lttng-ust  2.11.0-rc4
About: LTTng-UST (Linux Trace Toolkit Next Generation) is a system software package for correlated tracing of the Linux kernel, applications and libraries: This package contains the user space tracing library and utilities. Release candidate.
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lttng-ust Documentation

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README.md

LTTng-UST

The LTTng User Space Tracing (LTTng-UST) library allows any C/C++ application to be instrumented for and traced by LTTng. LTTng-UST also includes a logging back-end for Java applications and various dynamically loadable user space tracing helpers for any application.

Prerequisites

LTTng-UST depends on liburcu v0.7.2 at build and run times. It also optionally depends on libnuma.

Building

Prerequisites

This source tree is based on the Autotools suite from GNU to simplify portability. Here are some things you should have on your system in order to compile the Git repository tree:

  • GNU Autotools (Automake >= 1.10, Autoconf >= 2.50, Autoheader >= 2.50; make sure your system-wide automake points to a recent version!)
  • GNU Libtool >= 2.2

Optional dependencies

Optional packages to build LTTng-ust man pages:

  • AsciiDoc >= 8.4.5 (previous versions may work, but were not tested)
  • xmlto >= 0.0.21 (previous versions may work, but were not tested)

Note that the man pages are already built in a distribution tarball. In this case, you only need AsciiDoc and xmlto if you indend to modify the AsciiDoc man page sources.

Needed for make check and tests:

Building steps

If you get the tree from the Git repository, you will need to run

./bootstrap

in its root. It calls all the GNU tools needed to prepare the tree configuration.

To build LTTng-UST, do:

./configure
make
sudo make install
sudo ldconfig

Note: the configure script sets /usr/local as the default prefix for files it installs. However, this path is not part of most distributions' default library path, which will cause builds depending on liblttng-ust to fail unless -L/usr/local/lib is added to LDFLAGS. You may provide a custom prefix to configure by using the --prefix switch (e.g., --prefix=/usr). LTTng-UST needs to be a shared library, even if the tracepoint probe provider is statically linked into the application.

Using

First of all, create an instrumentation header following the tracepoint examples.

There are two ways to compile the tracepoint provider and link it with your application: statically or dynamically. Please follow carefully one or the other method.

Static linking

This method links the tracepoint provider with the application, either directly or through a static library (.a):

  1. Into exactly one unit (C/C++ source file) of your application, define TRACEPOINT_DEFINE and include the tracepoint provider header.
  2. Include the tracepoint provider header into all C/C++ files using the provider and insert tracepoints using the tracepoint() macro.
  3. Use -I. when compiling the unit defining TRACEPOINT_DEFINE (e.g., tp.c).
  4. Link the application with -ldl on Linux, or with -lc on BSD, and with -llttng-ust.

Example:

gcc -c -I. tp.c
gcc -c some-source.c
gcc -c other-source.c
gcc -o my-app tp.o some-source.o other-source.o -ldl -llttng-ust

Run the application directly:

./my-app

Other relevant examples:

Dynamic loading

This method decouples the tracepoint provider from the application, making it dynamically loadable.

  1. Into exactly one unit of your application, define TRACEPOINT_DEFINE and TRACEPOINT_PROBE_DYNAMIC_LINKAGE, then include the tracepoint provider header.
  2. Include the tracepoint provider header into all C/C++ files using the provider and insert tracepoints using the tracepoint() macro.
  3. Use -I. and -fpic when compiling the tracepoint provider (e.g., tp.c).
  4. Link the tracepoint provider with -llttng-ust and make it a shared object with -shared.
  5. Link the application with -ldl on Linux, or with -lc on BSD.

Example:

gcc -c -I. -fpic tp.c
gcc -o tp.so -shared tp.o -llttng-ust
gcc -o my-app some-source.c other-source.c -ldl

To run without LTTng-UST support:

./my-app

To run with LTTng-UST support (register your tracepoint provider, tp.so):

LD_PRELOAD=./tp.so ./my-app

You could also use libdl directly in your application and dlopen() your tracepoint provider shared object (tp.so) to make LTTng-UST tracing possible.

Other relevant examples:

Controlling tracing and viewing traces

Use LTTng-tools to control the tracer. Use Babeltrace to print traces as a human-readable text log.

Environment variables and compile flags

  • liblttng-ust debug can be activated by setting the environment variable LTTNG_UST_DEBUG when launching the user application. It can also be enabled at build time by compiling LTTng-UST with -DLTTNG_UST_DEBUG.
  • The environment variable LTTNG_UST_REGISTER_TIMEOUT can be used to specify how long the applications should wait for the session daemon registration done command before proceeding to execute the main program. The default is 3000 ms (3 seconds). The timeout value is specified in milliseconds. The value 0 means don't wait. The value -1 means wait forever. Setting this environment variable to 0 is recommended for applications with time constraints on the process startup time.
  • The compilation flag -DLTTNG_UST_DEBUG_VALGRIND should be enabled at build time to allow liblttng-ust to be used with Valgrind (side-effect: disables per-CPU buffering).

Notes

C++ support

Since LTTng-UST 2.3, both tracepoints and tracepoint providers can be compiled in C++. To compile tracepoint probes in C++, you need G++ >= 4.7 or Clang.

Contact

Maintainer: Mathieu Desnoyers

Mailing list: lttng-dev@lists.lttng.org

Package contents

This package contains the following elements:

  • doc: LTTng-UST documentation and examples.
  • include: the public header files that will be installed on the system.
  • liblttng-ust: the actual userspace tracing library that must be linked to the instrumented programs.
  • liblttng-ust-comm: a static library shared between liblttng-ust and LTTng-tools, that provides functions that allow these components to communicate together.
  • liblttng-ust-ctl: a library to control tracing in other processes; used by LTTng-tools.
  • liblttng-ust-cyg-profile: a library that can be preloaded (using LD_PRELOAD) to instrument function entries and exits when the target application is built with the GCC flag -finstrument-functions.
  • liblttng-ust-dl: a library that can be preloaded to instrument calls to dlopen() and dlclose().
  • liblttng-ust-fork: a library that is preloaded and that hijacks calls to several system calls in order to trace across these calls. It has to be preloaded in order to hijack calls. In contrast, liblttng-ust may be linked at build time.
  • liblttng-ust-java: a simple library that uses JNI to allow tracing in Java programs. (Configure with --enable-jni-interface).
  • liblttng-ust-java-agent: a package that includes a JNI library and a JAR library to provide an LTTng-UST logging back-end for Java applications using Java Util Logging or Log4j. (Configure with --enable-java-agent-jul or --enable-java-agent-log4j or --enable-java-agent-all).
  • liblttng-ust-libc-wrapper: an example library that can be preloaded to instrument some calls to libc (currently malloc() and free()) and to POSIX threads (mutexes currently instrumented) in any program without need to recompile it.
  • liblttng-ust-python-agent: a library used by python-lttngust to allow tracing in Python applications. (Configure with --enable-python-agent)
  • libringbuffer: the ring buffer implementation used within LTTng-UST.
  • python-lttngust: a package to provide an LTTng-UST logging back-end for Python applications using the standard logging framework.
  • snprintf: an asynchronous signal-safe version of snprintf().
  • tests: various test programs.
  • tools: home of lttng-gen-tp.