
  • improved the macros framework and made it possible to implement macros in Python code so they can be shared between templates
  • more work on the #i18n directive. It's now a macro directive.
  • added new Cheetah.Macros package
  • more tests
2.0rc3 (Jan 29, 2006)


  • added short-form single line versions of all directives that have an #end tag, except for #errorCatcher:

    #if, #else, #elif, #unless,
    #for, #while, #repeat,
    #try, #except, #finally,
    #cache, #raw
    #call, #capture

    The #def and #block directives already had single-line versions:

    #if cond: foo
    #elif cond2: bar
    #else: blarg
    #for i, val in enumerate(vals): \$i-\$val

    Note that if you accidentally leave a colon at the end of one of these directives but nothing else follows it, aside from whitespace, the parser will treat it as a normal multi-line directive.

    The first leading space after the colon is discarded. Any additional spaces will be included in the output.

    Also note, if you use the short form versions of #if/#else/#elif you must it for all three. The following is not valid:

    #if cond: foo
    #elif cond2
    #else: blarg
  • added support for $!silentModePlaceholders. This is the same as quiet mode in Velocity: http://jakarta.apache.org/velocity/docs/user-guide.html#Quiet%20Reference%20Notation

  • added support for function/method @decorators. It also works with blocks. As in vanilla Python, the @decorator statement must be followed with a function/method definition (i.e. #def or #block):

    #from xxx import aDecorator
    #def func
    #end def
    #def singleLineShortFormfunc: foo
    #block func2
    #end block
  • added a new callback hook 'handlerForExtendsDirective' to the compiler settings. It can be used to customize the handling of #extends directives. The callback can dynamically add import statements or rewrite the baseclass' name if needed:

    baseClassName = handler(compiler, baseClassName)

    See the discussion on the mailing list on Jan 25th for more details.

  • changed the default filter to the one that doesn't try to encode Unicode It was 'EncodeUnicode' and is now 'RawOrEncodedUnicode'.

  • added optional support for parsing whitespace between the directive start token (#) and directive names, per Christophe Eymard's request. For the argument behind this see the mailing list archives for Jan 29th. This is off by default. You must turn it on using the compiler setting allowWhitespaceAfterDirectiveStartToken=True:

    #for \$something in \$another
    #  for \$somethin2 in \$another2
          blahblah \$something in \$something2
    #  end for
    #end for
  • made the handling of Template.compile()'s preprocessors arg simpler and fixed a bug in it.

  • fixed attribute name bug in the .compile() method (it affected the feature that allows generated module files to be cached for better exception tracebacks)

  • refactored the #cache/CacheRegions code to support abitrary backend cache data stores.

  • added MemcachedCacheStore, which allows cache data to be stored in a memcached backend. See http://www.linuxjournal.com/article/7451 and http://www.danga.com/memcached/. This is only appropriate for systems running many Python server processes that need to share cached data to reduce memory requirements. Don't bother with this unless you actually need it. If you have a limited number of Python server processes it is much faster, simpler, and more secure to just cache in the memory of each process.

    KEEP MEMCACHED'S LIMITED SECURITY IN MIND!! It has no authentication or encryption and will introduce a gaping hole in your defenses unless you are careful. If you are caching sensitive data you should take measures to ensure that a) untrusted local system users cannot connect to memcached server, b) untrusted external servers cannot connect, and c) untrusted users on trusted external servers cannot connect. Case (a) can be dealt with via iptable's owner match module for one way to do this: "iptables -A ... -m owner ..." Cases (b) and (c) can be handled by tunnelling memcached network connections over stunnel and implementing stunnel authentication with mandatory peer/client certs.

  • some under-the-hood refactoring of the parser

  • made it possible to add custom directives, or customize the parsing/handling of existing ones, via the compiler settings 'directiveNamesAndParsers' and 'endDirectiveNamesAndHandlers'

  • added a compile-time macro facility to Cheetah. These macros are very similar to macros in Lisp: http://www.apl.jhu.edu/~hall/Lisp-Notes/Macros.html.

    As with Lisp macros, they take source code (Cheetah source) as input and return source code (again Cheetah source) as output. They are executed at compile-time, just like in Lisp and C. The resultant code gets executed at run-time.

