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         Copyright of DOSEMU, October 2006
         =================================
  1. Copyright © 1992, …, 2006 the “DOSEMU-Development-Team”

    This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License, version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.

    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.

  2. All sources in the official distribution of DOSEMU have the copyright of clause 1 unless explicitly stated otherwise.

    The DOSEMU-Development-Team is legally represented by its current co-ordinator:

    1992 Matthias Lautner 1993 Robert Sanders gt8134b@prism.gatech.edu 1994 .. 1996 James MacLean macleajb@ednet.ns.ca 1997 .. 2001 Hans Lermen lermen@fgan.de 2001 .. now Bart Oldeman bart@dosemu.org

    Every co-ordinator passes on the right to represent to his successor.

  3. This copyright does not cover all parts of the DOSEMU code! Parts of the code not covered by the GPL are marked explicitly within the code, and the copyrights are also at the end of this file. The rest of the code is covered by the GPL.

  4. Some code, that was covered by GNU LIBRARY GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE (GLGPL) has been transformed to GPL as is allowed by the GLGPL section 3. This code is marked with an appropriate text at the beginning of each file involved.

  5. The nature of DOSEMU requires the use of (ie “booting”) a DOS, which may be proprietary. This could be interpreted as ‘library linking’ the DOS functions to DOSEMU (this view comes from interpreting more into the current version (2) of the GPL than is actually defined).

    However, past discussions about the scope of ‘library linking’ with GPL code and the possibility that future versions of the GPL may define this issue in a more restrictive manner, made it necessary to restrict the DOSEMU copyright explicitly to version 2 of the GPL. ============ ===

    We grant the right to use a proprietary DOS together with DOSEMU.

  6. Redistributions of repackaged official DOSEMU source packages, including the compression method, but not including the placement of unchanged compressed DOSEMU packages within envelops (e.g. .rpm, .deb, double compress), must be clearly marked as modified and unofficial.

  7. This file, COPYING.DOSEMU, must be distributed together with the DOSEMU distribution or any derivative work. This file and the GPL in the file COPYING must not be separated. Clauses 2 to 7 must not be interpreted to restrict or modify clause 1, but only clarify the copyright. All clauses in this file must be kept intact when applicable.

The copyrights referred to in clause 3 are from:

— The Mach DOS Emulator

Copyright © 1991 Carnegie Mellon University All Rights Reserved.

Permission to use, copy, modify and distribute this software and its documentation is hereby granted, provided that both the copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies of the software, derivative works or modified versions, and any portions thereof, and that both notices appear in supporting documentation.

CARNEGIE MELLON ALLOWS FREE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE IN ITS “AS IS” CONDITION. CARNEGIE MELLON DISCLAIMS ANY LIABILITY OF ANY KIND FOR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE.

Carnegie Mellon requests users of this software to return to

Software Distribution Coordinator or Software.Distribution@CS.CMU.EDU School of Computer Science Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh PA 15213-3890

any improvements or extensions that they make and grant Carnegie Mellon the rights to redistribute these changes.

— XFree86 (mouse code)

Copyright 1990,91 by Thomas Roell, Dinkelscherben, Germany. Copyright 1993 by David Dawes dawes@physics.su.oz.au

Permission to use, copy, modify, distribute, and sell this software and its documentation for any purpose is hereby granted without fee, provided that the above copyright notice appear in all copies and that both that copyright notice and this permission notice appear in supporting documentation, and that the names of Thomas Roell and David Dawes not be used in advertising or publicity pertaining to distribution of the software without specific, written prior permission. Thomas Roell and David Dawes makes no representations about the suitability of this software for any purpose. It is provided “as is” without express or implied warranty.

THOMAS ROELL AND DAVID DAWES DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE, INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS, IN NO EVENT SHALL THOMAS ROELL OR DAVID DAWES BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.

— Doug Lea’s malloc in src/base/misc/dlmalloc.c

This is a version (aka dlmalloc) of malloc/free/realloc written by Doug Lea and released to the public domain, as explained at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/publicdomain. Send questions, comments, complaints, performance data, etc to dl@cs.oswego.edu

— The VGA fonts in src/env/video/vgafonts.c (copyleft_vgafonts.txt)

This compilation is © Copyright 1991,1992 Joseph (Yossi) Gil. Permission is granted to use and redistribute the files comprising this collection in any way (including conversion to another format), provided that my name and addresses and this notice is preserved.

