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buku in action!

buku in action!

### Introduction `buku` is a powerful bookmark manager written in Python3 and SQLite3. When I started writing it, I couldn't find a flexible command-line solution with a private, portable, merge-able database along with seamless GUI integration. Hence, `buku` (after my son's nickname, meaning *close to the heart* in my language). [bukuserver](https://github.com/jarun/buku/tree/master/bukuserver) exposes a browsable front-end on a local web host server. `buku` can auto-import bookmarks from your browser(s) or fetch the title and description of a bookmarked url from the web. You can use your favourite editor to compose and update bookmarks. With multiple search options, including regex and a deep scan mode (particularly for URLs), it can find any bookmark instantly. `buku` can look up the latest snapshot of a broken link on the Wayback Machine. There's an Easter egg to revisit random forgotten bookmarks too! *Buku* is too busy to track you: no hidden history, obsolete records, usage analytics or homing. To get started right away, jump to the [Quickstart](#quickstart) section. We have one of the best documentation around. You'll find handy examples in the man page too. For more details, please refer to the wiki page on [operational notes](https://github.com/jarun/buku/wiki/Operational-notes). There are several [projects based on `buku`](#related-projects), including a browser plug-in. *Love smart and efficient utilities? Explore [my repositories](https://github.com/jarun?tab=repositories). Buy me a cup of coffee if they help you.*

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### Table of Contents - [Features](#features) - [Installation](#installation) - [Dependencies](#dependencies) - [From a package manager](#from-a-package-manager) - [Release packages](#release-packages) - [From source](#from-source) - [Running standalone](#running-standalone) - [Shell completion](#shell-completion) - [Usage](#usage) - [Command-line options](#command-line-options) - [Colors](#colors) - [Quickstart](#quickstart) - [Examples](#examples) - [Automation](#automation) - [Troubleshooting](#troubleshooting) - [Editor integration](#editor-integration) - [Collaborators](#collaborators) - [Contributions](#contributions) - [Related projects](#related-projects) - [In the Press](#in-the-press) ### Features - Store bookmarks with auto-fetched title, tags and description - Auto-import from Firefox, Google Chrome and Chromium - Open bookmarks and search results in browser - Shorten, expand URLs, browse cached page from Wayback Machine - Text editor integration - Lightweight, clean interface, custom colors - Powerful search options (regex, substring...) - Continuous search with on the fly mode switch - Portable, merge-able database to sync between systems - Import/export bookmarks from/to HTML, Markdown or Orgfile - Smart tag management using redirection (>>, >, <<) - Multithreaded full DB refresh, manual encryption support - Shell completion scripts, man page with handy examples - Privacy-aware (no unconfirmed user data collection) ### Installation #### Dependencies | Feature | Dependency | | --- | --- | | Scripting language | Python 3.5+ | | HTTPS | certifi, urllib3 | | Encryption | cryptography | | HTML | beautifulsoup4, html5lib | To install package dependencies using pip3, run: # pip3 install certifi urllib3 cryptography beautifulsoup4 or on Ubuntu: # apt-get install ca-certificates python3-urllib3 python3-cryptography python3-bs4 To copy url to clipboard at the prompt `buku` uses `xsel` (or `xclip`) on Linux, `pbcopy` (default installed) on OS X, `clip` (default installed) on Windows, `termux-clipboard` on Termux (terminal emulation for Android). If X11 is missing, GNU Screen or tmux copy-paste buffers are recognized. #### From a package manager Install `buku` from your package manager. If the version available is dated try an alternative installation method.
Packaging status (expand)

Packaging status

Unlisted packagers:

PyPI (pip3 install buku)
● Termux (pip3 install buku)

