OpenBLAS  0.3.6
About: OpenBLAS is an optimized BLAS (Basic Linear Algebra Subprograms) library based on GotoBLAS2 1.13 BSD version.
  Fossies Dox: OpenBLAS-0.3.6.tar.gz  ("inofficial" and yet experimental doxygen-generated source code documentation)  

Some Fossies usage hints in advance:

  1. To see the Doxygen generated documentation please click on one of the items in the "quick index" bar above or use the side panel at the left which displays a hierarchical tree-like index structure and is adjustable in width.
  2. If you want to search for something by keyword rather than browse for it you can use the client side search facility (using Javascript and DHTML) that provides live searching, i.e. the search results are presented and adapted as you type in the Search input field at the top right.
  3. Doxygen doesn't incorporate all member files but just a definable subset (basically the main project source code files that are written in a supported language). So to search and browse all member files you may visit the Fossies OpenBLAS-0.3.6.tar.gz contents page and use the Fossies standard member browsing features (also with source code highlighting and additionally with optional code folding).
OpenBLAS

Join the chat at https://gitter.im/xianyi/OpenBLAS

Travis CI: Build Status

AppVeyor: Build status

OpenBLAS is an optimized BLAS library based on GotoBLAS2 1.13 BSD version.

Please read the documentation on the OpenBLAS wiki pages: http://github.com/xianyi/OpenBLAS/wiki.

We provide official binary packages for the following platform:

  • Windows x86/x86_64

You can download them from file hosting on sourceforge.net.

Download from project homepage, http://xianyi.github.com/OpenBLAS/, or check out the code using Git from https://github.com/xianyi/OpenBLAS.git.

Building OpenBLAS requires the following to be installed:

  • GNU Make
  • A C compiler, e.g. GCC or Clang
  • A Fortran compiler (optional, for LAPACK)
  • IBM MASS (optional, see below)

Simply invoking make (or gmake on BSD) will detect the CPU automatically. To set a specific target CPU, use make TARGET=xxx, e.g. make TARGET=NEHALEM. The full target list is in the file TargetList.txt.

Set CC and FC to point to the cross toolchains, and set HOSTCC to your host C compiler. The target must be specified explicitly when cross compiling.

Examples:

  • On an x86 box, compile this library for a loongson3a CPU:
    make BINARY=64 CC=mips64el-unknown-linux-gnu-gcc FC=mips64el-unknown-linux-gnu-gfortran HOSTCC=gcc TARGET=LOONGSON3A
  • On an x86 box, compile this library for a loongson3a CPU with loongcc (based on Open64) compiler:
    make CC=loongcc FC=loongf95 HOSTCC=gcc TARGET=LOONGSON3A CROSS=1 CROSS_SUFFIX=mips64el-st-linux-gnu- NO_LAPACKE=1 NO_SHARED=1 BINARY=32

A debug version can be built using make DEBUG=1.

The IBM MASS library consists of a set of mathematical functions for C, C++, and Fortran applications that are are tuned for optimum performance on POWER architectures. OpenBLAS with MASS requires a 64-bit, little-endian OS on POWER. The library can be installed as shown:

  • On Ubuntu:
    wget -q http://public.dhe.ibm.com/software/server/POWER/Linux/xl-compiler/eval/ppc64le/ubuntu/public.gpg -O- | sudo apt-key add -
    echo "deb http://public.dhe.ibm.com/software/server/POWER/Linux/xl-compiler/eval/ppc64le/ubuntu/ trusty main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ibm-xl-compiler-eval.list
    sudo apt-get update
    sudo apt-get install libxlmass-devel.8.1.5
  • On RHEL/CentOS:
    wget http://public.dhe.ibm.com/software/server/POWER/Linux/xl-compiler/eval/ppc64le/rhel7/repodata/repomd.xml.key
    sudo rpm --import repomd.xml.key
    wget http://public.dhe.ibm.com/software/server/POWER/Linux/xl-compiler/eval/ppc64le/rhel7/ibm-xl-compiler-eval.repo
    sudo cp ibm-xl-compiler-eval.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/
    sudo yum install libxlmass-devel.8.1.5

After installing the MASS library, compile OpenBLAS with USE_MASS=1. For example, to compile on Power8 with MASS support: make USE_MASS=1 TARGET=POWER8.