    The new #defmacro directive allows users to create macros inside the source of their templates. Macros can also be provided via the compiler setting 'macroDirectives'. The 'macroDirectives' setting allows you to share common macros between templates.

    The syntax for the opening tag of #defmacro is the same as for #def and #block. It expects a macro name followed by an optional argument list in brackets. A src argument is automatically added to the beginning of every macro's argument list. The value of the src is the block of input source code that is provided during a macro call (see below):

    #defmacro <macroname>[(argspec)]
    #end defmacro

    All of Cheetah's syntax is available for use inside macros, but the placeholderStartToken is @ instead of $ and the directiveStartToken/EndToken is % instead of #. Any syntax using the standard $/# tokens will be treated as plain text and included in the output of the macro.

    Here are some examples:

    #defmacro addHeaderFooter
    #end defmacro
    #defmacro addHeaderFooter(header='h', footer='f')
    #end defmacro

    There is a single-line short form like for other directives:

    #defmacro addHeaderFooter: header @src footer
    #defmacro addHeaderFooter(header='h', footer='f'): @header @src @footer

    The syntax for calling a macro is similar to the simplest usage of the #call directive:

      Source \$code to wrap
    #end addHeaderFooter
    #addHeaderFooter: Source \$code to wrap
    #addHeaderFooter header='header', footer='footer: Source \$code to wrap
    In Elisp you write
    (defmacro inc (var)

    (list 'setq var (list '1+ var)))

    to define the macro inc and write

    (inc x)

    which expands to

    (setq x (1+ x))

    In Cheetah you'd write

    #defmacro inc: #set @src +=1 #inc: $i

    which expands to

    #set $i += 1

    print Template("""\ #defmacro inc: #set @src +=1 #set i = 1 #inc: $i $i""").strip()==2

  • fixed some bugs related to advanced usage of Template.compile(). These were found via new unit tests. No one had actually run into them yet.

  • added the initial bits of an #i18n directive. It has the same semantics as:

    #call self.handleI18n
      Some \$var cheetah source
    #end call

    but has a simpler syntax:

      Some \$var cheetah source
    #end i18n
    ## single-line short form:
    #i18n: Some \$var cheetah source

    The method it calls, self.handleI18n, is just a stub at the moment, but it will soon be a wrapper around gettext. It currently has one required positional argument message. I anticipate supporting the following optional arguments:

    id = msgid in the translation catalog
    domain = translation domain
    source = source lang
    target = a specific target lang
    comment = a comment to the translation team
    plural = the plural form of the message
    n = a sized argument to distinguish between single and plural forms

    #i18n is executed at runtime, but it can also be used in conjunction with a Cheetah preprocessor or macro (see above) to support compile time translation of strings that don't have to deal with plural forms.

  • added Cheetah.Utils.htmlEncode and Cheetah.Utils.htmlDecode

  • more docstring text

Unit tests: [TR]

  • extended the caching tests
  • added tests for the various calling styles of Template.compile()
  • added copies of all the SyntaxAndOutput tests that use a template baseclass other than Template. This ensures that all syntax & core features work with 2.0's support for arbitrary baseclasses.
  • added tests for all the new directives and the new single-line short forms
2.0rc2 (Jan 13th, 2006)


  • fixed some python 2.4isms that slipped in. All the tests pass with Python 2.2 now
  • added lots more docstring content in the Template class
  • made multiline comments gobble whitespace like other directives, per JJ's request. The rather longwinded compiler setting gobbleWhitespaceAroundMultiLineComments can be used to go back to the old non-gobbling behaviour if needed.
  • added #capture directive to complement the #call directive. #call executes a region of Cheetah code and passes its output into a function call #capture executes a region of Cheetah code and assigns its output to a variable
  • extended the compile caching code in Template.compile so it works with the 'file' arg.
  • added cacheModuleFilesForTracebacks and cacheDirForModuleFiles args to Template.compile(). See the docstring for details.
  • misc internal refactoring in the parser
  • improved handling of keyword args in the __init__ method and fixed a potential clash between the namespaces and searchList args


  • added the source for the new Cheetah website layout/content
2.0rc1 (Jan 10, 2006)


