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XHTML is the default. It produces web pages in XHTML 1.0. HTML produces web pages in HTML 2.0.
PLAIN produces plain text files, and ASCII is the same as PLAIN except that it uses all ASCII characters (no accents etc.) if possible. (This is because some applications don't understand accented characters).
LATEX produces LaTeX code which can be turned into PDF if you have the pdflatex command installed. (If you want to use the ordinary latex command, specify PDFLATEX OFF.) It's only available with certain European languages (US-ASCII, ISO-8859-1 and ISO-8859-2 character sets). Yes, I know it gives overfull hboxes sometimes.
COMPUTER is a special format suitable for reading by a computer (useful for reading into a spreadsheet, or post-processing with a graphics package, for example). There is a separate section about this format later.
XML produces an XML output which is an alternative format for post-processing. The DTD for the XML output is distributed with the program. You can find more information about the XML style, and an example of a post-processing program, at http://timian.jessen.ch/.
As well as a command like
OUTPUT PLAINyou can also select PLAIN style with the command line argument +a, and XHTML with the command line argument -a.
You can also specify OUTPUT NONE for no output, if you are producing a cache file.
LANGUAGE FRENCHwill give you the output in French. The available languages at the moment are ARMENIAN, BASQUE, BULGARIAN (Windows-1251), BULGARIAN-MIK (MIK-16), CATALAN, SIMP-CHINESE (GB2312), TRAD-CHINESE (Big5), CZECH (ISO Latin 2), CZECH-1250 (Windows-1250), DANISH, DUTCH, ENGLISH, US-ENGLISH, FINNISH, FRENCH, GERMAN, HUNGARIAN, INDONESIAN, ITALIAN, JAPANESE-EUC (EUC-JP), JAPANESE-JIS (ISO-2022-JP), JAPANESE-SJIS (SJIS), JAPANESE-UTF (UTF-8), KOREAN, LATVIAN, NORWEGIAN (Bokmål), NYNORSK, POLISH, PORTUGUESE, BR-PORTUGUESE, RUSSIAN (KOI8-R), RUSSIAN-1251 (Windows-1251), SERBIAN, SLOVAK (ISO Latin 2), SLOVAK-1250 (Windows-1250), SLOVENE (ISO Latin 2), SLOVENE-1250 (Windows-1250), SPANISH, SWEDISH, SWEDISH-ALT (alternative translation avoiding Anglicisms), TURKISH and UKRAINIAN.
The following languages were available for previous versions of analog, but have not yet been translated for version 5: BOSNIAN, CROATIAN, GREEK, ICELANDIC, LITHUANIAN and ROMANIAN. As and when they are translated, they will be added to the analog home page. If you want to translate any of them (or any other language), I would be delighted! See below.
The other way to specify a language is to use the LANGFILE command. This is useful if you want to download a new language from the analog home page, or if you want to translate one yourself, or even if you want to change some words or phrases or the way the dates and times are formatted in the output. The LANGFILE command tells analog in which file to find the various words and phrases for a new language. For example, the command
LANGFILE guarani.lng # or LANGFILE /usr/etc/httpd/analog/lang/guarani.lngwould read from that file. If the name of the file doesn't include a directory, it will be looked for wherever analog normally expects to find its language files.
Some languages also have domains files or report descriptions files available. These are normally selected automatically by the LANGUAGE command. But you can tell analog to use different ones with the DOMAINSFILE and DESCFILE commands. Also, some languages have translations of the form interface or configuration file.
If you want to translate another language, I would be delighted! Do contact me first to make sure that no-one else is already translating the same language. The file README.txt in the language directory, and the English language file, contain some brief instructions for translating new languages.
Equally, if you find any mistakes in the output in different languages, please do let me know because I'm not able to check them all myself!
