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14 Mk-Src Script

A good deal of interface code is automatically generated by the Perl script. I am doing it this way to avoid having to write a lot of relative code for the C++ interface. This should also make adding interface for other languages a lot less tedious and will allow the interface to automatically take advantage of new Aspell functionality as it is made available. The script uses as its input.


NOTE: This section may not always be up to date since it is manually converted from the pod source.

The format of is as follows:

    The following characters are literals: { } / '\ ' \n = >

    <items> := (<item>\n)+
    <items> := <category>:\ <name> {\n<details>\n} | <<tab>><details>
    <details> := <options>\n /\n <items>
    <options> := (<option>\n)*
    <option> := <key> [=> <value>]

    <<tab>> means everything should be indented by one tab

See MkSrc::Info for a description of the categories and options

14.2 MkSrc::Info


The info array contains information on how to process the info in It has the following layout

    <catagory> => options => [] 
                  groups => [] # if undef than anything is accepted
                  creates_type => "" # the object will create a new type
                                     # as specified
                  proc => <impl type> => sub {}

where <impl type> is one of:

    cc: for "aspell.h" header file
    cxx: for C++ interface implemented on top of cc interface
    native: for creation of header files used internally by aspell
    impl: for defination of functions declared in cc interface.
          the definations use the native hedaer files
    native_impl: for implementations of stuff declared in the native
                  header files

each proc sub should take the following argv

    $data: a subtree of $master_data

<options> is one of:

    desc: description of the object
    posib err: the method may return an error condition
    c func:
    const: the method is a const member
    c only: only include in the external interface
    c impl headers: extra headers that need to be included in the C impl
    c impl: use this as the c impl instead of the default
    cxx impl: use this as the cxx impl instead of the default
    returns alt type: the constructor returns some type other than
      the object from which it is a member of
    no native: do not attempt to create a native implementation
    treat as object: treat as a object rather than a pointer

The %info structure is initialized as follows:

    our %info =
     root => { 
       options => [],
       groups => ['methods', 'group']},
     methods => {
       # methods is a collection of methods which will be inserted into
       # a class after some simple substation rules.  A $ will be
       # replaced with name of the class.
       options => ['strip', 'prefix', 'c impl headers'],
       groups => undef},
     group => {
       # a group is a colection of objects which should be grouped together
       # this generally means they will be in the same source file
       options => ['no native'],
       groups => ['enum', 'struct', 'union', 'func', 'class', 'errors']},
     enum => {
       # basic C enum
       options => ['desc', 'prefix'],
       creates_type => 'enum'},
     struct => {
       # basic c struct
       options => ['desc', 'treat as object'],
       groups => undef,
       creates_type => 'struct',},
     union => {
       # basic C union
       options => ['desc', 'treat as object'],
       groups => undef,
       creates_type => 'union'},
     class => {
       # C++ class
       options => ['c impl headers'],
       groups => undef,
       creates_type => 'class'},
     errors => {}, # possible errors
     method => {
       # A class method
       options => ['desc', 'posib err', 'c func', 'const',
                   'c only', 'c impl', 'cxx impl'],
       groups => undef},
     constructor => {
       # A class constructor
       options => ['returns alt type', 'c impl', 'desc'],
       groups => 'types'},
     destructor => {
       # A class destructor
       options => [],
       groups => undef},

In addition to the categories listed above a “methods” category by be specified in under the class category. A “methods” category is created for each methods group under the name “<methods name> methods”. When groups is undefined a type name may be specified in place of a category.


types contains a master list of all types. This includes basic types and ones created in The basic types include:

    'void', 'bool', 'pointer', 'double',
    'string', 'encoded string', 'string obj',
    'char', 'unsigned char',
    'short', 'unsigned short',
    'int', 'unsigned int',
    'long', 'unsigned long'


%methods is used for holding the “methods” information

14.3 MkSrc::Util

This module contains various useful utility functions:


Returns 0.


Returns 1.


Apply EXPR to each item in LIST and than concatenate the result into a string

one_of STR LIST

Returns true if LIST contains at least one of STR.

to_upper STR

Convert STR to all uppercase and substitute spaces with underscores.

to_lower STR

Convert STR to all lowercase and substitute spaces with underscores.

to_mixed STR

Convert STR to mixed case where each new word startes with a uppercase letter. For example "feed me" would become "FeedMe".

14.4 MkSrc::Read

read Read in and return a data structure which has the following format:

      <tree> := <options>
                data => <tree>
    where each tree represents an entry in  
    The following two options are always provided:
      name: the name of the entry
      type: the catagory or type name
    Additional options are the same as specified in %info

14.5 MKSrc::Create

create_cc_file PARMS

Create a source file.

     Required Parms: type, dir, name, data
     Boolean Parms:  header, cxx
     Optional Parms: namespace (required if cxx), pre_ext,
create_file FILENAME DATA

Writes DATA to FILENAME but only if DATA differs from the content of the file and the string:

     Automatically generated file.

is present in the existing file if it already exists.

14.6 Code Generation Modes

The code generation modes are currently one of the following:

     cc:     Mode used to create types suitable for C interface
     cc_cxx: Like cc but typenames don't have a leading Aspell prefix
     cxx:    Mode used to create types suitable for CXX interface
     native: Mode in which types are suitable for the internal
     native_no_err: Like Native but with out PosibErr return types

14.7 MkSrc::CcHelper

Helper functions used by interface generation code:

    to_c_return_type ITEM

    c_error_cond ITEM

Creates a function prototype

Parms can be any of:

          mode: code generation mode

Return a string to call a func. Will prefix the function with return if the functions returns a non-void type;

Parms can be any of:

          mode: code generation mode
to_type_name ITEM PARMS ; %ACCUM

Converts item into a type name.

Parms can be any of:

     mode: code generation mode
     use_type: include the actual type
     use_name: include the name on the type
     pos: either "return" or "other"
make_desc DESC ; LEVEL

Make a C comment out of DESC optionally indenting it LEVEL spaces.

make_c_method CLASS ITEM PARMS ; %ACCUM

Create the phototype for a C method which is really a function.

Parms is any of:

     mode:      code generation mode
     no_aspell: if true do not include aspell in the name
     this_name: name for the parameter representing the
                current object
call_c_method CLASS ITEM PARMS ; %ACCUM

Like make_c_method but instead returns the appropriate string to call the function. If the function returns a non-void type the string will be prefixed with a return statement.

form_c_method CLASS ITEM PARMS ; %ACCUM

Like make_c_method except that it returns the array:

     ($func, $data, $parms, $accum)

which is suitable for passing into make_func. It will return an empty array if it can not make a method from ITEM.

make_cxx_method ITEM PARMS ; %ACCUM

Create the phototype for a C++ method.

Parms is one of:

     mode: code generation mode

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