  • made it possible nest #filter directives

  • added lots more docstring content in the Template class

  • added Template.subclass() classmethod for quickly creating subclasses of existing Cheetah template classes. It takes the same args as the .compile() classmethod and returns a template that is a subclass of the template .subclass() is called from:

    T1 = Template.compile(' foo - \$meth1 - bar\\n#def meth1: this is T1.meth1')
    T2 = T1.subclass('#implements meth1\\n this is T2.meth1')
  • added baseclass arg to Template.compile(). It simplifies the reuse of dynamically compiled templates:

    # example 1, quickly subclassing a normal Python class and using its
    #  __init__ call signature:
      dictTemplate = Template.compile('hello \$name from \$caller', baseclass=dict)
      print dictTemplate(name='world', caller='me')

    # example 2, mixing a Cheetah method into a class definition:

    class Foo(dict):
        def meth1(self):
            return 'foo'
        def meth2(self):
            return 'bar'
    Foo = Template.compile('#implements meth3\\nhello \$name from \$caller',
    print Foo(name='world', caller='me')

    A side-benefit is the possibility to use the same Cheetah source with several baseclass, as the baseclass is orthogonal to the source code, unlike the #extends directive.

  • added 'namespaces' as an alias for 'searchList' in Template.__init__

  • made it possible to pass in a single namespace to 'searchList', which will automatically be converted into a list.

  • fixed issue with buffering and use of #call when template is used as a

    webkit servlet

  • added Cheetah.Utils.htmlEncode and htmlDecode

The command line tool (CheetahWrapper.py):

  • changed insertion order for the --env and --pickle options so they match the commandline UI of the compiled template modules themselves [TR]
2.0b5 (Jan 7, 2006)


  • made Cheetah.Template a new-style class by inserting 'object' into its' inheritance tree. Templates can now use super(), properties and all the other goodies that come with new-style classes.

  • removed the WebInputMixin by placing its one method directly in the Template class.

  • removed the SettingsManager Mixin. It wasn't being used by anything anymore.

  • added a framework for caching the results of compilations in Template.compile(). This is on by default and protects against bad performance issues that are due to programmers misguidedly compiling templates inside tight loops. It also saves on memory usage.

  • misc attr name changes to avoid namespace pollution

  • more + improved docstrings

  • replaced the oldstyle dynamic compile hacks with a wrapper around Template.compile(). The old usage pattern Template(src) now benefits from most of the recent changes:

    Template(src).__class__ == Template.compile(src)
  • removed all the extra imports required by oldstyle dynamic compile hacks

  • converted the cheetah #include mechanism to newstyle compilation and made it more flexible

  • made the #include mechanism work with file objects in addition to file names

  • made the handling of args to Template.compile() more flexible. You can now provide defaults via class attributes.

  • made preprocessors for Template.compile() work with file arguments

  • added support for specifying a __metaclass__ on cheetah template classes

  • refactored both the class and instance initialization processes

  • improved the handling of __str__ in _assignRequiredMethodsToClass

The command line tool (CheetahWrapper.py): [TR]

  • improved error output in CheetahWrapper
  • switched fill command over to new style compile usage

Unit tests: [TR]

  • fixed format string bug in unittest_local_copy.py
2.0b4 (Jan 6, 2006)


  • fixed up parsing of target lists in for loops. This was previously limited to fairly simple target lists:

    #for (\$i, \$j) in [('aa','bb'),('cc','dd')]
    #end for"
    #for (i, j) in [('aa','bb'),('cc','dd')]
    #end for"
    #for i,(j, k) in enumerate([('aa','bb'),('cc','dd')])
    #end for"
  • refactored the class initialization process

  • improved handling of target lists in #set directive. This was previously limited to fairly simple target lists. #set i,j = [1,2] ... #set $i,$j = [1,2] #set (i,j) = [1,2] ... #set ($i,$j) = [1,2] #set i, (j,k) = [1,(2,3)] ... #set $i, ($j,$k) = [1,(2,3)]

  • made it possible for the expressionFilter hooks to modify the code chunks they are fed. Also documented the hooks in a docstring. Thus the hooks can be used as preprocessors for expressions, 'restricted execution', or even enforcement of style guidelines.