OUTFILE stats.htmor with a command line argument like +Ostats.htm. If you use the filename - or stdout, the output will go to standard output, which is normally the screen, but Unix users might like to redirect it to another file or even into a pipe. You can also use an absolute path name, like
OUTFILE /usr/bin/httpd/htdocs/stats.html # Unix OUTFILE "Hard Disk:Server Apps:WebSTAR:Analog:Report.html" # MacIf the name of the OUTFILE doesn't include a directory, it will be put wherever analog expects to put its output files. (This location is built in when the program is compiled.) For example, on Windows it would be in the same folder as the analog executable. But if you use the +O command line argument, the file is within the current directory.
You can include date codes in the OUTFILE in exactly the same way as for the LOGFILE. So for example,
OUTFILE stats%y%M%D.htmlwill produce filenames like stats990501.html. As with the LOGFILE, the date used is the TO date if one was specified, and otherwise the time of the start of the program.
x GENERAL General Summary 1 YEARLY Yearly Report Q QUARTERLY Quarterly Report m MONTHLY Monthly Report W WEEKLY Weekly Report D DAILYREP Daily Report d DAILYSUM Daily Summary H HOURLYREP Hourly Report h HOURLYSUM Hourly Summary w WEEKHOUR Hour of the Week Summary 4 QUARTERREP Quarter-Hour Report 6 QUARTERSUM Quarter-Hour Summary 5 FIVEREP Five-Minute Report 7 FIVESUM Five-Minute Summary S HOST Host Report l REDIRHOST Host Redirection Report L FAILHOST Host Failure Report Z ORGANISATION Organisation Report o DOMAIN Domain Report r REQUEST Request Report i DIRECTORY Directory Report t FILETYPE File Type Report z SIZE File Size Report P PROCTIME Processing Time Report E REDIR Redirection Report I FAILURE Failure Report f REFERRER Referrer Report s REFSITE Referring Site Report N SEARCHQUERY Search Query Report n SEARCHWORD Search Word Report Y INTSEARCHQUERY Internal Search Query Report y INTSEARCHWORD Internal Search Word Report k REDIRREF Redirected Referrer Report K FAILREF Failed Referrer Report B BROWSERREP Browser Report b BROWSERSUM Browser Summary p OSREP Operating System Report v VHOST Virtual Host Report R REDIRVHOST Virtual Host Redirection Report M FAILVHOST Virtual Host Failure Report u USER User Report j REDIRUSER User Redirection Report J FAILUSER User Failure Report c STATUS Status Code ReportFor details on what the various reports mean, and a summary of the commands which control them, see the section on Analog's reports.
You can turn each report on or off with configuration commands like
FIVEREP OFF REFSITE ONor by using command line arguments like -5 and +s. You can also turn all reports except the General Summary on or off with the commands ALL ON and ALL OFF, or with the command line arguments +A and -A.
DESCRIPTIONS OFFEven if DESCRIPTIONS is ON, the descriptions will only appear if analog can find a report descriptions file in your language, or if you specify one using the DESCFILE command: for example,
DESCFILE descriptions.txtIf the name of the descriptions file doesn't include a directory, it will be looked for wherever analog normally expects to find its language files.
You can turn the "Go To" lines in the output off with the command
GOTOS OFFGOTOS ON turns them on again, and GOTOS FEW puts the "Go To" lines just at the top and bottom. GOTOS OFF can be abbreviated with the -X command line argument, and GOTOS ON with +X.
You can turn off the "Program started at" line at the top of the output, and the "Running Time" line at the bottom, with the command
RUNTIME OFFand turn them on again with RUNTIME ON.
The figures in parentheses in the General Summary are for the last seven days: either the seven days before the TO time, or if no TO time is given, the seven days before the time of the program start. The figures for the last seven days are normally included if some, but not all, of the requests fall in those seven days; but you can turn them off by means of the command
LASTSEVEN OFFOf course LASTSEVEN ON turns them on again.
