openscap  1.3.3
About: OpenSCAP is a Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP) framework of libraries and tools to improve the accessibility of SCAP and enhance the usability of the information it represents.
  Fossies Dox: openscap-1.3.3.tar.gz  ("unofficial" and yet experimental doxygen-generated source code documentation)  

openscap Documentation

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Open Source Security Compliance Solution


The oscap program is a command line tool that allows users to load, scan, validate, edit, and export SCAP documents.


We welcome all contributions to the OpenSCAP project. If you would like to contribute, either by fixing existing issues or adding new features, please check out our contribution guide to get started. If you would like to discuss anything, ask questions, or if you need additional help getting started, you can either send a message to our FreeNode IRC channel, #openscap, or to our mailing list.

Use cases

SCAP Content Validation

  • The following example shows how to validate a given source data stream; all components within the data stream are validated (XCCDF, OVAL, OCIL, CPE, and possibly other components):
oscap ds sds-validate scap-ds.xml


  • To evaluate all definitions within the given OVAL Definition file, run the following command:
oscap oval eval --results oval-results.xml scap-oval.xml

where scap-oval.xml is the OVAL Definition file and oval-results.xml is the OVAL Result file.

  • To evaluate all definitions from the OVAL component that are part of a particular data stream within a SCAP data stream collection, run the following command:
oscap oval eval --datastream-id ds.xml --oval-id xccdf.xml --results oval-results.xml scap-ds.xml

where ds.xml is the given data stream, xccdf.xml is an XCCDF file specifying the OVAL component, oval-results.xml is the OVAL Result file, and scap-ds.xml is a file representing the SCAP data stream collection.

  • To evaluate a specific profile in an XCCDF file run this command:
oscap xccdf eval --profile Desktop --results xccdf-results.xml --cpe cpe-dictionary.xml scap-xccdf.xml

where scap-xccdf.xml is the XCCDF document, Desktop is the selected profile from the XCCDF document, xccdf-results.xml is a file storing the scan results, and cpe-dictionary.xml is the CPE dictionary.

  • To evaluate a specific XCCDF benchmark that is part of a data stream within a SCAP data stream collection run the following command:
oscap xccdf eval --datastream-id ds.xml --xccdf-id xccdf.xml --results xccdf-results.xml scap-ds.xml

where scap-ds.xml is a file representing the SCAP data stream collection, ds.xml is the particular data stream, xccdf.xml is ID of the component-ref pointing to the desired XCCDF document, and xccdf-results.xml is a file containing the scan results.

Document generation

  • without XCCDF rules
oscap xccdf generate guide XCCDF-FILE > XCCDF-GUIDE-FILE
  • with XCCDF rules
oscap xccdf generate guide --profile PROFILE XCCDF-FILE > XCCDF-GUIDE-FILE
  • generate report from scanning
oscap xccdf generate report XCCDF-RESULT-FILE > XCCDF-REPORT-FILE