#### Release packages Auto-generated packages (with only the cli component) for Arch Linux, CentOS, Debian, Fedora, openSUSE Leap and Ubuntu are available with the [latest stable release](https://github.com/jarun/buku/releases/latest). NOTE: CentOS may not have the python3-beautifulsoup4 package in the repos. Install it using pip3. #### From source If you have git installed, clone this repository. Otherwise download the [latest stable release](https://github.com/jarun/buku/releases/latest) or [development version](https://github.com/jarun/buku/archive/master.zip) (*risky*). Install the cli component to default location (`/usr/local`): $ sudo make install To remove, run: $ sudo make uninstall `PREFIX` is supported, in case you want to install to a different location. #### Running standalone `buku` is a standalone utility. From the containing directory, run: $ chmod +x buku $ ./buku ### Shell completion Shell completion scripts for Bash, Fish and Zsh can be found in respective subdirectories of [auto-completion/](https://github.com/jarun/buku/blob/master/auto-completion). Please refer to your shell's manual for installation instructions. ### Usage #### Command-line options ``` usage: buku [OPTIONS] [KEYWORD [KEYWORD ...]] Bookmark manager like a text-based mini-web. POSITIONAL ARGUMENTS: KEYWORD search keywords GENERAL OPTIONS: -a, --add URL [tag, ...] bookmark URL with comma-separated tags -u, --update [...] update fields of an existing bookmark accepts indices and ranges refresh title and desc if no edit options if no arguments: - update results when used with search - otherwise refresh all titles and desc -w, --write [editor|index] open editor to edit a fresh bookmark edit last bookmark, if index=-1 to specify index, EDITOR must be set -d, --delete [...] remove bookmarks from DB accepts indices or a single range if no arguments: - delete results when used with search - otherwise delete all bookmarks -h, --help show this information and exit -v, --version show the program version and exit EDIT OPTIONS: --url keyword bookmark link --tag [+|-] [...] comma-separated tags clear bookmark tagset, if no arguments '+' appends to, '-' removes from tagset --title [...] bookmark title; if no arguments: -a: do not set title, -u: clear title -c, --comment [...] notes or description of the bookmark clears description, if no arguments --immutable N disable web-fetch during auto-refresh N=0: mutable (default), N=1: immutable SEARCH OPTIONS: -s, --sany [...] find records with ANY matching keyword this is the default search option -S, --sall [...] find records matching ALL the keywords special keywords - "blank": entries with empty title/tag "immutable": entries with locked title --deep match substrings ('pen' matches 'opens') -r, --sreg expr run a regex search -t, --stag [tag [,|+] ...] [- tag, ...] search bookmarks by tags use ',' to find entries matching ANY tag use '+' to find entries matching ALL tags excludes entries with tags after ' - ' list all tags, if no search keywords -x, --exclude [...] omit records matching specified keywords ENCRYPTION OPTIONS: -l, --lock [N] encrypt DB in N (default 8) # iterations -k, --unlock [N] decrypt DB in N (default 8) # iterations POWER TOYS: --ai auto-import from Firefox/Chrome/Chromium -e, --export file export bookmarks to Firefox format HTML export Markdown, if file ends with '.md' format: [title](url) export Orgfile, if file ends with '.org' format: *[[url][title]] :tags: export buku DB, if file ends with '.db' combines with search results, if opted -i, --import file import bookmarks based on file extension supports 'html', 'json', 'md', 'org', 'db' -p, --print [...] show record details by indices, ranges print all bookmarks, if no arguments -n shows the last n results (like tail) -f, --format N limit fields in -p or JSON search output N=1: URL; N=2: URL, tag; N=3: title; N=4: URL, title, tag; N=5: title, tag; N0 (10, 20, 30, 40, 50) omits DB index -j, --json JSON formatted output for -p and search --colors COLORS set output colors in five-letter string --nc disable color output -n, --count N show N results per page (default 10) --np do not show the prompt, run and exit -o, --open [...] browse bookmarks by indices and ranges open a random bookmark, if no arguments --oa browse all search results immediately --replace old new replace old tag with new tag everywhere delete old tag, if new tag not specified --shorten index|URL fetch shortened url from tny.im service --expand index|URL expand a tny.im shortened url --cached index|URL browse a cached page from Wayback Machine --suggest show similar tags when adding bookmarks --tacit reduce verbosity --threads N max network connections in full refresh default N=4, min N=1, max N=10 -V check latest upstream version available -z, --debug show debug information and verbose logs SYMBOLS: > url + comment # tags PROMPT KEYS: 1-N browse search result indices and/or ranges O [id|range [...]] open search results/indices in GUI browser toggle try GUI browser if no arguments a open all results in browser s keyword [...] search for records with ANY keyword S keyword [...] search for records with ALL keywords d match substrings ('pen' matches 'opened') r expression run a regex search t [tag, ...] search by tags; show taglist, if no args g taglist id|range [...] [>>|>|<<] [record id|range ...] append, set, remove (all or specific) tags search by taglist id(s) if records are omitted n show next page of search results o id|range [...] browse bookmarks by indices and/or ranges p id|range [...] print bookmarks by indices and/or ranges w [editor|id] edit and add or update a bookmark c id copy url at search result index to clipboard ? show this help q, ^D, double Enter exit buku ``` #### Colors `buku` supports custom colors. Visit the wiki page on how to [customize colors](https://github.com/jarun/buku/wiki/Customize-colors) for more details. ### Quickstart 1. Export `VISUAL` or `EDITOR` to point to your favourite editor. Note that `VISUAL` takes precedence over `EDITOR`. 2. Create a sweeter shortcut with some convenience. alias b='buku --suggest' 3. Auto-import bookmarks from your browser(s). Please quit the relevant browsers beforehand to ensure the databases are not locked. b --ai 4. Manually add a bookmark (for hands-on). b -w 5. List your bookmarks with DB index. b -p 6. For GUI and browser integration (or to sync bookmarks with your favourite bookmark management service) refer to the wiki page on [System integration](https://github.com/jarun/buku/wiki/System-integration). ### Examples 1. **Edit and add** a bookmark from editor: $ buku -w $ buku -w 'gedit -w' $ buku -w 'macvim -f' -a https://ddg.gg search engine, privacy The first command picks editor from the environment variable `EDITOR`. The second command opens gedit in blocking mode. The third command opens macvim with option -f and the URL and tags populated in template. 