  • removed cheetah junk from docstrings and placed it all in comments or __moduleVars__. Per JJ's suggestion.

  • made it possible to nest #cache directives to any level

  • made it possible to nest #call directives to any level

Unit Tests [TR]

  • extended tests for #for directive
  • expanded tests for #set directive
  • expanded tests for #call directive
  • expanded tests for #cache directive
  • added basic tests for the new $placeholder string expressions: c'text $placeholder text'
2.0b3 (Jan 5, 2006)


  • added #yield statement

  • added ability to create nested scopes/functions via nested #def statements

  • added new #call directive and related #arg directive, per Ian Bicking's suggestion.

  • added new expression syntax c"text $placeholder text"

    for those basic function calling cases where you just need to pass in a small bit of cheetah output as an argument:

    c'a string with \$placeholders',
    c'''a string with \$placeholders''',
    c"a string with \$placeholders",
    c"""a string with \$placeholders"""
    • They can't contain #directives, but accept any valid $placeholder syntax except caching placeholders. Caching placeholders don't make any sense in this context.

    • They can be used *any* place where a python expression is expected.

    • They can be nested to any depth:

      \$func(c'<li>\$var1-\$var2</li>', doSomething=True)
      \$func(content=c'<li>\$var1-\$var2</li>', doSomething=True)
      \$func(lambda x,y: c'<li>\$x-\$y</li>')
      \$func(callback=lambda x,y: c'<li>\$x-\$y</li>')
      \$func(lambda x,y: c'<li>\$x-\$y-\$varInSearchList</li>')
      \$func(c'<li>\$var1-\$var2-\$func2(c"a nested expr \$var99")</li>')
      #if \$cond then c'<li>\$var1-\$var2</li>' else c'<p>\$var1-\$var2</p>'
      #def foo(arg1=c'\$var1<span class="foo">\$var2</span>'):  blah \$arg1 blah
  • added preprocessor hooks to Template.compile() can be used for partial completion or 'compile-time-caching' ... more details and examples coming. It's very useful, but takes a bit of explaining.

  • added '#set module varName = expr' for adding module globals. JJ's suggestion

  • improved generated docstring notes about cached vars

  • fixed silly bug related to """ in docstring comments and statements like this '#def foo: $str("""foo""")'. Reported by JJ.

  • changed the handling of single-line defs so that '#def xxx:<just whitespace>\n' will be treated as a multi-line #def. The same applies to #block. There's a compiler setting to turn this off if you really need empty single-line #def:'s. JJ reported that this was causing great confusion with beginners.

  • improved error message for unclosed directives, per Mike Orr's suggestion.

  • added optional support for passing the trans arg to methods via **KWS rather than trans=None. See the discussion on the mailing list Jan 4th (JJ's post) for details. The purpose is to avoid a positional argument clash that apparently is very confusing for beginners.

    Note that any existing client code that passing the trans arg in positionally rather than as a keyword will break as a result. WebKit does this with the .respond method so I've kept the old style there. You can also turn this new behaviour off by either manually including the trans arg in your method signature (see the example below) or by using the compiler setting 'useKWsDictArgForPassingTrans'=False:

    #def manualOverride(arg1, trans=None)
      foo \$arg1
    #end def


  • made the ImportHook more robust against compilation errors during import [TR]

Install scripts: [TR]

  • added optional support for pje's setuptools
  • added cheeseshop classifiers
  • removed out of date install instructions in __init__.py

Servlet Base Class For Webkit: [TR]

  • disabled assignment of self.application (was a webware hack)

Unit Tests: [TR]

  • unit tests for most of the new syntax elements
  • tidied up some old tests
  • misc refactoring
2.0b2 (Dec 30, 2005)


Core Changes:

  • In previous versions of Cheetah tracebacks from exceptions that were raised inside dynamically compiled Cheetah templates were opaque because Python didn't have access to a python source file to use in the traceback:

    File "xxxx.py", line 192, in getTextiledContent
      content = str(template(searchList=searchList))
    File "cheetah_yyyy.py", line 202, in __str__
    File "cheetah_yyyy.py", line 187, in respond
    File "cheetah_yyyy.py", line 139, in writeBody
    ZeroDivisionError: integer division or modulo by zero

