docutils  0.17
About: Docutils is a text processing system for processing plaintext documentation into useful formats, such as HTML or LaTeX.
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README.txt
=======================
 README: Docutils 0.17
=======================

:Author: David Goodger
:Contact: goodger@python.org
:Date: $Date: 2021-04-03 13:43:37 +0200 (Sa, 03. Apr 2021) $
:Web site: http://docutils.sourceforge.net/
:Copyright: This document has been placed in the public domain.

.. contents::


Quick-Start
===========

This is for those who want to get up & running quickly.

1. Docutils requires Python, available from
   http://www.python.org/.

   See Requirements_ below for details.

2. Install the latest release from PyPi with pip_::

       python -m pip install docutils

   To install a `development version`_, follow
   the instructions in section `Installation`_ below.

3. Use the front-end scripts to convert reStructuredText documents.
   Try for example::

       rst2html.py FAQ.txt FAQ.html         (Unix)
       python tools/rst2html.py FAQ.txt FAQ.html  (Windows)

   See Usage_ below for details.

.. _pip: https://pypi.org/project/pip/


Purpose
=======

The purpose of the Docutils project is to create a set of tools for
processing plaintext documentation into useful formats, such as HTML,
LaTeX, troff (man pages), OpenOffice, and native XML.  Support for the
following sources has been implemented:

* Standalone files.

* `PEPs (Python Enhancement Proposals)`_.

Support for the following sources is planned:

* Inline documentation from Python modules and packages, extracted
  with namespace context.

* Email (RFC-822 headers, quoted excerpts, signatures, MIME parts).

* Wikis, with global reference lookups of "wiki links".

* Compound documents, such as multiple chapter files merged into a
  book.

* And others as discovered.

.. _PEPs (Python Enhancement Proposals):
   http://www.python.org/peps/pep-0012.html


Requirements
============

To run the code, Python_ must be installed.
Docutils is compatible with Python versions 2.7 and 3.5 to 3.7.
Starting with Docutils 0.16, the code base supports both Python 2.7
and 3.5+ natively. [#]_

.. [#] Up to version 0.15, the Docutils codebase was translated "on-demand"
   using the 2to3 tool.

Docutils uses the following packages for enhanced functionality,
if they are installed:

* The `Python Imaging Library`_, or PIL, is used for some image
  manipulation operations.

* The `Pygments`_ syntax highlighter is used for content of `code`
  directives and roles.

.. _Python: http://www.python.org/.
.. _Python Imaging Library: http://www.pythonware.com/products/pil/
.. _Pygments: https://pypi.org/project/Pygments/
.. _setuptools: https://pypi.org/project/setuptools/


Development version
===================

While we are trying to follow a "release early & often" policy,
features are added frequently.  Since the code in the repository_
is usually in a bug-free state, we recommend using a current snapshot
or a working copy.

To get a _`snapshot`, go to the code page and click the download snapshot
button:

* Docutils code, documentation, front-end tools, and tests:
  https://sourceforge.net/p/docutils/code/HEAD/tree/trunk/docutils/

* Sandbox (experimental, contributed code):
  https://sourceforge.net/p/docutils/code/HEAD/tree/trunk/sandbox/

To keep up to date on the latest developments, download fresh copies of the
snapshots regularly or use a `working copy of the Docutils code repository`__.

Continue with the `Installation`_ instructions below.

.. _repository: docs/dev/repository.html
__ docs/dev/repository.html#checking-out-the-repository

Installation
============

Steps to install Docutils from source:

* Go to the directory containing the file ``setup.py``.

  A snapshot_ must be unpacked in a temporary directory (**not** directly in
  Python's ``site-packages``) first.

* Run ``setup.py install``. [#setup-requires-setuptools]_
  On Windows systems it may be sufficient to double-click ``install.py``.

.. [#setup-requires-setuptools] ``setup.py`` requires the `setuptools`_
   package. For a manual install see the options in `Setting up for Docutils
   development`__.
   
   __ docs/dev/policies.html#setting-up-for-docutils-development
   
Optional steps:

* `running the test suite`_

* `converting the documentation`_

OS-specific installation instructions follow.


GNU/Linux, BSDs, Unix, Mac OS X, etc.
-------------------------------------

1. Open a shell.

2. Go to the directory containing ``setup.py``::

       cd <archive_directory_path>

3. Install the package (you may need root permissions to complete this
   step)::

       su
       (enter admin password)
       python setup.py install

   If the python executable isn't on your path, you'll have to specify
   the complete path, such as ``/usr/local/bin/python``.

   To install for a specific Python version, use this version in the
   setup call, e.g. ::

       python3.7 setup.py install

   To install for different Python versions, repeat step 3 for every
   required version. The last installed version will be used in the
   `shebang line`_ of the ``rst2*.py`` wrapper scripts.