2. **Add** a bookmark with **tags** `search engine` and `privacy`, **comment** `Search engine with perks`, **fetch page title** from the web: $ buku -a https://ddg.gg search engine, privacy -c Search engine with perks 336. DuckDuckGo > https://ddg.gg + Alternative search engine with perks # privacy,search engine where, >: url, +: comment, #: tags 3. **Add** a bookmark with tags `search engine` & `privacy` and **immutable custom title** `DDG`: $ buku -a https://ddg.gg search engine, privacy --title 'DDG' --immutable 1 336. DDG (L) > https://ddg.gg # privacy,search engine Note that URL must precede tags. 4. **Add** a bookmark **without a title** (works for update too): $ buku -a https://ddg.gg search engine, privacy --title 5. **Edit and update** a bookmark from editor: $ buku -w 15012014 This will open the existing bookmark's details in the editor for modifications. Environment variable `EDITOR` must be set. 6. **Update** existing bookmark at index 15012014 with new URL, tags and comments, fetch title from the web: $ buku -u 15012014 --url http://ddg.gg/ --tag web search, utilities -c Private search engine 7. **Fetch and update only title** for bookmark at 15012014: $ buku -u 15012014 8. **Update only comment** for bookmark at 15012014: $ buku -u 15012014 -c this is a new comment Applies to --url, --title and --tag too. 9. **Export** bookmarks tagged `tag 1` or `tag 2` to HTML, Markdown, Orgfile or a new database: $ buku -e bookmarks.html --stag tag 1, tag 2 $ buku -e bookmarks.md --stag tag 1, tag 2 $ buku -e bookmarks.org --stag tag 1, tag 2 $ buku -e bookmarks.db --stag tag 1, tag 2 All bookmarks are exported if search is not opted. 10. **Import** bookmarks from HTML, Markdown or Orgfile: $ buku -i bookmarks.html $ buku -i bookmarks.md $ buku -i bookmarks.org $ buku -i bookmarks.db 11. **Delete only comment** for bookmark at 15012014: $ buku -u 15012014 -c Applies to --title and --tag too. URL cannot be deleted without deleting the bookmark. 12. **Update** or refresh **full DB** with page titles from the web: $ buku -u $ buku -u --tacit (show only failures and exceptions) This operation can update the title or description fields of non-immutable bookmarks by parsing the fetched page. Fields are updated only if the fetched fields are non-empty. Tags remain untouched. 13. **Delete** bookmark at index 15012014: $ buku -d 15012014 Index 15012020 moved to 15012014 The last index is moved to the deleted index to keep the DB compact. 14. **Delete all** bookmarks: $ buku -d 15. **Delete** a **range or list** of bookmarks: $ buku -d 100-200 $ buku -d 100 15 200 16. **Search** bookmarks for **ANY** of the keywords `kernel` and `debugging` in URL, title or tags: $ buku kernel debugging $ buku -s kernel debugging 17. **Search** bookmarks with **ALL** the keywords `kernel` and `debugging` in URL, title or tags: $ buku -S kernel debugging 18. **Search** bookmarks **tagged** `general kernel concepts`: $ buku --stag general kernel concepts 19. **Search** for bookmarks matching **ANY** of the tags `kernel`, `debugging`, `general kernel concepts`: $ buku --stag kernel, debugging, general kernel concepts 20. **Search** for bookmarks matching **ALL** of the tags `kernel`, `debugging`, `general kernel concepts`: $ buku --stag kernel + debugging + general kernel concepts 21. **Search** for bookmarks matching any of the keywords `hello` or `world`, excluding the keywords `real` and `life`, matching both the tags `kernel` and `debugging`, but **excluding** the tags `general kernel concepts` and `books`: $ buku hello world --exclude real life --stag 'kernel + debugging - general kernel concepts, books' 22. List **all unique tags** alphabetically: $ buku --stag 23. Run a **search and update** the results: $ buku -s kernel debugging -u --tag + linux kernel 24. Run a **search and delete** the results: $ buku -s kernel debugging -d 25. **Encrypt or decrypt** DB with **custom number of iterations** (15) to generate key: $ buku -l 15 $ buku -k 15 The same number of iterations must be specified for one lock & unlock instance. Default is 8, if omitted. 26. **Show details** of bookmarks at index 15012014 and ranges 20-30, 40-50: $ buku -p 20-30 15012014 40-50 27. Show details of the **last 10 bookmarks**: $ buku -p -10 28. **Show all** bookmarks with real index from database: $ buku -p $ buku -p | more 29. **Replace tag** 'old tag' with 'new tag': $ buku --replace 'old tag' 'new tag' 30. **Delete tag** 'old tag' from DB: $ buku --replace 'old tag' 31. **Append (or delete) tags** 'tag 1', 'tag 2' to (or from) existing tags of bookmark at index 15012014: $ buku -u 15012014 --tag + tag 1, tag 2 $ buku -u 15012014 --tag - tag 1, tag 2 32. **Open URL** at index 15012014 in browser: $ buku -o 15012014 33. List bookmarks with **no title or tags** for bookkeeping: $ buku -S blank 34. List bookmarks with **immutable title**: $ buku -S immutable 35. **Shorten URL** www.google.com and the URL at index 20: $ buku --shorten www.google.com $ buku --shorten 20 36. **Append, remove tags at prompt** (taglist index to the left, bookmark index to the right): // append tags at taglist indices 4 and 6-9 to existing tags in bookmarks at indices 5 and 2-3 buku (? for help) g 4 9-6 >> 5 3-2 // set tags at taglist indices 4 and 6-9 as tags in bookmarks at indices 5 and 2-3 buku (? for help) g 4 9-6 > 5 3-2 // remove all tags from bookmarks at indices 5 and 2-3 buku (? for help) g > 5 3-2 // remove tags at taglist indices 4 and 6-9 from tags in bookmarks at indices 5 and 2-3 buku (? for help) g 4 9-6 << 5 3-2 37. List bookmarks with **colored output**: $ buku --colors oKlxm -p 38. More **help**: $ buku -h $ man buku ### Automation Interactive workflows can be automated using expect. Issue [#368](https://github.com/jarun/buku/issues/368) has a working example on automating auto-import. ### Troubleshooting #### Editor integration You may encounter issues with GUI editors which maintain only one instance by default and return immediately from other instances. Use the appropriate editor option to block the caller when a new document is opened. See issue [#210](https://github.com/jarun/buku/issues/210) for gedit. ### Collaborators - [Arun Prakash Jana](https://github.com/jarun) - [Rachmadani Haryono](https://github.com/rachmadaniHaryono) - [Johnathan Jenkins](https://github.com/shaggytwodope) - [SZ Lin](https://github.com/szlin) Copyright © 2015-2020 [Arun Prakash Jana](mailto:engineerarun@gmail.com)