Simple (dare I say trivial?) bitmapped screen fonts such as the ones included in this collection cannot be copyrighted. In general, one can only copyright programs that generate fonts. This is why postscript fonts are copyrightable. For more details refer to discussions various “legal” newsgroups. In addition, I have included a relevant excerpt from the FAQ of comp.fonts at the bottom of this document.

No one can claim any copyright on the fonts in this archive. They have been collected from numerous sources. Legally speaking, you are free to do with the individual fonts whatever you like. Individual fonts are in the public domain. I do ask that you will kindly refrain from causing confusion by distributing modified versions of the fonts contained in this collection.

Please send any all your EGA/VGA text mode fonts contributions to me rather than distributing a modified version of this collection. I will add your fonts to the next edition of this collection and happily acknowledge your help. Your cooperation will enable us all to benefit from your contribution. See the file LOOKING4.TXT for more details.

I am trying to keep track of the origins of these fonts. See the file FONTORIG.TXT. Unfortunately, I only started to record this information on version 1.2. Records of origin of earlier fonts are missing. If you know the origin of any of the fonts here, please drop me a note.

Staring on version 1.6 the collection also includes some of the miscellaneous utilities which I use for preparing it. Among these you will find programs for loading, viewing, trimming and otherwise manipulating the fonts. These utilities are also distributed as a separate archive called fntutlXX.ZIP where XX is the version number. All the utilities require no shareware payment. Restrictions on distribution and usage are only to the extent necessary to protect the free distribution.

I see this is as my pleasant duty to pay tribute to the following individuals who communicated and contributed to this archive:

Dov Grobgeld cfgrob@weizmann.weizmann.ac.il Angelos Karageorgiou karage@insci.com,karage@scus1.ctstateu.edu Alexandre (Alex) Khalil 9999SC01@DT3.DT.UH.EDU,alex@dt.uh.edu Patrick Arzul andrewd@cs.uct.ac.za Mike Threepoint linhart@trident.usacs.rutgers.edu Glaude David [Glu] dglaude@is1.vub.ac.be Jean-Marc Lasgouttes Jean-Marc.Lasgouttes@inria.fr Itamar Even-Zohar itiez@ccsg.tau.ac.il A.Weeks%bath.ac.uk@ib.rl.ac.uk Miguel Farah.

This collection would not have been what it today is without their help!

Author’s Address

E-mail internet address: yogi@cs.technion.ac.il

Alternate E-mail addresses: yogi@cs.ubc.ca, yogi@umiacs.umd.edu.

Permanent mailing address is: Joseph Gil, P.O. Box 3148, Jerusalem, Israel.

Hebrew mailing address (you cannot read the following unless your screen adapter can display Hebrew character): 3148 ..


From comp.fonts Sat Sep 5 11:12:35 1992 walsh@cs.umass.edu (Norman Walsh) Newsgroups: comp.fonts Subject: FAQ: Part-I: General Info Message-ID: WALSH.92Sep4153207@ibis.cs.umass.edu Date: 4 Sep 92 19:32:07 GMT Reply-To: walsh@cs.umass.edu Organization: Dept of Comp and Info Sci, Univ of Mass (Amherst)

FAQ for comp.fonts: Part I: General Info

Maintained by Norm Walsh walsh@cs.umass.edu and Bharathi Jagadeesh bjag@nwu.edu

Version 0.0.3, Release 04SEP92

Welcome to the comp.fonts FAQ. This article, posted monthly, describes many of the basic questions that seem to be repeated frequently on comp.fonts. Your comments are both welcome and encouraged.

Standard disclaimers apply.

…. At one level, there are two major sorts of fonts: bitmapped and outline (scalable). Bitmapped fonts are falling out of fashion as various outline technologies grow in popularity and support.