Use PREFIX= when invoking make, for example

make install PREFIX=your_installation_directory

The default installation directory is /opt/OpenBLAS.

Please read GotoBLAS_01Readme.txt.

  • Intel Xeon 56xx (Westmere): Used GotoBLAS2 Nehalem codes.
  • Intel Sandy Bridge: Optimized Level-3 and Level-2 BLAS with AVX on x86-64.
  • Intel Haswell: Optimized Level-3 and Level-2 BLAS with AVX2 and FMA on x86-64.
  • Intel Skylake: Optimized Level-3 and Level-2 BLAS with AVX512 and FMA on x86-64.
  • AMD Bobcat: Used GotoBLAS2 Barcelona codes.
  • AMD Bulldozer: x86-64 ?GEMM FMA4 kernels. (Thanks to Werner Saar)
  • AMD PILEDRIVER: Uses Bulldozer codes with some optimizations.
  • AMD STEAMROLLER: Uses Bulldozer codes with some optimizations.
  • ICT Loongson 3A: Optimized Level-3 BLAS and the part of Level-1,2.
  • ICT Loongson 3B: Experimental
  • ARMv6: Optimized BLAS for vfpv2 and vfpv3-d16 (e.g. BCM2835, Cortex M0+)
  • ARMv7: Optimized BLAS for vfpv3-d32 (e.g. Cortex A8, A9 and A15)
  • ARMv8: Experimental
  • ARM Cortex-A57: Experimental
  • POWER8: Optmized Level-3 BLAS and some Level-1, only with USE_OPENMP=1
  • Z13: Optimized Level-3 BLAS and Level-1,2 (double precision)

Statically link with libopenblas.a or dynamically link with -lopenblas if OpenBLAS was compiled as a shared library.

Environment variables are used to specify a maximum number of threads. For example,

export OPENBLAS_NUM_THREADS=4
export GOTO_NUM_THREADS=4
export OMP_NUM_THREADS=4

The priorities are OPENBLAS_NUM_THREADS > GOTO_NUM_THREADS > OMP_NUM_THREADS.

If you compile this library with USE_OPENMP=1, you should set the OMP_NUM_THREADS environment variable; OpenBLAS ignores OPENBLAS_NUM_THREADS and GOTO_NUM_THREADS when compiled with USE_OPENMP=1.

We provide the following functions to control the number of threads at runtime:

void goto_set_num_threads(int num_threads);
void openblas_set_num_threads(int num_threads);

If you compile this library with USE_OPENMP=1, you should use the above functions too.

Please submit an issue in https://github.com/xianyi/OpenBLAS/issues.

Please see Changelog.txt to view the differences between OpenBLAS and GotoBLAS2 1.13 BSD version.

  • Please read the FAQ first.
  • Please use GCC version 4.6 and above to compile Sandy Bridge AVX kernels on Linux/MinGW/BSD.
  • Please use Clang version 3.1 and above to compile the library on Sandy Bridge microarchitecture. Clang 3.0 will generate the wrong AVX binary code.
  • Please use GCC version 6 or LLVM version 6 and above to compile Skylake AVX512 kernels.
  • The number of CPUs/cores should less than or equal to 256. On Linux x86_64 (amd64), there is experimental support for up to 1024 CPUs/cores and 128 numa nodes if you build the library with BIGNUMA=1.
  • OpenBLAS does not set processor affinity by default. On Linux, you can enable processor affinity by commenting out the line NO_AFFINITY=1 in Makefile.rule. However, note that this may cause a conflict with R parallel.
  • On Loongson 3A, make test may fail with a pthread_create error (EAGAIN). However, it will be okay when you run the same test case on the shell.
  1. Check for open issues or open a fresh issue to start a discussion around a feature idea or a bug.
  2. Fork the OpenBLAS repository to start making your changes.
  3. Write a test which shows that the bug was fixed or that the feature works as expected.
  4. Send a pull request. Make sure to add yourself to CONTRIBUTORS.md.

Please read this wiki page.

openblas_set_num_threads
void openblas_set_num_threads(int num_threads)
Definition: blas_server_win32.c:528
goto_set_num_threads
void goto_set_num_threads(int num_threads)
Definition: blas_server_win32.c:484