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### Contributions Missing a feature? There's a rolling [ToDo List](https://github.com/jarun/buku/issues/343) with identified tasks. Contributions are welcome! Please follow the [PR guidelines](https://github.com/jarun/buku/wiki/PR-guidelines). ### Related projects - [bukubrow](https://github.com/SamHH/bukubrow), WebExtension for browser integration - [oil](https://github.com/AndreiUlmeyda/oil), search-as-you-type cli front-end - [buku_run](https://github.com/carnager/buku_run), rofi front-end - [pinku](https://github.com/mosegontar/pinku), a Pinboard-to-buku import utility - [buku-dmenu](https://gitlab.com/benoliver999/buku-dmenu), a simple bash dmenu wrapper - [poku](https://github.com/shanedabes/poku), sync between Pocket and buku - [Ebuku](https://github.com/flexibeast/ebuku), Emacs interface to buku Stable Docs ### In the Press - [2daygeek](http://www.2daygeek.com/buku-command-line-bookmark-manager-linux/) - [Hacker Milk](https://hackermilk.blogspot.com/2020/01/how-to-manage-your-browsers-bookmarks.html) - [It's F.O.S.S.](https://itsfoss.com/buku-command-line-bookmark-manager-linux/) - [LinOxide](https://linoxide.com/linux-how-to/buku-browser-bookmarks-linux/) - [LinuxUser Magazine 01/2017 Issue](http://www.linux-community.de/LU/2017/01/Das-Beste-aus-zwei-Welten) - [Make Tech Easier](https://www.maketecheasier.com/manage-browser-bookmarks-ubuntu-command-line/) - [One Thing Well](http://onethingwell.org/post/144952807044/buku) - [Open Source For You](https://opensourceforu.com/2018/05/buku-a-bookmark-manager-in-the-command-line/) - [ulno.net](https://ulno.net/blog/2017-07-19/of-bookmarks-tags-and-browsers/)