    It is now possible to keep the generated source code from the python classes returned by Template.compile() in a cache dir. Having these files around allows Python to include the actual source lines in tracebacks and makes them much easier to understand:

    File "/usr/local/unsnarl/lib/python/us/ui/views/WikiPageRenderer.py", line 192, in getTextiledContent
      content = str(template(searchList=searchList))
    File "/tmp/CheetahCacheDir/cheetah_yyyy.py", line 202, in __str__
      def __str__(self): return self.respond()
    File "/tmp/CheetahCacheDir/cheetah_yyyy.py", line 187, in respond
    File "/tmp/CheetahCacheDir/cheetah_yyyy.py", line 139, in writeBody
      __v = 0/0 # \$(0/0)
    ZeroDivisionError: integer division or modulo by zero

    This is turned off by default. To turn it on, do this:

    class NiceTracebackTemplate(Template):
        _CHEETAH_cacheModuleFilesForTracebacks = True
        _CHEETAH_cacheDirForModuleFiles = '/tmp/CheetahCacheDir' # change to a dirname
    templateClass = NiceTracebackTemplate.compile(src)
    # or
    templateClass = Template.compile(src,
       cacheModuleFilesForTracebacks=True, cacheDirForModuleFiles='/tmp/CheetahCacheDir')

    This only works with the new Template.compile(src) usage style!

    Note, Cheetah generated modules that are compiled on the command line have never been affected by this issue. [TR]

  • added an extra comment per $placeholder to generated python code so it is easier to grok. [TR]

2.0b1 (Dec 29, 2005)


Core Changes:

  • enabled use of any expression in ${placeholders}. See the examples I posted to the email list on Dec 12th. All use cases of the #echo directive can now be handled with ${placeholders}. This came from a suggestion by Mike Orr. [TR]

  • made it possible for templates to #extend (aka subclass) any arbitrary baseclass, including Python's new style classes. You must either compile your classes on the command line or use the new classmethod Template.compile() as described below. The old Template(src) interface still works, provided you don't try to use this new arbitrary baseclass stuff. See my messages to the email list for more details. [TR]

  • made it possible to create template classes dynamically, rather than just instances. See the new classmethod Template.compile(). See my messages to the email list for more details. [TR]

    klass = Template.compile(src)

  • made it easier to work with custom compiler settings, particularly from the command line tool. You can now define a subclass of Template which will compile your templates using custom compilerSettings, or even a custom compiler class, without requiring you to manually pass in your compilerSettings each time or define them in the template src itself via the #compiler directive. You can make the command line tool use your subclass by defining the environment variable CHEETAH_TEMPLATE_CLASS. It should be in the form 'package.module:class'. See my messages to the email list for more details. [TR]

  • made it possible to pass the searchList in as an argument to #def'ined methods. This makes all lookup that occur within the scope of that method use the provided searchList rather than self._searchList. This does not carry over to other methods called within the top method, unless they explicitly accept the searchList in their signature AND you pass it to them when calling them. This behaviour can be turned off with the corresponding compilerSetting 'allowSearchListAsMethArg' [TR]

  • added hooks for filtering / restricting dangerous stuff in cheetah source code at compile time. These hooks can be used to enable Cheetah template authoring by untrusted users. See my messages to the email list for more details. Note, it filters expressions at parse/compile time, unlike Python's old rexec module which restricted the Python environment at runtime. [TR]

    # Here are the relevant compiler settings: # use lower case keys here!! 'disabledDirectives':[], # list of directive keys, without the start token 'enabledDirectives':[], # list of directive keys, without the start token

    'disabledDirectiveHooks':[], # callable(parser, directiveKey),

    # called when a disabled directive is found, prior to raising an exception

    'preparseDirectiveHooks':[], # callable(parser, directiveKey) 'postparseDirectiveHooks':[], # callable(parser, directiveKey)

    'preparsePlaceholderHooks':[], # callable(parser) 'postparsePlaceholderHooks':[], # callable(parser)

    'expressionFilterHooks':[], # callable(parser, expr, exprType, rawExpr=None, startPos=None) # exprType is the name of the directive, 'psp', or 'placeholder'. #all lowercase