You can change the order of the reports by means of the REPORTORDER command. You should list the code letters for all possible reports in the order you want them. Non-alphanumeric characters are ignored and so can be used as separators. For example,
GENSUMLINES ALLmeaning all available lines. (You always only get the ones relevant to your logfile though.) You can turn lines off using a command like
GENSUMLINES -KL(to turn off lines K & L) and turn them on again with a command like
GENSUMLINES +KYou can specify the exact set of lines to include with a command like
GENSUMLINES CDFGHMYou now just need to know which lines have which code letters, which is given in the following table.
IMAGEDIR img/ # relative URL: within the same directory as the output IMAGEDIR /img/ # off the root directory of your server IMAGEDIR http://www.myother.server.com/img/ # on another serverSome people are confused about the IMAGEDIR. It's just put in the <img> tags in the output. You can see its effect if you look at the HTML source of the output page.
You can use gif images instead of png's for the bar charts by specifying
PNGIMAGES OFFPNGIMAGES doesn't affect the pie charts, which are always png's: but see the JPEGCHARTS command for something similar.
LOGO picture.gif # for this file LOGO /images/picture2.gif # a different file LOGO none # for no logoThe logo is assumed to be inside the IMAGEDIR unless it starts with a slash, or contains ://
The LOGOURL command specifies a URL to link the logo to. If you change the LOGO, you probably want to change the LOGOURL as well. For example,
LOGOURL http://www.mycompany.com/ LOGOURL none # for no linkThe LOGOURL command only works with the XHTML output style, not HTML 2.0.
There are commands HOSTNAME and HOSTURL which affect the name and link at the end of the title line. For example, I might specify
HOSTNAME "Stephen Turner" HOSTURL http://homepage.ntlworld.com/adelie/stephen/to generate the title "Web Server Statistics for Stephen Turner". Again, you can use none as the HOSTURL to specify no link. Analog will normally translate characters in the hostname to HTML if necessary. So to include literal HTML, such as accented characters, in the output you need to precede them by a backslash, like this:
HOSTNAME "M\üller & S\öhne"
HEADERFILE noneto cancel a previously-specified header file. Again, if the name of the HEADERFILE or FOOTERFILE doesn't include a directory, analog will assume a directory, specified when the program was compiled.
STYLESHEET /housestyle.css STYLESHEET none # to cancel itIn the XHTML output style, if you specify a style sheet, it will replace the default one, so you might prefer to use the default one as a base -- you can find it in the directory examples/css, along with some other style sheets contributed by users.
There is a command CSSPREFIX to add a prefix to all the CSS class names used in the XHTML output style. This is useful to avoid clashes with other style sheets: the disadvantage is that it will make your output longer. For example,
CSSPREFIX anlg CSSPREFIX none # to cancel itOf course, if you use your own style sheet, you will have to add the CSSPREFIX to all the class names in the style sheet.
SEPCHAR " " REPSEPCHAR none DECPOINT ,to make "three thousand and a quarter" look like "3 000,25" in text and "3000,25" in the reports.
There is a command called RAWBYTES. Specify RAWBYTES ON if you want the exact number of bytes to be listed, or RAWBYTES OFF if you want the number of kilobytes or Megabytes as appropriate to be listed instead.
If RAWBYTES is OFF (which is the default), then you can use the BYTESDP command to specify how many decimal places you want the bytes rounded to. The default is 2, which will display numbers like "91.26 kilobytes".
You have to be careful using this command. Because of daylight savings time in operation in different parts of the world at different times, analog cannot attempt to convert between different timezones. So it's your responsibility to set the right offset for different times of year. For example, if you were in Chicago, but your server was recording time in GMT, you would need to specify two different time offsets, one of minus five hours for summer and one of minus six hours for winter. You would need to split your logfiles in the right places and then run commands like
LOGTIMEOFFSET -300 LOGFILE summer*.log LOGTIMEOFFSET -360 LOGFILE winter*.log
There is also a related command called TIMEOFFSET. This tells analog how much to offset the time of the computer on which it is running (rather than the computer running the server), to get your local time.
Need help with analog? Use the analog-help mailing list.
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