   .. _shebang line: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shebang_%28Unix%29

Windows
-------

Just double-click ``install.py``.  If this doesn't work, try the
following:

1. Open a DOS Box (Command Shell, MS-DOS Prompt, or whatever they're
   calling it these days).

2. Go to the directory created by expanding the archive::

       cd <archive_directory_path>

3. Install the package::

       <path_to_python.exe>\python setup.py install

   To install for a specific python version, specify the Python
   executable for this version.

   To install for different Python versions, repeat step 3 for every
   required version.


Usage
=====

There are many front-end tools in the unpacked "tools" subdirectory.
Installation under Unix places copies in the PATH.
You may want to begin with the "rst2html.py" front-end tool.  Most
tools take up to two arguments, the source path and destination path,
with STDIN and STDOUT being the defaults.  Use the "--help" option to
the front-end tools for details on options and arguments.  See
Docutils Front-End Tools (``docs/user/tools.txt``) for full documentation.

The package modules are continually growing and evolving.  The
``docutils.statemachine`` module is usable independently.  It contains
extensive inline documentation (in reStructuredText format of course).

Contributions are welcome!


Project Files & Directories
===========================

* README.txt: You're reading it.

* COPYING.txt: Public Domain Dedication and copyright details for
  non-public-domain files (most are PD).

* FAQ.txt: Frequently Asked Questions (with answers!).

* RELEASE-NOTES.txt: Summary of the major changes in recent releases.

* HISTORY.txt: A detailed change log, for the current and all previous
  project releases.

* BUGS.txt: Known bugs, and how to report a bug.

* THANKS.txt: List of contributors.

* setup.py: Installation script.  See "Installation" below.

* install.py: Quick & dirty installation script.  Just run it.  For
  any kind of customization or help though, setup.py must be used.

* docutils: The project source directory, installed as a Python
  package.

* docs: The project documentation directory.  Read ``docs/index.txt``
  for an overview.

* docs/user: The project user documentation directory.  Contains the
  following documents, among others:

  - docs/user/tools.txt: Docutils Front-End Tools
  - docs/user/latex.txt: Docutils LaTeX Writer
  - docs/user/rst/quickstart.txt: A ReStructuredText Primer
  - docs/user/rst/quickref.html: Quick reStructuredText (HTML only)

* docs/ref: The project reference directory.
  ``docs/ref/rst/restructuredtext.txt`` is the reStructuredText
  reference.

* licenses: Directory containing copies of license files for
  non-public-domain files.

* tools: Directory for Docutils front-end tools.  See
  ``docs/user/tools.txt`` for documentation.

* test: Unit tests.  Not required to use the software, but very useful
  if you're planning to modify it.  See `Running the Test Suite`_
  below.


Converting the documentation
============================

After unpacking and installing the Docutils package, the following
shell commands will generate HTML for all included documentation::

    cd <archive_directory_path>/tools
    ./buildhtml.py ../

On Windows systems, type::

    cd <archive_directory_path>\tools
    python buildhtml.py ..

The final directory name of the ``<archive_directory_path>`` is
"docutils" for snapshots.  For official releases, the directory may be
called "docutils-X.Y.Z", where "X.Y.Z" is the release version.
Alternatively::

    cd <archive_directory_path>
    tools/buildhtml.py --config=tools/docutils.conf          (Unix)
    python tools\buildhtml.py --config=tools\docutils.conf   (Windows)

Some files may generate system messages (warnings and errors).  The
``docs/user/rst/demo.txt`` file (under the archive directory) contains
five intentional errors.  (They test the error reporting mechanism!)


Running the Test Suite
======================

The test suite is documented in `Docutils Testing`_ (docs/dev/testing.txt).

To run the entire test suite, open a shell and use the following
commands::

    cd <archive_directory_path>/test
    ./alltests.py

Under Windows, type::

    cd <archive_directory_path>\test
    python alltests.py


You should see a long line of periods, one for each test, and then a
summary like this::

    Ran 1111 tests in 24.653s

    OK
    Elapsed time: 26.189 seconds

The number of tests will grow over time, and the times reported will
depend on the computer running the tests.  The difference between the
two times represents the time required to set up the tests (import
modules, create data structures, etc.).

If any of the tests fail, please `open a bug report`_ or `send an email`_
(see `Bugs <BUGS.html>`_).
Please include all relevant output, information about your operating
system, Python version, and Docutils version.  To see the Docutils
version, use one of the ``rst2*`` front ends or ``tools/quicktest.py``
with the ``--version`` option, e.g.::

    cd ../tools
    ./quicktest.py --version

Windows users type these commands::

    cd ..\tools
    python quicktest.py --version


.. _Docutils Testing: http://docutils.sourceforge.net/docs/dev/testing.html
.. _open a bug report:
   http://sourceforge.net/p/docutils/bugs/
.. _send an email: mailto:docutils-users@lists.sourceforge.net
   ?subject=Test%20suite%20failure
.. _web interface: https://sourceforge.net/p/docutils/mailman/


Getting Help
============

If you have questions or need assistance with Docutils or
reStructuredText, please post a message to the Docutils-users_ mailing
list.

.. _Docutils-users: docs/user/mailing-lists.html#docutils-users


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