  • added support for a short EOLSlurpToken to supplement the #slurp directive. It's currently re.compile('#\s*\n') (i.e # followed by arbitrary whitespace and a new line), but this is not set in stone. One other suggestion was the backslash char, but I believe Python's own interpretation of backslashes will lead to confusion. The compiler setting 'EOLSlurpToken' controls this. You can turn it off completely by setting 'EOLSlurpToken' to None. See the email list for more details. [TR]

  • added '_CHEETAH' prefix to all instance attribute names in compiled templates. This is related to the arbitrary baseclass change. [TR]

  • shifted instance attribute setup to _initCheetahAttributes() method. This is related to the arbitrary baseclass change. [TR]

  • made it possible to use full expressions in the #extends directive, rather than just dotted names. This allows you to do things like this:

    #from xx.TemplateRepository import getTemplateClass #extends getTemplateClass('someName')

    I don't expect this to be used much. I needed it for a wiki system in which the baseclasses for the templates are dynamically compiled at run time and are not available via simple imports. [TR]

  • added compiler setting autoImportForExtendDirective=True, so this existing default behaviour can be turned off when needed. [TR]

  • fixed a bug in the parsing of single-line #def's and #block's when they are enclosed within #if ... #end if. Reported by Marcin Gajda [TR]

  • tweak to remove needless write('') calls in generated code [TR]

The command line tool (CheetahWrapper.py):

  • added code to cleanup trailing slashes on path arguments (code originally from Mike Orr) [TR]
  • turned on the ImportHooks by default for the 'cheetah fill' command. See the discussion on the email list [TR]


  • fixed a name error bug in the ImportHooks [TR]
1.0 (Dec 4, 2005)


Version bump from 1.0rc3

1.0rc3 (Nov 30, 2005)


1.0rc2 (Nov 19, 2005)


See my email to the cheetahtemplate-discuss list on Sat. Nov. 12th for more details on these changes:

1.0rc1 (Nov 2, 2005)


0.9.18 (Aug 22, 2005)

0.9.18rc1 (Aug 15, 2005)

0.9.17 (May 30, 2005)

0.9.17-rc1 (May 12, 2005)

This simple bug fix release resolves some issues introduced by under-the-hood changes in release 0.9.16a1.

0.9.16 (Mar 27, 2005)

0.9.16b1 (Feb 28, 2005)

0.9.16a1 (Jan 6, 2005)

0.9.15 (Mar 25, 2003)

0.9.15rc2 (Mar 23, 2003)

0.9.15rc1 (Mar 21, 2003)

This is just 0.9.15b1 renamed.

0.9.15b1 (Mar 17, 2003)

0.9.15a3 (Nov 10, 2002)

0.9.15a2 (Nov 4th, 2002)

0.9.15a1 (Oct 6th, 2002)

0.9.14 (July 14, 2002)

0.9.14b1 (June 30, 2002)

0.9.13 (May 8, 2002)

0.9.13b2 (May 3, 2002)

0.9.13b1 (May 1, 2002)

0.9.12 (April 3, 2002)

0.9.12b2 (Mar 28, 2002)

0.9.12b1 (Mar 24, 2002)

0.9.11 (Mar 07, 2002)

0.9.10 (Mar 06, 2002): Primarily a bug fix release

0.9.9 (Dec 14, 2001)

0.9.9b1 (Dec 6, 2001)

0.9.9a6 (Nov 6, 2001)

0.9.9a5 (October 31, 2001)

0.9.9a4 (October 30, 2001)

0.9.9a3 (October 12, 2001)

0.9.9a2 (October 11, 2001)

0.9.9a1 (October 9, 2001) [many changes and bug-fixes]

0.9.8 (October 9, 2001)

0.9.8a4 (September 7, 2001)

0.9.8a3 (August 22, 2001) [includes changes for 0.9.8a1 and 0.9.8a2]

0.9.7 (July 13, 2001)

0.9.6 (June 12, 2001)

0.9.5 (June 10, 2001)

0.9.4 (June 9, 2001)













TR - Tavis Rudd
MO - Mike Orr
JJ - Shannon 'jj' Behrens
IB - Ian Bicking
CE - Chuck Esterbrook
MH - Mike Halle