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Member "scalpel-2.0/tre-0.7.5-win32/doc/agrep.1" (20 Apr 2011, 5908 Bytes) of archive /linux/misc/scalpel-2.0.tar.gz:
Section: User Commands (1)
Updated: November 21, 2004
agrep - print lines approximately matching a pattern
Searches for approximate matches of PATTERN in each FILE or standard
input. Example: `agrep -2 optimize foo.txt' outputs all lines in
file `foo.txt' that match "optimize" within two errors. E.g. lines
which contain "optimise", "optmise", and "opitmize" all match.
Regexp selection and interpretation:
- -e PATTERN, --regexp=PATTERN
as a regular expression; useful to protect patterns beginning with
- -i, --ignore-case
Ignore case distinctions (as defined by the current locale) in
and input files.
- -k, --literal
as a literal string, that is, a fixed string with no special
- -w, --word-regexp
to match only whole words. A "whole word" is a substring which either
starts at the beginning or the record or is preceded by a non-word
constituent character. Similarly, the substring must either end at
the end of the record or be followed by a non-word constituent
character. Word-constituent characters are alphanumerics (as
defined by the current locale) and the underscore character. Note
that the non-word constituent characters
surround the match; they cannot be counted as errors.
Approximate matching settings:
- -D NUM, --delete-cost=NUM
Set cost of missing characters to
- -I NUM, --insert-cost=NUM
Set cost of extra characters to
- -S NUM, --substitute-cost=NUM
Set cost of incorrect characters to
Note that a deletion (a missing character) and an insertion (an extra
character) together constitute a substituted character, but the cost
will be the that of a deletion and an insertion added together. Thus,
if the const of a substitution is set to be larger than the sum
of the costs of deletion and insertion, direct substitutions will
never be done.
- -E NUM, --max-errors=NUM
Select records that have at most
Select records that have at most # errors (# is a
digit between 0 and 9).
- -d PATTERN, --delimiter=PATTERN
Set the record delimiter regular expression to
The text between two delimiters, before the first delimiter, and after
the last delimiter is considered to be a record. The default record
delimiter is the regexp "\n", so by default a record is a line.
can be any regular expression that does not match the empty string.
For example, using
defines mail messages as records in a Mailbox format file.
- -v, --invert-match
Select non-matching records instead of matching records.
- -V, --version
Print version information and exit.
- -y, --nothing
Does nothing. This options exists only for compatibility with the
non-free agrep program.
Display a brief help message and exit.
- -B, --best-match
Only output the best matching records, that is, the records with the
lowest cost. This is currently implemented by making two passes over
the input files and cannot be used when reading from standard input.
- --color, --colour
Highlight the matching strings in the output with a color marker. The
color string is taken from the
environment variable. The default color is red.
- -c, --count
Only print a count of matching records per each input file,
suppressing normal output.
- -h, --no-filename
Suppress the prefixing filename on output when multiple files are
- -H, --with-filename
Prefix each output record with the name of the input file where the
record was read from.
- -l, --files-with-matches
Only print the name of each input file which contains at least one
match, suppressing normal output. The scanning for each file will
stop on the first match.
- -n, --record-number
Prefix each output record with its sequence number in the input file.
The number of the first record is 1.
- -q, --quiet, --silent
Do not write anything to standard output. Exit immediately with zero
exit status if a match is found.
- -s, --show-cost
Print match cost with output.
Prefix each output record with the start and end offset of the first
match within the record. The offset of the first character of the
record is 0. The end position is given as the offset of the first
character after the match.
- -M, --delimiter-after
By default, the record delimiter is the newline character and is
output after the matching record. If
is used, the record delimiter will be output before the matching
record. This option causes the delimiter to be output after the
is -, reads standard input. If less than two
is assumed, otherwise
is the default.
Exit status is 0 if a match is found, 1 for no match, and 2 if there
were errors. If
or -# is not specified, only exact matches are selected.
is a POSIX extended regular expression (ERE) with the TRE extensions.
Report bugs to the TRE mailing list
Copyright © 2002-2004 Ville Laurikari.
This is free software, and comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY.
You are welcome to redistribute this software under certain
conditions; see the source for the full license text.
- Regexp selection and interpretation:
- Approximate matching settings:
- Output control:
- REPORTING BUGS