Bitmapped fonts represent each character as a rectangular grid of pixels. The bitmap for each character indicates precisely what pixels should be on and off. Printing a bitmapped character is simply a matter of blasting the right bits out to the printer. There are a number of disadvantages to this approach. The bitmap represents a particular instance of the character at a particular size and resolution. It is very difficult to change the size, shape, or resolution of a bitmapped character without significant loss of quality in the image. On the other hand, it’s easy to do things like shading and filling with bitmapped characters.

…..

  1. Are fonts copyrightable?

    This topic is hotly debated at regular intervals on comp.fonts. Terry Carroll tjc50@juts.ccc.amdahl.COM provides the following analysis of current [ed: as of 6/92] legislation and regulation regarding fonts and copyrights. Members of the comp.fonts community are encouraged to submit other materials that add clarity to the issue.

    -[Quote]———————————————————–

    First, the short answer: Typefaces are not copyrightable; bitmapped fonts are not copyrightable, but scalable fonts are copyrightable. Authorities for these conclusions follow.

    Before we get started, let’s get some terminology down:

    A typeface is a set of letters, numbers, or other symbolic characters, whose forms are related by repeating design elements consistently applied in a notational system and are intended to be embodied in articles whose intrinsic utilitarian function is for use in composing text or other cognizable combinations of characters.

    A font is the computer file or program that is used to represent or create the typeface.

    Now, on to the legal authorities:

    Volume 37 of the Code of Federal Regulations specifies this about the copyrightability of typefaces:

    “The following are examples of works not subject to copyright and applications for registration of such works cannot be entertained: … typeface as typeface” 37 CFR 202.1(e).

    By the way, you won’t find that in the most recent (7/1/91) edition of the CFR; the addition was enacted 2/21/92. It’ll be in the next edition, though. It’s described in the 2/21/92 edition of the Federal Register, page 6201 (57 FR 6201). The change didn’t actually change the law, it just clarified it, and codified existing Copyright Office policy.

    The regulation is in accordance with the House of Representatives report that accompanied the new copyright law, when it was passed in 1976:

    “The Committee has considered, but chosen to defer, the possibility of protecting the design of typefaces. A ‘typeface’ can be defined as a set of letters, numbers, or other symbolic characters, whose forms are related by repeating design elements consistently applied in a notational system and are intended to be embodied in articles whose intrinsic utilitarian function is for use in composing text or other cognizable combinations of characters. The Committee does not regard the design of typeface, as thus defined, to be a copyrightable ‘pictoral, graphic, or sculptural work’ within the meaning of this bill and the application of the dividing line in section 101.” H. R. Rep. No. 94-1476, 94th Congress, 2d Session at 55 (1976), reprinted in 1978 U.S. Cong. and Admin. News 5659,

    It’s also in accordance with the one court case I know of that has considered the matter: Eltra Corp. V. Ringer, 579 F.2d 294, 208 USPQ 1 (1978, C.A. 4, Va.).

    The Copyright Office holds that a bitmapped font is nothing more than a computerized representation of a typeface, and as such is not copyrightable:

    “The [September 29, 1988] Policy Decision [published at 53 FR 38110] based on the [October 10,] 1986 Notice of Inquiry [published at 51 FR 36410] reiterated a number of previous registration decisions made by the [Copyright] Office. First, under existing law, typeface as such is not registerable. The Policy Decision then went on to state the Office’s position that ‘data that merely represents an electronic depiction of a particular typeface or individual letterform’ [that is, a bitmapped font] is also not registerable.” 57 FR 6201.

    However, scalable fonts are, in the opinion of the Copyright Office, computer programs, and as such are copyrightable:

    “… the Copyright Office is persuaded that creating scalable typefonts using already-digitized typeface represents a significant change in the industry since our previous [September 29, 1988] Policy Decision. We are also persuaded that computer programs designed for generating typeface in conjunction with low resolution and other printing devices may involve original computer instructions entitled protection under the Copyright Act. For example, the creation of scalable font output programs to produce harmonious fonts consisting of hundreds of characters typically involves many decisions in drafting the instructions that drive the printer. The expression of these decisions is neither limited by the unprotectable shape of the letters nor functionally mandated. This expression, assuming it meets the usual standard of authorship, is thus registerable as a computer program.” 57 FR 6202.

    -[Unquote]———————————————————